助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...
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What does と do in this sentence?

怪物を退治し、人々を救い、囚われの姫様を助け出す、最高に格好良い英雄達のように自分もなりたいと、当時の僕は本気でそんな夢を抱いていた。 Could someone explain to me what the と does at the end of the sentence? Is it used as a quoting particle?
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Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
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Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
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Particle と in Feliksas と申します。

This phrase is used pretty much on every intro page to japan, as in a polite way to state "my name is _____". I think it's similar to the Je m'appelle. My question is why is it exactly the particle と ...
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Can 思う take を and と at the same time?

Consider the following sentence: Bobはこの女の子を自分の子供と思って育てることにしました。 Bob thought of this girl as his own and decided to raise her (my rough translation). I have several problems with it: It is ...
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In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
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When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
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Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
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What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the ...
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Can と imply と言わんばかりに?

I can't understand how と is used in the bolded sentence below. Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me."), or does it imply と言わんばかりに ("ボイスくん was looking at ...
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What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
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“to talk with friends” structure

I tried to make "to talk with friends" based on 彼と話がしたい, so my try is this: 友達と話がする, but not only I'm not sure about this, but I also have some questions regarding its structure. 1.-Why that と? I ...
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「行くときゃ誰とゆく」— what's this きゃ and the とs?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics to the children's song 雨降りお月さん (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21JW-j5JJdc ; analysis here http://homepage3.nifty.com/funahashi/sonota/hoka23.html ). What's up ...
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What's the meaning of と in 「『・・・・・・』っていう文章だと良かった」?

Can someone explain what と means in this sentence: 『・・・・・・』っていう文章だと良かった
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How to say with?

I want to say "I drank coffee WITH Harukaさん at Starbucks" Is と the particle you use for "with"? 私はスターバックスでHarukaさんWITHコーヒーをのみました。 If use と here doesn't that mean "I drank Haruka and coffee at ...
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Making sense of をと

どのような状況下であっても必ず十分な結果をと思い必死に過ごした3か月でした。 I'm only able to understand "No matter what circumstances you are put through..." and then something about producing sufficient results- the words that ...
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What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
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‥ができないと vs ‥はできないと

Every evening, we play the かたづけ怪獣 song, where they sing: おかたづけができないと あらあら、大変 (x3) おかたづけ怪獣が出て来るぞ! Now I've been grappling with this language long enough that ‥ができないと sounds natural in this context, ...
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Why does the grammar structure for “I think [statement]” work the way it does?

In my Japanese class, I've been taught that the structure for "to think" is "~と思う", but no explanation was given for why this is the way it is. For instance: 日本の中で食べ物は高いと思う。 Obviously the first ...
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Describe past events with “clause+と+clause”, single vs multiple occurences

A sentence (highlighted below) from Asahi Shimbun: その父の愛情表現は荒っぽかった。娘が父の事務所に顔を出すと、「おお、来たか!」というなり、娘の頭をヘッドロックのように抱きかかえた。父から「愛情の洪水が押し寄せる」ため、話したいことも話せないまま短い面会時間は終わるのだった Without any adverbs (e.g. いつも), ...
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Confusion with Japanese particle と in its multiple uses

I have read about the different uses of the different particles in Japanese but often become confused as to how it should be translated in different sentences. In other words the actual intent of the ...
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meaning of particle と in ためにと用意した

What is the particle と means in ためにと用意した, and how is it different from ために用意した? 初撃の後の陽動のためにと用意した慧による「姫」の誘拐作戦。 "The strategy of kidnapping the "princess" by/which is done with the help of Kei, is ...
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When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
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Volitional + と in ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、[…]

ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、飲みかけのオレンジジュースに手を伸ばす。 Please help. I came across this line and I don't really understand use of と here. How exactly does と work here?
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Question about particle と

I cannot grasp the meaning of と in the following sentence. 俺はここ2年近く一人暮らしをしていたけど、料理が上手くなる事は無かったし、咲も必要が無い上に興味が向かないと料理はしなかった。 Some sort of translation: "I've been living alone these 2 years, ...
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What does it mean when と is at the end of a noun list

似てるよ、ユーマくんと初めて出会って時と。 I'm slightly confused at how と is used at the end.
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What is the difference between using を and と with the verb 言う?

I apologize if this is a basic question, but it's something I've never been entirely clear on. When using the verb 言う (to say), I can never figure out whether to use the particle -と or the particle ...
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What is particle と means here

I'm a bit of confused with と in the following sentence, what does it mean here and how can we translate the whole sentence? その名に恥じず放置すればするだけ存分と進行してくれればそれは非常に楽だけど。 Thank you very much for help!
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Using と to mark a question

I've been working on listening practice again. This time, I'm watching the first episode of an anime series called スケッチブック 〜full color's〜. In the first episode, a certain character asks three ...
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Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: particle で versus particle と For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go to the restaurant with my family. ...
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Volitional + と + Verb

(In this question, I will use "Volitional" to mean "V-(よ)う".) As I understand it, Volitional + と + する is a phrase meaning "to try to do something". I've also seen similar phrases, but with different ...
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Particle と with へ; ~へと

Consider ~へと in these cases: ~へと下がる : (of some quantity) to fall to ~ ~へと先送りされる : to be postponed to ~ ~へと旅立つ : to make a trip to ~ ~へと広がる : to spread to ~ へと seems to be equivalent ...
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Why is particle で used instead of particle と in “Kazoku de dekakeru”?

I have found this sentence: Kazoku de dekakeru. Why is the particle で used instead of と?
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Is this って equivalent to 「と」?

Is the って in the following sentence equivalent to 「と」 as in AはBと変わる/違う? 昔から好きな曲って変わらないみたい。 My favourite songs have not changed for many years. Does this mean it is equivalent to the と used ...
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Introducing an indirect quotation with と

I find it difficult to translate Japanese indirect quotations into my own language partly because of different grammatical patterns and verb conjugation altogether; for example, what about this ...
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Is 「3人いるだと」 grammatical?

3人いるだと!? Can you say 3人いるだ as a statement? If だと is simply だ + と, I would expect 3人いるんだと. Is だと considered a particle in its own right, with different rules than だ? Transcription of the ...
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<te form> + っと (conditional particle)

こんなとこで寝てっと風邪ひくぞ Is this a contraction of something? How does it differ from something like 寝ると or 寝てると?
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How do you use 〜と知る?

I've often seen and heard the expression 〜と知る(知っている). When I think about it, it makes sense in the context of the quoatation-と, like with 〜と言う or 〜と思う. It seems like it means "Know that 〜". ...
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Ambiguity issues with と when performing multiple roles

My understanding of と: と performs listing と indicates reciprocal action The above two uses are indivisible from each other. That is to say that this particle is special in a sense that it always ...
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と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
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What does the だと mean in 日本だと?

I found this sentence on a video game review site: 日本だと「不思議のダンジョン」と言ったほうがわかりやすいかもしれないローグライクゲーム。 I am not sure whether だと means 'in Japan' or 'if it were in Japan'. The translation in one case ...
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Does a list using と end with が?

Asking this other question has reminded me of another confusion I often have, one of my long standing bad habits that you'd think I'd have sorted after all this time in Japan. I'm never quite sure ...
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Does this と mean “and” or “with”?

Recenly, with Facebook's new "feed" feature, whatever the heck that is, I've been seeing this notification coming up a lot: [Friend One]さんと[Friend Two]さんがフィード購読{こうどく}を許可{きょか}しています。 I have to ...
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Is this the denial of a statement, or a statement of denial?

This sentence originally came from a newspaper article. Unfortunately, I copied it onto a flashcard for later study and then lost the original context. 彼は、可能性について「念頭に全くない」と否定した。 【かれは、かのうせいに ...
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Can と be used with verbs other than 思う to imply a thought process behind the action?

Following hot on the heels on my other question about と and 思う, I know と can be used with 言う, but can it also be applied to verbs that imply some kind of thinking process other than 思う? Do these make ...
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Can と and を be interchanged with 思う the way I think they can?

Compare the following two sentences: あそこに[行]{い}こうと[思]{おも}っている あそこに[行]{い}こうを[思]{おも}っている If I'm right about this, they both mean that the speaker is thinking of going somewhere. However, the ...
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The role of と particle in 「二度としない」

What is the role of と particle in 「二度としない」? Is it quotative, adverbialisation, change of state or supposition? Also, what extra nuances does it contribute to the expression compared to if も is used ...
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What is the function of と when it's not quoting, or doing exhaustive listing?

Consider these two sentences:  (1) 母はついてくるようにアリスに合図した (Mother signaled to Alice to follow her)  (2) 父は手で私に部屋を出ていくようにと合図した。 (Father gestured to me to go out of the room) And another sentence ...