助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut ...
12
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2answers
827 views

Particle と with へ; ~へと

Consider ~へと in these cases: ~へと下がる : (of some quantity) to fall to ~ ~へと先送りされる : to be postponed to ~ ~へと旅立つ : to make a trip to ~ ~へと広がる : to spread to ~ へと seems to be equivalent ...
12
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1answer
336 views

Does a list using と end with が?

Asking this other question has reminded me of another confusion I often have, one of my long standing bad habits that you'd think I'd have sorted after all this time in Japan. I'm never quite sure ...
12
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2answers
797 views

<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 ...
10
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5answers
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When to use だ before と思います?

If you want to state what you think you can put と思います at the end of a sentence. However I noticed that sometimes you're supposed to put だ before と思います so that it becomes だと思います, and sometimes you're ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Volitional + と + Verb

(In this question, I will use "Volitional" to mean "V-(よ)う".) As I understand it, Volitional + と + する is a phrase meaning "to try to do something". I've also seen similar phrases, but with different ...
10
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1answer
540 views

Is 「3人いるだと」 grammatical?

3人いるだと!? Can you say 3人いるだ as a statement? If だと is simply だ + と, I would expect 3人いるんだと. Is だと considered a particle in its own right, with different rules than だ? Transcription of the ...
9
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1answer
708 views

Why is particle で used instead of particle と in “Kazoku de dekakeru”?

I have found this sentence: Kazoku de dekakeru. Why is the particle で used instead of と?
9
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2answers
837 views

How do you use 〜と知る?

I've often seen and heard the expression 〜と知る(知っている). When I think about it, it makes sense in the context of the quoatation-と, like with 〜と言う or 〜と思う. It seems like it means "Know that 〜". ...
8
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3answers
907 views

Is this って equivalent to 「と」?

Is the って in the following sentence equivalent to 「と」 as in AはBと変わる/違う? 昔から好きな曲って変わらないみたい。 My favourite songs have not changed for many years. Does this mean it is equivalent to the と used ...
8
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1answer
378 views

Can と and を be interchanged with 思う the way I think they can?

Compare the following two sentences: あそこに[行]{い}こうと[思]{おも}っている あそこに[行]{い}こうを[思]{おも}っている If I'm right about this, they both mean that the speaker is thinking of going somewhere. However, the ...
8
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2answers
786 views

~にしては vs. ~としては

I know one implies the thing I'm comparing actually is the thing I'm comparing it to, and the other doesn't. Can someone suggest an easy example or trick for remembering which is which?
8
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と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
8
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1answer
84 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
7
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2answers
325 views

The role of と particle in 「二度としない」

What is the role of と particle in 「二度としない」? Is it quotative, adverbialisation, change of state or supposition? Also, what extra nuances does it contribute to the expression compared to if も is used ...
7
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2answers
271 views

What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
6
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1answer
808 views

How to say with?

I want to say "I drank coffee WITH Harukaさん at Starbucks" Is と the particle you use for "with"? 私はスターバックスでHarukaさんWITHコーヒーをのみました。 If use と here doesn't that mean "I drank Haruka and coffee at ...
6
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2answers
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What does the だと mean in 日本だと?

I found this sentence on a video game review site: 日本だと「不思議のダンジョン」と言ったほうがわかりやすいかもしれないローグライクゲーム。 I am not sure whether だと means 'in Japan' or 'if it were in Japan'. The translation in one case ...
6
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1answer
278 views

When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
6
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1answer
296 views

“to talk with friends” structure

I tried to make "to talk with friends" based on 彼と話がしたい, so my try is this: 友達と話がする, but not only I'm not sure about this, but I also have some questions regarding its structure. 1.-Why that と? I ...
6
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1answer
158 views

Ambiguity issues with と when performing multiple roles

My understanding of と: と performs listing と indicates reciprocal action The above two uses are indivisible from each other. That is to say that this particle is special in a sense that it always ...
5
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2answers
361 views

meaning of particle と in ためにと用意した

What is the particle と means in ためにと用意した, and how is it different from ために用意した? 初撃の後の陽動のためにと用意した慧による「姫」の誘拐作戦。 "The strategy of kidnapping the "princess" by/which is done with the help of Kei, is ...
5
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1answer
333 views

What is the difference between using を and と with the verb 言う?

I apologize if this is a basic question, but it's something I've never been entirely clear on. When using the verb 言う (to say), I can never figure out whether to use the particle -と or the particle ...
5
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2answers
448 views

What is the function of と when it's not quoting, or doing exhaustive listing?

Consider these two sentences:  (1) 母はついてくるようにアリスに合図した (Mother signaled to Alice to follow her)  (2) 父は手で私に部屋を出ていくようにと合図した。 (Father gestured to me to go out of the room) And another sentence ...
5
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1answer
131 views

In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double ...
5
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1answer
130 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
5
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1answer
115 views

Can と imply と言わんばかりに?

I can't understand how と is used in the bolded sentence below. Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me."), or does it imply と言わんばかりに ("ボイスくん was looking at ...
5
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1answer
105 views

Help understanding と in this sentence

Please expain the function of と (in bold) in this behemoth of a sentence: この偽書評を書いたときには、あとで誰かから「ろくでもない嘘をつくな」という苦情の手紙とか、「どこに行けばこの本が手にはいるのか」といった問い合わせがくるんじゃないかと覚悟していたんだけど、。。。 If you can't find ...
5
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1answer
121 views

Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...
5
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1answer
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Confusion with Japanese particle と in its multiple uses

I have read about the different uses of the different particles in Japanese but often become confused as to how it should be translated in different sentences. In other words the actual intent of the ...
4
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2answers
129 views

犬と猫が好き or 犬も猫も好き, which one is correct?

If both are correct, are there any differences between them?
4
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1answer
211 views

Why does the grammar structure for “I think [statement]” work the way it does?

In my Japanese class, I've been taught that the structure for "to think" is "~と思う", but no explanation was given for why this is the way it is. For instance: 日本の中で食べ物は高いと思う。 Obviously the first ...
4
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2answers
488 views

<te form> + っと (conditional particle)

こんなとこで寝てっと風邪ひくぞ Is this a contraction of something? How does it differ from something like 寝ると or 寝てると?
4
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1answer
145 views

「食べていると話す」 Can this have two meanings?

Can this mean (ignoring likelihood or awkwardness) both He says I'm eating and He starts talking if/when I'm eating ?
4
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1answer
110 views

「行くときゃ誰とゆく」— what's this きゃ and the とs?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics to the children's song 雨降りお月さん (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21JW-j5JJdc ; analysis here http://homepage3.nifty.com/funahashi/sonota/hoka23.html ). What's up ...
4
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1answer
62 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
4
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1answer
115 views

Is this the denial of a statement, or a statement of denial?

This sentence originally came from a newspaper article. Unfortunately, I copied it onto a flashcard for later study and then lost the original context. 彼は、可能性について「念頭に全くない」と否定した。 【かれは、かのうせいに ...
4
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4answers
368 views

What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
4
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2answers
125 views

What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
4
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1answer
106 views

Describe past events with “clause+と+clause”, single vs multiple occurences

A sentence (highlighted below) from Asahi Shimbun: その父の愛情表現は荒っぽかった。娘が父の事務所に顔を出すと、「おお、来たか!」というなり、娘の頭をヘッドロックのように抱きかかえた。父から「愛情の洪水が押し寄せる」ため、話したいことも話せないまま短い面会時間は終わるのだった Without any adverbs (e.g. いつも), ...
4
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0answers
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Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. ...
3
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2answers
189 views

Making sense of をと

どのような状況下であっても必ず十分な結果をと思い必死に過ごした3か月でした。 I'm only able to understand "No matter what circumstances you are put through..." and then something about producing sufficient results- the words that ...
3
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1answer
119 views

Any help connecting two sentences? (for subtitle creation)

I'm adding subtitles (for a friend) to a Saiyuki drama CD accompanied by a video. The video has captions at different points to explain what is going on in the opening scene: 00:22 -引き返してきたヘイゼルとー ...
3
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1answer
51 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Can I use quotation particle 「と」with noun?

Here is the sentence. いいかげんにしやがれっ おれは一年以上もシャバとおわかれなんだぞっ。 Since the word 「おわかれ」 is noun, I'm not sure if I can translate it as "Say goodbye for free life because I will be staying in it (prison, ...
3
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1answer
187 views

Does this と mean “and” or “with”?

Recenly, with Facebook's new "feed" feature, whatever the heck that is, I've been seeing this notification coming up a lot: [Friend One]さんと[Friend Two]さんがフィード購読{こうどく}を許可{きょか}しています。 I have to ...
3
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2answers
114 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
3
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1answer
67 views

How does this relative clause work?

I'm reading a children's book in Japanese. In the story, Weasel runs a cake shop, and he's gotten a mysterious order for a cake - he doesn't know who it's from. Here's the sentence: いったい どんな ...
3
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1answer
169 views

Can と be used with verbs other than 思う to imply a thought process behind the action?

Following hot on the heels on my other question about と and 思う, I know と can be used with 言う, but can it also be applied to verbs that imply some kind of thinking process other than 思う? Do these make ...