助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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114 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
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62 views

Can “AはBに影響されない” and “AはBに影響しない” ever have the same meaning?

In a conversation, I wanted to say: A does not affect B. We'd been discussing A and B for awhile, and I said: (1) AはBを影響{えいきょう}しない。 I was stopped and told to say: (2) AはBに影響されない。 ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Multiple は particles in a sentence

I came across the following sentence in a website: 人々は月はチーズの球だと考えました This sentence seems to have two topic particles: 人々 is the topic of the main sentence because "people thought something" ...
3
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1answer
100 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
3
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2answers
114 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
2
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2answers
141 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
2
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1answer
89 views

が in subordinate clauses

Since you can't use は in subordinate clauses, it looks to me like が is forced to take on both roles, so how would we distinguish them? For example, if we have the sentence 僕が好きな動物 how do we ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Is this は contrastive?

ヒューマンと同程度の体格を誇るキラーアントを除けば、パープル・モスとニードルラビットは小型種のモンスターなので、やろうと思えば確かにそこまで手間はかからない。 I'm unsure how to interpret that は in that part of the sentence. I'm assuming it's a contrastive は but I'm not ...
2
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1answer
87 views

double ては in a sentence

「……そも、この学園にはその軋みがないものね。術式めいてはいるだけでは何も起きる訳がない、か」 In this school there are no such conflicts. And I really have no idea bout the second part. Can someone explain it to me? Added fantranslation ...
3
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1answer
83 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
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1answer
58 views

「私の緊張のあまり」 vs.「私は緊張のあまり」in this sentence?

sentence #1: 自分{じぶん}の番{ばん}が近{ちか}づいてきたとき、私{わたし}は緊張{きんちょう}のあまり頭{あたま}の中{なか}が真{ま}っ白{しろ}になってしまった。 sentence #2: 自分の番が近づいてきたとき、緊張のあまり、私は頭の中が真っ白になってしまった。 sentence #3: ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Grammar behind adverbs + は

This is the sentence in question: 寂しくはあったけれど... My impression is that it means "There was loneliness but" or "He/She/It was lonely but". However I don't understand the grammar behind it. It looks to ...
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1answer
83 views

What is the difference between 時に and 時は

昨日雨が降っていた時に、私は家にいました。 昨日雨が降っていた時は、私は家にいました。 How do these two sentences differ in meaning? Thank you.
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329 views

Does “私は山田さんが描きました。” make sense in Japanese?

Is this sentence put together correctly? I'm trying to say "I drew (name on person)" formally. Drew as in "drew a picture of". In this case I will be using Yamada-san as an example. 私は山田さんが描きました。 ...
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2answers
123 views

The meaning of 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺れますよ。

I can't catch the grammar of the following sentence 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺{ヤ}れますよ。 In the previous text there was no reference to 100人. What is the function of は here? Is it a contrastive marker used ...
3
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1answer
215 views

understanding the meaning of わけはない

From the Progressive Japanese-English dictionary: 彼を操縦するなどわけはない I can easily twist [wind] him around [((英)) round] my little finger. Can you please tell me what わけはない means in this sentence? ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Causative を and は, are they interchangable?

For example in this sentence 「―――いえ。 誰にも遠野くんは傷つけさせません。 それだけは信じてください」 ……というか、そんな事より旅費とかパスポートとかを心配してしまう自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 or this one 「……兄さん。秋葉にとって、兄さんは本当に一番大切な人だった。 ...
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70 views

Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. ...
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1answer
110 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
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2answers
190 views

Combinatorical relative clauses

I have 3 sentences, each with relative clause as follows. By considering the English translation, is my understanding correct? A: 私が好きな女性はたばこを吸わない。 A': The woman who likes me does not smoke. ...
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0answers
39 views

は or が when denoting subject [duplicate]

When using either は or が would denote the subject (such as saying 私は馬鹿です vs 私が馬鹿です when the intent is to say that I am stupid, am an idiot, etc.), is there any preference to either particle (would ...
4
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2answers
250 views

Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a ...
4
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1answer
131 views

Grammatical construction「placeはsubplace、story」 as an introduction

In old stories I often find the following structure: general place は specific place 、 story unfolds for example: ① 江戸は芝、増上寺門前町で (例: ◯◯人が歩いた) ② 東海道は宮宿、ただいま名古屋市の熱田神宮辺で (例: ◯◯浪人の二人が出会った) I ...
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1answer
59 views

Difference between は and が [duplicate]

What is the difference between は and が ? when and how do we use these?
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2answers
231 views

When do you mark きょう or other similar relative time expressions with は

I've been trying to make proper sentences using the word きょう when I realized that I'm not really actually sure when I'm suppose to mark it with は. I know relative time expressions tend to stand alone ...
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1answer
136 views

What is the difference between は and を?

They seem to be used in the same way.
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41 views

How do you place ga and wa in sentence? [duplicate]

I do not know how to place ga and wa in a sentence. How do you do it is it just like the english words or is it something that has to do with topics a subjects?
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1answer
119 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
2
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1answer
106 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Topic particle after “expression of time”

I am reading chapter 4 from the JLPT N5 book, where I found the following sentence: 昨日勉強しましたか。 After 昨日, why wasn't there a topic particle? Is "昨日は勉強しましたか。" an incorrect sentence?
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113 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
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1answer
187 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not ...
2
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2answers
107 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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1answer
58 views

Correct verb for the subject

I'm a bit confused with 「V酵素は、・・・高純度のものを持っています」 part in the following passage. Since the subject is V酵素, shouldn't it be 「酵素は、年を経て強力になったヴァンパイアほど高純度のものになる。」, or maybe I'm mistaken something? Fast ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Nominalisation and は

I posted a question a long time ago about why we need の in this sentence: 毎日、同じ物を食べるのは、面白くない Eating the same thing everyday is not interesting. To which I was told that adding の here ...
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1answer
130 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me except ...
5
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1answer
253 views

Why is が used here?

I still have trouble with the は and が particles. ほどなくして神様達はこの下界に住み付いた。多くの神様達が永住することを決めたらしい。 Why does が have to be used here? What difference would it make if it were replaced with は instead?
3
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2answers
370 views

What does the word 「してやせんっ」mean?

I have came across the word in a manga. It is said by a boy who was talking about the future plan of selling prizes awarded from playing Pachinko. Here is the sentence including the word: いつまでも ...
5
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1answer
119 views

連用形+は+せん (殺しはせん。) meaning? [duplicate]

The line 「殺しはせん。」 is said by a character in anime. What is せん here (I assume it's somehow related to negative form of する)? Plain negative (I'm not killing you)? Volitional neg. (I'm not intending to ...
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0answers
95 views

あなたはすき vs あなたをすき [duplicate]

I'm learning Japanese and one point that confuses me is the use of particles. For this example, if I want to express 'I like you', which one should I use? Grammatically, 'あなたをすき' seems to be the ...
5
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2answers
224 views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
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4answers
208 views

Use of は particle when talking about doing things on a certain day

One thing that I still don't exactly understand is when to use は when talking about doing things on a certain day. For example, 明日は学校に行く。 or 明後日は映画館に行く。 Should the は be included or ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Explanation/Usage of 瞬きしては

Could it become 瞬【まばた】いている? Why is there 瞬きする instead of 瞬く? And why is there a は at the end? sentence from the song キラキラ星【ぼし】: きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ まばたきしては みんなをみてる きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ
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1answer
160 views

How do は and もの work in this sentence?

Consider the following bolded sentence from Fate/stay night (previous and next 2 sentences provided for some context). 古来より、魂というものは扱いが難しい。 在るとされ、魔術において必要な要素と言われているが、魂《それ》を確立させた魔術師は一人しかいない程だ。 ...
3
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2answers
145 views

What does the 'あ' do in this sentence 「そいつあけっこうだね」?

I am not sure if the 'あ' being used instead of 'は' or there is a meaning in the word 'そいつあ'. In addition, is it possible that the 'あ' is a kind of particle or suffix?
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1answer
193 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
2
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1answer
155 views

Omitting は when the topic did not change

I am on Dr. Kim's Japanese site and want to make sure that I have this right. Am I correct in understanding that as long as the topic of conversation does not change, は need only be used once in a ...
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0answers
38 views

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」? [duplicate]

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」?