形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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5k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
22
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3answers
4k views

Contrasting っぽい、らしい、みたい

For example, the following 3: 女っぽい (おんなっぽい) 女らしい (おんならしい) 女みたい (おんなみたい) In what situations would you use っぽい over らしい? Does っぽい have negative connotations? Are 女らしい and 女みたい interchangeable as in ...
20
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2answers
666 views

Why is it なさそう and not なそう

"It seems there is none" is なさそう, which escapes the usual rule for 形容詞 (イ-adjectives), which says "drop the い and add そう". Is there a historical explanation for this exception? And does it have ...
19
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1answer
2k views

~うございます - keigo い-adjectives

I'm not sure if this is actual keigo, or just a polite form of adjectives. Anyway, there are several that we're all familiar with that are still used today. はやい → おはようございます ありがたい → ...
17
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1answer
338 views

When would you use 新{あら}たな and 新{あたら}しい

To say new, the first way that I learned is to use the i-adjective 新しい. But I noticed that the na-adjective 新たな is used a lot in written texts. Is there any difference in when either is used?
16
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3answers
4k views

When to use 欲しがる instead of 欲しい

When does one use 欲しがる instead of 欲しい? For example, in phrases like: 先生は野菜を食べて欲し​{いです・がっています}。 My incomplete understanding is that the がる form is more formal/polite, but it can only be ...
16
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1answer
382 views

i-adjectives that end in a 〜ない which doesn't seem to be 〜無{な}い

I noticed there are many 形容詞{けいようし} (i-adjectives) that end in 〜ない, where the な is not part of the kanji, and doesn't seem to have the meaning 無い. Examples: 危{あぶ}ない means "dangerous", while 危 ...
13
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4answers
582 views

correctness of い adjective + です

Generally, in all Japanese language classes, the rule you're taught is that です does not follow い adjectives. Instead, い adjectives can act like stative verbs, and as such terminate a sentence by ...
11
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4answers
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In what way is the negative form of a verb an adjective?

I was reading the wikipedia page on "predicate," where it mentioned that in Japanese, the negative form of a verb is an adjective. I thought that this was too expansive a statement to be true, but ...
11
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1answer
123 views

Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
9
votes
2answers
496 views

〜くはない vs 〜くない in adjective negations

As I spend more time in Japan, I pick up habits that I'm not sure are good or bad. My question here is about nuance / occasion of usage. In formal contexts, how does the impression differ between ...
9
votes
2answers
229 views

[潔]{いさぎよ}い meaning

Can anyone tell me more about 潔い? I've looked in Goo, Alc, Kenkyusha, and Edict, and the definitions refer to "sportsmanlike", "gracious", or "take it like a man". However, I'm doubtful if these are ...
9
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1answer
2k views

How does -ki form of i-adjectives work? (e.g. 愛しき)

In one of the Bleach anime ending songs, "Hanabi" has the following line: 繋ぎゆく この想い 愛しき 君 "itoshiki" seems to come from "itoshii", but how does this -ki form of i-adjective work? I found a few ...
9
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1answer
491 views

Is accent position predictable for -i verbs in Osaka/Kansai?

Background While I'm not especially confident about the reliability of my sources (Wikipedia (0) (1) (2) and some guys' personal websites), and it's possible that I transcribed some of these wrong, ...
8
votes
2answers
615 views

What is the dictionary form of sukunai?

I've been learning adjective conjugations and I've understood that to conjugate an adjective into its negative form you drop the last syllable (~い syllable) and add くない. However, I've run into the ...
7
votes
3answers
331 views

Are there inflections/endings that can be applied to verbs but not i-adjectives? (or vice versa)

After reading in an answer to another question that Japanese adjectives are less inflected than Japanese verbs I'm wondering if there are inflections that can be applied to verbs but not i-adjectives? ...
7
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1answer
301 views

<verb stem>+たかない

Is [verb stem] + たかない different than [verb stem] + たくない? What does it mean?
7
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1answer
315 views

What is the origin of the word 無{な}し?

The word なし, of course, means ない, and it is defined as such in dictionaries. But why does this word exist? Are there even any situations where you can say なし but you can't say ない? Is it a remnant of ...
7
votes
1answer
626 views

Indicative form of an i-adjective used adverbially

As expected, the adverbial form (aka 連用形) of an i-adjective ...く can be used as an intensifying adverb to an adjectival predicate: すごく速い But there are cases where the indicative non-past ...
6
votes
2answers
323 views

Does the だ get dropped after an い-adjective

I was told how an older non-native lady would say "it's okay!" and that it was perceived to be just like that person and cute many because it was grammatically incorrect. She would say, いいだよ Now I ...
6
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2answers
602 views

Alternate spelling for ありがたい, or typo?

I looked up ありがたい in my dictionaries within OSX (looking at this question), and one of the 国語 dictionaries (can't tell which) has the entry listed like this: ありがた・い 【有り難い・難有い】 You'll notice that ...
6
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2answers
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い-Adjective Conjugation: かったです vs でした

When we first studied adjective conjugation in my Japanese class, I kept making the same mistake habitually; I would conjugate the past tense of い-adjectives with でした at the end instead of dropping ...
6
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1answer
286 views

i-adjective specific intensifiers/qualifiers? e.g. 物凄い {ものすごい}

I noticed that some i-adjectives have specific prefixes that can be used to intensify the quality of the states that are described by the adjectives, similar to "flaming hot", "freezing cold" etc in ...
6
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2answers
89 views

Question about 「の多く」

Here is the sentence relating to my question. 「あしたのジョー」以外の作品の多くは "梶原一騎" のペンネームで書かれました。 I have searched and found that 「多く」is adverb or adjective and it should be placed before the particle 「の」. Is ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

たり vs. て for multiple adjectives

I came across the following example: 大きかったり重かったりする本 a big, heavy book I am not sure this sentence is correct to begin with, (part of me feels like it should be した) but assuming that it is, ...
6
votes
1answer
383 views

Difference between progressive verb forms and i-adjectives

I'm wondering, for adjectives such as 太い and 悲しい that also have a progressive "to be" verb counterpart (i.e., 太っている and 悲しんでいる), what is the difference between using the i-adjective form and the verb ...
6
votes
2answers
565 views

What function did あり perform in classical Japanese 形容詞?

In classical Japanese, many uses of 形容詞{けいようし} had あり "embedded" in them, e.g.: 熱からず = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の未然形{みぜんけい}+「ず」 熱かりたり = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の連用形{れんようけい}+「たり」 熱かれ = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の命令形{めいれいけい} 熱かる人 = 「熱し」...
6
votes
1answer
432 views

Using な after い-adjectives

What does it mean to put a な after an い-adjective? For example, many Youtube videos are called begin "いいなCM", and a Japanese text book I have uses this sentence as an example: この通りを行くと 大きな 交差点がある。 ...
6
votes
1answer
354 views

Why are い-adjectives often used as nouns?

I can't really understand why sometimes い adjectives are transformed to nouns instead of just being used themselves. I.E. 白い鳥 has 300,000 google hits while 白の鳥 has 4 million. 近い家 has 113,000 ...
5
votes
3answers
146 views

Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
5
votes
2answers
85 views

Question about i-adjective without 「い」followed by 「の」

Here is the phrase. 妖しの怪談編 I found that 「妖しい」is an i-adjective but in this case the alphabet 「い」is missing. For my understanding, the way to change i-adjective is to replace the last 「い」with「さ」. Or ...
5
votes
2answers
158 views

Adverb followed by って

おいらなんて、怒られっぱなしの人生だもんねーー。アハハ。でもおもしろくって仕方ないもんねー。 For me, it's the life of being got angry at. Ha Ha. But, interesting(ly)...it can't be helped ?? I'm guessing this is おもしろく (interestingly) with ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
5
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2answers
127 views

Confused in choosing 早い versus 速い

In my understanding, 速い is used for motion and 早い represents "early". Which one is the correct one in this example? A: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、早く来てください。 B: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、速く来てください。
5
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0answers
92 views

Past tense verb followed by って仕方ない [duplicate]

Girl A is complaining about her bleak future to girl B. Girl B replies: 泣いたって仕方ないじゃん。 I asked a similar question here about おもしろくって仕方ない where I was told that it was a more emphatic version of ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Apparent inconsistency in turning い-adjectives into nouns: 赤い→赤 vs 近い→近く

Consider these adjectives: 赤い 近い The い-declension works for sentence ending as well as directly modifying a noun: Now if I want to express the adjective as a noun, for example I'm talking about "...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

形容詞 that end in ~しい but were not シク活用 in 古文

I know that in general, if a 形容詞 in modern Japanese ends in ~しい, then it was originally a シク活用形容詞, with 終止形 ~し and 連體形 ~しき. I also know that in the Late Middle Japanese period, シク adjectives ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

Casual usage of i-adjectives and ending particles

In Real casual japanese one may hear 明日のテストってこわ。。。 I am wondering, how often this level of 'casualness' happens. Can I add sentence ending particles, even though there is an い omitted (and です)....
3
votes
2answers
105 views

What is 寒ぶ寒ぶ? (in following sentence)

まず癪に障るのは、同じ人間とは思えぬその鋼のごとき肉体であった。目方はおよそ喜惣次の倍はあろうか。「おお、寒ぶ寒ぶ」と胴間声を張り上げながら湯舟に躍りこめば、湯の半分くらいが溢れ出る騒ぎであった。 Google/dictionary search gave me nothing... Is it same as e.g. here?
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Past tense of i-adjective + past tense of verb

Can the past tense of an i-adjective and the past tense of a verb be in the same sentence? For example: "I bought a book that was heavy." 重かった本を買いました。 Does it sound unnatural?
3
votes
2answers
153 views

Help parsing つまんないないんだよ

I have a question about the grammar (assuming it is grammatical and not figurative) in the following line from the song ときめきポポロン from the anime ご注文はうさぎですか?. つまんないないんだよ I think the meaning is ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

What's the meaning of the く in 赤くありません?

The way of turning 赤 into an adjective is adding い, but what does it mean when instead of a い you put a く? I found it in this phrase: 私のリンゴは赤くありません。 I get the meaning but not the meaning of く.
3
votes
1answer
272 views

An i-adjective immediately before 「ください」?

Does it make sense to have an i-adjective (in て-form) immediately before 「ください」? For example, when asked to choose between hot and cold coffee, can I use 「温かくてください」, or must I turn it into nominal ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Is anything implied, but not written, in this nominalization “遠くを見つめる”?

(1) 遠い所を見つめた。 I think means: "He was looking at some distinct location in the distance." (2) 遠くまで見つめた。 (3) 遠くを見つめた。 I think both mean: "He was looking off into the distance and looking for ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

Combining two い-adjectives without using て

In the JLU chat, Flaw recently typed up some instructions printed on a Japanese product. Here's what they said: 直射日光の当たらない涼しい所に保管してください It appears that 所 is modified by two phrases: ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

みぜんけい or れんようけい form for ない conjugation of i-adjectives

It appears that nai conjugates onto the renyoukei (.ku) form of i-adjectives instead of the mizenkei (.karo) form, as it does with verbs. Is this correct? Every source I've found shows the .kunai ...
3
votes
1answer
655 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
3
votes
3answers
457 views

Do 形容詞 have a 未然形 in Classical Japanese?

I was reading Eiríkr Útlendi's answer about -い vs. -き in 形容詞 and noticed that he identified -く as the 未然形 of 形容詞. When I studied classical Japanese, though, I was taught that 形容詞 lack a 未然形 (and also ...