助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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495 views

Is 「ごとと」 used as a particle or just plain word?

I wonder what does 「ごとと」 does in this sentence そもそも陸上部は恋愛ごとと断絶していたのに I've tried to use Jisho.org but to no avail, there are no definition of it which are relevant to the content of the sentence. ...
5
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1answer
81 views

The usage of とは in 緊急招集とは、おだやかではないな

From what I understand, とは can be used to "define" things. So does this mean that it can be used to expand on what comes before とは/というのは and that which comes after will explain the speakers ...
1
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2answers
89 views

Can で mean 'and'?

I'm new so よろしくお願いします。 I'm completing my Japanese homework, and we were given a letter that we need to write a response to. There is a line that goes: '私の名前はみのりで、十五さいです.' I assume that here で means ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Using からが、からで、からに and からは

How are these used in sentences to answer questions. The particular question I'm asking about looks like this. たんじょうびに 田中さんから 何を もらったんですか。 I'm given the choices からが、からで、 からに and からは. The problem is ...
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2answers
117 views

What's the difference between the ni and de particles? [duplicate]

Okay, so I am studying the Japanese language and i am struggling to understand the に and で particles fully. from what i understand the de particle shows an action happening within a location, while ni ...
5
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1answer
114 views

What is the explanation for the archaic attributive particle が becoming a modern subject particle?

While reading though Haruo Shirane’s Classical Japanese: A Grammar, I came across the following passage: が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into ...
2
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1answer
57 views

What does the word 「やで」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. おまえさん とこのジョーは自{じ}分{ぶん}の身{み}を守{まも}るがためにわしらの子{こ}どもまでまきぞえにしとるんやで。
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1answer
65 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 ...
5
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2answers
147 views

Using both と and を with the verb 言う?

I've recently been reading Tobira and there was a sentence that I was really having trouble finding exactly what was going on in it. ...
0
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1answer
64 views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can you use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, i am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how you would use particles here and I need some help. Thanks in advance.
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1answer
65 views

Need help with analyzing?

I began reading manga (To Loveる) and I saw something I don't understand or rather why it is used there. The sentence is: まさか こんな”辺境”にまでお逃げになられるとはねエ・・・ I mostly understand but there's the ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Difference between を話す and で話す

日本語を話す 日本語で話す I found that those two sentences can be translated as "I speak Japanese". Is there a difference regarding the particles?
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1answer
48 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Question about に and には in terms of emphasis

I read the post on here from 2011 about the difference between に and には, but I came back still a little confused (especially with all the non-layman grammar words like transitive/nominative/etc). I ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Phrases to describe looking something up somewhere other than a dictionary

Looking something up in a dictionary is 辞書{じしょ}を引{ひ}く But what about looking something up in ALC? Which particle is correct? Would we say ALCで確認{かくにん}しました or ALCを確認{かくにん}しました or ...
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1answer
98 views

Difference between と and とは

Difference between と and とは? For example in below sentences そんなに大きいと思わなかった。 and そんなに大きいとは思わなかった。
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2answers
80 views

grammar of a sentence explaining a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご}

I read here the following explanation about 一朝{いっちょう}一夕{いっせき}, a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご} : 一日や半日{はんにち}、朝{あさ}から夕程度{ゆうていど}の、短{みじか}い期間{きかん}のこと I don't feel confident about the grammar in this sentence, ...
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0answers
86 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
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1answer
64 views

Question about で in this sentence: 今日だけは悲しいままでいさせてほしい。

I saw this sentence, but I'm not sure what the で particle is doing in it. Everything else is fine, and I can make out what the sentence says pretty easily, but it's bugging me that I don't know ...
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1answer
95 views

What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜

I was reading an article and I came across this sentence: 車の会社がいつごろこのような自動運転の車を売り始めるか予想しました What exactly does the か in this sentence/what is the meaning?
3
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1answer
97 views

When particle mo is used to mean also, particle wa is omitted. Does mo also replace ga?

The question is clear but I would like to add an example. (My sentence may have other errors as well) I am glad that you think the same. あなたがそう思いますうれしいです I am glad that you think the same, ...
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1answer
122 views

Which particle(s) can be used to list nominalised verbs?

Here's the sentence I'm trying to express in Japanese. "I have changed my life, I've become a cheerful person, all because of him!" And this is how I would translate it. ...
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0answers
61 views

Understanding the 私は v/s 私が [duplicate]

What's the main difference? For example, 私が食べる and 私は食べる
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1answer
115 views

What is the meaning of using でば to end a sentence?

I've recently heard a number of sentences where でば is used at the end, seemingly to convince the listener of something. Google has failed me for the most part, aside from one article about particles ...
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0answers
93 views

あなたはすき vs あなたをすき [duplicate]

I'm learning Japanese and one point that confuses me is the use of particles. For this example, if I want to express 'I like you', which one should I use? Grammatically, 'あなたをすき' seems to be the ...
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0answers
128 views

How are particles perceived at an expert level? [closed]

こんにちは! I was wondering how exactly particles are mentally translated on an expert/native level. When one hears the particle do they quickly associate it with the preceding term, or by that time has ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Providing definitions/explanations with というのは ~ のこと/ということだ

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the Tobira textbook grammar point on というのは and from my understanding [Aというのは Bのことだ/ということだ] essentially means [A means B]. However, I can't seem to ...
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1answer
85 views

も Particle before です

I came across a post on this site saying that : 私もです For example was not correct grammatically, and that instead, we had to use 私でもある。 I'm very confused now even though I know 私もです is ...
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1answer
89 views

why is there a double “が” here: “… 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず、…”?

From the newspaper article titles 北アルプス・涸沢岳で2人滑落、1人行方不明, the second paragraph reads: 男性1人が行方不明となり、岐阜県警がヘリコプターで捜索したが見つからず、同日夕、日没のため打ち切った。1日午前から捜索を再開する。 my guess of a translation: Being that ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

How would you structure a sentence to say “someday I will go to Japan”?

I am trying to figure out the particle and order of words in a sentence to that says "Someday I will go to Japan". Would you say: 私は日本がいつかに行きます。 or would I say: 日本は私がいつかに行きます。 I really ...
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4answers
160 views

Use of は particle when talking about doing things on a certain day

One thing that I still don't exactly understand is when to use は when talking about doing things on a certain day. For example, 明日は学校に行く。 or 明後日は映画館に行く。 Should the は be included or ...
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1answer
117 views

What do the words 「出ないのって」 and 「だる」mean?

They are bold in the following sentence: まあまあ 出【で】るの出【で】ないのってビヤだる 一ぱいほどの玉【たま】を出【だ】しちまってな。
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2answers
139 views

How is から used here?

An exchange goes like this 「from 第三夢」: A「どうも盲目は不自由でいけないね」と云った。 B「だから負おぶってやるからいいじゃないか」 A「負ぶって貰もらってすまないが、どうも人に馬鹿にされていけない。親にまで馬鹿にされるからいけない」 I thought the first [subordinate] clause ended ...
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1answer
421 views

Meaning and usage of 〜してからにしろ

From the manga yotsubato!, casual conversation: 早く寝るのはいいけど、せめて晩飯食って風呂入ってからにしろ In this sentence how does からにしろ at the end change it? I know the full sentence means this: It's ok to go to bed ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
2
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1answer
82 views

What does のに mean here?

羅生門 細い喉で、尖った喉仏(のどぼとけ)の動いているのが見える。その時、その喉から、鴉(からす)の啼くような声が、喘(あえ)ぎ喘ぎ、下人の耳へ伝わって来た。「この髪を抜いてな、この髪を抜いてな、鬘(かずら)にしようと思うたのじゃ。」 下人は、老婆の答が存外、平凡なのに失望した。そうして失望すると同時に、また前の憎悪が、冷やかな侮蔑(ぶべつ)と一しょに、心の中へはいって来た。 ...
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1answer
142 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
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1answer
201 views

Exact meaning of も (maybe emphatic?) in a sentence

I read in a Japanese Grammar(*) written in French: 息子【むすこ】は元気【げんき】で,私達【わたしたち】も安心【あんしん】した. ~ "My son is healthy, and we feel reassured". (translation from the French translation given by Reiko ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Noun + さえ + Verb (infinitive)

Struggling to grasp this sentence: 残像{ざんぞう}さえ霞む{かすむ}高速{こうそく}の打突{だとつ}。 Rapid strikes that [verb clause starts] ... Applying structures from here and here hasn't made sense to me so far. Thinking ...
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4answers
118 views

Which particle to use to say, “for (occasion)”?

I want to translate: "I gave my little sister a doll for her birthday". I do not want to use 私 but imply that I did it, so the right particles are crucial. I've come this far, but I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often ...
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1answer
70 views

Some questions about だけ and clarifications about its nuances

The girl who just spoke is clearly being a pain in the ass, and after she leaves, one of the boys says this : 1 - オレ憎たらしさには 自信があったが あいつだけはぜったい勝てん。 I was sure I was unpleasant, but it's ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

ところを 見つかる, this was in a highly reputable dictionary

Is this sentence wrong grammatically, or am I missing something? カンニングをしているところを 見つかる This is an examplensentence from kenkyuusha. More specifically, 見つかる is an intransitive verb, how is it used with ...
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votes
1answer
106 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (Hes a native speaker of the langauge, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is killing ...
4
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1answer
170 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
3
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2answers
192 views

When can an adverb use の to modify a noun

In this sentence 僕はまったくのひとりぼっちで、まわりには誰もいない。 the adverb まったく uses の to modify ひとりぼっち (which I'm assuming is a noun in this context. I'll come back to that.) How do you know when an adverb can be ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Omitting は when the topic did not change

I am on Dr. Kim's Japanese site and want to make sure that I have this right. Am I correct in understanding that as long as the topic of conversation does not change, は need only be used once in a ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

を as locational particle

彼の別荘は後ろに山を控えている Translates into: There is a mountain behind his country cottage. Understood literally: speaking of his country cottage, a mountain is located behind. 控える locates something ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

A bit confused about the usage of どころ?

I'm having trouble understanding when どころ is used more for emphasis/to show an extreme example, compared to when it's used to negate something. Also, when would it be used to negate something in an ...