助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
38 views

When can or should I substitute other particles with 「の」 during nominalization?

When talking about hobbies, interests, etc. it's pretty usual, I think, to nominalize string of words chained by particles. For example drawing pictures is 「絵を描く」or playing soccer is 「サッカーをする」. If one ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Please help me master particles [on hold]

What would be your recommendation to dominate the japanese particles? I'm tired of my sentences and my speaking being destroyed by the fault of a little stupid particle. I'm studying the minna no ...
7
votes
1answer
484 views

Is there a kanji for しか?

Is there kanji for しか as in 商品がひとつしかありません。
2
votes
3answers
101 views

誰か being used as topic, but without topic particle

Reading Tae Kim´s guide, I´ve seen the phrase: 誰が盗んだのか、誰か知りませんか Where (I think) the term 誰か is being used as topic for the verb 知る. Is that grammatically correct ?
0
votes
1answer
155 views
1
vote
2answers
80 views

それもまた 人生, what does it mean literally?

曲がりくねった道 地図さえない それもまた 人生 In this beautiful song from Misora Hibari, I don't understand the last line. It surely means something like "That is life" but I don't understand the use of も and また. ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Closed due to misunderstanding | How should I translate the sentence with ~のみ [closed]

There is a line in an anime said this: でも[高校生]{こうこうせい}のみ[運]{うん}ないな。 I understand all the vocabulary in the above line. However, I really don't know which one is indicated by のみ, the high school ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Many subject and topic particles in the same sentence

I'm new here but had some trouble finding this so I am going to ask. Is it OK to have more than one は or が particles in the same sentence, I've realized that in cases that there is a comma it is OK ...
3
votes
2answers
437 views

Why did they use で here?

I was listened to Bump of chicken's song, Parade. I tried to figure out the grammar they used on each sentence and this phrase catch my attention. 忘れないで 忘れないで 心だけが世界。 Why do they use で here ? Is it ...
7
votes
3answers
307 views

Do native speakers consider particles separate words?

A frequent example used when saying that the definition of 'word' is fluid in Japanese particles, which can be viewed as separate words or affixes. I want to know whether a native speaker would say ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Despite reading articles online I'm still confused on sentence format using は or の

So I am currently learning through the Genki textbooks and I'm starting to use は and の. I understand their general ideas は is used to clarify the subject and の is used to signify possession but I ran ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

AやBとか, AとかBとか, AやB, AとかB

1) 私は果物、いちごやメロンとかが好きです。 2) 私は果物、いちごとかメロンとかが好きです。 3) 私は果物、いちごやメロンが好きです 4) 私は果物、いちごとかメロンが好きです。 I know that between 2) and 3) the difference is that 2) is more casual and 3) is more formal (if there ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Using は(wa) or が(ga)

So I'm trying to make a sentence which goes, "My effort is still not enough", and I came up with "私の努力(__)まだ足りない。" I was thinking about using wa, however since "足りない" is intransitive, I wondered if ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

How to translate the construction “noun + で”

When going over a summary of Japanese grammar I came across the following sentence: 私は学生で友だちはいしゃです。 How should this be translated? It supposedly covers the construct of noun+で. Is it the te-...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to answer -だね question?

So I've come to learn that something + だね means something along the lines of "Is it __?" with an expected yes answer. I received this kind of comment as a response to a photo I posted on the internet. ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
0
votes
2answers
115 views

What does だって do in 「それは僕だって知ってる…」?

This is from 楽しいムーミン一家. You can watch the full dialogue here starting from 2:35 if you need more context. The part I'm asking about begins around 3:25. Basically, winter is coming so Snufkin is ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Order of particles in a sentence

I have a question about this sentence. Q: 会社 ___ ____ ______ ______ 行っていますか. A: 私は歩いて行っています. I can use the particles で は へ and 何. According to the answer key, the correct order is: ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Particle at the end of a sentence

I've seen some sentences end with particles like が and で. The most common particle that I see is に. For example, if someone asked: どこにいる? → Where are you? I could reply, 友達{ともだち}の家{いえ}に → (I'...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Basic Grammar - の particle as an explanation

I'm an absolute Japanese learning beginner. I came across this confusing sentence while I was reading a grammar guide book. Please help me : 飲むんだ。 I understand that の is substituted by ん as we speak, ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Please Explain Dictionary Form + って (いるって)

I came across the sentence, ともだちがいるってすてきだなあ. If someone could explain the いるって part, dictionary form+って, I'd appreciate it.
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Why can't I use は with ある?

I wanted to say: there is a pen. Hence, I said ペンはある。But my girlfriend said to me that one has to say: ペンがある。But she can't explain to me why, and I don't understand. Do you have an explanation? ...
3
votes
3answers
190 views

Does the lack of は change the sentence?

So I saw this sentence: きのう初めておすしをたべました。 And wondered if the は is just being left out. Does the sentence change any if は is added in? Like so: きのうは初めておすしをたべました。
2
votes
2answers
805 views

とは、では、には Understanding of double particles

I have some troubles understanding those particles 【では】、【には】、【とは】 etc. I completely understand and can use 【での】、【のに】 etc., but when 【は】 follows one other, I can't figure out how to use it and how to ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Meaning of や in 「もうどうだっていいや」

What's the appropriate definition for や in this lyric? Can anyone give similar examples of や? jisho.org has this definition (#4) "interjection expressing surprise" but that doesn't seem right. ...
7
votes
2answers
482 views

What does だけ mean in this sentence?

I'll start off with the line itself: 親公認で付き合えるこの状況だけで、奇跡と思わなくっちゃいけない。 The line seems simple enough. I know だけ has a few more meanings than just "only" but none of those appear to fit here ...
3
votes
3answers
383 views

What does “da” mean in “tabeta bakari da”?

I understand (correct me if I'm wrong) that da is a short casual form of desu. But what does it mean in this phrase or why it is used? Tabeta bakari da.
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Can somebody explain the difference between ために and ように [duplicate]

I am not sure of the difference between ために and ように. Can someone explain with a few examples. I know one is used for "in order" and one is used "hope to".
2
votes
1answer
118 views
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How can よ be used as part of a question?

In the trailer for Fault Milestone One, one character asks another, わたし達...帰れるよね...? The translation provided of 'Will we... be able to go back...?' seems straight forward enough, but the use of よ ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Need an Explanation on use of との in a sentence [duplicate]

The sentence I am looking at is: 目標との距離400!! It's from the first few pages of Attack on Titan :) I understand the general meaning of the sentence and that 'との' is describing the distance ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this is......
5
votes
1answer
143 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Why is を used instead of の? [duplicate]

I was looking at one of the example sentences in a kanji learning app I use, and the particle choice struck me as strange. In the sentence "青空を背景に木々を描く。", I can't understand why を is used after 青空. ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the function of というのは in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Use of と in these two sentences + のぼる or あがる

I've got these two sentences: 屋上にあがると景色がきれいです。 駅の前に銀行ができると便利になります。 I understand the vocabulary, but I don't get the usage of と. Also, I don't get why あがる is used instead of のぼる. I think ...
6
votes
2answers
560 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Difference between か and のか

I am going through 'All About Particles', and came across the following two sentences: なぜ彼がそんなことをやったか、わかりません。 どうして彼女がそんなつまらない本を読んでいるのか、不思議です。 What is the difference between using か in the ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
39
votes
7answers
5k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...