文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
70 views

Unknown grammar: でいたい structure

友達でいたいと考えた。 What do you guys make of this でいたい structure? I have never come across it before.
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2answers
299 views

To test appliance before buying

First, I would like to let you know that I'm aware of a few topics already made regarding "try" here: • Saying "try" in Japanese • Different ways to "try" But after reading ...
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1answer
72 views

ーているの construction and use of もの

Take the following sentences. The context is, one girl talks to another after having been caught examining someone's collection of stuffed animals. (Very out of character for the second girl.) The ...
3
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1answer
82 views

What does で do in this?

弱い冒険者からは階層主という名で恐れられているように、..... Is で marking the agent of the passive sentence? I thought you had to use に.
3
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2answers
821 views

How to say “I will have arrived home by 6 pm.”

I've just started Japanese, so please go easy on the grammar! I see from this website that ~madeni means "by that time," but I'm not sure if you just append that to the time you want to specify (i.e.,...
2
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1answer
101 views

落ちしないかなあって思ってる sentence breakdown

髪を染めたんですけど、すでに黒髪が恋しくて、早く色落ちしないかなあって思ってるだけです I don't understand 落ちしないかなあって思ってる from the above quote. Is 落ち acting as a noun here with しない attached? is this different from 落ちない? What does かなあって ...
3
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1answer
93 views

What would change if I used the causative in this sentence?

人間の生き方をより純化にしたものが聖杯戦争という殺し合いだ A battle to the death which is the Holy grail War, an event which is purer than the way of lives of humans. 人間の生き方をより純化にさせたものが聖杯戦争という殺し合いだ A battle to the death ...
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5answers
4k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
2
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0answers
140 views

Which が is this?

しばらくその場を動かず無為に時間を過ごし、リヴェリアが怪訝な色を顔に映しだした頃。何かを察知したように、アイズが剣を抜いた。 Could someone tell me what が this is? Is it exhaustive listing? My translation would be: As if sensing something, Aizu is the one who ...
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2answers
147 views

Is there a difference between ご飯 and 御飯?

I know they both mean rice but is there a difference between the two? Perhaps one is more specific or am I typing them wrong? Also, can ごはん be used to write rice or is one of the other versions more ...
8
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2answers
182 views

Conflict among teachings of なら and ば

I recently read a helpful answer on a question asking for clarification on the ways to say "if" in Japanese: と, たら, なら, ば. The link is here: Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc According to the ...
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2answers
99 views

Proper form of なさる - なさります or なさいます

In Genki II (second ed.), page 168 we are given polite forms of some verbs, among them する with なさる. They have also written that some of them have irregular conjugations in long forms, among them なさる, ...
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2answers
166 views

How to use ~でも and ~も?

I have looked up 誰 in the dictionary, and found that both 誰も 誰でも can mean everyone and everybody. If there is a difference between them, what is the correct way to use each of them? It is not ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Meaning of verb followed by ちゃ

A mother is scolding her daughter. The uncle (Tomozou) speaks first: 「おかあさん、お歳暮の広告見ちゃダメ?」 友蔵が頼んでもおかあさんは首を縦に振らなかった。 「ダメですっ。」 "Mother, is looking at year-end adverts not allowed?" Even ...
4
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1answer
91 views

のために + ~てあげる/くれる

I'm not sure, but I think there is an error in Genki's Grammar point of Lesson 16: In the first grammar point they explain ~てあげる/くれる and say that if a verb doesn't have a "beneficiaries part" like 〇〇...
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0answers
26 views

〜ば〜ほど - different with and without ば [duplicate]

In my Japanese textbook, there is the construct 〜すればするほど、〜 The more 〜, the more 〜 休みの日は多ければ多いほどうれしい。 However, I also see similar sentences without the 〜ば clause such as the one below: ...
4
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1answer
153 views

What does ~したいところだ mean?

I've seen it a few times but I'm not sure what it means. Sometimes だが or the like follows. Here's a relevent line I encountered recently: ねぎらいの席…なるほど。確かにあなたは頑張っているから、是非ともねぎらってあげたいところだ The ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Difference between ざまに and ながら

お姉ちゃんが振り向きざまにきっぱりと言い切った Big sister turned around and ?? clearly asserted... From the answer on this question about ざまに, I understand ざまに to mean "while". But in what way does it differ from ながら? ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Is the verb necessary for this sentence to make sense?

I recently started rewatching Naruto and there's one opening song by Little by Little with the lyrics: 悲しみをやさしさに 自分らしさを力に It is supposed to mean something like "turning sadness into kindness, ...
3
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2answers
95 views

に満ちた and particles に が

溢れ出す魔力は、もはや抑えが利かない。 一の回路に満ちた十の魔力は、その逃げ場を求めて基盤を壊し― に満ちた=full of. 感情に満ちた顔=A face full of emotions. In the sentence at the beginning this construction does not make much sense: Ten units of ...
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2answers
438 views

What is the meaning and application of ren'youkei?

My knowledge about ren'youkei is limited to "tabe is the ren'youkei of taberu". I would like to know what the meaning of ren'youkei is, what linguistic idea lies behind this term and for what it is ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form

When is it possible to connect sentences using the stem of masu-form? Are there restrictions on the use of this form?
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1answer
568 views

What is “masu-stem + ざま”?

Here is a part of a sentence from my book: ・・・・手裏剣をよけざま・・・・ I can't find any help in any of my references on the pattern of "masu-stem + ざま", which makes me hesitant to say that's exactly what ...
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2answers
113 views

続けて回っている versus 回り続けている

Is there any difference between 続けて回っている and 回り続けている?
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2answers
94 views

面白かった Vs. 有名だった

So, I'm relatively new to Japanese and I'm learning. And I notice that some words are paired with かった or だった, even though they're both for referencing past. So, my question is: When is it appropriate ...
4
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1answer
94 views

ば ほど with 2 different verbs; 気持ちの持ちよう

作業と思わなければ動けなくなるほど切迫していたが、とにもかくにも精神的なダメージは負わなくなった。 だが、これだけは気持ちの持ちようなどでは耐えられない。 She is pressured by the fact that the more she does not think about this as a job, the more she becomes unable to ...
3
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3answers
97 views

しか before a clause

誰もが平等に死んで、自分では誰一人救えなかった。 人間なんてそんなものだと諦めるしか、目の前の恐怖を抑えられなかった。 My TL: Everyone died equally, I could not save anyone. I could do nothing other than giving up thinking "Human beings are like that." I ...
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4answers
304 views

What is the correct interpretation of Aの本はBの本のように多くない?

~ほど~ない This grammar always ends with ない. For example, Aの本はBの本ほど多くない。 A's books are not as many as B's books. ~のように~ I always see this grammar in positive form. For example, ...
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3answers
643 views

What exactly does とはいえ mean?

I came across the structure [V simple-past]とはいえ、、、、 and I can't figure out exactly what it means. I found this いえ is 言え, and it means the same as とは言うものの... which I don't really understand perfectly ...
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3answers
197 views

Difference between onyomi words and kunyomi words

I think the more I read up on complicated topics the more I encounter onyomi words that have kunyomi synonyms. For example: 新しいvs新規 最新 終わりvs終了 危ないvs危険 Is the rule generally that onyomi words are ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Meaning of ようともしない

I'm familiar with ようとする to mean "try to" or "about to", but how about this: 新聞から顔を上げようともしない。 Obviously that's a negation of ようとする with an added も. I'm guessing も adds a hint of "even" to the ...
3
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1answer
111 views

So I am reading through a text and I am not sure if my translation of this sentence is correct [closed]

The sentence in question is "困らせちゃだめよ?". I know that 困らせ is simply a causative form of 困る and that ちゃ is a feminine casual ては. I translated the sentence to "So you're not troubled anymore, are you?" I ...
2
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2answers
141 views

Understanding 勝手

Maruko has been told that she can't have the food she wants, and replies: 「いいじゃん別にっ。 いつか食べられる日を夢見るくらい、まる子の勝手でしょ。」 ????. To the extent of dreaming of a day, some day, when I can eat (it), Maruko'...
4
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1answer
173 views

Causative-Potential or Causative-Passive

Does a verbal form like this exist. I found this sentence while reading. 一体どこの誰に、今のこいつを黙らせられるっていうのか。 Or should I say, who the hell could be able to silence her. I think the meaning is ...
3
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3answers
110 views

What does [文] as in “[文]のに対して” stand for?

I stumbled on this grammar formula in the 日本語総まとめN3 book: "[文]のに対して", but I'm not sure what [文] stands for. Does it mean a sentence? If it is a sentence, it should end in either N/A/Na/V in 普通形 form, ...
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votes
1answer
64 views

ようにと meaning and Causative of する verbs

I am not sure about the causative form of する verbs. For example, while reading I found this: 小源を以て大源に作用させる、魔術師の機械。 I understand this sentence as: The mechanism of magicians which let the ...
4
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1answer
74 views

Use of number+ counter as a noun

I didn't know that you can use a number+counter combination as a noun, but it seems from this sentence that you can. 一番上に置いてあった一枚を手に取った She picked up the sheet that had been placed at the top ...
3
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1answer
78 views

持たせる meaning in this sentence

There is a character (The hero) who uses a spell and this is the comment another character does on that spell. …自らを表す呪文に、自らを律する韻を持たせた英雄。 My translation A hero who had a spell which ...
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0answers
27 views

Difference between potential form and ことができる [duplicate]

What is the difference between the potential form and using ことができる? Are they interchangeable? For example: 日本語が話せます。 vs 日本語が話すことができます。
3
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1answer
126 views

How to say “Do you want to know?” in Japanese 尊敬語?

In 尊敬語、we use 「ご存じですか。」to say "Do you know?". Now, how do we say for asking 「知りたいでしょうか。」or "Do you want to know?" in Japanese 尊敬語?
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3answers
184 views

Why does “子” often come at the end of a woman's name, but comes at the start of the term for a baby animal?

"子" (or "こ") often comes at the end of a woman's name. But for baby animals, "子" is at the start of the term. Why is it different for the two? (I've heard of the name "Koichi" belonging to a Japanese ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

How to say “am getting used to” something

Is it まだ慣れてる? 慣れてる means "to be used to something" but if I add まだ does this make clear that I mean "am still getting used to" a new job, a new country, etc, as a process ongoing now. I know that ...
6
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1answer
88 views

Why does native speakers rather say 言う通り not 言った通り?

I was watching a drama (無痛 ep.3) when a short sentence baffled me. The main actor's wife was taking her last breaths, thanking her husband, who himself a doctor, told her, that it would be best to die ...
6
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1answer
110 views

Is 飲んだことがない identical to 飲まなかったことがある?

When two or more verbs (or adjectives) can be "bounded" (either loosely or tightly) as the following case, 食べていない。 買ってくれて欲しい。 したことがある。 does the negated position matter? More precisely, for ...
4
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2answers
159 views

Understanding だから…言ったろ

Here's the sentence: 「だから昨日も言ったろ、ボクもキミも怒られるタイプなんだって。」 だから as 'therefore' doesn't really work here so I'm going for "that's why". However, I think 言ったろ means "did I not say". Putting it together ...
3
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3answers
142 views

What does 先{さき} mean here?

After killing his opponent, Takezou: 颯爽と、一顧して、彼はすぐ後ろへ戻って行くのである。なんでもないことのようだった。もし先{さき}が強ければ、自分が後に捨てられてゆくだけのこととしかしていなかった。 宮本武蔵(1935年–1939年、朝日新聞連載、吉川英治) What does 先 refer to? Could it be his dead ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

A relative clause in a relative clause (Nested relative clauses)

What I want to say is something as follows, Up to now, there is no person who can find the mistake of person who does not care about the possibility of the existence of living things on places ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Does Nする always become a transitive verb?

日本語を勉強する。日本語の勉強をする。 運動する。運動をする。 etc Does Nする always become a transitive verb?
4
votes
3answers
148 views

function of そう in the middle of a senctence

So far I encountered そう (if it doesn't mean "appearing, seeming ...") at the beginning of a sentence most of the time. Lately however, I read two sentences putting it in the middle. The first ...
5
votes
3answers
149 views

Do ~せずに~したほうがいい and ~しながら~しないほうがいい have identical meaning?

Do the following sentences have identical meaning? A: チャットせずに勉強したほうがいいです。 Edit: B: 勉強しながらチャットしないほうがいいです。