文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
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108 views

What does 辞書形+といけない mean?

Usually といけない follows ない形 of 辞書形. For example, 寝る前に、歯を磨かないといけない。I have to brush my teeth before sleeping. 明日までに宿題を出さないといけない。I have to hand in my homework by tomorrow. Today, I read a new grammar ...
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134 views

だんだん読めないようになった versus だんだん読めなくなってきた

What are the differences between the following 2 sentences? A: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めないようになった。(Lit: I gradually became unable to read small characters.) B: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めなくなってきた。(Lit: I gradually became ...
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29 views

What means 目えかける in this phrase? [duplicate]

What means 目えかける in this phrase? Is a type of contraction? What is the grammar behind this? 見所{みどころ}のある奴{やつ}に目{め}ぇかける
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65 views

Question regarding the use of なのに

What does the なのに mean in this sentence from Makino and Tsutsui's A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar: アパートの家賃を払うのが精一杯なのに、まして(や)家を買うなんて夢物語だ Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar ...
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3answers
125 views

Best way to say “if you don't mind ____” in this circumstance?

I'm not too sure if what I think I should say is correct so I would like to ask for some help. I'm trying to say something like, "If you don't mind, I'd like to know what game software you use" or ...
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1answer
196 views

What does ~がままになる mean?

I saw this in a book I'm reading: 思考に空白が生まれ、突撃してくるキラーアントの姿を、ただ受け入れるがままになった。 I'm familiar with まま but I've never seen it used that way. How should I interpret the last part of the sentence?
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37 views

Usage of て form plus の (幸運が重なっての勝利) [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in a book: すさまじい幸運が重なっての勝利だった。 It seems pretty clear that this means "I won thanks to incredible luck" but I was caught a little off guard by what appears to be the use of ...
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97 views

Can とか have the same meaning as も?

いいか、危ないぞ。 ホントに危ないんだぞ。 イリヤ本人もだけど、部屋の主たる思春期の少年のナイーヴな心臓とかな Look, it's dangerous. Really dangerous. For Illya too but, among other things the naive earth of the young boy going through puberty who ...
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119 views

I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
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97 views

Identifying who's who?

I have the following sentence, extracted from a textbook, こちらからお願いに伺うべきところを先方{せんぽう}からお出{い}でいただき、恐縮した。 This sentence feels a bit overly polite which does not help me. I think that こちら is the one ...
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66 views

Is the 「て」missing from the passive-form verb in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」would follow the verb 「中断され」to create conjunctive/continuative form.
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75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
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93 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres ...
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119 views

Different conjugations of the verb 住む

「どちらにお住まいですか。」 「どちらにお住みですか。」 「どちらに住んでいますか。」 Do all of these questions mean "where do you live?" ? How are they grammatically different? Is 「住まい 」a conjugated form of the verb 「住む 」?
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94 views

鞘に収める expression. Meaning?

There are 2 girls who had a fight and are mad at each other. One of them asks the protagonist if he is gonna fight against the other girl and he anwswers: 「あいつが邪魔をするなら戦う。 ……まあ、...
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2answers
168 views

What does こと mean in this context?

I'm going through ekubo basic japanese lessons and there's a recurring use of the word こと I don't understand, like in this sentence: そとで、ものをうっていることが多いです Translated in the video as People ...
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1answer
131 views

Why is「から」used in this sentence?

Why is「から」used in the following sentence? さてと...われわれも気をうしなうとするか 寝不足すると 農場作業がつらいからな。 For my understanding, 「農場作業がつらい」is the result clause while normally 「から」 would follow reason clause.
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105 views

Is there a difference in meaning between 何時間寝ますか and 何時に寝ますか

Is there a difference in meaning between 「何時間寝ますか」 and 「何時に寝ますか」 ? I know that 「何時に寝ますか。」means "What time do you sleep?" But what about 「何時間寝ますか。」?
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350 views

Meaning of this 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!line?

So came across this line on this page (link, previous and following pages included also) and it has that very odd 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!bubble on it that's left me stumped, (the context is a friendly sporting ...
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349 views

Another way to say “これはだれの___ですか?”

(the blank represents some noun/object) Is この__はだれのですか? grammatically correct and have the same meaning as the title?
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82 views

するに not followed by motion verb [duplicate]

All the questions I've seen are either using verb-には in place of verb-ために or verb-に followed by a motion verb. This seems to be neither. Maruko's friend has just pulled a sweet out of his pocket. The ...
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250 views

Confusing use of possessive の

This is embarrassingly basic. I've been using の happily for the last year and then I read this sentence and made the mistake of stopping to think about it: ポケットからきれいな包みのアメ玉を取り出した。 He took a ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Difference between そういう and そんな

Are そういう and そんな completely interchangeable? Is there any difference in nuance or meaning, or contexts where one is more appropriate than the other?
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36 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
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67 views

なっている when does it mean resultant state, and when does it refer to progression?

バスに乗っている間に眠くなっている Take for example the sentence above. My question is about when なっている appears with adjectives/verbs such as 暑い、眠い、寒い、酷い (i.e. adjectives/verbs unlike 死ぬ) and that also have a time ...
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94 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
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35 views

Basic Japanese grammar [closed]

Where can I find basic Japanese grammar with accuracy? I just want to know a few common structures
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84 views

What does だから、ではないが mean?

これからどのような色に変わるのか、それとも透き通ったままでいるのか、「未知」を前にした神の興味がつきることはない。だから、ではないが。 I am having trouble understanding what the bolded part means. How should I interpret it? thanks
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71 views

らせる typo for される or different word?

暴風は擬神化された龍の如く、廊下と髑髏の面を飲み込もうと、その蛇体を螺旋らせる。 The strong wind, similarly to the quasi-deified dragon, makes its serpentine body twist like a spiral with the intention of swallowing the corridor and ...
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1answer
110 views

Usage of 認めよう and 空 on this page?

This one middle page in between these three (link) has been weighing on my mind for a good while. The character would seem to be commenting on a brave/chivalrous aerial battle going on overhead, and ...
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136 views

Understand the difference between [dictionary/ない + ようとする] and [volitional + にする]

I have come across a couple of concepts that seem relatively similar, but I would like an understanding on their differences, if any. The first is the dictionary/ない form + ようとする. And the other is the ...
5
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2answers
86 views

Is 望む a typo for 臨む in this sentence?

あのサーヴァント―アサシンには一騎打ちで望まなければ、先にマスターを叩かれてしまう……!」 Against that servant, if I don't fight one on one against Assassin, my master will end up being knocked out first. Why is で望まなければ used here? I am ...
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879 views

本来なければ usage and meaning

屋敷を一回りしただけで設計図を思い描き、本来なければおかしい部屋がない事を指摘する。 What does the last sentence mean? Just by going around the mansion once he was able to drew a blueprint, If it were not normal it points out the fact ...
5
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1answer
75 views

What does トラックなど12台の車 mean?

I've been trying to figure this text out in NHK news easy: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10010447431000/k10010447431000.html There is a part when it says: トラックなど12台の車がぶつかる事故がありました。 I couldn't ...
5
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1answer
47 views

以上 and adjectives

If an adjective follows 以上, how is interpretation affected? An example: それ以上の大きな野心なんてない。 Should I understand that as "I don't have ambitions larger than that" or "I don't have large ambitions more ...
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124 views

の他に(も)grammar example sentences

I'm having difficulty understanding these sentences from my textbook. このクラスにはキムさんの他に(も)韓国語が出来る学生がいますか。 Could a literal (and rather awkward) translation go something like this: In this class, ...
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2answers
87 views

Meaning of て-form followed by さ

Hamaji is asked if his house ever recieves year-end gifts. He says that they get dried shiitake mushrooms. His friends express surprise. One of them says "it's not bad but..." and then Hamaji says: ...
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121 views

Question about だれが「おまえを好きだ」と言った

As it was discussed here, the particle を may sometimes be placed in front of 好き as long as the main verb of the sentense does not take anything else to be its を. だれがおまえを好きだと言った。 My question is ...
5
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of とっぴょうしもねぇ

Maruko stops a friend who is passing by and asks him if he ever receives year-end presents at his house. He replies: 「なんだよ急に、とっぴょうしもねぇこときく奴だなァ」 I am completely stuck on nearly all of this ...
3
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1answer
71 views

からは meaning in this sentence

町内会からはちびっこ店長と親しまれる謎の中国人・魃さんの振るう十字鍋は、ありとあらゆる食材を唐辛子まみれにする。 My TL: The Cross-shaped pot that Batsu-san, a mysterious Chinese man from the neighborhood association who is known as "The little manager", ...
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110 views

Usage and meaning of 連絡を入れる

Is this true? 連絡{れんらく}を入{い}れる = 連絡する In what situations is it used, and how is it used?
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146 views

Meaning of volitional passive form

お姉ちゃんに何を言われようが、まる子はウキウキ気分なのであった。 What was said by her sister ???? but, Maruko felt cheerful. I can't think of any way in which something which is passive can also be volitional. How do I ...
4
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1answer
73 views

What does this sentence including もとで mean?

しかし、あの川のことがもとでじっさい兵太郎君は病気になったのなら、兵太郎君がそれをだまっているはずはない。 Short summary of context: Something happened with 兵太郎君 (heitaroukun) in the river, and his friends were there. The speaker is one of the friends,...
4
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2answers
901 views

What does 「風が強く吹いている。」 mean?

According to the dictionary, 吹く is a transitive verb (e.g., a verb that needs an object). However, the following sentence does not have an object. So what should I translate it? 風が強く吹いている。
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1answer
95 views

Question + は置いといて

悪質かは置いといて今日は集まり悪いですね。 This "question + は置いといて" looks like a common construction based on Google results but I can't find an explanation of it. But my guess from staring at it long enough and ...
3
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2answers
138 views

に防ぐ or が防ぐ Which one is correct?

The one who just attacked is Lancer and not [髑髏]{されこうべ}. 防御と反撃。 動作は一呼吸、まったくの同時に行われた。 それを、自分から飛びかかった髑髏に防げる筈がない。 Defense and counter-attack. Those actions happened in the same moment. Against ...
7
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2answers
188 views

To turn/rotate Shinkansen chair

Shinkansen chair can be rotated. The case is when you need to rotate it and you need someone (stranger) to stand up on their chair so you can rotate yours... Is this a proper way to ask it? First, ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

function of “できる” in this example

I have trouble understanding the function of "できる" in this example: 医療に応用できる究極の義体として作られたものだ Is it used as "can" or "made from"?
3
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1answer
97 views

For which verb is を marking the object [duplicate]

「にわかに目をキラキラさせ始めた友蔵を前に、さすがのおかあさんも、ズバリ、 そんな物は必要ないとは言いにくいらしく珍しく口ごもった。」 I'm struggling to parse this sentence. In particular I don't understand which verb the を in bold is marking the object of. We ...