A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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5
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1answer
148 views

Does this sentence using も twice say that the speaker doesn't have 女子力?

I am participating in a relay manga through a university student group in Japan, and the previous member's contributed pages to the manga about a 女子力バトル introduced a sole male character who seems to ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

using ように pattern to mean “so that” and its use in negative verbs

I have read this to learn about ように: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/surunaru Part - 1 Going by the definition of よう which is more like "appearance/manner", I don't quite get how the ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Are both of these sentences grammatically correct? (stem+に+行く vs て+行く)

These are the sentences: ユニオンへサンドイッチを買いに行きました。 ユニオンへサンドイッチを買って行った。 Are they both grammatically correct? Also do they both mean the same thing, which by my translation is "I went to the ...
1
vote
1answer
346 views

Using いちばん、にばん (first, second, etc.) in a sentence

こんにちは 皆さん、 I want to use first, second, etc. in a sentence, i.e. say "first car, first love, etc". In this case, would using の be correct as the linking particle, e.g. いちばんの車、 いちばんの愛? ありがとう ございます!
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What are the different ways to use ように&如く?

Ex:美しい空が美しいままでありますように/空の如く、水の如く I've seen a few things on the former, but nothing in my materials mentions anything about the latter. Everything I have turned up has revealed precious little about ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Simultaneous actions with the -te form

In English you can use conjunction to express two simultaneous actions: I was standing in front of an audience and presenting a new technology. Or simply juxtapose two participles where one ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Use of ながら in this instance.

One of my textbooks is telling me that the sentence using ながら below is incorrect… いすにすわりながら、音楽を聞いている人はウィリアムさんです。 …whilst the following sentence is correct. いすにすわって、音楽を聞いている人はウィリアムさんです。 ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Use of a comma to separate a single word

I brushed up on the use of Japanese commas (読点) here, but I don't think it explained this usage I found on 知恵袋. The sentence is this: 忙しい、の対義語に当たる形容詞は何でしょうか。 Why exactly is the OP using the comma ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

Meaning of a pattern using conditional

Old title: Conditional patterns comparison Recently, I stumbled on new grammar patterns using the conditional form the following way (and I could not find an explanation in any of my grammar books) : ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

What is the difference between まだしません and まだしていません?

These are the two sentences in question: いいえ、まだしません。 いいえ、まだしていません。 From my understanding they both mean something like "No, I didn't yet" or even simply "No, not yet" but there must be a ...
3
votes
2answers
626 views

How are these translations of “I had an exam yesterday” different?

How would "I had an exam yesterday" be translated? きのうテストをありました。 きのうテストをしました。 If both of the above are correct, what is the difference between them?
7
votes
2answers
277 views

Does 甘い蜜 have another meaning?

甘い蜜 literally means "sweet honey". But in some sentences it seems to mean something different. For example, 1) たまに甘い蜜を与えて、また暗闇に落として……。 From time to time giving a sweet honey, but also dropping ...
4
votes
2answers
355 views

Checking the translation of あそぶ in this sentence

The sentence in question: 私は日本からあそびに来た友達にロンドンをあんないしてあげた。 My translation - I guided my friend who is coming from Japan around London. I know that あそぶ can be used to mean 'hang out with', and that’s ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Use of も in this sentence.

This is the sentence in question from one of my text books. 学生がいませんから、パブもシティーセンターも静かになります。 My Translation - "There are no students so the pubs and city centre becomes quiet." Why is it も and not と ...
12
votes
2answers
480 views

Is 「でいい」 the same as 「でもいい」?

For example in the sentence: 書くだけでいいですか.
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Don't undestand this particular use of ない form

This is the example sentence from one of my textbooks. 時間があるから、昼ごはんを食べて行かない? Textbooks translation - "We have some time so how about we grab a bite to eat and then go?" I don't understand why the ...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Need help with the superlative form of my sentence

I need a bit of help with my Japanese. If I want to say: Castle X is beautiful. Among all the castles in the world, castle X is the coolest. Is this sentence written correctly? しろ Xの ほうが ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

~したいと思います Does it mean exactly as translated? I think I want to

I frequently hear this pattern when watching Japanese TV. From a japanese native's perspective is this the only meaning to it: "I think I want to ~"
2
votes
1answer
190 views

What is the difference between ふくむ and ふくめる

The Progressive-Japanese English Dictionary suggests 含める is the same as one meaning of 含む but it is not explained. Is this correct? I have two theories: 1. 含める= 含む when the latter means ...
4
votes
3answers
260 views

How would you say “A has the meaning of B” or “A conveys B”

For example, if I was trying to tell someone that in English when we say "sake" it already has the implication of it being "Japanese sake", so have the "Japanese" is redundant. My English brain wants ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

What is meaning of 「〜ないように思えてなりません」?

Can somebody explain the grammar and meaning of this expression in the sentence below? It may be just my poor understanding of how なりません functions in the language but I'd appreciate an explanation. ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

noun + の + adjective

I've seen a couple times examples of using this format of [noun] の [adjective] and I mostly see it in the form ~の高い Some specifics I'm referring to are: 人気の高い 柔軟性の高い I can't think of any more off ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Question about particle にも

I cannot grasp what にも means between 身のほど知らず and 敵対する愚 in the following sentence, maybe something like "foolishness of taking up arms not knowing their place" ? As far as I can understand the ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Subject/Topic/Object

私は犬が殺す // Watashi wa inu ga korosu Means I am killed by a dog 私は犬を殺す // Watashi wa inu o korosu Means I killed a dog Right? I want an in-depth answer for this if I was wrong.
3
votes
3answers
279 views

Can ~たり~たり end with verbs other than する?

In the past, I have come across several examples of ~たり~たり seemingly being used with other final verbs than する, which is generally taught to be mandatory at the end of ~たり~たり phrases. Is this ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Who is doing what in these related sentences, and how do you know?

(Background: similar circumstances as this question; the speaker is a sleazy low-level gangster commenting on sex workers in his employ.) ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった

Who knows the difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった? In what kind of situations you use each of those?
2
votes
2answers
530 views

Saying “I did X because of Y”

Is there a common way to express the reason for something after stating what the something is? All the ways I can think of explaining situations involve putting it before. I.e. ~から~です. I was hoping to ...
6
votes
2answers
261 views

What separates なき from なし?

E.G. お忘れなき & 迷いなし I know they're both ways to end a a sentence, but I never could figure what make each different from the other. Anyone have a clue?
0
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the meaning of しちまおう?

I'm playing a video game and in this scene the character is on a hill and says: このまま昼寝しちまおうか My guess is that it's a conjugation of する but it doesn't look close to する at all. What conjugations ...
-1
votes
1answer
145 views

Meaning of かって?

胃に穴でも開けるんじゃないかって、見てるこっちが心配になった。 I see the point, but this かって confusing me. And んじゃない don't mean negative sense, right? And I guess that 胃に穴でも開ける mean "Shit a brick" but I can be wrong. So, what ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

What does ちゃい in やっちゃいねぇ mean?

Context: おれはおれの信念に後悔するような事は何一つやっちゃいねぇ!これからもそうだ! What does the ちゃい in やっちゃい mean? I suppose it's not やっちゃう aka やってしまう...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

「行きと違い」 phrase meaning

I completely cannot grasp the meaning of 行きと違い here: 夕食を終えた私は、なれない道に右往左往しながら寄宿舎へと向かっていた。行きと違い、友の案内がないだけで道を迷いそうになる。 "After I finished the dinner, I wandered an unfamiliar road to the dormitory. ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

This PSA was written in the past tense. When is it correct to do this?

While riding a train, I read a public service announcement that said: たばこを持つ手は、子供の顔の高さだった。 Underneath, the English translation said: A lit cigarette is carried at the height of a child's ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when speaker wonders about something to himself? For example what would be translation of those sentences: ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

もし without ~たら or ~えば

Can anyone explain this use of もし? I thought it had to come before ~たら or ~えば. もしテレビで観たという方、ぜひぜひツイッターで教えてください。
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Meaning of ったらねえ

これだから女ってやつは移ろいやすいったらねえ。 "That's why girls are so variable". I guess. What about ったらねえ? I found that ったら you can use when you tired of repeating yourself or when you are exasperated with somebody ...
-1
votes
1answer
126 views

Meaning 良しとしましょう?

良しとしましょう I'm confused. What that mean?
5
votes
2answers
310 views

Is 〜ている really this subtle?

With an action verb, like 食べる, I can count 5 meanings of this sentence: ジョンは納豆を食べている "John is eating natto." (progressive) "John is eating the natto." (progressive) "John eats natto." ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Vague method of description in Japanese

I just want to ask how people get over the vagueness of description in this language. Let me explain. Today I saw my friend say "これを見た電車の中で..." and I was just wondering... how do you deal with the ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Question about されては堪らない

I cannot completely grasp the meaning されて堪らない. As far as I can understand ~てたまらない means "Really want to do, extremely.", but I'm a bit of unsere with passive voice in the following sentence. Some ...
2
votes
3answers
215 views

What is the negative form of 勝ちそう?

しあいは勝ちそうでした。- meaning: I was about to win the game. How would I say: I was not about to win the game, (but at the last minute I won). A) しあいは勝ちくなさそうでしたけど... b) しあいは勝ちそうじゃなかったですけど... C) ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

can anyone explain 聞きたいっておっしゃてました

Im scratching my head trying to figure out grammar behind マリアさんの話を聞きたいっておっしゃってましたよ。 Its from my text book, which is translated into something like want to hear his word saying about it. I knew 聞きたい = ...
5
votes
2answers
290 views

How can a verb be in the beginning of a sentence when it is usually at the end? Ex. 折れた淡い翼。

When composing sentences in Japanese, the verb tends to be last right? For example, バナナを食べました。 --> I ate a banana But recently I came across a sentence where the verb was at the beginning of the the ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel ...
12
votes
2answers
357 views

Can we optionally include (or exclude) an を particle in between the noun of the する-verb and the する itself?

When we have a する verb (e.g. 支度する、案内する、心配する), is it true that we could optionally insert an を particle in between the noun and the する? Because in the example sentences here and here, we can see this ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Particle confusion

I'm about halfway through Genki II, and the particles are starting to mess with me like never before. In particular を, が and に. I know the general principles like が and に making a subject or indirect ...
7
votes
2answers
322 views

are there any concrete rules for using いっぱい たくさん and よく?

Of course I can use these but sometimes I am corrected by Japanese people when I use them in the wrong circumstance. For example, 「よくしってるやん」 = "You know it quite well don't you!" 「よくいきます」= "I go ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

What's the difference between どうして and どうやって?

I've read on Stack Exchange that どうやって can be used to mean "what did you do in order to x" どうやってお医者になったか? — What did you do in order to become a doctor? This definition makes a lot of sense to ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Meaning of からに?

I have a little question. オマエは歩くのが遅ェからに決まってんだろ! グズグズしてる暇はねえんだよ! My question is about the first sentence. I guess it must be translated like: "You're walking slow! And we have no time to lose!" ...