Affixes, particles and conjugations applied to words to mark respect.

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How does a single verb construct work when it has both honorific and humble auxiliaries?

An example textbook sentence: かかるついでに、見たてまつり給はむや How about looking at him (Genji) on this occasion? たてまつる is humble auxiliary, 給ふ(給う) is honorific. Does this reflect a relationship between 3 ...
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3answers
209 views

Is “して” dropped in this phrase “ご利用{りよう}ください”?

I happened across this in a document: これより前の記事は、サイト内検索をご利用ください。 Why can you say "ご利用ください"? 体言止めい? But, I used to hear ご利用ください used frequently in the subways... "お仕事ください" // (As noted in the ...
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3answers
605 views

To be polite, say “おいくらですか” and not “いくらですか”?

"いくらですか?” seems like a common phrase taught to all students of Japanese? But, instead of saying "いくらですか?", I always used to go honorific and say "おいくらですか?". Is adding 美化語{びかご} to "いくら" wrong? Could ...
3
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3answers
154 views

て-form and other conjugations of 謙譲語

In my limited exposure to 尊敬語【そんけいご】 and 謙譲語【けんじょうご】, I feel like I've only really seen them used in their normal -ます forms and never in て form or conjugated such as a -たい form. Are honorific and ...
3
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2answers
314 views

“Formal” Japanese and “honorific” Japanese, are completely different, right?

My understanding is that, strictly speaking, "honorific" Japanese 敬語{けいご} is completely different from "formal" Japanese 丁寧語{ていねいご}. Yet, I sometimes hear even native speakers conflate them: ex: ...
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1answer
801 views

Verbs which are more frequently used to built the honorific passive forms

I'd like to ask you a question about this honorific form. I will give an example as detailed as possible to make this question clear. The verb yomu is often used in passive form to show respect: ...
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1answer
93 views

How to say “Do you want to know?” in Japanese 尊敬語?

In 尊敬語、we use 「ご存じですか。」to say "Do you know?". Now, how do we say for asking 「知りたいでしょうか。」or "Do you want to know?" in Japanese 尊敬語?
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652 views

With whom to use different honorific forms? 丁寧語より尊敬語・謙譲語・丁重語

With whom is it considered proper to use 尊敬語・謙譲語・丁重語 instead of 丁寧語? I mean saying おいでになります・伺います・参ります instead of 行きます. The often given example is for a service-person speaking with a customer, but ...
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982 views

Honorific form of i-adjectives (e.g. はやい → おはよう) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ~うございます - keigo い-adjectives I still remember the introductory lecture of the first Japanese course I took in college, my sensei told the class that おはようございます does not ...
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1answer
143 views

What is the difference between 酒 and お酒?

I know that adding お makes it honorific, but I want to know how they're used differently.
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1answer
244 views

Who are Mrs. Fuji and Mrs. Gas?

Is there any etymological relationship between the -さん suffix in 富士山 or 月山 and the -さん suffix you put at the end of a person's name? Or are they unrelated?
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1answer
812 views

Can a man address a woman with sama 様【さま】?

I've seen Japanese women address their husbands with the -sama suffix. Would it be appropriate for a man do the same in some cases? In which context can this be used?
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1answer
70 views

~うございます construction

I already know that it's hardly used anymore, but for sentences such as 嬉しゅうございます, is this humble? That is to say, is it inappropriate to use the form for someone of higher social standing (provided ...
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1answer
76 views

In what contexts might one say “風呂{ふろ}” instead of “お[風呂]{ふろ}”?

In what contexts might "風呂" be used instead of "お風呂"? "お巡りさん" has been lexicalized. "お茶" is almost lexicalized. What about "お風呂"?
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2answers
114 views

is this sentence correct 会議は三時からでいらっしゃいます.?

会議は三時からでいらっしゃいます. (I'm studying the honorific and humble forms) Thank you
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1answer
97 views

Should I use honorifics to say (言う 'iu') for subordinate clauses?

When I use という to-iu, for example: これと同{おな}じ「草{くさ}」というものがここに生{は}えますか? Kore to onaji “kusa” to-iu mono ga kokoni haemasu ka? Does something like this so-called “grass” grow around here? ...
2
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2answers
134 views

The correct usage of 召し上がる and お召し上がる

A Japanese friend of mine explained to me that many people often incorrectly use the honorific お in the example sentence. The correct sentence is without the お. I have two questions regarding this ...
2
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1answer
292 views

Do demons get any special honorifics?

Do demons get any special honorifics put after their names? I'm wanting to say to a Finnish person studying English and Japanese If Lordi-(honorific for demon) can manage English, I think you can ...
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1answer
208 views

which nouns can use 美化語{びかご}?

(-) Whether a noun is サ変名詞{さへんめいし}, or not, is an attribute that is specified in the dictionary definition of nouns. (-). "Possible to use 美化語{びかご}" surely should be an attribute of a noun? But, I do ...
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1answer
90 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
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1answer
194 views

Question about mixed kana in おススメ

I read this line in a blog today: 料理に使えるおススメ品や、ご飯屋さんを紹介しています。 and I have two questions: 1) I know that the writer can use katakana for emphasis or for some other reason, but why is it mixed ...
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251 views

Why does “お侍ちゃん” sound funny?

I recently noticed a Japanese comedian named お侍ちゃん. It indeed sounds funny. Why is it?
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1answer
112 views

What is the function of “o”?

Why do people have to add "o" to "namae" like "Onamae wa?"
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184 views

The usage of 様{さま} (-sama) honorific

I've always heard that 様 is a highly respectful honorific, being used to refer to lords, kings and deities. However, many times I hear people calling someone with 様, without sarcasm or irony, being ...
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104 views

How to address a formal email response to a 学会本部事務局 when you don't know if the person is a 教授 or not?

I received the following email and I want to submit the 要旨, but should I address the body of my email to 加島 or to 本部事務局? I did a Google search for her full name but I didn't find it on a university ...
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419 views

Using the causative form (使役形) to create humble language (謙譲語)?

"この町に住ませて頂きたいんです。" is a line from a movie. That grammar makes sense to me. In this context, 使役形 is used to create a humble mood. (頂く) makes it even more humble. Based on that, today I said: ...