命令. Grammar, syntax, and sentence patterns of giving commands, issuing orders, and related acts such as some requests and the equivalent of English "let's".

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28
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5answers
5k views

Does -ou / -you / -mashou conjugation have a negative form?

Does the -ou / -you / -mashou (the "let's X") form have a negative counterpart? For example, how do I say "let's not X" for the following?: 行こう 食べよう 寝ましょう As far as I can remember, the Japanese ...
8
votes
1answer
325 views

“Irregular” 命令形 of some verbs

Recently I've noticed several verbs where the imperative form is used in a way that is not the "correct" conjugation. くれる → くれ! → The one we're all used to つける → つけ! → An example from my ...
6
votes
3answers
789 views

Using な in positive instead of negative imperative (e.g. 行きな)

Putting な after a plain verb turns it into negative imperative. But I noticed that in spoken Japanese, putting な after conjunctive form (連用形) turns it into positive imperative. For example: ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

About the な part in negative imperative verb form (e.g. 飲むな)

In the Japanese version of "don't drink and drive" slogan, 【乗るなら飲むな】 (also 【飲んだら乗るな】), what part of speech is the な that follows the plain verb 飲む (or 乗る in the second variation) to form the negative ...
7
votes
1answer
826 views

Difference between 一段 imperatives ~よ・~ろ

一段 verbs may be conjugated to form imperative forms of ~よ or ~ろ. For example: 見る forms either 見よ or 見ろ 食べる forms either 食べよ or 食べろ How did the two forms come about? What is the difference in ...
7
votes
3answers
378 views

Let's not do this

I wonder how to interpret the following sentence: "The weather is bad so let's not go out?". Basically, I want to stay as literal as possible and not end up saying "let's stay home" or using "if the ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Plain form as imperative

Is the plain form ever used to give a command? What does "sugu ni tatsu" mean?
5
votes
2answers
816 views

How to know if a sentence ending in the て form of a verb is imperative or not

I know that a sentence that ends in the て form of a verb can be imperative. How do you know for sure if it is? Why is「~しようとして」not imperative?
4
votes
1answer
270 views

How do I determine the indirect object of a command?

I'm working my way through the core 2000, and came across this: [明日]{あす}、6[時]{じ}に[起]{お}こしてください。 I immediately thought, "Please wake up at 6am tomorrow." But the translation in the deck instead ...