The meaning of words or phrases within certain contexts, especially when it does not seem to match the standard definition.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
144 views

What does “POP” mean in the context of charity/forms/information?

What does "POP" mean below? このたびのスペシャルイベントでも、オーディエンスのみなさんがサポートしたくなるようなプロジェクトについて、会場でPOPなどで紹介し、ドネイション(基金)を募りたいと考えています。 Also: 団体名と簡単な概要入りの共通POPはこちらで作ります。 Also: This PDF lists 共通POP一枚 as a ...
4
votes
2answers
430 views

Similar example sentences give different meanings

I was looking for the verb しゃべる in the dictionary, as it got me curious since I've only known 話す for a while. In the dictionary there are two example sentences which look the same, but the dictionary ...
4
votes
1answer
239 views

The gender of 子

Is 子 ever used to refer to a boy, or is it always used for girls? Is 悪い子 used only for girls?
4
votes
1answer
219 views

Is -はない just another way of saying -じゃありません?

In the sentence: 彼の論文には大した価値はない Is the -はない another way of saying -じゃありません or -ではない? And is it read as wanai or hanai?
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Difference between 内側 and 中

I was wondering what the difference is between 内側 and 中 as I understand both mean "inside". However, there are situations when we can use one and not the other.
4
votes
2answers
123 views

When does 明日辺り start and finish?

Is 明日辺り exactly the same as 明日? If not, let's say I just got told "Please do <something> 明日辺り", then: From what time today does it start to become acceptable to do it? Approximately when will ...
4
votes
3answers
143 views

頑張った…being interpreted as cheering for?

As far as I know, 頑張った would be translated as someone having worked hard or tried their best etc. depending on context, however I've noticed a disrepency between my translation and another person's ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

meaning of “べつにいいけど”

I recently skyped a friend just to ask how her English studies were going. During the conversation, I think I said something like: "なんか、英文の質問があれば、どうぞ。ま、べつにいいけど。" She seemed to think my usage ...
4
votes
2answers
459 views

五年ぶり、ぶり返す、。。。What does ぶり mean?

Where does the ぶり in 五年ぶり (Five years ago?) and ぶり返す come from, does it have a kanji, and what does it mean?
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Difference between かおり and におい

In a TV show I am watching (孤独のグルメ, perhaps many of you have heard of it) the gentleman is about to drink some coffee but pauses to savour the aroma. He says いい かおり だ Which I translate as "good ...
4
votes
1answer
909 views

What's the difference between 招待, 招く and 誘う?

I've stumbled upon these 3 words. I think meaning of 招待 is: invite (as in a formal invitation) The other two seem rather confusing to me, though.
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Differences between 事実 and 真実

Both 真実 and 事実 means; fact,truth. So in Kanji Lesson I asked my teacher if there is any differences between them, he said yes but there was no time to explain.
4
votes
1answer
383 views

方 - also read ほう when referring to a person?

The following sentence is from "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar": 留守番電話は、一方ではかかる方にもかける方にも便利な面もあるが、他方ではお互いに直接話が出来ないから、不自然な面もある "The answering machine is, on the one hand, very ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Payment types in receipts

If I find one of the following words on a receipt before the total sum: クレジット クレジット支払 クレジット支払額 クレジット計 クレジット売上 Can I conclude that the transaction was paid for by credit card? And what does it ...
4
votes
2answers
356 views

Difference between words that describe the idea of neighborhood/being close to something

Can somebody describe the difference between these words(physical distance and maybe politeness of these words, or any aspects that you think are important to understand these). Can all these words ...
4
votes
2answers
409 views

Slang: What does テラス mean?

What does テラス means in the context of declining an invitation, like below? うううううう!!いきたい!けどその時間帯もろに仕事だ:::またやって!!テラスーーーーー I guess it is slang? I am familiar with テラワロス but it seems different in ...
4
votes
1answer
706 views

Meaning of 「そればかりか、〜Vーるというようなことさえ、始めはしない。」

I am struggling to grasp the meaning of this expression 「そればかりか、〜Vるというようなことさえ、始めはしない」It comes up in the following sentence. The English translation is my best effort but I am guessing from the ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Can 国体 refer to “prefectural” as well as “national”?

If 国体 is used in conjunction with a prefecture name like 山口国体, does that mean "The National Athletic Meet that is being held in Yamaguchi", or the "The Yamaguchi Prefectural Athletic Meet"? The only ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Does 青少年を外出させないように refer to to letting a youth out alone, or in any circumstances?

Over at Travel.SE, there's a bit of a debate on how to parse this piece of Tokyo legislation: (深夜外出の制限) 第十五条の四 ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

what's the grammar of ださん?

I read in a Japanese tale (kachikachi yama) : An old man (a peasant) is happy since he just catched a tanuki and says to his wife : 「それじゃ ちょっくら まちへ かいものに いってくるから たぬきが にげださんように きをつけておくれ。」 ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Song translation with two possibilities - “One more time, one more chance” by Masayoshi Yamazaki

Translating the song "One more time, one more chance" by Masayoshi Yamazaki from the movie "5cm per Second" gave me two lines that seem unclear: くいちがう時はいつも 僕が先に折れたね わがままな性格が なおさら愛しくさせた In the ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Meaning of 「以上」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」

What is the meaning of 「以{い}上{じょう}」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」? For example - the lawyer at the court after his speech says 「以上」and stops speaking then.
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Difference between 目覚める and 起きる

I searched for both they mean to wake up. When do I need to use 目覚める and 起きる.
4
votes
2answers
262 views

出身はどこ vs. どこの出身

Does saying どこの出身 sound any different than saying 出身はどこ? More generally, does adnominally modifying a noun have some other feeling associated with in? That is, in comparison to just using a standard ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

What do young Japanese mean by セクハラ?

What do Japanese young people exactly mean by 「セクハラ」? Do they think it is negative, or only slightly negative, or not negative? I've often heard Japanese university students throw around the term ...
4
votes
2answers
247 views

Can you help me to translate this speech? 自分を理解してくれる者がいるというのは 心地よいものだよ

I'm trying to translate this text from a comic. I understood words, but the whole speech is difficult. 自分を理解してくれる者がいるというのは 心地よいものだよ。。。 一人というのは寂しかっただろう? 私もかつては自分を理解する者がいない 孤独に苛まれたよ。 I translated ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

What does ホイっと mean?

in a manga I was reading this expression appeared. It was about a lazy girl, who was thinking about getting herself a boyfriend (so that he can do the house chores for her), and then her friend ...
4
votes
1answer
435 views

When to use にしたら when to use には?

I don't get the difference in meaning between には and にしたら like in this sentence from my textbook: 大きすぎる親の期待は、子供にしたら苦痛だ。 Expectations of parents that are too big become agony for the children. ...
4
votes
1answer
417 views

What does なきや mean? [closed]

I assume this is some sort of idiom or verbal tic, but i'm not 100% sure. Anybody care to help me out? If you need context, this is the phrase: まだピチピチなんだからかんばらなきや
4
votes
1answer
133 views

ければ possibly used to link verbs instead of causation? (visual novel, narration)

I apologize if this is a silly question but can ければ be used to simply link two verbs (as in, "and")? It doesn't make much sense (or does it?) in the following sentence for "to scream angrily" making ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

自意識過剰 - what does it mean, exactly?

Could someone please clarify the meaning of 自意識過剰? Does it mean the person is overly self-conscious of other people's looks/opinions (e.g. very shy person), or does it imply an overly huge ego (e.g. ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Meaning of “普段ならまだしも、さすがに今は少しばかり状況が違う”

Context: 「って、ヴェル!?」 思い切り、まるで飛び付くように抱きついてくるヴェル。 「み、みんな見てますけれどもっ」 普段ならまだしも、さすがに今は少しばかり状況が違う。俺の叫びで気がついたのか、ヴェルは周囲をそっと見回した。 The two possible definitions that I think could match this ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

What does まわりであーだこーだ mean in this sentence?

I don't really understand the "まわりであーだこーだ" part in the following sentence I read in a manga: こそこそ人のこと調べたり、まわりであーだこーだ、女は面倒くさい Does まわりで means 人のまわりで? My guess for "あーだこーだ" is that it means ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

What is different between 日本間{にほんま}、和室{わしつ} and お座敷{ざしき}

Are they same meaning? How to distinguish when using them?
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Meaning of となら and とやら in these sentences

I've encountered those two words in a manga I'm currently reading. Here are the sentences : きさまとならまちがいなく勝てるぞ。 I don't know if となら is a specific particle or if it is と+なら(ば) (and in that case is ...
4
votes
1answer
352 views

Why does 赤 have a negative connotation?

赤 is generally understood as meaning 'red' (which can explain combinations like 赤子 (red face of a crying baby)). However, I have seen some words with 赤 that have a negative meaning, 赤 possibly ...
4
votes
1answer
890 views

What is the meaning of ようで?

I think ようで means "to look/look like", but I'm having trouble understanding it in the context of this sentence: 感動に水を差すようで悪いのだが、さっさと爾子に乗ってくれ。でなくば、城とともに潰れるぞ。 Also, is でなくば another form of でなければ?
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Understanding the grammar of 当て

I'm trying to understand the grammar behind 当て, and after a bit of investigation I still don't quite understand a could of points. The definition that I found for it is (n) depend on, expectations, ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Volitional + というのだった?

In the short story 「悪魔」by 星新一 , a man walks onto a frozen lake to go ice fishing, carves out a small hole in the ice, and throws in the line. But after throwing in the line, there's a 文型 I've never ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Difference between 運命 and 命運

To my knowledge, 運命{うんめい} is the more common of the two terms, meaning fate / destiny. 命運{めいうん} is clearly the same 漢字 reversed, and translations give the same meaning of fate / destiny. I was ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Is my translation correct?

I'm working on a translation. Is my translation correct? それこそ ハイエロファントグリーンを使えば苦痛を感じる間もあたえず一瞬のうちに。 My translation: If I used Hierophant Green, pain would not last more than a moment. The context ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

甲斐 (かい) usage in present tense

I've normally seen it being used in past tense, e.g. 「我慢した―があった」 However, I'm not sure how to correctly interpret a sentence like: 「生きている―がない」 I've come across this definition: ...
4
votes
4answers
322 views

What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

「健全なる精神は健全なる身体に宿る」のなる [duplicate]

Is the なる in 健全なる精神は健全なる身体に宿る just the normal 成る? I don't think I understand how 健全なる精神 means "a healthy spirit"- I would think to say 健全の精神, I think. Can someone explain how saying 「健全なる精神...」 came ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Meaning of と and 少しでも in this sentence

I don't get what 少しでも and と mean in this sentence (from a manga) : 人々の多くは少しでもターゲットになりにくそうな僻地に身を隠そうとムダな努力を始めていた。 I remember reading that the conditional と couldn't be use with the volitional ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Meaning of この延長線上にこそ、

Does X。この延長線上にこそ、Y。 have the same meaning as XなのでY ? Context: 今回、時間の制約が大変厳しい状況にありますが、[...]自動的なチェックのしくみを実現したいと考えます。この延長線上にこそ、新しい世代のより低コストな技術を安定的に評価できる体制が実現可能となります。
4
votes
2answers
310 views

は can mean “at least?”

Can は mean "at least" in some situations? For example, 10回は="at least 10 times?" How does this work? This is an example: ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

What is the denotation of 方言?

I learnt that it means dialect. During a presentation at university, someone asked a question about whether my topic was possibly influenced by a misunderstanding of the word "hougen" i.e. that it ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

わかる、分かる、判る,解る - essential difference? [duplicate]

I've been coming across these three lately in a visual novel that I've been using to try to learn to read Japanese, and it seems their usage is not that interchangeable. I'd like to confirm/deny if ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

usage of ていた in 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた

I see this kind of thing occasionally, and by that I mean the usage of ていた forms: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた in narrative where the た form: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれた would have meant the ...