The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

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2
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1answer
73 views

How is から used here?

An exchange goes like this 「from 第三夢」: A「どうも盲目は不自由でいけないね」と云った。 B「だから負おぶってやるからいいじゃないか」 A「負ぶって貰もらってすまないが、どうも人に馬鹿にされていけない。親にまで馬鹿にされるからいけない」 I thought the first [subordinate] clause ended ...
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Meaning and usage of 〜してからにしろ

From the manga yotsubato!, casual conversation: 早く寝るのはいいけど、せめて晩飯食って風呂入ってからにしろ In this sentence how does からにしろ at the end change it? I know the full sentence means this: It's ok to go to bed ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
3
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2answers
107 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What does のに mean here?

羅生門 細い喉で、尖った喉仏(のどぼとけ)の動いているのが見える。その時、その喉から、鴉(からす)の啼くような声が、喘(あえ)ぎ喘ぎ、下人の耳へ伝わって来た。「この髪を抜いてな、この髪を抜いてな、鬘(かずら)にしようと思うたのじゃ。」 下人は、老婆の答が存外、平凡なのに失望した。そうして失望すると同時に、また前の憎悪が、冷やかな侮蔑(ぶべつ)と一しょに、心の中へはいって来た。 ...
1
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1answer
121 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Noun + さえ + Verb (infinitive)

Struggling to grasp this sentence: 残像{ざんぞう}さえ霞む{かすむ}高速{こうそく}の打突{だとつ}。 Rapid strikes that [verb clause starts] ... Applying structures from here and here hasn't made sense to me so far. Thinking ...
2
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4answers
103 views

Which particle to use to say, “for (occasion)”?

I want to translate: "I gave my little sister a doll for her birthday". I do not want to use 私 but imply that I did it, so the right particles are crucial. I've come this far, but I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Some questions about だけ and clarifications about its nuances

The girl who just spoke is clearly being a pain in the ass, and after she leaves, one of the boys says this : 1 - オレ憎たらしさには 自信があったが あいつだけはぜったい勝てん。 I was sure I was unpleasant, but it's ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

ところを 見つかる, this was in a highly reputable dictionary

Is this sentence wrong grammatically, or am I missing something? カンニングをしているところを 見つかる This is an examplensentence from kenkyuusha. More specifically, 見つかる is an intransitive verb, how is it used with ...
0
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1answer
97 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (Hes a native speaker of the langauge, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is killing ...
4
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1answer
125 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
3
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2answers
162 views

When can an adverb use の to modify a noun

In this sentence 僕はまったくのひとりぼっちで、まわりには誰もいない。 the adverb まったく uses の to modify ひとりぼっち (which I'm assuming is a noun in this context. I'll come back to that.) How do you know when an adverb can be ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Omitting は when the topic did not change

I am on Dr. Kim's Japanese site and want to make sure that I have this right. Am I correct in understanding that as long as the topic of conversation does not change, は need only be used once in a ...
2
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1answer
76 views

を as locational particle

彼の別荘は後ろに山を控えている Translates into: There is a mountain behind his country cottage. Understood literally: speaking of his country cottage, a mountain is located behind. 控える locates something ...
3
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1answer
114 views

A bit confused about the usage of どころ?

I'm having trouble understanding when どころ is used more for emphasis/to show an extreme example, compared to when it's used to negate something. Also, when would it be used to negate something in an ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

What literary purpose is served by not having a verb at the end of the sentence?

おはよう!  I've been coming across this written construction more and more and while it probably doesn't change anything grammar-wise, I wonder what parts of the sentences are stressed by changing the ...
3
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1answer
90 views

How do you know when to useですor います?and when to use the particles はor の?

I'm only a beginner learner in Japanese, and I'm having trouble on when to use desu or imasu. and particles はor の. examples: まゆさんはともだちふたりがいます。 why would it be は instead ofの and why did they use います ...
6
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1answer
95 views

“to talk with friends” structure

I tried to make "to talk with friends" based on 彼と話がしたい, so my try is this: 友達と話がする, but not only I'm not sure about this, but I also have some questions regarding its structure. 1.-Why that と? I ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

In a period of time

What's the best way to express in in the following sentence: I will go in five minutes time. Here's my attempt     五分かいあとで行きます。 Here's another attempt which I have even less confidence in: ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Help with nuances of a list please? X や Y も…“X and Y, as well” or “X as well as Y”?

I'm just double-checking the nuances of a translation. The speaker is listing several people here: オレやひろしも藤岡さん【ふじおかさん】やお前【おまえ】の両親【りょうしん】だって黙まってねえ Contextually, the speaker, listener and Hiroshi ...
5
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1answer
103 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Difference between 「にかかわらず」 and 「にもかかわらず」

I would like to know the difference between 「にかかわらず」 and 「にもかかわらず」 with regard to the semantics of the predicate-argument relation. Do they express the same semantic relation (non-causality?)? or ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Particle question about で and に

Can someone say: "ここに暑いですね?" To ask: "Its hot in here, isn't it?" Or is the correct way to say it: "ここで暑いですね?"
3
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1answer
99 views

Particle Choice: は・が・を - “I want … to be my …”

(私は)山田先生が私の指導教員になってもらってほしいのでメールを書いています。 I am trying to say: "I hope Yamada Sensei could be my advisor, so I'm writing this mail." In this situation, is が the correct particle?
3
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1answer
53 views

幸い Usage with Particles (~で or ~に)

I'm trying to write a phrase that says "Fortunately I passed (the exam)" and I would like to use 幸い in it, but I'm not sure how I would go about writing it, mainly because I'm not quite sure which ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
5
votes
2answers
251 views

The use of へ towards an abstract concept

I understand the obvious uses of へ. My understanding gets a bit fuzzy when it comes to things other than a physical direction toward a physical place. For example; a sentence such as this: 勝ちへ向かう Is ...
1
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3answers
146 views

How to use の particle and the で particle if I want to say “I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop”

If I wanted to say "I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop", how would the particles work? I know "shoes" would take the を particle. But when it comes to "Tomoyo's shop" would I place the の particle ...
5
votes
3answers
271 views

Why is 「で」 in 「三人のうちで一番…」 omissible but 「で」 in 「ここで待つ」 not?

Are there any rough guidelines regarding whether a particle can be omitted or not? 「三人のうちで一番…」から「で」を省略できると思いますが、「ここで待つ」の「で」も省略することができないのはどうしてですか? 助詞の省略に関するガイドラインはありますか?
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Translation of 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった

I have some trouble to translate this sentence: 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった is that: "I have discovered that my friend is lying" or "My friend found out I was lying"? この文の翻訳に迷っています: 友達【ともだち】に ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Differences between 「が」、「ても」、「のに」

What is the usage difference between these three definitively? As an intermediate Japanese speaker, I somewhat understand where I would say them, but I can't point out under which contexts any of them ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Meaning of だって in this sentence

It's a sentence from dragonball, the hearer (悟飯) just asked the speaker to create something to wear that could hide his identity without looking like a kind of body protection. ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Co-occurrences of 「も」 and 「でも」 such as in 「何度も何度でもスキになる」

Sentences below are all from Japanese songs: 「何度も何度でもスキになる」 「いつもいつでもみんなが側にいる」 「いつも何度でも夢を描こう」 Questions: What effects does this 「XもXでも」 or 「XもYでも」 pattern bring about? Is there any difference ...
3
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1answer
37 views

で in the usage of サッカーで怪我をした etc

What is this で particle here? It's not a time or a place Same with 戦いで怪我をした. I can't see the usage in any dictionaries unless 場所 is being used in some abstract sense to just refer to the setting in ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

は/が and を with the Passive form

I've recently started learning the passive form of verbs and noticed a few different usages of particles that have been giving me a lot of trouble and I wanted to clarify/confirm. From what I've ...
0
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2answers
77 views

Use of 方に In this sentence

どうしても入り方にこだわりたいのか... I'd like to know how 方に works here. I don't think it's read 入{はい}り方{がた}, 'time of setting', given the context I have. More likely it's 入り + 方に, since in the story the speaker ...
4
votes
1answer
666 views

What does “のでは” mean at the end of a sentence?

Below is a sentence I've come across in a manga that I'm unsure of how to translate. The context is some girls are watching a voyeur video of one of the girls undressing. もう早送りで / よいのでは! (the / ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

Use of ことです in this sentence

This is the example sentence: 私の趣味はギターを弾くことです。 My translation - Playing the guitar is my hobby. However, why is it not: '私の趣味はギターを弾きます。’ Basically I don't understand this use of 'ことです'.
3
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1answer
87 views

What is the difference between 忘れないで and 忘れるなよ?

These two forms, ~ないで and the ~な particle seem to have similar meanings. Can someone please explain the difference between the two?
1
vote
2answers
109 views

interpretation of particle と followed by の [duplicate]

早{はや}くしないと、ヤツらとの最終{さいしゅう}聖戦{せいせん}の幕{まく}が切{き}って落{お}とされてしまうのだから……! My doubt is specifically about the part ヤツらとの. Several times I've come across the particle の being used right after another ...
4
votes
1answer
409 views

Correct way to say “I am a beginner in Japanese”

What is the correct way to say: "I am a beginner in Japanese". Google Translate shows the translation is: 私は日本語で初心者です However, Google search shows: 私は日本語の初心者です has a lot more hits. Which ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

I've never seen a sentence that uses か and は together like this before

交換プログラムに選ばれるのが難しいかやさしいかは、大学によって違うが、一般的に言えば、申し込む学生が多ければ多いほど、選ばれるのが難しくなる。 I've checked online but I can't seem to find a proper explanation on how かは is being used here. Individually, I know they ...
5
votes
3answers
235 views

How do you translate “My hovercraft is full of eels”?

The good old nonsense phrase of foreign languages is Monty Python's classic "My hovercraft is full of eels". Accordingly in Japanese one of the first things I learned was "私のホバークラフトはうなぎがいっぱいです". ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

。。。を言います 。。。と言います? [duplicate]

I've seen/heard both を言います and と言いますof these used. What is the difference?
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Transitive, Intransitive Verbs and Particles

I think that these sentences are both correct: 旅行の日程が決められました。 and 旅行の日程が決まりました。 But if I use 旅行の日程を決まりました。 is this correct?