助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
1answer
71 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Self Introduction - じこしょうかい [on hold]

Is this how you combine words together using で for なまえ、せんこう、がくねん、たんじょうび、しゅっしん、and ことば。 私はoscarです。せんこうはcomputer scienceでにねんせいです。たんじょうびは十二月三十日でにじゅうさいです。しゅっしんはoaklandでcantoneseをはなします。
9
votes
1answer
93 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
2
votes
3answers
117 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
2
votes
2answers
83 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Meaning and use of どの when not in a question

Can someone please help me to understand these sentences from the Tobira textbook? 秋田市の「竿燈祭り」、仙台市の「七夕祭り」、そして青森市の「ねぶた祭り」。どの祭りもすごいスケール!毎年、日本だけじゃなくて、海外からも観光客がたくさん来るし、とても人気のある祭りだよ。 I am confused about ...
7
votes
4answers
260 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Translation doubt: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか

This is an excerpt from a song I'm trying to translate: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか 自分 - oneself, 何でどこ - why, where, 向かう - head (verb), べき - suffix meaning "should" My doubts are what とは means and ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Other uses of the combined particle には

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Sentence ending in ~でさ

hello, my lovelies! I found this from a song: 嘘つくのは得意なんだ でも、本音は少し苦手でさ おかしいね、いつだって 本当の話が一番嘘臭いんだよ I'm going to guess that it's a masculine or slang form of である with the さ particle ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

木 を 切り に VS 木 を 切る に in the ももたろう tale

In the ももたろう tale there's a sentence that goes like: おじいさんが山{やま}へ木{き}を切{き}りにいけば、 おばあさんは川{かわ}へせんたくにでかけます。 Which translates as If the old man went to the mountain to cut trees the old ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How to say “He likes something” without using は?

Typically, you would say 「彼は寿司が好きです。」 to say "He likes sushi." But assuming the "topic" of the sentence was something else and you couldn't use は without repeating it (if that's an option), what ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

When is “私じゃ” used?

One of my Japanese friends wrote this sentence: 私じゃ歌えない She meant that she can't sing a particular song. Is じゃ used in that sentence the same way が would be used to put an emphasis on the ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Question about/with particles [closed]

this is my first question on this site and i going to use romaji because i didnt configured my keyboard. So... i use a book that dont have answers-key, then i dont have sure if i doing right. ...
7
votes
2answers
271 views

What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Which is better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?

I am trying to say: "Shall I buy it?" Which would be better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Contraction of ー てるのか

伸ばしてんのか?髪。。。 I was under the impression that the て form followed by ん was a contraction of - てるの. However, in this sentence we have a のか following it. The のか sounds like it's supposed to nominalize ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Meaning of triple particle (?) のはな

Take a sentence like: そういうのはな(noun)だったらこう。。。 I'm not sure what to make of the のはな part. I'm not even sure they're all particles. I suspect the な might be a negative. I'm guessing the の turns the ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

にとって as topic/subject marker and は as object marker?

I came across this spoken sentence in the drama Fumo Chitai: 刷り上がった新聞を少しでも早く輸送したい新聞社にとって高速道路沿いにある印刷工場は何としても手に入れたい。 Context: the newspaper company needs a new printing factory near a highway and they ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

だったら as an interjection

だったらさ! だった is the completed tense of だ, ら is a rough indicator, and さ is an assertion. The completed existential verb with the rough indicator would seem to say something like "Things having ...
4
votes
1answer
436 views

Is there such a thing as a て particle?

While browsing through some chapters of the Bleach manga, I stumbled over a sentence that puzzles me. A chapter is called: 立ちて死すべし I know what 立ち means and I know that the べし is a suffix that kind ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Usage of の as nominalizer

Cheers. Some days ago I've been trying to get used in how to use の as nominalizer, but I cant get it even yet. I cant get the part where の changes the sentence into a noun. e.g ブログを読むのが好きです ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, ...
8
votes
2answers
269 views

Meaning of 「〜のと〜ので」

My questions are regarding portions of the following sentence in bold: 幸{さいわ}いナイフが小さいのと、親指の骨が堅{かた}かったので、今だに親指は手に付いて居る。 More generally, I am wondering about the 「〜のと〜ので」 construct presented here. ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

に as an indirect complement

From this question Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている? I did few hours ago another one, a bigger one arose. マフィアは隠れ蓑に合法的な事業を展開している I know に can be used as an indirect complement but I would have ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Trouble with もう二度と列車や車には乗らん

I've been trying to read a manga book and there's one bit that I can't get my head around. The sentence: もう二度{にど}と列車{れっしゃ}や車には乗{の}らん I'm fine with most of it but I'm confused about why the は ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Which particle do I use to express using a writing instrument?

"I'm writing with a pen" "I'm writing with a pencil" "I'm drawing with a blue crayon" and so on. ボールペンでかいています。 or ボールペンをかいています。 or what do I use?
2
votes
0answers
27 views

の as subject marking particle? [duplicate]

I looked up 大丈夫{だいじょうぶ} in a Japanese dictionary and the first entry reads: 危険{きけん}や心配{しんぱい}のないさま。間違い{まちがい}がないさま。 Why is it that, in the first definition, the subject (危険や心配) seems to be marked ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Usage of で in the following sentence

In "Minna no nihongo II" book, lesson 47, mondai question 6.3 there is a sentence: オーストラリアで山火事があったそうです. Why is で used and not に? If both can be used what would be the difference between them ? ...
-1
votes
2answers
98 views

Help with these sentences! (correct word choices) [closed]

Watashi wa sangatsu ( ) umareru. De or ni? Uchi e ( ), denwa shimashita. Kaette/Kaetta/Kaereba?
2
votes
2answers
149 views

How would you say “doing something in preparation for something else”?

I was trying to make a Japanese sentence using て form to make a sentence that "Describes the manner in which the second verb is performed". While making my sentence I ran into a snag. Here what I was ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

~んだよなぁ What general meaning/feeling does this give?

I understand this is a combinations of a few ending particles, but I've seen it enough times that I wonder what general feeling a native gets from it. Examples I remember: 終わったんだよなぁ。 難しいんだよなぁ。 ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
1
vote
3answers
227 views

Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」?

When you ask "Where is the book?", are both answers ("It is nowhere.") in Japanese correct? 本はどこにありますか。or 本はどこですか。 どこにもありません。 or どこもではありません。 Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」, are ...
8
votes
1answer
141 views

Meaning of にまで?

A long time ago, I came across this example sentence in Jisho: 彼{かれ}の仕事{しごと}は井戸掘{いどほ}りからゴミの処理{しょり}にまで及ぶ{およぶ}。 His tasks range from digging wells to getting rid of garbage. Why does this ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

Native usage of けど

I understand that けれども/けれど/けど means "although, however, but", but I'm looking for the daily usage of it. It looks like that native Japanese use this particle not only when they are trying to ...
4
votes
3answers
130 views

Almost similar looking sentences with and without に particle

I am having confusion with the follow two sentences. Currently I am preparing JLPT N5 so please answer accordingly (I can't understand very advanced explanations). 私は日曜日国へ帰ります 私は誕生日に国へ帰ります ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Can directional particles be used with 見る?

空に見る: to look at the sky 空へ見る: to look towards the sky Are these correct or can を見る express the same concept?
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Polite form of って in 「なになに」って何?

How would you politely say that? When you talk to a stranger, and you don't know the word he just said. Say f.e.: 落札 I understand that you could just say 「落札」の意味は何ですか? but is there specifically a ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
4
votes
1answer
108 views

How is を used here?

この大作の完成を願えども余命とぼしきを如何せん。I had hoped to finish writing this novel, but I'm afraid I have little time left. 貧窮なるを如何せん。I am poor, so what can I do? In the sentences above is ヲ used as a ...