The particle "に" (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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How should I understand the use of particle に in the context of 受身形 and 自動詞 in these sentences?

夕焼けに染まる 夕焼けに染められる I got both examples from here and here respectively. I understand what these sentences mean, but I'm a little confused as to how sentence particle ’に’ works in these sentences. ...
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What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut ...
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What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence?

What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence? 俺のような学生生活に夢も持たない人間とはまったく違う人種。 I know this sentence says something along the lines of 'Those people are like a completely different race than ...
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182 views

に - same meaning as として?

Could somebody please give me a hint about the meaning of に in 「反抗的な態度に映ったのか、隊長は舌打ちして前を向く。」. If I'm understanding correctly, に here has the same meaning as として. 内容・状態などを示す。「ーとして」の意。「ほうびにもらう」 Some ...
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223 views

Forming a “habitual” sentence: “I usually get up at 7.15”

私は大抵七時十五分に起きます Would this be a correct way to say 'I usually get up at 7.15'? Not sure 大抵 is correctly placed before the time+に
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121 views

Function of に and meaning of ものだ in this sentence

The context is : some people are acting stupidly, and someone else watching them says this : 困ったものです。こういう連中には... My first thought was to translate the sentence in the following way : That ...
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236 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
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1answer
132 views

Introduce someone to someone else

I'd like to say "I introduced Mary to John" but only really know how to use 紹介する when talking about a single person. Is に the correct particle to use in this situation? For example: ジョンにメリーを紹介しました。
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Why is 一緒に correct and 一緒で incorrect?

This is a mistake I habitually make, even though I know what the right form is. Earlier tonight, I wanted to tell my friend "Let's go together!", so I sent a mail saying: 一緒{いっしょ}で行{い}こう! My ...
4
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260 views

What are the exceptions of using に and で with regard to 住む and 勤める?

I am going over the cases when に and で are used with location. According to the "Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", に is used when something exists in a specific location (page 299) and で is used ...
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2answers
121 views

Particles に, で for temporal vs spatial location

What does it mean to put で after a temporal expression? I was taught that only に should be used for times but I still see sentences with で sometimes. This is basically my current understanding: ...
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2answers
447 views

が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
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Using に twice in the [Verb-連用形]に行く sentence pattern

Consider these example sentences given by my grammar dictionary: (1) 私はデパートへ贈り物を買いに行った。 (2) そこへ何をしに行くんですか。 Observation: The location is marked by へ instead of に. Considering that a ...
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1answer
114 views

Grammatical meaning of に-particle in へいわに

I'm aware that the に-particle has a lot of different grammatical meanings. The most common of these are time, place and indirect object. But I came across the following sentence and I can't really ...
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1answer
133 views

Function of に in this passive construction

I understand the basics of the "suffering passive". For example, it's my understanding that in a sentence like 友達にビールを飲まれた, "tomodachi ni" marks the person who drank your beer. ぼくにもんくいわれても困る Who ...
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Translation of “に” into “natural” English

All of my Japanese teachers have told me that な-adjectives converted to に-ending words and い-adjectives converted to く-ending words, when followed by a verb, are 'adverbs'. However, sentences sound ...
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に Particle ambiguity

あまりにも子供じみた言動に呆れる。 だが、こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった. 深く踏みこまずに居場所を与えてくれるこの距離感に、周囲の人間も惹かれて集まってくるのだろう。 I'm tripped up on the second sentence. Is the 部分 part of the childish behavior, or the person on ...
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PlaceにThingがあります vs ThingがPlaceにあります

I originally asked in the chatroom which out of the two phrases is better: PlaceにThingがありますか? or ThingがPlaceにありますか? If anyone can translate these to make them relevant in English, it would ...
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113 views

に particles with no attaching verbs

口下手で料理好きの父親を主人公に、家庭や会社の人間ドラマをほのぼのと描いた漫画 「クッキングパパ」が昨年末、「週刊モーニング」(講談社)で連載千回を迎えた。 What is the first に particle doing?
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118 views

Can I use Xさんから。。。かりました?

私は山田さんから本を借りました。 私は山田さんに本を借りました。 (I borrowed a book from Yamada-san.) Is it ok to use から or do I have to use に ?
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210 views

Question about particle に

I'm confused in 「に作られた」 in the following sentence. Kindly explain this part to me. 「Central Base」とは、旧「アクアポリス・中央エアポート」に作られた、「ASDF」の陸上(?)基地のことだ。 Some sort of translation: 1) Central base is, ...
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2answers
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Use of に to mark the caller of 電話がかかる

Is it okay to use に to mark the caller when using 電話がかかる? i.e. A received a call from B would be AはBに電話がかかった。 Google seems to indicate that から is a much more popular choice than に. I find it a ...
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Use of に in 人間に

人間に[上下]{じょうげ}はない。 People are equal. Why the use of に after 人間? Are we treating 人間 as a "location" where 上下 is absent?
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Use of に with -てあげる/-てくれる with a human direct object

Quoting from page 292 of A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DBJG), entry for に, note 2: "Any transitive verb used in the V-てあげる or V-てくれる construction can take に, if the verb does not take a ...
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2answers
207 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
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122 views

Usage of particles with 出てくる

Another sentence from Kanji in Context. 初めて[山奥]{やまおく}から町に出てきた村の人たちは見るものすべてに[驚]{おどろ}いた。 In this instance, does 山奥から町に出てきた mean "left the mountains and came to the city" (町)? Also, I would normally ...
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1answer
127 views

Word order and particles in 能仕事に能力を生かす

I wanted to express the idea "performing to one's full abilities at work", and the obvious thing to write was 仕事に[能力]{のうりょく}を[生]{い}かす. Indirect object before direct object. But a look on google ...
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Usage of Particle Ni

Why do we use particle に in the following sentences? 試合に勝つ・負ける。 試験に合格する・失敗する。 試験に出る。 In case of  「試験に出る。」is it because of the explanation 「に」は入る場所を表す。
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Difference between に and で。 [duplicate]

Which one is right..? 電車に傘を忘れてしまいました。 or 電車で傘を忘れてしまいました。 I am too much confuse about it.
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への対へ/に-Difference between への and へ/に

This is actually following a recently asked question on how to say "for." I thought that saying あなたに私の愛 sounded perfectly fine - "toward you, my love." However another user changed it to あなたに対する愛, ...
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Why should we use 世界で and not 世界に for 日本で一番高い山は富士山です

Why do we always use で in the following situations? 日本で一番寒い月は二月です。 日本で一番高い山は富士山です。 Why can`t we use use に here? There is no action in these sentences yet we use で,rather we are indicating the place of ...
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What's the difference between には and では

My book has these two sentences and I don't quite understand why they are using には in the first example and では on the second one. It seems to me that only では would be correct in this situation. ...
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1answer
504 views

Is 感じる {かんじる} transitive or intransitive? Which particle to use?

Please consider 一段 {いちだん} verb 感じる {かんじる}. Sometimes I see particle に applied and sometimes particole を. In the Jisho.org vocabulary it is not specified if this verb is 他動詞 {たどうし} (transitive) or 自動詞 ...
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Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
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1answer
624 views

Which time expressions take the に particle?

The textbook Japanese for busy people 1 tells me, in lesson 6, that "relative time expressions like あした, らいしゅう, こんげつ and きょねん generally do not take any particles." They exemplify this with sentences ...
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357 views

Can に mean the same thing as から?

あの野郎、どんだけジークさんに恩を受けたと思っていやがるんだ! In this sentence, does に mean the same thing as から ? Thank you very much for help!
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Limitations of に for emphasis?

I remember having learning that に can be used for a simple emphasis of the word before it, like so: 私はケーキを食べた - I ate cake 私にはケーキを食べた - I ate cake (the others may or may not have, but I did) ...
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What is the difference between “に” and “には”?

The title should be pretty self-explanatory. What meanings does each convey? And in what kinds of circumstances would one be used instead of the other? For example, what are the differences between ...
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に vs で with state of being (but no verb)

All the に vs で comparisons I can find discuss using them with verbs. However I recently wanted to say something like "I am alone at home", and phrased it without a verb: 家で一人です But that got me ...
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I have no idea what this is saying. Can you have two topics in a sentence?

白い箱はカウチの上に緑のランプは机の上にあります。 This sentence looks like it has two topics in it. But when I try to translate it, it doesn't make sense (to me obviously). My direct translation is: A white box on top of ...
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Function of に in 怒るに怒れない

In the book I'm reading, I came across the following sentence: あたしは[怒]{おこ}るに[怒]{おこ}れなくなった。 (furigana added by me) My translation is something like "I couldn't stay angry [at him]". ("My anger ...
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Interpreting 開ける when talking about 暇なとき

Earlier today I read the following excerpt from a message: 結局今日はゲームやらなかったよ! また、暇なときに開けよう The part I'm most unclear on is how to translate 開けよう. First off, let me mention that I'm currently ...
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Why is it that some temporal nouns cannot be marked with に? And why do they become more acceptable with には?

Consider the following: に here is used in its function of denoting the time where an event occurs (に1): ◯ 一時に1 ◯ 一時半に1 ◯ 月曜日に1 ◯ 正月に1 * 昨日に1 ?/◯ 昨日には * 今日に1 ?/◯ 今日には * 明日に1 ?/◯ 明日には * 去年に1 ?/◯ 去年には ...
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Using で instead of に with いる

The example sentence in Why is も used instead of が in the sentence 「日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ」, 日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ got me thinking "Why is it using で, not に?". I.e., why not ...
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361 views

How to resolve two indirect objects? (Prohibition of two に in a sentence?)

Based off sawa's comment from this question: "you cannot have two ...に phrases. Remove either." And using the same verb "同意する", I looked up the dictionary and found: 1.(人)に同意する - to agree ...
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2answers
239 views

Why まで and not に?

So I'm reading Chapter 12 (of Minna no Nihongo I) and ran across this sentence: 空港までバスと電車とどちらが速いですか。 It's translated as: Which is the faster way to get to the airport, by bus or by train? ...
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1answer
337 views

Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
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2answers
141 views

understanding the grammar of “XをYに”

兄さんをエサにホムンクルスを引っ張り出します Is there an implied verb after に, or not? Is this sentence more along the lines of the situation when you have two verbs connected with the ~て form, or is it more along the ...
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360 views

When does a suru-noun require し in front of a purposive-に?

According to Chocolate's comment to a question, some suru-nouns can be followed by the purposive に directly, but others require (the stem of) する in between.  面会しに行く  面会に行く  料理しに行く × 料理に行く ...
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When are へ and に used together?

おばあさん は 川(かわ) へ せんたく に でかけます。 Why is there both へ and に? When can they be used together? Can someone break down the sentence for me to understand?