Affixes, particles and conjugations applied to words to mark respect.

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3
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2answers
674 views

With whom to use different honorific forms? 丁寧語より尊敬語・謙譲語・丁重語

With whom is it considered proper to use 尊敬語・謙譲語・丁重語 instead of 丁寧語? I mean saying おいでになります・伺います・参ります instead of 行きます. The often given example is for a service-person speaking with a customer, but ...
6
votes
1answer
844 views

“くださいませんか” vs. “いただけませんか”

When I want to make 「それを見せて下さい。」 more formal, I always say 「それを見せて頂けませんか?」. But, I want to double-check this.    I never say 「それを見せて下さいませんか。」. While that seems perfectly fine, I don't think I've ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

which nouns can use 美化語{びかご}?

(-) Whether a noun is サ変名詞{さへんめいし}, or not, is an attribute that is specified in the dictionary definition of nouns. (-). "Possible to use 美化語{びかご}" surely should be an attribute of a noun? But, I do ...
8
votes
3answers
420 views

How many times should 「お」 and 「ご」 be used in a sentence?

In this Chiebukuro question about whether it should be ご心配無用 or 心配ご無用, one answerer says the following: 「ご」とか「お」で丁寧とか尊敬とかを表す場合、 一番最後のものにだけつけておけば 全体にかかると言われているようです。 たとえば 「住所氏名年齢職業を”お”書きのうえ」...
0
votes
1answer
448 views

Using the causative form (使役形) to create humble language (謙譲語)?

"この町に住ませて頂きたいんです。" is a line from a movie. That grammar makes sense to me. In this context, 使役形 is used to create a humble mood. (頂く) makes it even more humble. Based on that, today I said: "3年ぐらい、...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

using 美化語 in 謙譲語 verb forms does not make sense, right?

So, 美化語 is used to create honorifics: お名前 ご注文 etc. But, the standard way to create the 謙譲語 form of verbs is: お+[verb stem] + いたします That does not make logical sense to modify the action that you are ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

The correct usage of 召し上がる and お召し上がる

A Japanese friend of mine explained to me that many people often incorrectly use the honorific お in the example sentence. The correct sentence is without the お. I have two questions regarding this ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

Who are Mrs. Fuji and Mrs. Gas?

Is there any etymological relationship between the -さん suffix in 富士山 or 月山 and the -さん suffix you put at the end of a person's name? Or are they unrelated?
3
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1answer
849 views

Verbs which are more frequently used to built the honorific passive forms

I'd like to ask you a question about this honorific form. I will give an example as detailed as possible to make this question clear. The verb yomu is often used in passive form to show respect: ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

What's the difference between お待ちになる and 待たれる?

I know they're both polite ways to use a verb, but my materials never taught me what unique traits each one has. Is it just the tone, or is there more to it?
2
votes
1answer
298 views

Do demons get any special honorifics?

Do demons get any special honorifics put after their names? I'm wanting to say to a Finnish person studying English and Japanese If Lordi-(honorific for demon) can manage English, I think you can ...
16
votes
4answers
609 views

Appropriate ただいま-like greeting for a neighbor?

I frequently pass by an elderly neighbor who lives in the same apartment when coming home from a dog walk. He's kind of an in-house carpenter for the building and is frequently seen around the garage. ...
11
votes
1answer
747 views

Is -さん used when referring to a celebrity or historical figures?

When referring to a celebrity or historical figure, do you use -さん? I am listening to Yoko Shimomura. Would it be:"下村陽子さんを聞いている。"? Abraham Lincoln is my favorite president. Would it be:...
8
votes
1answer
174 views

Is it normal to put さん after an internet handle?

Is it ok to put さん after an internet handle, such as a twitter name or a username? My suspicion is that you'd avoid adding さん if it'd confuse the software, and that addressing someone by their ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Use of 「元」in honorifics

While reading this bit of news, I noticed that the article used an interesting type of "honorific": 京都大学院薬学研究科の辻本豪三・元教授(59)が医療機器販売会社(東京都世田谷区)から私的な旅行費用などの肩代わりを受けていた問題で [...] Although the 元教授【...
7
votes
2answers
353 views

Why does お[馬鹿]{ばか}さん contain honorific お?

Why does お[馬鹿]{ばか}さん contain an honorific? If you're basically calling someone silly, why be "polite" about it? Also, what is the difference in meaning between お馬鹿さん and just 馬鹿 (I hear the former ...
7
votes
2answers
727 views

「様」vs「殿」, which is more respectful?

Ammy claims that 殿 is more respectful than 様: 様 -sama: a respectful honorific used for those of a higher social standing 殿 -dono: even more respectful than -sama, less likely ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Why does “お侍ちゃん” sound funny?

I recently noticed a Japanese comedian named お侍ちゃん. It indeed sounds funny. Why is it?
6
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2answers
143 views

When to use -さん after an occupation?

When do you use さん after a occupation? For example, would you say "札幌に行って、プログラマーにあいます" or "札幌に行って、プログラマーさんにあいます" to say "I am going to Sapporo, and meeting some programmers?" Is it used to indicate ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is water polite but ice not?

I was amused by, and interested in, this little sign on a water dispenser in a sandwich shop: The options are that you can have ice only, ice and water, or just water. What intrigued me was that ...
10
votes
3answers
761 views

Are honorifics used for dead people?

Are honorifics used for dead people? For example, would チンギス・カン have something after the name (presumably not just a mere さん!) when you're not referring to the dish?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Honorific form of i-adjectives (e.g. はやい → おはよう) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ~うございます - keigo い-adjectives I still remember the introductory lecture of the first Japanese course I took in college, my sensei told the class that おはようございます does not mean ...
17
votes
2answers
348 views

Is the title ~[殿]{どの} used in modern day japanese?

Is the title ~[殿]{どの} used in modern day Japanese? If so, which people can you use it with? I've only really seen it come across in referring to [大]{だい}[名]{みょう} (feudal lords). Also it is applicable ...
10
votes
2answers
942 views

Why is the honorific o used for the bathroom?

I've seen the honorific "o"/"go" (is it called bikago?) being used as politness or reverence: o-cha for non-western tea, o-namae when talking about someone else's name, o-genki instead of just genki, ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Usage of お+[verb stem]+する for humble form and お+[verb stem]+になる for honorific form

Apart from using verb-specific humble and honorific versions (e.g. 参る < 行く < いらっしゃる), the general method of turning a verb into humble is by using お+[verb stem aka 連用形]+する while the general ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Using Japanese honorifics with non-kana names

Some Japanese websites have no problem addressing me as Amandaさん, but how common is this in human-produced Japanese? Under what circumstances would someone refer to someone else as Amandaさん, בועזくん, ...
14
votes
1answer
319 views

General applicability of the ~ませ conjugation

I have only found the ~ませ conjugation used in the following honorific verbs: いらっしゃいませ くださいませ なさいませ Can the conjugation be applied to other honorific verbs, like おっしゃいませ or めしあがりませ? Or even common ...
7
votes
2answers
160 views

When do you use -san about a company?

I assume you don't -san about the company or organization that employs you, on the grounds it'd be akin to using it about your own family members. But when is it usually used? Is it merely when you'...
9
votes
4answers
246 views

When is a person referred to with 様 in the mass media and what does it signify?

In media like TV and newspapers, it appears certain classes of people can be referred to with the honorific "様": The Imperial family: 皇太子殿下と美智子さま The Crown Prince and Michiko-sama Celebrities ...