助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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68 views

〇〇さん「は・が」いらっしゃいますか?

I found this sentence on https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E3%81%84%E3%82%89%E3%81%A3%E3%81%97%E3%82%83%E3%82%8B and it struck me as odd. 山田【やまだ】さんがいらっしゃいますでしょうか。 Listening to my co-workers (...
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101 views

Using は(wa) or が(ga)

So I'm trying to make a sentence which goes, "My effort is still not enough", and I came up with "私の努力(__)まだ足りない。" I was thinking about using wa, however since "足りない" is intransitive, I wondered if ...
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In a sentence that ends with a verb, when could “が” modify a 3rd person pronoun?

3rd person pronouns (both English and Japanese) and the particle "は" have a commonality. For pronouns (jp & eng) antecedent must exist in the conversation. An "antecedent" is what the pronoun ...
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73 views

What is the meaning of 「気のすまぬ」? [duplicate]

Here is the context including the word. なにが なんでも たたきのめさにゃ 気のすまぬ 男が俺の眼のまえに立ちはだかったんだ。 I found a word 「気がすまない」 in an online dictionary which gives the meaning of it as 'not to be able to settle ...
4
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82 views

Particle at the end of a sentence

I've seen some sentences end with particles like が and で. The most common particle that I see is に. For example, if someone asked: どこにいる? → Where are you? I could reply, 友達{ともだち}の家{いえ}に → (I'...
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100 views

Questions about multiple particles 「が」 in a sentence

Here is the sentence said by a boy who had punched a pig in a pen and then being struck by it. だめだっ...なぐろうがけとばそうがびくともしやせん 1) Does the first 「が」 work the same function as the second one? 2) Can I ...
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155 views

How to say “I hope I can” in this situation?

I would like to say "I'm not very good, but I hope I can help you." My first thought would be to translate this as 「下手なんですが、手伝えるといいんですが。」 because in my Japanese class, we were taught that "hoping for ...
2
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1answer
118 views

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。
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59 views

Why use が in the sentence below? [duplicate]

Why use が in the sentence below? Would を be equally correct? このピアノはとてもいい音がします。
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72 views

Would both of these sentences be correct?

Would both of these sentences be correct? Do they both have the same meaning? たくやの後ろに彰が座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya. 彰はたくやの後ろに座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya.
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91 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: ...
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167 views

Is Facebook's use of double が grammatically unambiguous?

Facebook has issued me the following alert: Aさんが、Bさんがあなたとシェアした写真について「いいね!」と言っています I think this is a translation of "A likes the photo that B shared with you." Is it obvious what's being said? ...
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107 views

Please enlighten me about a haunting "が”

I came across a long sentence in a story, which I have googled around and struggled for a couple of days. Here is what it reads: この頃わかってきたのだが、旅人の中には用心のためか、こちらの挨拶に頷くぐらいしか、挨拶を返さないものが少なくない。 My rough ...
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2answers
559 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
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1answer
56 views

On the usage of 「は」 and 「が」 in a poem by 谷川俊太郎

In a poem named 「生きる」 by 谷川俊太郎, the poet described "to live" with many instances. In the instances put forward in the penultimate stanza, the poet put 「が」 after the subjects, such as in 「犬が吠える」, 「...
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3answers
117 views

Does this sentence make sense? [closed]

Does this sentence make sense? 山本さんは水曜日の食事が体に悪いと思います。 It's supposed to mean: I think Yamamoto's Wednesday meal was unhealthy (lit. bad for the body) I'm particularly unsure about my use of ...
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37 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
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86 views

What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
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149 views

Meaning of volitional passive form

お姉ちゃんに何を言われようが、まる子はウキウキ気分なのであった。 What was said by her sister ???? but, Maruko felt cheerful. I can't think of any way in which something which is passive can also be volitional. How do I ...
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143 views

Which が is this?

しばらくその場を動かず無為に時間を過ごし、リヴェリアが怪訝な色を顔に映しだした頃。何かを察知したように、アイズが剣を抜いた。 Could someone tell me what が this is? Is it exhaustive listing? My translation would be: As if sensing something, Aizu is the one who ...
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96 views

に満ちた and particles に が

溢れ出す魔力は、もはや抑えが利かない。 一の回路に満ちた十の魔力は、その逃げ場を求めて基盤を壊し― に満ちた=full of. 感情に満ちた顔=A face full of emotions. In the sentence at the beginning this construction does not make much sense: Ten units of ...
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90 views

〜がほしがっています vs 〜をほしがっています

I was wondering if the following two sentences have the same meaning. I'm seeing both をほしい and がほしい on my Anki deck and I was just wondering if they were interchangeable or if I just made a mistake ...
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211 views

は and を or の and わ

Okay, so I learned a little while ago that 私は日本語を悪いです is what you should say. But someone who is Japanese told me that 私の日本語わ悪いです is correct. So now I'm a little confused. Are both ...
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2answers
123 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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109 views

Is が here a 格助 or 接助 element?

Is が here a 格助 or 接助 element? 私の脈搏は普通1分間にやっと60なのが、80から85に増進していた。 My pulse, whose ordinary action is scarcely 60 beats to the minute, was accelerated to 80 or 85.
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150 views

が in subordinate clauses

Since you can't use は in subordinate clauses, it looks to me like が is forced to take on both roles, so how would we distinguish them? For example, if we have the sentence 僕が好きな動物 how do we ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
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127 views

で vs が in 上手に話せます?

日本語で上手に話せます。 日本語が上手にはなせます。 Hello, I'm sorry if this has been asked before, but is it で or が? I know you're supposed to use で for languages, but this sentence I got from class is using が。 I'm ...
5
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165 views

Is “Airman ga Taosenai” grammatical?

I've been listening to this memetic song for quite a bit, but recently I was thinking perhaps the title could be inaccurate. Shouldn't it be "Airman wo Taoserarenai"? There are 2 points I have to ...
5
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340 views

Does “私は山田さんが描きました。” make sense in Japanese?

Is this sentence put together correctly? I'm trying to say "I drew (name on person)" formally. Drew as in "drew a picture of". In this case I will be using Yamada-san as an example. 私は山田さんが描きました。 ...
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28 views

の as subject marking particle? [duplicate]

I looked up 大丈夫{だいじょうぶ} in a Japanese dictionary and the first entry reads: 危険{きけん}や心配{しんぱい}のないさま。間違い{まちがい}がないさま。 Why is it that, in the first definition, the subject (危険や心配) seems to be marked ...
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41 views

Understanding the use of the particle が [duplicate]

Here is an example of both particles being used in a sentence. ねこは たべて います。 The cat is eating (or: Regarding the cat, it is eating.) ねこが たべて います。 The cat is eating (as opposed to someone ...
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86 views

Multiple が in the same sentence

I found this sentence while reading and I came across 2 が in the same sentence. 認識結果{にんしきけっか}が保存{ほぞん}されていない登録{とうろく}画像{がぞう}があります。 Is it there a way to phrase is differently? How is this clause ...
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39 views

は or が when denoting subject [duplicate]

When using either は or が would denote the subject (such as saying 私は馬鹿です vs 私が馬鹿です when the intent is to say that I am stupid, am an idiot, etc.), is there any preference to either particle (would ...
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1answer
70 views

Difference between は and が [duplicate]

What is the difference between は and が ? when and how do we use these?
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42 views

How do you place ga and wa in sentence? [duplicate]

I do not know how to place ga and wa in a sentence. How do you do it is it just like the english words or is it something that has to do with topics a subjects?
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126 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
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(をする) and (がする). Meanings and Uses

What does (をする) and (がする). Sometime ago I read on site something I dont remember, but I got confused because the use of 勉強がする, but I just knew the existence of 勉強をする. So actually Im pretty confused. ...
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Does indirect passive allow for the を in “四方を海に囲まれる”

My textbook has this example: 四方を海に囲まれる。 Is it the indirect passive that allows for the を direct object marker to be used in that passive voice example? This sentence matches my understanding ...
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1answer
97 views

“私が知っている人” or “私の知っている人”?

I have been reading What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? In the "contrastive wa" section, there is this example sentence: わたしが知っている人はパーティーに来ませんでした。 As 7600+ people have read that ...
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With context that it is getting dark, why say “日が暮れる” instead of just “暮れる”?

X and Y are in a forest. They have been talking about it getting dark and cold. They both know that it is a long walk out of the forest.  「これから長いことと歩かなければいかん」Xは指摘した。「2日間もです。もしかしたら3日かも。もう日が暮れかかっています」...
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Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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308 views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
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1answer
792 views

When to use the particle 'ga' in questions?

I found these sentences in a book: Kaigi wa itsu arimasu ka? Kore wa nan desu ka? Could anyone please tell me why it's ..itsu desu.. and not ..itsu ga desu..Similarly, why it's ..nan desu.. ...
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221 views

Is it okay to say 日本語を好き?

I saw that is correct to use が but I can't understand the differences between を and が
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275 views

Why is が used here?

I still have trouble with the は and が particles. ほどなくして神様達はこの下界に住み付いた。多くの神様達が永住することを決めたらしい。 Why does が have to be used here? What difference would it make if it were replaced with は instead?
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143 views

What is the explanation for the archaic attributive particle が becoming a modern subject particle?

While reading though Haruo Shirane’s Classical Japanese: A Grammar, I came across the following passage: が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Can “が” ever mark the direct object?

A sentence in my book: これは、漢字{かんじ}が持{も}つ体系的{たいけいてき}なつながりを明{あき}らかにして文化勲章{ぶんかくんしょう}を受{う}けた漢字学{かんじがく}の第一人者{だいいちにんしゃ}、 白川{しらかわ}静{しずか}さんに、漢字の成{な}り立{た}ちを一つ{ひとつ}一つ{ひとつ}教{おし}えてもらった本{ほん}です。 The very ...
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1answer
55 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...