文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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132 views

Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
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2answers
187 views

Sentence with a complex subject

I am learning Japanese and I was wondering how to say something like this: The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]. For example, The cat that I can't understand is talking.
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1answer
154 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
6
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1answer
380 views

What are all the nuances and uses of 至る? (に至って) (に至っては) (に至っても) (に至る)

I'm studying for the N1. And there are several not so often used structures that you really need to know the minute differences between. One of these is the uses of 至る. As far as I know, these are ...
5
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1answer
130 views

When and why use という/ということ

One thing that I could never really understand about Japanese is the usage of という/ということ. But first let me clarify which という I'm talking about. 「Small」と「little」の違いということはなんですか? vs ...
5
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1answer
581 views

Is correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A Dictionary of ...
3
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1answer
51 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
3
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1answer
135 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
3
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1answer
108 views

The usage of ので etc to leave sentences “hanging”

This is a question I've wanted to ask Japanese natives for a while but have never gotten the chance. In Japanese there are many more "sentences" that end unfinished(at least if we are comparing to ...
3
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1answer
397 views

Keigo: そんけいご & けんじょうご

I've started learning keigo and already having difficulty with it, with the same problem in both そんけいご and けんじょうご. In particular, I'm having trouble understanding the combination of the use of ...
3
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1answer
368 views

Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for our JAPAN 112R class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Ambiguity in giving suggesting and asking for suggestions?

When giving/asking for advice using a conditional (Such as たら) can there be ambiguity as to if the speaker is giving or asking for advice? For example 1.) アルバイトを探したらいいですか? Could the above ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Xとした usage and grammar?

I've looked over my books but I can't find the answer. All I know is that とする can be used to express something you assume. Such as 温度は一定とする。 We assume the temperate is constant. Also I read we can use ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wandering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
2
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1answer
228 views

How does the present tense work in a relative clause?

そんなわけで、まだ日も暮れない夕方の通学路を、駅に向かってゆっくりと歩く俺と加藤。 I encountered this quote in a light novel and am stuck on how to interpret it. It feels like 歩く should be "walking" in this context, but it is not 歩いている. ...
2
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1answer
137 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
2
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1answer
264 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
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1answer
394 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
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1answer
51 views

Understanding why the sentence sounds strange

I've been told that 昼ご飯を食べた時、散歩する isn't right because you can't have lunch while going for a walk. But in my textbook, there's the following sentence: 日本に行った時、写真をとります. The book explains that taking ...
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1answer
126 views

っぺがやる following 連用形

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on ...
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1answer
45 views

The difference among ずに、ず、ないで、なくて

I know they are all the negative form of a verb, but I just don't know the difference. I still remember when I was learning Japanese, my teacher told me that ずに equals ないで in a more ancient way, but ...
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1answer
62 views

The grammar of verb in ば form followed by いい

Phrases involving verb-ばいい occur frequently and yet I can't find it mentioned in any of my grammar resources. I understand that literally it means "if I do verb, it is good" but that rarely works as a ...
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0answers
71 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb ...
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0answers
75 views

~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...
2
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0answers
135 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
2
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0answers
68 views

How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
2
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0answers
362 views

わけ、の、理由 in explanations… when do you use which one?

These all seem to be used for explanation... when do you use one over the other? Could you offer some examples? To clarify about の, I am talking about its use in providing information, like, ...
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0answers
85 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by ...
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0answers
52 views

When using ~ほうがいいです, why must we use past form in positive and non-past form in negative?

Consider the following conversation in a pool. Andy and Billy : どうしたんですか。 Cindy : 頭が痛いんです。 Andy : 早く帰ったほうがいいですよ。 Billy : 泳がないほうがいいですよ。 Cindy : だいじょうぶなんです。 When using ...
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0answers
54 views

Why do we use は rather than に in インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです?

Why do we use は rather than に in the following sentence? インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです。 In my opinion it should be インタネットがとても遅い時に切腹したいです。 Any comments are welcome.
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0answers
1 view

possibly wrong usage of 〜ば〜た in grammar book

In on of the grammar books I found a question: 運転して( )、急に車の前へ犬が飛び出してブックりした。 1)いるなら 2)いれば 3)いても 4)いたら The correct answer is marked as 2. Is it correct? I have never seen 〜ば used in such way, the only ...
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0answers
92 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
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0answers
65 views

Unable to understand grammar/meaning here

Having trouble with the bolded part: 沈む太陽が海に溶け、全てを赤く染めあげる一瞬の――儚いけれど鮮烈な一時は、しかしそこで止まっていた。水平線に半ばまで埋もれながら、決して落ちない太陽。寄せては引き、引いては返すも、どこか現実味を欠いた潮騒…… What (I think) I understand so far: A fleeting ...
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0answers
145 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...