文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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71 views

Boku No Koto - Usage of “Koto” [duplicate]

The following are from the lyrics of "Unravel", so the word order may be slightly off (due to poetic reasons, of course :) ) "mitsukenaide boku no koto wo mitsumenaide" (見つけないで 僕のことを 見つめないで) and ...
4
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1answer
594 views

What does てくんない ending on a verb mean?

丸尾君、ちょっと辞書かしてくんない? I think it means "maruo, won't you lend me your dictionary?" But I'm really confused about the verb ending on かす. A look at some other posts suggests that it might expand to ...
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2answers
148 views

How would you say “doing something in preparation for something else”?

I was trying to make a Japanese sentence using て form to make a sentence that "Describes the manner in which the second verb is performed". While making my sentence I ran into a snag. Here what I was ...
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1answer
72 views

どう言い訳したものか. Sentence translation difficulties

それじゃあとりあえず―――今は、アルクェイドとの事をどう言い訳したものか、なんて真面目に考えなくっちゃいけないか――― I do not understand why it's どう言い訳したものか. Shouldn't it be どう言い訳だったものか?
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3answers
14k views

How do you use “koto”?

My book says that "koto" can convert verbs into nouns. It can also convert adjectives and adverbial nouns, but what does that mean? It gives examples like: Tori o tsukamaeru koto wa kantan ja ...
3
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1answer
178 views

Is の後で textbook-ish Japanese?

In the textbook "Japanese For Busy People I" (which uses only kana, not kanji), on page 161, there is the following sentence. ごぜん 10じから ごご 3じまでです。かいぎの あとで さっぽろししゃに いって、さとうさんに あいます。 Using kanji, ...
3
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1answer
146 views

Is 隠れていなくて correct?

I found this in a phrase: 隠れていなくて. I can translate it simply as "aren't hiding" or "were hiding"? By the way, is it correct or is 隠れていません better? By the way, the whole phrase is ...
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2answers
2k views

What is 〜からです and when is it used? How does it differ from 〜ですから and 〜んです?

I have seen this expression a few times, and have never quite understood it. In particular, it seems to be equatable both to ですから and to んです, but I can't figure out where it would be used over either ...
6
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3answers
293 views

だけでなく and だけじゃなくて

According to the tobira textbook, ~だけでなく、~も~, means "not only ~, but also ~". One example they give is, 日本語はひらがなだけでなく、カタカナや漢字も覚えなくてはいけません。 For the last two examples, the grammar phrase being taught ...
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1answer
199 views

What is the meaning of ~ないでいると~

The original sentence is: 俺が呆れてものを言えないでいると、ハルヒはディジタルカメラを手にして、記念に写真を撮っておこうと言い出した。 I don't think the で in ~ないでいると~ indicates て形 but rather I have the feeling that ~ないでいると~ shows two situations ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the usage of 〜げ and how does it differ from 〜そう or 〜っぽい?

How do these two differ, for example: 寂しそう vs 寂しげ 楽しそう vs 楽しげ 言いたそう vs 言いたげ 大人げ vs 大人っぽい(...? Not sure if this one works.)
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1answer
143 views

Why is を used with passive form here?

1. 頭が真っ白になる。何も考えられなくなる。意識が断線する。彼女は自由を奪われた。「檻の鍵は、どこ?」 息を吹きかけるように、囁くように耳元へ声を添えられる。 2.学生は先生に名前を聞かれました。 How do I interpret this? Are they suffering passives? Thanks!
2
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1answer
83 views

Conditional form of future progressive

I am exercising conditional forms (I am still a beginner), and I have a bit of a problem bending this case: I want to say "If you will be living in Japan, it is recommended that you learn Japanese." ...
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1answer
41 views

Understanding「汲ませて」 and 「にっぷん」, assuming that is what was said

I have a question regarding what is being said in this video. First of all, what is being said? The following is what I perceived. ...水{みず}を汲{く}ませて、しっかりとにっぷんしてから、撃{う}ちます。 In particular, I am ...
4
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1answer
145 views

「食べていると話す」 Can this have two meanings?

Can this mean (ignoring likelihood or awkwardness) both He says I'm eating and He starts talking if/when I'm eating ?
1
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1answer
86 views

Verb Dictionary form+ よう

「お断りの連絡でしたら引き受けます。 あんまり無茶するようでしたらお注射の出番ですからねっ」 Why is よう after the dictionary form of the verb?
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3answers
1k views

What exactly is the difference between <verb>-てしまう and <verb>- [切]{き}る?

I've read that both the ~てしまう and ~きる (18th meaning of 切る at http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/cgi-bin/wwwjdic.cgi?1MUE%E5%88%87%E3%82%8B) forms are used to signify something has been ...
4
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1answer
261 views

Help with the meaning of 大絶賛 in this sentence

というわけで、俺は実家で只今大絶賛ひとり暮らし中である。 From what I can tell, the speaker is saying that for reasons mentioned he is living alone at home, but I don't see how 大絶賛 (which means very high praise) affects the ...
7
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1answer
180 views

This PSA was written in the past tense. When is it correct to do this?

While riding a train, I read a public service announcement that said: たばこを持つ手は、子供の顔の高さだった。 Underneath, the English translation said: A lit cigarette is carried at the height of a child's ...
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3answers
1k views

Is there a difference between んがため and ために?

My JLPT textbook has a section about the use of んがため, which they define as "making an effort in order to realize the intended purpose." Which to me sounds like plain ol' ために. For example, they have ...
4
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1answer
154 views

Help with 第一夜 by 夏目漱石: 「大きな潤のある眼で、長い睫に包まれた中は、ただ一面に真黒であった」

I bought the book "Breaking into Japanese Literature - Seven Modern Classics in Parallel text" and burned some billions of neurons to (try to) understand just the first page (lol). Well, I am having ...
2
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0answers
97 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
2
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2answers
193 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
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0answers
35 views
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3answers
666 views

What does なんていうか mean in this sentence

A person asks another if he knows the meaning of a certain word and he replies: ううん、なんとなく使っているけど、でも、こう、なんていうか、... No, I somehow use it but ??? ... My guess is that it means "Why do I say ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Na-adjective in attributive form before という?

I have trouble with the last part of the following sentence, starting from the last 私 (bolded): ...
3
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1answer
368 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
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1answer
120 views

is it okay to regularly say 気をつけてください to someone departing out?

I just want to ask if it is okay to say to your boss who is going home after work お疲れ様でした気をつけてください or it is impolite? Thank you
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1answer
84 views

Negative volitional+と

「それじゃあ放課後、茶道室に来て下さい。 そこでこれからのことを話し合いましょう」 先輩は校舎のほうへ走っていく。 それに遅れまいと、こっちも校舎へと走り出した。 Why is the negative volitional used in the last sentence?
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1answer
123 views

Unsure of this sentence; lack of verb is throwing me off here

I can't properly understand this sentence そして, そのマントは 他人には決して見えないことを, 彼女たちは知っていた. I think it means: And the girls knew, those cloaks (would reveal/showed) to strangers something they've never ...
3
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1answer
106 views

What does としか mean in this sentence?

Really struggling with the meaning of this sentence from ちびまる子ちゃん: まさにうららかとしか言いようのない日だね My rough translation effort Surely, beautiful is the only way to describe this day But I'm ...
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1answer
60 views

Can I omit 「の」and 「もの」in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. 新聞での寄付金詐欺をやったとき十万円もの大金を寄付した人がいただろう。 Removing them, does the meaning of the sentence change as much?
4
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2answers
94 views

「電気の町」秋葉原は、最近「オタクの町」だとも言われている。

I'm having some difficulty with this sentence from the Tobira textbook: 「電気の町」秋葉原は、最近「オタクの町」だとも言われている。 First, I'm not sure what the first set of parentheses do to the sentence. Is that part ...
5
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1answer
130 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
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1answer
77 views

「何言わせんのよ」=「何言わせるのよ」?

I saw this in an anime clip: the context was, "What're you making me say." Is that simply a contraction or am I missing some conjugation or inflection here? The first is the original and the second ...
7
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2answers
141 views

Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...
7
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1answer
166 views

What does 皆まで mean?

As is, 皆まで言うな, that is. Don't say all of it? Don't say it to everyone?
7
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2answers
105 views

Can さ be added to nouns?

I want to equate the quality of something to an apple. (Bare with me, just using a random noun to make the desired construct clearer.) But instead of going around it and saying something like "it ...
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2answers
121 views

How do you use ”~じゃんよ。” and what exactly does it mean?

At the end of sentences in casual form I know you can use ~じゃない or ~じゃん to say "~isn't it?" similar to ~ね. And I know ~よ at the end of a sentence can be used like "I tell you" or for emphasis, but ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Ending sentences with the て form

I have a question pertaining to the following line in a manga. いや実【じつ】は最近【さいきん】下【した】の名前【なまえ】で呼【よ】び合【あ】う事【こと】になってよ The speaker just called his girlfriend by her first name, and this surprises ...
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1answer
1k views

what is the difference between ごとに and おきに?

Both ごとに and おきに appear to mean "repeatedly at intervals". What is the difference between these two expressions?
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3answers
2k views

How to write “I'm going to sleep tomorrow”?

I'm supposed to write "I'm going to sleep tomorrow" using romaji. Would the romaji be watashi wa ashita neru e iku n desu because "I'm" is the subject which is "watashi wa" the time is ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Different ways to say “at least” / 「少なくとも」

I would like to know if there are other ways to say "at least~" (context below), along with the relevant nuances of each way. This is for a piece of writing I'm doing where for the sake of style I ...
4
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2answers
125 views

What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
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1answer
76 views

ための usage in this sentence

貴方は生物だから、鉱物の死を理解できないのよ。だから鉱物の死を『視る』ためには、まず彼らと同じ指向性を持つための回線に繋がらないといけない。 I really can't understand this I know that AのためのB → B for the sake/benfit of A But it does not make sense here, at least ...
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1answer
63 views

meaning of ちゃった verb ending

I've seen many verbs that end with ちゃった and would like to know what that means. For example: リボンも切れちゃった。
3
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3answers
97 views

What is the difference between 頃 and とき?

For example in the sentence below: と言うより、うんと若い頃は公共の場において、注意される側だったはずです。 Rather, when I was younger I'd expect to be the one getting cautioned in public. How does using 頃 change the meaning ...
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2answers
250 views

Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a ...
8
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1answer
638 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why does it say どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in the past, ...
3
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1answer
140 views

先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。

Is my interpretation of this sentence from the Tobira textbook accurate? 先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。 I'm guessing that it means that I think that I won't improve unless I study every day ...