文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
2answers
186 views

Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
7
votes
1answer
448 views

How does the present tense work in a relative clause?

そんなわけで、まだ日も暮れない夕方の通学路を、駅に向かってゆっくりと歩く俺と加藤。 I encountered this quote in a light novel and am stuck on how to interpret it. It feels like 歩く should be "walking" in this context, but it is not 歩いている. ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

ている/ていた時 understanding

I understand how 時 works with plain present/plain past (e.g. 食べる/食べた時) but I'm a little unsure of ている/ていた時. Also what's the difference between these two sentences: 私がお風呂に入っている時電話が鳴った。 ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Attaching は to a direct quote

If a Japanese person wanted to say something like: I don't understand the phrase "I am flabbergasted" then I think 「I am flabbergasted」という意味が分からない would be okay. I was wondering if you ...
3
votes
1answer
490 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
3
votes
1answer
451 views

Keigo: そんけいご & けんじょうご

I've started learning keigo and already having difficulty with it, with the same problem in both そんけいご and けんじょうご. In particular, I'm having trouble understanding the combination of the use of ...
3
votes
1answer
408 views

Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for our JAPAN 112R class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

程度, 程,ぐらい differences, nuances

秋葉はシキから、何かの悪霊じみたモノを受け継いでしまった。 簡単に言うと、ソレは秋葉に移った時点でとても薄くなっていて、秋葉の性格が少し強気になる程度の影響で収まった、というのだ。 それが原因で秋葉は暴走してしまったワケだけど、あの一件の後、秋葉はソレの手綱を握ってしまったらしい。 ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

っぺがやる following 連用形

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What difference does it add when you write それで or これで instead of それは/それが and これが/これは?

What difference does it add when you write the で particle after words like それ and これ?
3
votes
0answers
77 views

confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Which が is this?

しばらくその場を動かず無為に時間を過ごし、リヴェリアが怪訝な色を顔に映しだした頃。何かを察知したように、アイズが剣を抜いた。 Could someone tell me what が this is? Is it exhaustive listing? My translation would be: As if sensing something, Aizu is the one ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

How to parse long sentences

西尾自身は、『暦物語』のころからミステリーを書きたくなってきたと振り返っている[1]。 レトリックやダイアローグに凝った作品が多くなってきていたため、本シリーズはその辺りを抑えて書いているという[1]。 デビュー作『クビキリサイクル ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

とする・にする before a noun

「竜の歯を依り代とした人型はコルキス王の魔術と聞く。 その娘、王女メディアは稀代の魔女と謳われたそうだが?」 Does this mean: The human form who made the dragon tooth as a vessel or A human form which was a dragon tooth made vessel. How ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。Clarification on this sentence

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。 This sentence is structured in a way that is very confusing to me. The best way I can translate this is 'The Soviet era under the Socialist System' Any better ways to translate this.
0
votes
0answers
124 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...