漢字. Chinese characters as used in Japanese writing as opposed to the two kana syllabaries and rōmaji (Latin letters).

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Learning Japanese alphabet [closed]

Konbanwa, I just started learning about Japanese alphabets, and I started with Hiragana, so is it right to start with Hiragana then Katana? and if I learned about the both writing systems which one ...
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90 views

When to use 九 vs きゅう?

I am new to this site so my apologizes if this question is a bit ridiculous. However, I was informed that the kanji for 9 (九) is pronounced differently than the hiragana (きゅう) based on use. The ...
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189 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an ...
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407 views

Is there a radiotelephony alphabet standard for kanji, similar to NATO phonetic alphabet (“alfa, bravo, charlie”)?

NATO phonetic alphabet is used for precise dictation of English letters: "A" is pronounced as "Alfa" "B" as "Bravo" "C" as "Charlie", etc. There are similar alphabets for other languages. There ...
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115 views

What does this keychain say? [closed]

I got this keychain for Christmas without any packaging so I have no idea what it means. The only thing I can tell is that it is probably a single kanji character, other than that I can't tell.
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143 views

Difference between 喰う and 食う?

I understand both are vulgar male forms of eat, but why these two kanji are basically the same? What means that 口 in there?
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2k views

What on Earth is this kanji character?

I was watching a Japanese YouTube video and the ending screen that says the usual ご視聴ありがとうございます followed by talking about what the next video was going to be, etc... I understand the context of this ...
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730 views

How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
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105 views

覚せい剤 - why is it written with kana?

Why is 覚せい剤 a common variant writing of 覚醒剤? 醒 is a Joyo kanji and wouldn't pose any recognition problems. Example: https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/覚せい剤取締法
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Is it common for non-European words to share similar pronunciations between Japanese and other languages in East Asia?

I saw a sign at the back entrance of a Japanese restaurant (in Gordon, Sydney, Australia) "Kashin 가신 Japanese restaurant". The word written in hangul, "가신", sounds similar to the Japanese word ...
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80 views

How to find alternative writings of a kanji in electronic form?

Some kanji have alternative writings that are significantly different from each other (e.g. different numbers of strokes). For example, see here. I'm looking for ways to find alternative writings ...
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165 views

The component 曷 and the kanjis 褐, 喝, 謁, 渇

Note the right component of the kanjis 褐, 喝, 謁 and 渇. It doesn't exist as a separate Chinese character, at least I couldn't find it. Those who have used Heisig will know that he refers to this ...
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125 views

How has Japanese kanji and kana usage changed since 1945

How has the percentage of writing using each script changed since 1945? With script reform, increasing influx of loanwords, and stylistic choices, several factors affect how much certain parts of the ...
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145 views

Pattern in onyomi for middle Chinese -p and -ng finals

I've been thinking recently about patterns between onyomi and their respective Chinese counterparts (as presumably existed in middle Chinese and are now reflected across modern Chinese dialects). ...
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141 views

Are there some cases where みたす could be spelled as 充たす? 「充{み}たす」という書き方はどんな場合で使えるか?

Since 充 can be used to spell 充{あ}てる it can have the meaning of "to match". Therefore, the only place where I think 充たす fits is to say something like ある条件を充たす. Nevertheless, according to the 漢字漢和辞典 I ...
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How to choose the reading of 埋{う}める and 埋{うず}める?

埋める has two possible readings 埋{う}める and 埋{うず}める. Of course kanjis have tons of inconsistencies. While (same furigana / same okurigana / different kanji / different meaning), such as 熱{あつ}い and ...
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848 views

The role of hiragana when there is a relevant kanji?

If I don't know the kanji of a thing but I know the hiragana of it, can I just write the hiragana if I have to write it down? Is it a free choice? Or some rules or social formalities?
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215 views

Why is 未来 read as あした?

The slogan of the 2020 Olympics in Japan is 未来{あした} をつかもう (Discover tomorrow) Why is it read as あした? I did not find a standardised dictionary with that reading, however I found あす as a reading ...
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426 views

What would be the most apt word in kanji, for “Animal world”?

Okay, that may sound a little confusing, and no, not looking for the name of a zoo or theme park here XD Essentially, simply put, I'm writing a novel, and for that, building a world around it. Yes, ...
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793 views

How do I read 青水庵 as a name?

Recently, I found a nickname, 青水庵 on the internet. How do you read this?
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187 views

How many possible phonological forms could be represented by a randomly chosen single character?

In Chinese, every character is monosyllabic and Mandarin has a total of about ~1200 licit syllables including tone (about 400 if you don't count tone). This means that if I take any Chinese character ...
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62 views

What is the meaning of 実質負担金額?

I want to buy new phone but I am unable to understand the meaning of 実質負担金額. Please help me to understand this.
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103 views

Why is みつぎもの written 賜ぎ物 instead of 貢ぎ物 in this comic?

I was reading Hunter x Hunter volume 24, when suddenly this thing appeared: 賜{みつ}ぎ物{もの} Just a bit of context: they are trying to infiltrate the enemy's base, and take advantage of one corrupt ...
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171 views

Origin of the word 烏有

I saw the phrase 烏有{うゆう}に帰{き}す, which means to "become nothing" as if turning to ashes. The word "烏有" means nothing, but its parts are 烏 (crow) and 有 (to be). How did 烏有 come to mean nothing? When I ...
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167 views

Reading and meaning of 上御道田

I am looking for the reading/meaning of the kanji shown in the attached image. It should spell 上御道田, if I am not mistaken. The image is an excerpt of an old map of Achimura, Nagano-ken. I tried ...
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186 views

Is the kanji in this scene a mistake or some kind of joke?

My friend was watching the anime みつどもえ 増量中!, and in the first episode there is a scene where basically there is a protest happening against the kind of "power rangers" in this show. It's the one on ...
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556 views

What is this script called?

I have seen this script many times before, but the best information anyone can give me is that they are archaic and almost no one uses them. Here is a photo of the characters then versus now:
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149 views

Why is 電話(でんわ)in hiragana?

from what i can tell, it shares the same meaning in chinese. shouldnt a phone be written in katakana?
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290 views

What kind of script is it? (photo attached)

The marker is on the top of a hill on the way to Yawata Hachimangu in Kyoto Pref. The site seems rather not significant historically, there were no other related signs around. The top character is ...
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231 views

The meaning of the 戟 kanji in the context of 食戟

I read the manga "食戟のソーマ" and have a question concerning the meaning of the [食戟]{しょくげき}. I understand the 食{しょく} part, standing for Food, but 戟{げき} is what I don't understand. I would have understood ...
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99 views

Meaning of this kanji compound: 入植用合成戦術個体

This kanji compound is from a video game, and I'm having problems understanding it... the entire sentence for context is: "―入植用合成戦術個体― の覚醒を確認。これより性能試験を開始する." I understand everything except for that ...
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59 views

Is the 300 yen price for a “shuin” stamp linguistically related to お参り?

Prevalent price (朱印代) for a stamp in a shrine or a temple is 300 yen, although there are exceptions. Wikipedia confirms this Shuin 朱印. I wonder if the amount bears an association of 参百円{さんびゃくえん} with ...
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123 views

Stroke recognition in this kanji?

So I'm practicing how to count the strokes of a Kanji. I've been having troubles for this one since I can't find it on Jisho. So I've wanted to ask: am I even right with the number of strokes? If ...
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385 views

How to read this kanji?

Please tell me how to read this kanji. What does it mean?
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335 views

If 'little girl' is 「少女」, then why is 'little boy' 「少年」?

Question 少女 means little girl because 少 means little/small and 女 means lady/female. It makes sense here. However it does not make sense when I read 少年 because 年 means year. Is there any reason why 年 ...
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191 views

Is knowing Kanji vital? [closed]

I'm, as a beginner, pretty bad with Kanji. I've heard that even some native japanese are. Is it really necessary to get the hang of it to be able to read/write in Japanese?
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193 views

Japanese novels 上・下

I have a couple of Japanese novels and textbooks that have the kanji 上 & 下 on them. Now, intuitively, I would say that the 下 kanji would be the book I start with. Whereas the 上 would be the one I ...
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264 views

How can one stop “去年【きょねん】教職【きょうしょく】” from looking like a weird 4 kanji compound?

In writing, sometimes you get the illusion of a 4-character compound: Xさんは去年教職を退【しりぞ】いた。 This bothers some non-natives. To correct the "problem", can I always just place a comma between the ...
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59 views

Meaning of 散斎条 in this context?

I'm trying to translate the following sentence, 八世紀の「養老神祇令」散斎条に、唐の令にはみられない肉食禁止条項が挿入されていること , but can't figure out the meaning of 散斎条. Searching the almighty google didn't yield any results either. ...
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103 views

The kanji 一 in 神の一手

In the game of go (囲碁{いご}), the expression 神{かみ}の一手{いって} refers to the perfect game of go, and it is referenced multiple times in the anime Hikaru no Go. My question: Why 神の一手 and not 神の手? I can't ...
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137 views

Difference between 鳥肉 and 鶏肉

What is the difference between 鳥肉 and 鶏肉? A friend said that 鶏肉 is cooked chicken and 鳥肉 is raw chicken. That doesn't seem right to me since I've rarely seen 鳥肉 used.
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62 views

What does “扎し魔神” mean in this epiphet?

What does "扎し魔神" mean in this epiphet? I think it says "かつて魔法石を統ベる者と呼ば扎し魔神", but I'm not sure because the font has strange kerning... So, I'm having: "かつて魔法石を統ベる者" == "Former Magic Stone Lord" ...
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128 views

Are most kanji characters morphemes?

I've always assumed that kanji characters are almost always morphemes, but I've hardly seen anyone explicitly state that. I think the idea that kanji usually represent ideas, not pronunciation, played ...
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683 views

How did we get “Foreign Carrot Regime”?

How is it possible to naively get both "Foreign Carrot Regime" and "Foreigner Suffrage" from "外国人参政権"? I'm interested in how the same kanji can be combined in different ways to create a different ...
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1answer
144 views

How to read 資格外活動許可?

I know 資格 is しかく, 活動 is かつどう and 許可 is きょか, but the 外 puzzles me here. Is it just がい?
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118 views

The Kanji for ありがとうございます

有難う御座います is one Kanji spelling. However, I thought, 'is ございます here an auxilliary verb, and thus are the Kanji incorrect?' Should the proper spelling be 有難うございます?
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356 views

What really is 人身事故?

What really is 人身事故【じんしんじこ】 (jinshin-jiko) we often hear at train stations? Some say that it always means that somebody just threw him/herself onto a train track and got killed. Others say that it's ...
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163 views

Confusion regarding writing a word in Kanji and Katakana

In the One Piece manga, it's quite common to see the names of character's attacks written in both Kanji and Katakana. Take as examples: Gekko Moriah's Doppelman (影法師(ドッペルマン) Dopperuman, literally ...
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179 views

Should hibakusha be written in kanji or kana? [closed]

I typed hibakusha as "被爆者" in "被爆者:食べ物はあまり持っていませんでした。", and someone hesitantly suggested that I use kana. Neither Wiktionary nor jisho.org suggest using kana. Is there any linguistic or stylistic ...
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106 views

How to read 向う?

This is a sentence from 「ふたり」 by 赤川次郎 向うは、やっぱり寒い? Does it read as むこう?If that is the case, then what is the difference between 向う and 向こう?