A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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278 views

What's the difference between どうして and どうやって?

I've read on Stack Exchange that どうやって can be used to mean "what did you do in order to x" どうやってお医者になったか? — What did you do in order to become a doctor? This definition makes a lot of sense to ...
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1answer
93 views

Meaning of からに?

I have a little question. オマエは歩くのが遅ェからに決まってんだろ! グズグズしてる暇はねえんだよ! My question is about the first sentence. I guess it must be translated like: "You're walking slow! And we have no time to lose!" ...
4
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1answer
97 views

“働きいいように” missing a が?

The sentence below is from an essay. I'm confused about the grammatical components of "夫の働きいいように" ("to make the husband's work easy") - shouldn't there be a が just after 働き, or is it being casually ...
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2answers
160 views

せいで, when to use and not to use it

Hi^^ I'm studying the usage of せい and せいで, and it says (I'm using "Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" as main reference) that it cannot be used to express a reason : 1)宿題がたくさんある *せいで ...
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1answer
80 views

translations of 楽にして?

How can I translate "楽にして" ? I read it change if transitive or intransitive... The sentence was: 私が楽にしてやろう! the context is: a guy asks to another about "being friends", but the other doesn't ...
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1answer
77 views

what is the difference between 徐々and だんだん?

I read that だんだん is more used in casual conversation, but is there any difference in meaning?
5
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1answer
79 views

How do you use 「どうか」 to mean please?

Sorry for the beginner question! I came across the vocabulary 「どうか(ください」. Could you please give an example of it's use? Thank you in advance!
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2answers
193 views

Can adjectives in Japanese “stack” like in English?

Are both sentences below grammatically correct, and are they both used equally in conversation? Stacked adjective: あそこの奇麗な面白い人は、誰? Non-stacked adjectives: あそこの奇麗で面白い人は、誰?
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2answers
115 views

“一人にせず”? Meaning

お前も私も一人にせず、且つお前に 少しの 罰を 与える 方法を考えてみた。 In this phrase I've some doubt about "一人にせず". Using google, I can translate it as "not alone". But I read "せず" is a negative form of "する” and indicate that one ...
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3answers
143 views

What does 「ならないようにする」 mean?

Source: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10013967481000/k10013967481000.html 「しかし、建物を地震に強くしたり、火事にならないようにすると、亡くなる人を2300人に減らすことができると言っています。」
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102 views

Help with のに construction in a sentence

The sentence is 現代ほど自分の主体性、価値観を築き上げるのに難しい時代はないのである。 If I understand correctly, the sentence can be simplified to 現代ほど難しい時代はない (There is no time period as difficult as now) The entire sentence ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Are both phrases really correct?

Are both phrases grammatically correct and how do you translate both? 世界の一番ゆうめいです 世界で一番ゆうめいです
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0answers
88 views

Difference between が and は [duplicate]

What is the difference between the sentences below? 1)あれは誰? 2)あれが誰? A) このコンピュータは、いくらですか。 B) このコンピュータが、いくらですか。 ありがとうございますよ。
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1answer
3k views

Why is 楽しみに!wrong?

I was corrected on Lang-8 website that I should write 楽しみ!or 楽しみにしています!instead of 楽しみに!. And I don't understand why. Help please. 教えてくださいませんか。
3
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1answer
120 views

Is の後で textbook-ish Japanese?

In the textbook "Japanese For Busy People I" (which uses only kana, not kanji), on page 161, there is the following sentence. ごぜん 10じから ごご 3じまでです。かいぎの あとで さっぽろししゃに いって、さとうさんに あいます。 Using kanji, I ...
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1answer
117 views

隠れていなくて??! Is this correct?

I found this in a phrase: 隠れていなくて. I can translate it simply as "aren't hiding" or "were hiding"? By the way, is it correct or is better "隠れていません" By the way, the whole phrase is: ...
2
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1answer
141 views

What does 会えなくなっちゃって mean and why?

I'm very sorry, I just couldn't figure it out. If you could state what grammar pieces the term uses and how they affect the word, that would be great. So far I know that the 会えなくて is the te form of ...
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1answer
91 views

「~たのは」という文型は何という意味?

What is the meaning of ~たのは? For context, the song bluebird by いきものがかり says 目指したのは青い青いあの空.
2
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1answer
161 views

に particle and its conflicting functions

Ok, so I'm still trying to get used to the に particle and how it has many functions that make it easy for it to appear many times in a sentence and thus get confusing... But I am specifically looking ...
4
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1answer
116 views

に and として, what are the differences?

Hey what i the difference between に and として in the following example. お土産にチョコレートをもらった。 お土産としてチョコレートをもらった。 When is one more appropriate than the other?
3
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1answer
238 views

に Particle ambiguity

あまりにも子供じみた言動に呆れる。 だが、こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった. 深く踏みこまずに居場所を与えてくれるこの距離感に、周囲の人間も惹かれて集まってくるのだろう。 I'm tripped up on the second sentence. Is the 部分 part of the childish behavior, or the person on ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Adding でしょうか to ます to further emphasize doubt and politeness?

Let's use できる as an example. できる (I) can do (it)/possible (action/event). できるか? Can do?/Possible? できますか? Can do?/Possible? (polite) Believe it or not, できますか? still sounds too direct to me. Now ...
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191 views

Splicing である with a topic

I came across this sentence: [意気地]{いくじ}なし!そして全くその通りで私はあったのだ。 "Coward! And that was, in fact, exactly what I was." (From 苦の世界, my translation.) I found in pretty weird that 私は dropped in the ...
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1answer
151 views

Why was は removed from this sentence?

So here is the sentence: このスプーンすてきですね Why didn't we say: このスプーンはすてきですね Isn't スプーン the topic of the sentence? Why did we remove it? Why did we leave it in a sentence like: とうきょうはきれいです
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1answer
122 views

“It's sweet, for sake”

so, consider the following conversation: 「その日本酒、どう?」 「うん、わるくない。ちょっと甘い」 「本当?飲んでみる... げっ!全然甘くないよ! 「まあ、it's sweet, for sake Essentially I'm trying to say that something is not sweet in absolute terms, ...
3
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1answer
264 views

Meaning of noun + だったりする

すごく背が低いけれど、いつも堂々とした態度で、颯爽とした雰囲気がある。 そして――‥‥彼女は僕の彼女だったりする。 What exactly is the meaning of "だったりする" here? I've read in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar by Seiichi Makino that when たり is ...
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2answers
160 views

Using に with adjectives

I want to know if there is a rule or way of thinking that makes it easier to understand which adjectives can be used in the following pattern. 体にいいです。 健康にわるいです。 酒によわいです。 電車に詳しいです。 その場にふさわしかった。 I ...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Keigo: そんけいご & けんじょうご

I've started learning keigo and already having difficulty with it, with the same problem in both そんけいご and けんじょうご. In particular, I'm having trouble understanding the combination of the use of ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Help for translation: Object or agent? “お前に” or “お前を And person for ”思ってる"

お前に私が殺せると思ってるのか? I'm not sure about this phrase. Is correct "お前に" or it's better "お前を". Is object or agent? And which person is correct for 思ってる? "お前" or "私" It's a line from a comic I'm trying to ...
4
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2answers
197 views

Can you help me to translate this speech? 自分を理解してくれる者がいるというのは 心地よいものだよ

I'm trying to translate this text from a comic. I understood words, but the whole speech is difficult. 自分を理解してくれる者がいるというのは 心地よいものだよ。。。 一人というのは寂しかっただろう? 私もかつては自分を理解する者がいない 孤独に苛まれたよ。 I translated ...
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1answer
290 views

The meaning of “ぶん” in “見ているぶんには…”

The line I first saw it in is: 大げさなジェスチャーは小さいころからのクセだ。見てるぶんには面白いので俺はあえて注意しない。 A few other examples I've found: "遠目で見ている分にはいいけれど" "見てるぶんには可愛いけど…こびとづかんになりたくはない。" "Paris Photo ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

~ないでいる verb ending

This is dialogue from a book I have, where a doctor is talking about a patient: 気分が極端に変りやすくなっていて、自分で自分をコントロールできない。神を呪うかと思うと、神に祈る。呪う自分と祈る自分と、絶えず入れ替っていて、どっちが本当の自分か判断できないでいる。 My question is about ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Why is [しゃべる」an intransitive verb?

Just a straightforward question but why is しゃべる considered intransitive when I've seen it used on direct objects. Example from jisho.org: 私は英語を喋ることができる。 Is there something I'm missing?
3
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1answer
293 views

Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for our JAPAN 112R class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it ...
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votes
3answers
198 views

でも followed by が?

One of my friends sent me this picture of a Pokemon game: It says: いつでも どこでも だれとでも が ポケモン勝負の いいところ! Although the meaning seems fairly obvious, I can't figure out how the grammar works. I'm ...
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322 views

What does the pattern “Past Verb + まま + N” mean?

The following sentence was in an N4 review test: 私の本棚には 買ったまま 読んでいない まんが が たくさん あります。 The meaning, as I grasp it, is "There are a lot of books that I bought in my bookshelf that are left ...
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1answer
292 views

How do you say “like when you” or “the way you ”in Japanese?

SO basically, how do you say something like "talk to the boss the way you talk to your father!" You know with a threatening tone. Thanks in advance
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1answer
176 views

ではなかったら and でなかったら

One of my textbooks says: When たら used with N/なadjective+ではない, は should be omitted. So it should be でなかったら NOT ではなかったら. This seems strange because it never explains why. However, I do see sentences ...
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4answers
275 views

だ and か, Can they be used together?

One of my textbook says: だ and  か can not be used together, like: Example: これは本か。(Is this a book?) You can NOT say: これは本だか。 The textbook also says: 疑問詞(ぎもんし)(どれ、どちら、どなた、どこ、だれ、いつ etc) When used in ...
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5answers
353 views

Help with question word だれ

Every example I see with だれ and a copula has だれ placed at the end (あの方はだれですか。) Will changing the order to だれがあの方ですか。be acceptable or mean something else? Also, how do I write "Who has A car?" I ...
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1answer
144 views

Do adverbs necessarily modify the first verb after it?

Specifically in a case like this: 私が迷っているうちに、次第に登校する生徒の数は少なくなり、予鈴が鳴った。 Does 次第に modify 登校する or 少なくなり? I thought that maybe 登校する生徒の数 is considered as one unit and thus 次第に modifies 少なくなり. Is that ...
3
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1answer
205 views

What is this な between a noun and the particle の?

What is the role of the な in bold in this sentence? Is it a nominalized だ? 考えれば考える程彼女がどういう女なのか分からなくなってきます。
3
votes
1answer
181 views

「を大好き」と「が大好き」の違いは何ですか?

What's the difference in usage and meaning when using を with 大好き or 好き versus using が? I would think that using が is stating that the subject that you are talking about is loved, while using を is ...
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votes
2answers
305 views

「ね」 vs 「な」 in 「そうだね」 /「そうね」/ 「そうですね」

Another thread stated that when expressing agreement, we can choose between 「ね」 and 「な」. 「ね」 is more feminine and 「な」 is more masculine. By that, would 「そうな」 be the masculine form of 「そうね」 ? Also, ...
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2answers
547 views

Can placements of adverbs be altered freely?

I'm curious if there is any difference in nuance between these two sentences: 彼は少なくとも週に一度車を洗う。 彼は週に少なくとも一度車を洗う。 I'm aware that grammatically speaking both are 100% right, but this question is not ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Can 「食べも飲みもしない」 be rewritten as 「食べなくも飲まなくもある」?

I'd like to see if I understand a couple grammar points correctly. I'd like to rewrite this sentence:  1. 食べも飲みもしない As either one of these:  2a. 食べなくも  飲まなくもある  2b. ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Why are most Japanese songs and poems in normal form?

You would think that sentence structure would matter in songs and poems, especially when they have directed or dedicated lyrics, e.g. to a stranger, the president, someone of higher status. ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

The use of でも and ででも in this sentence

A: あ……えっと……何か手伝うことは、ありますか? B: ん? あぁ、この辺はドシロウトにできるこっちゃないからな。 邪魔にならねぇように先にメシでも食って、後は舞台袖ででも大人しくしてな Pretty much in general でも and ても don't sit well in my mind. There have been a lot of times I ...
4
votes
2answers
264 views

What is the connection between volitional よう form and であろう

I was wondering, what does the よう form of ある even mean? Does あろう act as volition of the object being spoken about? For example... if someone says 雨が降るでしょう(であろう)... is it the same as "It WILL rain" in ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

なくてもいいです and なければなりません

My grammar book says: Verb/Adjective/Na-Adjective+なくてもいいです Is it OK to use Noun+なくてもいいです, like: 明日でなくてもいいです My grammar book also says: Verb/Noun+なければなりません Is it OK to use ...