漢字. Chinese characters as used in Japanese writing as opposed to the two kana syllabaries and rōmaji (Latin letters).

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1answer
111 views

japanese ambiguous sentences [on hold]

hello guys can you help me to translate this ambiguous sentence? これは道路の上に作られた細い溝と、その上を通るタイヤによって作られるのだが、制限速度で走らないと音楽らしい音楽に聞こえない。 translation: it is narrow gutter which is laid on top of road, ...
1
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2answers
128 views

What is this odd character?

It foiled 3 different online handwriting input websites. I tried looking it up via radicals to no avail. The rest of the characters in this font were quite easy to get. As per request, the context. ...
4
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1answer
325 views

What's the correct way to write eggplant?

Why is eggplant in japanese written as 茄子 (nasubi) and not just 茄 (nasu)?
3
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1answer
82 views

Etymology of 米国 (べいこく)

As far as I understand, the Chinese people called America "美国" (among many) which literally translates to 'beautiful country'. I understand it was phonetic transcription of 'America'. But I wonder ...
0
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1answer
126 views

Ask Japanese complicated passage

何か自分が望まないことを断るという状況を、セミナーなどで様々な方に実演してもらうことがあります。その時、訓練を受けていない人は9割方、『自分の利害の説明』から始めようとしがちです。 例えば、会社の利益になると思えない残業を命じられたり、法令や規則違反ギリギリの仕事を依頼されたりする場面で、ほとんどの人は『自分はそれをしたくない』とだけ言い張ったり、...
1
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3answers
121 views

What is the most “comprehensive” kanji dictionary?

I tried a quick search among similar questions but could not find exactly what I would like to know. In Chinese, there is a huge dictionary called 汉语大词典 that covers more than 54600 characters (at ...
1
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0answers
32 views

How are the Kanji in this Dictionary Ordered? [migrated]

I don't understand the basis for the ordering of the Kanji in this dictionary: http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/kotenseki/html/ho04/ho04_00717/index.html It seems to be a Rime Dictionary and I found ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Using「仇」instead of 「敵」

Here is the full sentence including the word. 小気味いい矢吹丈と、ボクシングだけを想う老残の丹下段平、そしてチャーミングな仇役力石徹。 I found that the first Kanji 「仇」is 表外漢字 and an alternative form of 「敵」. Then, I am curious why the writer ...
3
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3answers
457 views

The logic behind kanji choice for country name ateji

亜米利加【アメリカ】 伊太利亜【イタリア】 独逸【ドイツ】 I know these spellings are rarely used... My question is: Why did they choose exactly these kanji characters for spelling these countries' names? Could they ...
5
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2answers
361 views

When is よう written in kanji as 様?

We have been taught a lot of uses of よう pattern like ように, Vます ように, sentence ending with ように, ようだ for comparison, etc. But everywhere in textbooks, the よう is written in hiragana. I recently found out ...
11
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4answers
3k views

When Chinese personal names are written in Japanese in kanji is there always an obvious reading?

In their comment to an answer on the question "Are foreign personal names usually written in katakana rather than Romaji?", user sawa says: ... Chinese names should be written in kanji rather than ...
13
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7answers
6k views

Why are there 3 ways of writing in Japanese?

Why are there kanji, hiragana and katakana? Is there a logical reason behind this or just tradition?
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2answers
2k views

What does 花つ月 mean?

緋【あか】色【いろ】の花【はな】つ月【づき】 I'm trying to figure out the meaning for this part of kanji in a title for a series. The red flower month? The red flower moon? The month of blossoming red flowers? I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is correct reading for 舞桜

What is the correct reading of word 舞桜? I found some pages, where they state, that it's one of variants of female name read as 「まお」, in this form meaning "dancing cherry blossom", but I checked in ...
1
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0answers
70 views

Definition of 例車? [closed]

I hear this word often in train/subway stations, and I've seen it a couple times on the internet, but I can't find a definition for this word in the dictionaries I've checked. What is a 例車?
3
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2answers
421 views

What are the most obscure kanji?

To my understanding, there are standardised kanji that have either: No reliable information on how they are to be pronounced OR No reliable information on what they mean OR All of the above. Do ...
2
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2answers
81 views

Why is the Kanji 「太」read 「ふとし]?

I found this one from a title of a manga チャンピオン太 As my understanding, it should be read just as「ふと」.
2
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2answers
136 views

Why is the place's official name written as “なら工藝館” (rather than “奈良工藝館”)?

When I visited Nara, I noticed that on the bus stop lists, the Nara Craft Museum's name did not use Kanji for "Nara" but spelled out with hiragana, as "なら工藝館". As it turns out, in almost all other ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Do all kanji parts have a meaning?

I'm beginner in Japanese, and I was analysing some kanji. I was noticing the parts of 燃. I see a dog there, a fire, another fire, and then there is this 夕 with two strokes in the middle instead of one,...
0
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1answer
87 views

Meaning of 'すれ違う赤の軌道'

I don't really get the meaning of this line 'すれ違う赤の軌道' Could it mean 'Crimson path crossed' or 'The crimson path i crossed' ?
4
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1answer
107 views

皆さんはどんな字を書いていますか? / How do Japanese speakers write kana or kanji by hand?

日本語 この頃メタの方で「手書きの文字をチェックしてください」という質問は受け付けるべきかという話題がありました。個人的には受け付けてもよいと考えているのですが、何人もの学習者がわけもわからず同じような質問を繰り返すのでは生産性がない、という意見があり、これはその通りだと思いました。学習者は教科書などから字の書き方を学ぶと思いますが、初学者用の教科書体といえども、毛筆の運筆を残していたり、...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Abbreviating words by removing their okurigana

First of all, is that even what this is, and is there a term for it? For example, in a certain application's settings menu there is an option for vibration sensitivity that looks like this: 感度: ...
0
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1answer
43 views

What does this say? [closed]

Just the kanji written out is fine, I can probably figure out what it means on my own.
3
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1answer
78 views

Is みなすじ a “Precedented” Reading of 水脈?

I heard the word 水脈 sung as みなすじ in a song, and I wouldn't have known what word was actually being said if I hadn't had the lyrics present. My dictionary doesn't show that as a possible reading, so I ...
5
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1answer
87 views

Pronunciation of 書 when by itself (meaning “book” / “piece of writing”)

I am just beginning to read book reviews in Japanese, starting with this one at 小説すばる. I'm noticing that quite often the kanji 書 appears by itself, in phrases like: 書の内容 幅広いジャンルの書 ...
2
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2answers
64 views

Most common/appropriate reading of 執行

Recently I stumbled upon this passage: [...] 最高執行責任者は変化の兆しを語る. The dictionary reports four readings for 執行: しぎょう、しっこう、しゅうぎょう、 and しゅぎょう。 Moving on with the reading I also found the word 執行役員 that ...
4
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2answers
168 views

Where can I find the nuance/meaning differences between words with different kanji options?

This question is related to the questions (here) and (here) regarding a word or verb with multiple kanji options, for example [作る、造る、創る] or [蔵、倉、庫] Is there a resource somewhere that will tell me ...
5
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2answers
971 views

Is “豪斯多拉利” an ateji way to write “Australia”?

Several years ago I invested some time and energy digging up more ways to write "Australia" in Japanese than I ever expected would exist: オーストラリア is the usual spelling these days 濠太剌利 is a rare old ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

How is 値 (あたい・ち・ね) read and when?

Out of the three lectures ね is the easiest to predict for me because it is always related to a price as in 値が張る (which is the only place where I would read it ね when alone), this lecture can also be ...
6
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1answer
737 views

How often do single dots stick to the top of kanji?

In Chinese, characters with a single dot on top stay separated from the rest of the character. (Eg. Chinese 宝) In kanji, this is frequently not the case - virtually all 宀 characters I see have dots ...
3
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3answers
2k views

what is this kanji? why is it used?

Please look at the 2nd kanji in the 熟語 that starts with 陰: That 熟語 means "grimly" and looks like a 形容動詞. Example usage: 「もう一度、JLPT不合格です」家庭教師は陰_にいった。 Using New Nelson I looked under 陰 and did ...
6
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2answers
685 views

Why is the kanji of idiot written with the kanji for “horse” and “deer” together?

I'm learning Japanese, but I'm a beginner, and I need to understand why this kanji is a compound of the kanji for "horse" and "deer": 馬鹿 = idiot 馬 = horse 鹿 = deer Why?
4
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1answer
96 views

difference between 級 and 位

As the title indicates; I'm doing some kanji studying, and these two came up with the exact same translation which is "rank", there are no synonyms given so I'm not sure what is the difference between ...
18
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4answers
1k views

The significance of 前 {まえ} in Japanese language and culture

I noticed that the 前 is a handy kanji character in Japanese language. It is used in many words including but not limited to: 名前 {なまえ} : Given name 手前, お前 : You [当]{あ}たり[前]{まえ} : ...
6
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2answers
130 views

several difficulties reading an extract about Kobayashi Issa's works

I'm still reading "小林{こばやし}一茶{いっさ}" (a book written by 宗左近/Sō Sakon about the famous poet). I'm facing several difficulties with the following extract : 愛{あい}の歌{うた} 怒{いか}りの歌{うた} 作品{さくひん}の特色{...
3
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2answers
76 views

[苛々 ]{いらいら} versus [刺々 ]{いらいら}

Is there any difference in meaning between using [苛々 ]{いらいら} or [刺々 ]{いらいら} to indicate annoyance?
3
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1answer
151 views

Two Kanji Radicals for “River”?

I was studying some radicals using an app and one of the radicals listed is defined as river and looks like this: 巛 Yet I know the kanji for river looks like: 川 Can anyone explain to me ...
3
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1answer
171 views

The component 曷 and the kanjis 褐, 喝, 謁, 渇

Note the right component of the kanjis 褐, 喝, 謁 and 渇. It doesn't exist as a separate Chinese character, at least I couldn't find it. Those who have used Heisig will know that he refers to this ...
2
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2answers
103 views

When to use 座る vs 坐る

As I'm starting to explore more kanji, I've come across these two ways of writing すわる (to sit): 座る and 坐る. I would like to know when to use one over the other. Are there nuances that would make one ...
2
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1answer
91 views

How do I read 田中孝司 as a name? [duplicate]

田中孝司 is pronounced as たなかたかし and たなかこうじ. I'm afraid that there could be other pronunciations of the same kanji characters. How should I understand it?
6
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1answer
161 views

What is the name for kanji that only have ON reading, but no KUN reading?

I have learnt that there is a name for kanji that were invented in Japan - kokuji. Most of them only have KUN reading and do not have ON reading. I know there are kanji that only have ON reading(s) ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Need help with 熊 pronunciation [duplicate]

Sorry if this question have already been asked but I did some research and didn't find anything about this. So I just started to learn some kanji and I decided to look around at names with kanji just ...
6
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2answers
131 views

About 忙 and 忘 using same radicals but having different meanings

Today I confused 忙 with 忘 and now I can see why: they are made of same radicals and yet they have different meanings. Is there a logical reason for this?
0
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1answer
143 views

Japanese for “Dami Im”

How would I translate Dami Im's name into Japanese? Im was born in South Korea (her name in Korean is 임다미), but moved to Australia when she was nine. "Dami" is her given name, and "Im" is her surname,...
12
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2answers
294 views

Apparently unrelated 音読み?

For most 漢字 with multiple 音読み, there appears to be a fairly reasonable link between the sounds, and fairly minor drift, such as with 聞 being モン or ブン. Some 漢字, however, appear to have completely ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Why write「もの」instead of 「物」 or 「者」?

In the following example, it remains unclear to me why the term もの is written in hiragana. あの真っ黒なものは何 Here is a second example, where 優しい is written in hiragana. とてもあの人はやさしい My ...
18
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5answers
2k views

Are there any old loanwords from Korean, especially any not written in katakana?

Given the close proximity and long history of interaction of various kinds within East Asia, the great influence of Chinese in both Japanese and Korean, and the similar structures of Japanese and ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Why are there different names for the same kanji radical?

I was wondering why some of the names for kanji radicals are different depending on the source. For example, right now I'm learning radicals on kaniwani and they called 「丶」 drop, but on my kanji ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Deciphering Kawaii Writing

I was wondering if anyone knew how to read Kawaii writing and if there is any guide to help us read them? For example the following is I believe an omake or bonus page and it's not the first time I ...
5
votes
4answers
398 views

Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters

I've been thinking about how Japanese people can read a text (out loud, say) when the readings of the kanji can be so variable depending on okurigana, suffixes, or prefixes that change the meaning and/...