助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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34 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
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42 views

Please translate [on hold]

Please translate: "Yuki asked Tanaka where he was going"in Japanese
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1answer
188 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
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1answer
75 views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
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2answers
111 views

What does だって do in 「それは僕だって知ってる…」?

This is from 楽しいムーミン一家. You can watch the full dialogue here starting from 2:35 if you need more context. The part I'm asking about begins around 3:25. Basically, winter is coming so Snufkin is ...
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1answer
60 views

Order of particles in a sentence

I have a question about this sentence. Q: 会社 ___ ____ ______ ______ 行っていますか. A: 私は歩いて行っています. I can use the particles で は へ and 何. According to the answer key, the correct order is: ...
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1answer
81 views

Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、...
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1answer
81 views

Particle at the end of a sentence

I've seen some sentences end with particles like が and で. The most common particle that I see is に. For example, if someone asked: どこにいる? → Where are you? I could reply, 友達{ともだち}の家{いえ}に → (I'...
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2answers
69 views

Basic Grammar - の particle as an explanation

I'm an absolute Japanese learning beginner. I came across this confusing sentence while I was reading a grammar guide book. Please help me : 飲むんだ。 I understand that の is substituted by ん as we speak, ...
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1answer
54 views

Please Explain Dictionary Form + って (いるって)

I came across the sentence, ともだちがいるってすてきだなあ. If someone could explain the いるって part, dictionary form+って, I'd appreciate it.
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2answers
123 views

Why can't I use は with ある?

I wanted to say: there is a pen. Hence, I said ペンはある。But my girlfriend said to me that one has to say: ペンがある。But she can't explain to me why, and I don't understand. Do you have an explanation? ...
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1answer
129 views

Meaning of や in 「もうどうだっていいや」

What's the appropriate definition for や in this lyric? Can anyone give similar examples of や? jisho.org has this definition (#4) "interjection expressing surprise" but that doesn't seem right. ...
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2answers
478 views

What does だけ mean in this sentence?

I'll start off with the line itself: 親公認で付き合えるこの状況だけで、奇跡と思わなくっちゃいけない。 The line seems simple enough. I know だけ has a few more meanings than just "only" but none of those appear to fit here ...
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27 views

Can somebody explain the difference between ために and ように [duplicate]

I am not sure of the difference between ために and ように. Can someone explain with a few examples. I know one is used for "in order" and one is used "hope to".
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1answer
117 views

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。
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2answers
144 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
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1answer
90 views

How can よ be used as part of a question?

In the trailer for Fault Milestone One, one character asks another, わたし達...帰れるよね...? The translation provided of 'Will we... be able to go back...?' seems straight forward enough, but the use of よ ...
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1answer
97 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
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0answers
30 views

Need an Explanation on use of との in a sentence [duplicate]

The sentence I am looking at is: 目標との距離400!! It's from the first few pages of Attack on Titan :) I understand the general meaning of the sentence and that 'との' is describing the distance ...
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2answers
111 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
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2answers
105 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this is......
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3answers
366 views

What does “da” mean in “tabeta bakari da”?

I understand (correct me if I'm wrong) that da is a short casual form of desu. But what does it mean in this phrase or why it is used? Tabeta bakari da.
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1answer
46 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
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1answer
124 views

What difference does it add when you write それで or これで instead of それは/それが and これが/これは?

What difference does it add when you write the で particle after words like それ and これ?
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0answers
65 views

Why is を used instead of の? [duplicate]

I was looking at one of the example sentences in a kanji learning app I use, and the particle choice struck me as strange. In the sentence "青空を背景に木々を描く。", I can't understand why を is used after 青空. ...
2
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1answer
73 views

What is the function of というのは in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
6
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2answers
556 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
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1answer
69 views

Use of と in these two sentences + のぼる or あがる

I've got these two sentences: 屋上にあがると景色がきれいです。 駅の前に銀行ができると便利になります。 I understand the vocabulary, but I don't get the usage of と. Also, I don't get why あがる is used instead of のぼる. I think ...
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1answer
117 views

Difference between か and のか

I am going through 'All About Particles', and came across the following two sentences: なぜ彼がそんなことをやったか、わかりません。 どうして彼女がそんなつまらない本を読んでいるのか、不思議です。 What is the difference between using か in the ...
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1answer
129 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
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83 views

What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
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1answer
76 views

For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
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1answer
55 views

Trouble with translation 「アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。」

Reading a newspaper article I came across a sentence which gives me multiple troubles... 昨春に始まったツアーは日米や東南アジアなど13カ国・地域で140万人を集める見通し。アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。 Regarding では, would it be correct to treat it ...
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1answer
94 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
4
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1answer
124 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
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1answer
76 views

Self Introduction - じこしょうかい [closed]

Is this how you combine words together using で for なまえ、せんこう、がくねん、たんじょうび、しゅっしん、and ことば。 私はoscarです。せんこうはcomputer scienceでにねんせいです。たんじょうびは十二月三十日でにじゅうさいです。しゅっしんはoaklandでcantoneseをはなします。
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1answer
141 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
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1answer
90 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
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1answer
95 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
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188 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
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2answers
88 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
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93 views

Meaning and use of どの when not in a question

Can someone please help me to understand these sentences from the Tobira textbook? 秋田市の「竿燈祭り」、仙台市の「七夕祭り」、そして青森市の「ねぶた祭り」。どの祭りもすごいスケール!毎年、日本だけじゃなくて、海外からも観光客がたくさん来るし、とても人気のある祭りだよ。 I am confused about ...
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4answers
288 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the ...
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123 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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1answer
78 views

Translation doubt: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか

This is an excerpt from a song I'm trying to translate: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか 自分 - oneself, 何でどこ - why, where, 向かう - head (verb), べき - suffix meaning "should" My doubts are what とは means and ...
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1answer
177 views

Other uses of the combined particle には

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
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1answer
123 views

Sentence ending in ~でさ

hello, my lovelies! I found this from a song: 嘘つくのは得意なんだ でも、本音は少し苦手でさ おかしいね、いつだって 本当の話が一番嘘臭いんだよ I'm going to guess that it's a masculine or slang form of である with the さ particle ...
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2answers
103 views

木 を 切り に VS 木 を 切る に in the ももたろう tale

In the ももたろう tale there's a sentence that goes like: おじいさんが山{やま}へ木{き}を切{き}りにいけば、 おばあさんは川{かわ}へせんたくにでかけます。 Which translates as If the old man went to the mountain to cut trees the old ...
2
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1answer
54 views

How to say “He likes something” without using は?

Typically, you would say 「彼は寿司が好きです。」 to say "He likes sushi." But assuming the "topic" of the sentence was something else and you couldn't use は without repeating it (if that's an option), what ...
4
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1answer
134 views

When is “私じゃ” used?

One of my Japanese friends wrote this sentence: 私じゃ歌えない She meant that she can't sing a particular song. Is じゃ used in that sentence the same way が would be used to put an emphasis on the ...