助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun ...
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What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
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Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、...
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What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students ...
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と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
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The 「と」 conditional to be used as “when”?

i'm not entirely sure but remember that conditionals could be used to also mean "when" when in is that the case here? ゲームを愛する引き篭もり少年・佐藤(さとう)和真(かずま)の人生は、あっけなく幕を閉じた・・・・・・はずだったが、目を覚ますと目の前に女神と名乗る美少女が。 ...
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120 views

Use of も after quote particle

電話のベルが聞こえたとき、無視しようかとも思った。 When I heard the phone's bell I wondered if I should ignore it. We have 無視する = "to ignore", 無視しようか = "will I ignore it?" 無視しようかと思った = "I thought 'will I ignore it'". I ...
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を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it ...
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What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
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74 views

Why is there a と in front of 別? [duplicate]

I found this sentence in a workbook: それとこれとは別でしょう。 My translation of this sentence is: As for that and this, they are different. What is the significance of the second と? How is the ...
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85 views

〜と whenever's second clause must follow first clause

I'm a bit confused as to why the following sentence is wrong. 私はその人と話すと喫茶店{きっさてん}に行きます。 The book says The event described by the second clause must follow the event described in the first ...
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と indicating a condition that results in an inevitable outcome

The japanichiban.com has a list of all Japanese particles and one of the uses of the と-particle is "to indicate a condition that results in an inevitable outcome". Can someone give an example ...
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Other uses of the particle と: トンネルを抜けると雪国であった

Now, トンネルを抜ける means "to come out of the tunnel". 雪国 is the "Snow Country" and であった is the past tense of である, the "to be" verb in its literary form (according to tangorin.com). How と connects both ...
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Meaning of と in this sentence from BKB Lesson 9

I'm unsure on what the と in this sentence means: 山田さんと電話で話します。 I'm pretty sure it doesn't mean ''and'' like it usually does so I just wanted to know.
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Meaning of と思ったら (Colloquial)

Example 1: (After visiting long lost friend) やれやれ、 いきなり どこに連れていかれるかと思ったら。。。 Example 2: (Girl comes to boy's apartment to wake him up for school) Boy: なんでお前がここにいるんだ? Girl: 起こしに来てあげたの。...
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と after counting something

Is there any special meaning to a "と" when used after a number? For example (these lines are in the same work but not one after another), 試作品の工場って、何百と見てきたんですよ。 試作品ったって、数百と作るわけだろ? The ...
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「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
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How do I translate 「コロッと転がってたりする」 to english?

I've encountered the following sentence in a game: 時には後ろを振り返ると案外役に立つ事がコロッと転がってたりするもんだ。 First, I'd like to understand why the "to" in コロッと isn't in katakana like the rest of the word, why the ...
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Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double particles....
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Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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Should I use とor という or something else in this phrase

I'm getting confused with my と and my という again. I want to say: Writing "A" sounds good but writing "B" sounds bad. My attempt is: 「A」という書くのはいいそうけど、「B」という書くのは悪いそうです。 My main concern is ...
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158 views

まだいたとはね meaning

I'm trying (to no avail) to translate this sentence: まだいたとはね. I think it means something along the lines of here we go again, but I'm not sure. I don't really understand what いた means here. Is it a ...
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What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
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131 views

Any help connecting two sentences? (for subtitle creation)

I'm adding subtitles (for a friend) to a Saiyuki drama CD accompanied by a video. The video has captions at different points to explain what is going on in the opening scene: 00:22 -引き返してきたヘイゼルとー 00:...
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Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. ...
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60 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
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116 views

Use of object marker with no verb

I've checked this link but i'm afraid it didn't help my understanding in this example: とし子ちゃんにきくと、やっぱり自分のことをふつうだと言った。 When she asked とし子, とし子 also said that her own affairs were ordinary (my, ...
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だと, にと particle doubts

The talk he is referring is something he was told to not let anyone know. 琥珀{こはく}さんは謝{あやま}れって言{い}ってたけど、あんな話{はなし}を聞{き}いたあとだとヘンに意識{いしき}してしまって、困{こま}る。 お屋敷{やしき}のお部屋{へや}もそう多{おお}くはありませんから、使用人{しようにん}...
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114 views

Can I use quotation particle 「と」with noun?

Here is the sentence. いいかげんにしやがれっ おれは一年以上もシャバとおわかれなんだぞっ。 Since the word 「おわかれ」 is noun, I'm not sure if I can translate it as "Say goodbye for free life because I will be staying in it (prison, ...
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「食べていると話す」 Can this have two meanings?

Can this mean (ignoring likelihood or awkwardness) both He says I'm eating and He starts talking if/when I'm eating ?
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Na-adjective in attributive form before という?

I have trouble with the last part of the following sentence, starting from the last 私 (bolded): その読まれる作品は、たいてい私のものと、川添と云う少女のもので、私の作品が、たいていは家庭のことを書いているのに反して、川添と云う少女のは、森の梟{ふくろう}とか幻想の虹{にじ}...
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186 views

What does としか mean in this sentence?

Really struggling with the meaning of this sentence from ちびまる子ちゃん: まさにうららかとしか言いようのない日だね My rough translation effort Surely, beautiful is the only way to describe this day But I'm ...
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Negative volitional+と

「それじゃあ放課後、茶道室に来て下さい。 そこでこれからのことを話し合いましょう」 先輩は校舎のほうへ走っていく。 それに遅れまいと、こっちも校舎へと走り出した。 Why is the negative volitional used in the last sentence?
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Difference between ~だろうと and ~でも

Is there a major difference between ~だろうと and ~でも constructions in nuance? Can ~だろうと only be used with question words? I've seen any volitional followed by と for an effect like ~ても, but usually only ...
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Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 確【たし】かに中沢{なかざわ}部【ぶ】...
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How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
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What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
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To marry OR Marriage? Japanese と in context

The phrase runs thus: お[姫様]{ひめ・さま}と[結婚]{けっ・こん}して。 Is it literally "married the princess" or does the と affect the subject in any way?
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Help understanding と in this sentence

Please expain the function of と (in bold) in this behemoth of a sentence: この偽書評を書いたときには、あとで誰かから「ろくでもない嘘をつくな」という苦情の手紙とか、「どこに行けばこの本が手にはいるのか」といった問い合わせがくるんじゃないかと覚悟していたんだけど、。。。 If you can't find ...
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What is the meaning of と here?

What is the meaning of と in this sentence? このため、地震のときと同じように机の下などに入っていると安全なことがあります。 It seems different from all senses in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. Kind of "in the manner of"?
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157 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
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どのような and a particle soup

I have the following sentence: 熊の神とはどのようなものか、想像してみたが... My book translates this as I tried to imagine what the Bear God might be like. I have multiple problems: 1) I think どのような means "...
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100 views

What meaning does とこ have in this sentence?

とこの状況で思っちゃう僕はちょっとおかしいのか。 I'm not sure how to interpret this sentence. What function is とこ serving?
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66 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is wrong)...
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70 views

How does this relative clause work?

I'm reading a children's book in Japanese. In the story, Weasel runs a cake shop, and he's gotten a mysterious order for a cake - he doesn't know who it's from. Here's the sentence: いったい どんな ...
3
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99 views

Can と be used to restate a noun?

I'm trying to understand this sentence, particularly how と works here. 朝から、算数、国語、社会、理科と退屈な授業が続く。 Does this mean "Starting early, I have boring classes which are arithmetic, language, society, ...
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138 views

犬と猫が好き or 犬も猫も好き, which one is correct?

If both are correct, are there any differences between them?
4
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574 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
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130 views

Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...