文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3
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1answer
69 views

Na-adjective in attributive form before という?

I have trouble with the last part of the following sentence, starting from the last 私 (bolded): ...
3
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1answer
369 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
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1answer
120 views

is it okay to regularly say 気をつけてください to someone departing out?

I just want to ask if it is okay to say to your boss who is going home after work お疲れ様でした気をつけてください or it is impolite? Thank you
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Negative volitional+と

「それじゃあ放課後、茶道室に来て下さい。 そこでこれからのことを話し合いましょう」 先輩は校舎のほうへ走っていく。 それに遅れまいと、こっちも校舎へと走り出した。 Why is the negative volitional used in the last sentence?
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Unsure of this sentence; lack of verb is throwing me off here

I can't properly understand this sentence そして, そのマントは 他人には決して見えないことを, 彼女たちは知っていた. I think it means: And the girls knew, those cloaks (would reveal/showed) to strangers something they've never ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What does としか mean in this sentence?

Really struggling with the meaning of this sentence from ちびまる子ちゃん: まさにうららかとしか言いようのない日だね My rough translation effort Surely, beautiful is the only way to describe this day But I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Can I omit 「の」and 「もの」in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. 新聞での寄付金詐欺をやったとき十万円もの大金を寄付した人がいただろう。 Removing them, does the meaning of the sentence change as much?
4
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2answers
94 views

「電気の町」秋葉原は、最近「オタクの町」だとも言われている。

I'm having some difficulty with this sentence from the Tobira textbook: 「電気の町」秋葉原は、最近「オタクの町」だとも言われている。 First, I'm not sure what the first set of parentheses do to the sentence. Is that part ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

「何言わせんのよ」=「何言わせるのよ」?

I saw this in an anime clip: the context was, "What're you making me say." Is that simply a contraction or am I missing some conjugation or inflection here? The first is the original and the second ...
7
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2answers
141 views

Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

What does 皆まで mean?

As is, 皆まで言うな, that is. Don't say all of it? Don't say it to everyone?
7
votes
2answers
105 views

Can さ be added to nouns?

I want to equate the quality of something to an apple. (Bare with me, just using a random noun to make the desired construct clearer.) But instead of going around it and saying something like "it ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

How do you use ”~じゃんよ。” and what exactly does it mean?

At the end of sentences in casual form I know you can use ~じゃない or ~じゃん to say "~isn't it?" similar to ~ね. And I know ~よ at the end of a sentence can be used like "I tell you" or for emphasis, but ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Ending sentences with the て form

I have a question pertaining to the following line in a manga. いや実【じつ】は最近【さいきん】下【した】の名前【なまえ】で呼【よ】び合【あ】う事【こと】になってよ The speaker just called his girlfriend by her first name, and this surprises ...
19
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1answer
1k views

what is the difference between ごとに and おきに?

Both ごとに and おきに appear to mean "repeatedly at intervals". What is the difference between these two expressions?
5
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3answers
2k views

How to write “I'm going to sleep tomorrow”?

I'm supposed to write "I'm going to sleep tomorrow" using romaji. Would the romaji be watashi wa ashita neru e iku n desu because "I'm" is the subject which is "watashi wa" the time is ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Different ways to say “at least” / 「少なくとも」

I would like to know if there are other ways to say "at least~" (context below), along with the relevant nuances of each way. This is for a piece of writing I'm doing where for the sake of style I ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
77 views

ための usage in this sentence

貴方は生物だから、鉱物の死を理解できないのよ。だから鉱物の死を『視る』ためには、まず彼らと同じ指向性を持つための回線に繋がらないといけない。 I really can't understand this I know that AのためのB → B for the sake/benfit of A But it does not make sense here, at least ...
0
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1answer
63 views

meaning of ちゃった verb ending

I've seen many verbs that end with ちゃった and would like to know what that means. For example: リボンも切れちゃった。
3
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3answers
98 views

What is the difference between 頃 and とき?

For example in the sentence below: と言うより、うんと若い頃は公共の場において、注意される側だったはずです。 Rather, when I was younger I'd expect to be the one getting cautioned in public. How does using 頃 change the meaning ...
4
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2answers
250 views

Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a ...
8
votes
1answer
642 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why does it say どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in the past, ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。

Is my interpretation of this sentence from the Tobira textbook accurate? 先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。 I'm guessing that it means that I think that I won't improve unless I study every day ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

structure of 忘れちゃうといけないからメモしといたのにそのメモをなくしちゃった。

I try to figure out the structure of this sentence. but I'm somehow confuse with it what I got is this 忘れちゃうと いけないから、 in order to not forget メモしといたのに although noted it already そのメモをなくしちゃった that ...
6
votes
3answers
341 views

I'm a bit lost on this sentence using なかろうか

As part of a long text on the use of られる, there is this sentence: られる は私{わたし}の父{ちち}が信{しん}じていたほどには効能{こうのう}を持{も}っていなかったのではなかろうか。 This sentence is from my JLPT textbook, but it seems a section of ...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

What is it about ~まして?

Is it just the て-form of ます? So, could I just use 食べまして instead of 食べて? Leading to my next question (everything from here on is assumed): Since 食べまして is the polite form of 食べて, why wouldn't you use ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views
2
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2answers
147 views

はずもない、はずはない、はずがない. Difference and meaning

Today listening a song I've heard something I can't understood だけどなれるはずもなくて So i started to gather information about this, but it gets me more confused and furthermore found out two more ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Question about ね

Once I read that the sentence ending particle "ね" is not only used when we are asking for an agreement or expressing our agreement, but it is also used when we are talking about our experience, our ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

How to use “待つ” in the indirect passive?

No one likes to wait, so I thought "待{ま}つ" would be a great verb to use to practice the indirect passive (suffering passive) of an intransitive verb. However, I'm having trouble probably because "待つ" ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち ...
5
votes
2answers
83 views

Meaning of 事実としてそう、と言われたら納得せざるを得ない

「私は確かに相当な寒がりだけど、でもあの里が寒すぎてヤバい」 「だから超厚着するのがデフォで雪女は基本みんな体温が低い」 「でも寒いと体って発熱するんじゃなかったっけ?」 「さぁ。そんなこと言われても」 「……まぁそうだよな、ごめん」 事実としてそう、と言われたら納得せざるを得ない。 ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Grammatical construction「placeはsubplace、story」 as an introduction

In old stories I often find the following structure: general place は specific place 、 story unfolds for example: ① 江戸は芝、増上寺門前町で (例: ◯◯人が歩いた) ② 東海道は宮宿、ただいま名古屋市の熱田神宮辺で (例: ◯◯浪人の二人が出会った) I ...
0
votes
3answers
215 views

“I just ate a few minutes ago”

When a friend asks if you want to go to dinner, but have already eaten, then you say "もう食べた". Is there a way of saying "just ate" (a few minutes ago). Maybe it is another way of saying もう食べた
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Meaning of phrase 「古く懐かしい歌のように、傍にいてほしい」

I'm a bit confused about the bolded part in the following passage(partly monologue). Is のように shows that 「傍にいてほしい{スタンド・バイ・ミー}」 is the part from the song? Like in the old, nostalgic song, 'Stand by ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

what is the difference between 気にする, 気になる and 気にかかる?

I'm especially not sure about 気にかかる. for 気にする and 気になる, I think the difference is that 気にする is ''negative'' only while 気になる can also have a positive meaning?
3
votes
3answers
137 views

How do you say “How am I supposed to X”?

I know/think that ~ばいい can be used, ex. How am I supposed to deal with this? どう扱えばいい? But is there another way to say it? Maybe something involving はず?
6
votes
2answers
233 views

Does the Japanese equivalent of a lengthy combination of hyphenated English words exist?

I was reading this question on English.SE Is a lengthy combination of words with hyphens like “the worst not-technically-in-a-recession year in American history” a new fashion of writing?. Surely, ...
7
votes
1answer
836 views

How to say “one of ten people …” in Japanese?

I want to say One of ten people in the world suffers mental disorder. My attempt but incomplete is as follows, 世界のなかに「。。。。」が精神障害に苦しんでいます。 How to say "One of ten people" in Japanese?
6
votes
4answers
356 views

Shouldn't there be a のは in this sentence?

This is a an example sentence from a JLPT textbook to explain the use of たらしめる: 想像力{そうぞうりょく}こそ作品{さくひん}を芸術{げいじゅつ}たらしめる要素{ようそ}である。 I understand the meaning, which is something like, "The key ...
10
votes
2answers
306 views

How close are なりつつある and なっている?

語学学習は私の新しい習慣の一部になりつつあるのでしょうか? "Is learning languages becoming a part of my new daily routine?" なりつつある here seems similar to なっている... are they often interchangeable? Would I be able to ...
8
votes
2answers
558 views

Producing なる adjectives

I found this adjective from 7!!'s song 「ラヴァーズ」(Lovers): 無邪気なる Dictionary entries categorises 無邪気 as a noun and な-adjective. For reference, I shall extract parts from two different stanzas in ...
2
votes
4answers
592 views

Trying to translate a 許せるはずもなく

I'm trying to translate a phrase、許せるはずもなく. Generally, I think the meaning should be along the lines of "We were not forgiven," but with the grammatical structure of verb + hazu + naku, would it be ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Sentence ending で

I've got a question regarding the sentence ending で in the second sentence. はじめ:まずは腹ごしらえしておこうよ。 たもつ:じゃあ、僕はチーズバーガーで。 Here is で part of a contraction Japanese use in their daily speech? If so ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

上の+number - how should we translate it?

How should be translated the phrase "上の二" in the next sentence? : 日本の[食堂]{しょくどう}に行くと、同じ料理が[並]{なみ}と上の二[種類]{しゅるい}あることがある。
1
vote
1answer
82 views

おこの沙汰だ - how should we translate it?

How should be translated the phrase "おこの[沙汰]{さた}だ" in the next sentence? : [太陽光発電]{たいようこうはつでん}に[馬鹿高]{ばかだか}い[補助金]{ほじょきん}を[出]{だ}すのはおこの[沙汰]{さた}だというのが[正直]{しょうじき}なところだ。
4
votes
1answer
436 views

How to shorten conjugations of “must” forms without sounding girly?

I know the full conjugations of expressing things that must/must not be done (ex:行かなくてはだめ)and their slang forms (ex:行かなくちゃ) but I've heard the ちゃ sounds like a little girl speaking? If that's true, ...