文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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94 views

た or ていた? Is “turned right” a state or an action?

In this link, Past Unreal Conditional, user l'électeur has given an answer pointing to the tense issues in the original sentence given in the question, stating that ていた needs to be used instead of た: ...
4
votes
3answers
183 views

Is there any case in which we can use 今日の間に?

I asked some Japanese and they said that 今日のうちに is practically useful but 今日の間に is impractical (never used). Can anybody here give a confirmation about whether 今日の間に is really impractical or not? ...
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4answers
142 views

Why should we say 応えられなくなってきて and not 応えられなくてきて?

Why should we say 応えられなく_なって_きて and not 応えられなくて_きて? I have been told that 応えられなくてきて is not correct by a japanese friend of mine but the explications were... light. Thank you
5
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1answer
122 views

とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...
2
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64 views

A question on event timing

Sentences in which event A happens 風呂からあがり、パジャマに着替えたまる子の口がポカンとあいたのは、それから一時間後のことだった。 Sentences in which event B happens What event does それから refer to? Is it saying that the time when Maruko ...
4
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1answer
162 views

N3 Pattern: Difference of 「~かわりに」、「~反面」、「~一方(で)」

こんにちは! ちょっと困ったことがありますが、誰か手伝ってくれるといいんですが・・・ Hello! I'm having a little confusion with this sentence from 新完全マスター3級・文法 In the explanation from the book, it is said that 「~反面」、「~一方」and 「~かわりに」means ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Help understanding “口に出しては何も言わない”

I've seen this phrase used a few times and i don't think I get it. What meaning does the "ては" indicate? Here are examples from google: そんな彼女を直子はちらりと見たものの、口に出しては何も言わない。    ...
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3answers
193 views

Can someone explain how this massive sentence works

アメリカやヨーロッパなど6つの国は、イランが核兵器をつくろうとしているのではないかと考えて、経済制裁(=貿易などを禁止すること)を続けていました。 America and Europe etc plus 6 countries (this is the topic) Iran is trying to make nuclear weapons Since it is not ...
3
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1answer
102 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
4
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2answers
119 views

What does (volitional form) + ったって+(potential form of same verb) mean?

I came across this and don't quite understand is meaning. One character orders another to forget something, who nods agreement but thinks to themselves: 忘れようったって忘れられない What does 忘れようったって mean ...
3
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2answers
121 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
3
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1answer
107 views

I keep seeing ため

I understand that ため means "in order to" or "goal". I don't understand how it works in this sentence though. Could someone please explain. バスの事故が続いているため出発前に警察などが調べ This is how I interpret it: ...
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1answer
77 views

Usage of 以前 here

From conversation in an anime (へうげもの、第15話): (古田佐助) 遠く南蛮に至るまで小さきが良いなどと聞いたこともございませぬ。 (千宗易) 茶頭である以前に、しがない魚問屋にすぎぬ私ですらわかるのです。いずれ皆にも伝わることでしょう。(字幕) Is it 以前 ② or ③ from here? I'm confused because ...
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179 views

お世辞にも and quote

セイバーはどこに連れて行ってもいつもの調子だし、時には本気で怒っているのでは、と不安になるほど黙り込む事もあった。 お世辞にも楽しんでいた、と説明するのは憚られるぐらいの無反応ぶりに対して、こっちは次こそは次こそはと躍起になる。 Wherever I took Saber she looks the same as always, sometimes she goes so ...
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1answer
172 views

Direct and indirect quotes

This question is inspired by this question. In English I can quote something in two ways: She said "Seeing you smile is better". She said that seeing me smile is better. One uses quotes, and ...
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1answer
84 views

Trouble understanding postponed quote

俺も泣き顔より笑顔の方が格段にいいと思う。 だから笑わないセイバーには苛々していた。 なのに、彼女は言っていた。 笑えと言う自分に、笑っている俺を見ている方がいいと。 それは。 望遠鏡から覗く、届かない星と同じ。 My translation is the sequent: I too believe a smiling face is way better ...
3
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1answer
266 views

How do I say “x is y kilometres from z”?

Very basic grammar but for some reason I cannot easily find an answer online. For example, "My house is 5km from school." Kind of like かかります but for distance instead of time.
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4answers
270 views

して行{い}かない versus しないで行{い}く

Do they have the same meaning? A: 宿{しゅく}題{だい}をして行{い}かない生{せい}徒{と}が多{おお}いです。 B: 宿{しゅく}題{だい}をしないで行{い}く生{せい}徒{と}が多{おお}いです。
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1answer
99 views

What's the difference between あって vs ありまして?

I was taught that the て form of the verb ある is あって, but I sometimes see the word ありまして acting in the same way. What's the difference and when would you use one or the other?
2
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1answer
83 views

Why does 七時 need に but 今日 does not?

Consider the following sentences: A: 七時に学校へ行きます。 B: 今日学校へ行きません。 I think both 七時 and 今日 are nouns. What I don't understand is why 七時 (as in A) needs に but 今日 (as in B) does not. Can ...
2
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1answer
65 views

How is まま used here?

From here 珍道中 読み方:ちんどうちゅう めずらしい旅。旅の途中で珍奇な出来事にまま遭遇するような旅のこと。 What does まま modify here, what clause(word?) is it part of?
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1answer
79 views

What does this structure (~ + も + verb/adjective) mean?

What does Noun-verb + も + する mean? I'm not even sure this is actually a structure. I found it in these 2 sentences: 昨日のパーティーは料理もおいしかったし、雰囲気もよかった。(料理 [も] 美味しかった [し]) リサはよく勉強 [も] する [し]、アルバイト ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Should I use とor という or something else in this phrase

I'm getting confused with my と and my という again. I want to say: Writing "A" sounds good but writing "B" sounds bad. My attempt is: 「A」という書くのはいいそうけど、「B」という書くのは悪いそうです。 My main concern is ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Is 何か an adverb?

何かいいことがあったか? 何か一言を言ってください In sentences like these, is 何か an adverb? I have read that counters such as 一つ are adverbs when used in sentences like りんごを一つ食べた. Is it possible that 何か is ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

How to say “How do you say~?”

I have always wondered how to ask someone (like my Japanese teacher) to tell me how to say something in Japanese. For example, I wanted to ask Kato Sensei how to say "Please send me a photo via ...
7
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2answers
230 views

Difference Between “何も” and “何でも”

What is the difference between "何も" and "何でも"? I have commonly heard that "何も" means "everything/nothing" and "何で" means "anything" until my Japanese teacher (a native speaker) told me that the ...
4
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1answer
51 views

Doubts regarding 方がより

それならどちらか一人に絞って魔力を提供した方がより効率的という訳か。 If that is the case, Squeezing magic in one of them end supplying would be more effective. I think it means: This way is more effective. Am i right? ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Modifying nouns with question phrases

The sentence at hand: サンタクロースをいつまで信じていたかなんて事はたわいもない世間話にもならないくらいのどうでもいいような話だが、・・・ I assume なんて here serves a derogatory role as など does in the following sentence: あの人の言ったことなど気にする事はありません。 As ...
2
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1answer
98 views

verb-ている in potential form やってられないよ

A girl is moaning about how she is treated for not doing her homework then pauses and says: やってられないよ I assume this is a contraction of やっていられないよ which would literally be "I can't be doing it". ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Understanding a sentence 〜声が誰のものか

それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰のものかすぐに気づく。 Does もの here refer to a voice? If so, would there be any difference between the above and the following? それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰の声かすぐに気づく。 Is it simply to avoid ...
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2answers
94 views

The Use of "の時” in This Sentence

If I were to write "二〇一五年間の時に" for "during the year of 2015", would the "の時" be redundant and/or grammatically incorrect due to the fact that the "間" in "年間" already implies the meaning of "during ...
4
votes
3answers
185 views

Colloquial grammar question: …が出来たから…ってくれって言ってきたんだろうが!

My colloquial Japanese needs some brushing up on, in particular with grammar. I'm currently reading a manga, the context is that Character 1 showed up and Character 2 seems surprised that he's there. ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Is there a difference between に and に対して?

デメテルに続いて言葉を連ねる女神たちに、ヘスティアは微妙な顔付きをした。 vs デメテルに続いて言葉を連ねる女神たちに対して、ヘスティアは微妙な顔付きをした。 What is the difference between these two sentences? In what cases can you use に to replace に対して? Thanks!
3
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3answers
254 views

「ある」と「ない」は動詞か形容詞か…

「ある」と「ない」はどんな品詞名か教えてください。​​​​​
4
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4answers
180 views

〜のです(か) in email

A friend has sent me an email with questions scattered throughout ending in 〜のですか, should I have 〜のです at the end of all sentences that address/answer those questions in my reply? (EDIT: Because I've ...
7
votes
1answer
686 views

Habitual aspect

My (poor) understanding of things is that there are two ways to get habitual semantics in Japanese: use the dictionary form of the verb: 毎日、映画{えいが}を見に行く "I go to the movies every day." use the ...
7
votes
3answers
888 views

What’s the difference between [v] たとしても and just the plain ても

What’s the difference between [v] たとしても and just the plain ても? Example: (1) 説明書を読んでも分かりにくい (2) 説明書を読んだとしても分かりにくい
2
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1answer
130 views

文の組み立て Question about word order

I am having problems with some sentences in those JLPT problems where one has to assemble the sentence from 4 piece of text phrases. The book contains the correct answer, but doesn't tell me the ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Difference between くらいなら ~ のほうがましだ and くらいなら ~ ほうがいい

Both expressions seem to be related to show a strong opposition to do something by rather doing something else. But what is the difference between them ? Additional question: both seem to express ...
11
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1answer
355 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
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1answer
147 views

希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など

出生も不明、実在したかどうかさえ不明瞭。 ただ人々の口端にのみ上り、希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など、この世でおそらくただ一人。 佐々木小次郎と呼ばれるモノを討ち果たした、史実に残らぬ宿敵のみ。 Birth place unknown, whether he really existed or not also unknown. Only, he ...
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votes
3answers
123 views

Meaning of こんなところで眠ってる場合ではない

I am very confused by this sentence but looking at some google searches it seems like this is relatively common phrase, but I am having a very difficult time understanding its meaning and usage. I ...
6
votes
3answers
181 views

How do you “replace” second-person pronouns?

I know that second-person pronouns should generally be avoided from being used, but how exactly do I replace it? Do I just reply the pronoun with someone's name? Or is the pronoun just completely ...
7
votes
1answer
916 views

What is the meaning of りゃ in this phrase?

I came across this phrase while reading an interview. そういう時はなんて答えりゃいいんだ。 I think it means "At a time like that, such a reply/response is good." But I don't understand the usage of りゃ. I ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

How to use なきゃ correctly

よっぽど悪いことさえしなきゃ... Unless you do a really bad thing... Is なきゃ a contraction of ないことには? I can find the latter in my text books but not the former. Weblio suggests that it can mean both "Unless ...
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votes
1answer
141 views

What does であればこそ mean?

であればこそ、そうした課題の地平に、私たちにとっての「里」、そして、自然との折り合いかたをたえず模索する契機となりうる新たな《里山》 像という結実が期待されるだろう。 Can someone explain what であればこそ means?
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Different nuances in meaning for なら sentences

I've looked at previous posts made on conditionals but still have a bit of trouble with なら. I was hoping someone could tell me the differences in meaning/nuance between the following sentences. The ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Question: Japanese scientific article on satoyama

I need to read this article for my class, and I can't seem to get past this sentence: つまり、政治的にも巧みに利用されがちな「ふるさと」や「原風景」と接続する既成概念としての ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Making an adverb a topic for a sentence 無碍には

協力しよう、という提案を無碍{むげ}には断れなくなってしまうのだが Can someone help me make sense of this? 協力しよう=let's cooperate という提案を=This proposal 無碍には=Without any obstacle 断れなくなってしまう=End up becoming unable to refuse ...
7
votes
4answers
294 views

Does this “が” mean “but”? What is the difference between 習うと思う and 習おうと思う?

I'm not sure my translation for this brief conversation is correct, particularly the last sentence, so would like it double checked please. カレン: ニールさんは音楽の学生ですね。 ニール: そうですが、どうして? カレン: ...