A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
48 views

expressing 'among' in japanese

Sports (de ha/ni ha)soccer ga ichiban suki desu. Which one is correct? What is either of them used to express?
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1answer
32 views

Difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」

What is the difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」? Both translates as "receive"..
8
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1answer
270 views

What's the grammar of 持ちつ持たれつ?

持ちつ持たれつ (meaning approximately "supporting eachother") is commonly heard, but seems to be formed from some archaic grammar. I'm assuming it's an archaic form of 持って持たれて or something like that, but ...
-1
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1answer
49 views

Expressing concurrency

人口が増える [ に伴い/とともに ] 周辺もにぎやかになってきた。 Jinkou ga fueru (ni tomonai/to tomo ni) shuuhen mo nigiyaka ni natte kita Both the options seem grammatically correct. What's the difference then? Or do I ...
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0answers
42 views

examples of 'da mon'

Nan de tabenai no? Datte (kirai/kiraina/kirainanda) mon. which is the correct option? can someone help with the examples of ~mon with V,N and -i adjective too?
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1answer
43 views

Expressing 'if so'

暇(なら・としたら)ちょっと手伝って下さい。 Hima (nara/toshitara) chotto tetsudatte kudasai. Both the options seem grammatically correct. Is it not so?
2
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2answers
118 views

Explaining the phrase お世{せ}話{わ}になります and お世{せ}話{わ}になりました

I can understand what the phrase means 「お世{せ}話{わ}になりました」- "Thank you for everything". But literally it's quite strange to me. Could you explain the logic of it? Also would be very nice to know more ...
4
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1answer
92 views

「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」 - is there a difference?

In the short story I'm reading now (「ドライブ・マイ・カー」 by Haruki Murakami) there are two very similar phrases to express what I would translate as "too cautious": 「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」: ...
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2answers
108 views

Difference between 「なるベく」 and 「なるべき」

My Japanese coworker has been unable to explain clearly this. I know that the difference comes up naturally but as someone learning Japanese I need a few examples and grammar rules to know which one ...
4
votes
1answer
350 views

Meaning and grammar of やるっきゃない

I few minutes ago on NHK news 「注目」 I've heard/saw the phrase 「やるっきゃない」. I have no idea what it means.. And what grammar rules are here?
13
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2answers
355 views

What's the difference between くる and やってくる?

Can someone explain the nuance between them? They both mean "come", but I'm unsure of when they are interchangeable. My perception is that やってくる seems to put more emphasis on the actual action of ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

Difference between usage of ように and ようにして

包み込むようにして、彼を抱きしめる 包み込むように   彼を抱きしめる The example could either use ようにして or 包み込むように抱きしめる(albeit written differently). What is the difference between these two usages? Can anyone explain the ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Explanation of 歌にのせて

From JapanesePod101, with their translation: ミュージカルは、歌【うた】にのせて物語【ものがたり】を展開【てんかい】する。 A musical can tell a story with songs. I understand that のせる means (amongst other things) "to take on board". Does ...
0
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2answers
114 views

expressing 'not possible that'

kono team ga makeru (hazuganai/wakeganai). Which one is correct? How do we differentiate the use of the above?
2
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0answers
85 views

How does one analyze “N + を前に + V”, where N is not an object of V

Note: This contains 3 parts but I think they are about 3 aspects of the same construct, hence I'm asking all 3 here instead of splitting into 3 questions. I guess this construct is quite common in ...
1
vote
3answers
107 views

Understanding the grammar of 出{で}て in 出{で}て来{き}ました

I'm trying to understand the grammar of 出{で}て in 出{で}て来{き}ました. Why て is used here? 教{おし}えてください!
1
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1answer
66 views

N + sou desu is acceptable

kono kami ha yuki sou da - is this correct? I know that rashii and mitai can be used ~ but that's beside the point. Also,if 'sou da' can be used with 'N' - how do we differentiate 'seems like' ...
0
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1answer
101 views

Meaning of 具体的に

What is the meaning of 具体的に? Usage of particle に in this context is not very clear to me.
0
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2answers
199 views

How is て行く being used in すすんで行く and さいて行く? [duplicate]

I came across すすんで行く and さいて行く in a vocabulary list, and it was immediately obvious that there was probably some sort of grammatical construct involving て行く that was in use here. I don't really know ...
1
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2answers
138 views

What word and form is うってる?

I'm reading a children's book (no kanji) and the sentence is: いどうはんばいしゃは、 みんなが だいすきな たべものを うってるよ。 From the context, I figure it means: The mobile catering guy everyones favourite food ...
2
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0answers
138 views

Proper usage of 語 and 言語 and 言葉 when speaking about someone's language

Japanese language is 日本語. But if I want to say The language of Japanese people - should I write 日本人の言{げん}語{ご}? And if I want to say the same about animals, for example cat - like cat's language - is ...
6
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0answers
185 views

When do we use 〜どおりに instead of 〜のとおりに after nouns?

I noticed that in the case of nouns - we can use either 'N no toori-ni' or 'N doori-ni'. But this seems to be case-specific. When or in which circumstances do we use the latter?
1
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1answer
155 views

Repeating subject for emphasis okay?

For example I find myself saying things like: What did you win, bro? I could leave out the "bro" and the sentence would be complete but I unconsciously add emphasis with the subject again ...
8
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3answers
460 views

に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and ...
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1answer
92 views

Using が multiple times in one sentence

If you ask a question, such as 誰がこれが分かる? Is this still grammatical? Is it okay to use two が's in the same sentence?
0
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2answers
139 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
3
votes
3answers
194 views

Question about 「まるで~ ~ように」

I have a question about ように in the following sentence. As far as I can understand まるで~ ~ように here emphasize counter factuality, and would be translated like "as if, just". However I cannot understand ...
11
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1answer
285 views

Two を in a single sentence - how to understand it?

In the book I'm reading (「キッチン」 by 吉本{よしもと}ばなな) I have found the following sentence: うしろで雄一がぞうきんを手に床をふいてくれていた。 I guess it can be translated to something like (sorry for a quite literal ...
6
votes
2answers
185 views

「どちら様でしたか?」 - why past form?

In a novel I'm reading (「キッチン」 by 吉本{よしもと}ばなな), there's this situation where the door opens and a woman enters the room asking for the main character by name. The main character, being surprised and ...
3
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1answer
236 views

Trouble understanding grammar in 「名を、柊という。」

In the novel I'm reading now (「キッチン」 by 吉本{よしもと}ばなな), there's this section where the protagonist is talking about her boyfriend's brother for the first time, introducing him to readers and giving his ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Usage of ていく in 死んでいく

世の中結局強い物が勝つ。 弱い奴らは死んでいく。 ただそれだけ 弱い奴らは勝手に死んでいくのだ Maybe a better way of phrasing this question would be asking the difference in using merely plain form and this form. e.g. ...
10
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1answer
361 views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Need help with the meaning of this sentence (usage of ようとしている)

あいつは自分の嫁が決まってから、この呪縛を解除して自分の子供を産ませようとしてるんだ When this kind of construction (ようとする)is used with things like てから or simple te form before it does it then mean that this applies to all of them or only ...
9
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2answers
173 views

Looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”

I'm looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”. 例文 1)ムードも何もあったものじゃありませんね (context:Girlfriend and boyfriend were out on a date and the boyfriend's stomach made a large noise because he ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

How are these two sentences not negating their premise?

In my JLPT textbook, 日本語総まとめN1読解, on page17, there are these two sentences (which are both part of a larger paragraph, but I hope I have included enough): ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

If writing in である form, when is it necessary to use だ?

I know that the である style of writing is used as a somewhat-formal stylistic choice, often in editorials, and in rare cases, in particular styles of speeches. I remember being taught at some point, ...
1
vote
2answers
259 views

Some questions regarding ~てくる (edited)

Up to now my understanding of ~てくる has been very vague. No matter how many explanations I read, in practice my translations always feel uneasy. Here are a few unresolved doubts I have: From what I ...
4
votes
2answers
395 views

Asking a negative question

I've heard that it is supposed to be "less demanding" (or something in that regard) to ask a negative question when you're asking for a favor or anything alike. Let's say I want to turn this sentence ...
6
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0answers
90 views

How would a name be used as a non-restrictive appositive?

These other apposition-with-name variants are readily apparent to me: Name as appositive genitive 富士の山 = the mountain of Fuji Name modified by non-restrictive appositive 私の友人のAさん = A-san, ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Classical: On the subject of a sentence with 連用形/て clauses + ば condicional

I'm having some trouble with this beautiful passage from the Kana Preface to the Kokinshū, which is talking about us (spaced for clarity):  1 人まろ なくなりにたれど、  2 うたの こと ゝどまれるかな。  3. たとひ とき うつり こと ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Verb used for “being in a class”

I'm new to Japanese language. I was looking for a way to ask "what class are you in?" or similar (not sure if that's the right way to translate it to Japanese, but the idea is to ask him what class is ...
8
votes
1answer
168 views

What is the difference between 〜を〜とする and 〜を〜とした before nouns?

In everything I can find online, the constructions [N1]を[N2]とする[N3] and [N1]を[N2]とした[N3] are lumped together as basically having the same meaning. Is there any difference between them? My textbook ...
7
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3answers
411 views

AはB emphasizing B, rather than A

There are quite a few comments on another question discussing the sentence 彼が持っているのは二百円です, in which the emphasis apparently falls on 二百円. I posted a comment asking if this could be explained as the ...
3
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3answers
229 views

Is は used when asking if something already discussed exists?

If I've talked about a thing before, and want to ask whether or not it exists in another place (or time), would I use "は"? For example, if I said "In Sydney, I saw a ryokan. Are there ryokans in ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Use of おく and 方 in this sentence

このたなの一番おくの方にございます。 They are at the far end of this shelf. This is an example sentence from one of my textbooks but I don't understand what おく means and I'm a bit confused on the use of 方 as well, ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
4
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1answer
238 views

I can't quite understand the meaning of 自分でも

I can't quite derive the meaning of 自分でも from the parts that make it up. Here are the example sentences I don't get with the offered translations. 自分でもそれをやってみます。 Do it by yourself. ...
2
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1answer
125 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

What is Vて+た construction?

I came across Vて+た construction in a song I've been listening to: あなたのその瞳をただ見つめてた Can someone explain what it means? I've tried looking for it in some grammar books but unfortunately I couldn't ...