文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
votes
2answers
107 views

What does (volitional form) + ったって+(potential form of same verb) mean?

I came across this and don't quite understand is meaning. One character orders another to forget something, who nods agreement but thinks to themselves: 忘れようったって忘れられない What does 忘れようったって mean ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
3
votes
1answer
98 views

I keep seeing ため

I understand that ため means "in order to" or "goal". I don't understand how it works in this sentence though. Could someone please explain. バスの事故が続いているため出発前に警察などが調べ This is how I interpret it: ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Usage of 以前 here

From conversation in an anime (へうげもの、第15話): (古田佐助) 遠く南蛮に至るまで小さきが良いなどと聞いたこともございませぬ。 (千宗易) 茶頭である以前に、しがない魚問屋にすぎぬ私ですらわかるのです。いずれ皆にも伝わることでしょう。(字幕) Is it 以前 ② or ③ from here? I'm confused because ...
1
vote
4answers
137 views

Why should we say 応えられなくなってきて and not 応えられなくてきて?

Why should we say 応えられなく_なって_きて and not 応えられなくて_きて? I have been told that 応えられなくてきて is not correct by a japanese friend of mine but the explications were... light. Thank you
0
votes
1answer
177 views

お世辞にも and quote

セイバーはどこに連れて行ってもいつもの調子だし、時には本気で怒っているのでは、と不安になるほど黙り込む事もあった。 お世辞にも楽しんでいた、と説明するのは憚られるぐらいの無反応ぶりに対して、こっちは次こそは次こそはと躍起になる。 Wherever I took Saber she looks the same as always, sometimes she goes so ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Direct and indirect quotes

This question is inspired by this question. In English I can quote something in two ways: She said "Seeing you smile is better". She said that seeing me smile is better. One uses quotes, and ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Trouble understanding postponed quote

俺も泣き顔より笑顔の方が格段にいいと思う。 だから笑わないセイバーには苛々していた。 なのに、彼女は言っていた。 笑えと言う自分に、笑っている俺を見ている方がいいと。 それは。 望遠鏡から覗く、届かない星と同じ。 My translation is the sequent: I too believe a smiling face is way better ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

How do I say “x is y kilometres from z”?

Very basic grammar but for some reason I cannot easily find an answer online. For example, "My house is 5km from school." Kind of like かかります but for distance instead of time.
4
votes
3answers
192 views

Can someone explain how this massive sentence works

アメリカやヨーロッパなど6つの国は、イランが核兵器をつくろうとしているのではないかと考えて、経済制裁(=貿易などを禁止すること)を続けていました。 America and Europe etc plus 6 countries (this is the topic) Iran is trying to make nuclear weapons Since it is not ...
10
votes
4answers
265 views

して行{い}かない versus しないで行{い}く

Do they have the same meaning? A: 宿{しゅく}題{だい}をして行{い}かない生{せい}徒{と}が多{おお}いです。 B: 宿{しゅく}題{だい}をしないで行{い}く生{せい}徒{と}が多{おお}いです。
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Why does 七時 need に but 今日 does not?

Consider the following sentences: A: 七時に学校へ行きます。 B: 今日学校へ行きません。 I think both 七時 and 今日 are nouns. What I don't understand is why 七時 (as in A) needs に but 今日 (as in B) does not. Can ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

What's the difference between あって vs ありまして?

I was taught that the て form of the verb ある is あって, but I sometimes see the word ありまして acting in the same way. What's the difference and when would you use one or the other?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

How is まま used here?

From here 珍道中 読み方:ちんどうちゅう めずらしい旅。旅の途中で珍奇な出来事にまま遭遇するような旅のこと。 What does まま modify here, what clause(word?) is it part of?
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Should I use とor という or something else in this phrase

I'm getting confused with my と and my という again. I want to say: Writing "A" sounds good but writing "B" sounds bad. My attempt is: 「A」という書くのはいいそうけど、「B」という書くのは悪いそうです。 My main concern is ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

How to say “How do you say~?”

I have always wondered how to ask someone (like my Japanese teacher) to tell me how to say something in Japanese. For example, I wanted to ask Kato Sensei how to say "Please send me a photo via ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Doubts regarding 方がより

それならどちらか一人に絞って魔力を提供した方がより効率的という訳か。 If that is the case, Squeezing magic in one of them end supplying would be more effective. I think it means: This way is more effective. Am i right? ...
7
votes
2answers
208 views

Difference Between “何も” and “何でも”

What is the difference between "何も" and "何でも"? I have commonly heard that "何も" means "everything/nothing" and "何で" means "anything" until my Japanese teacher (a native speaker) told me that the ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Understanding a sentence 〜声が誰のものか

それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰のものかすぐに気づく。 Does もの here refer to a voice? If so, would there be any difference between the above and the following? それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰の声かすぐに気づく。 Is it simply to avoid ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Modifying nouns with question phrases

The sentence at hand: サンタクロースをいつまで信じていたかなんて事はたわいもない世間話にもならないくらいのどうでもいいような話だが、・・・ I assume なんて here serves a derogatory role as など does in the following sentence: あの人の言ったことなど気にする事はありません。 As ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

The usage of だと and それなりに in this sentence

I ran into this sentence and I'm a bit confused. 魔法の事についてだけはあいつもそれなりに真摯なのだと I guess I'm more confused about the "da to" part. Is this supposed to mean "suppose to"? And so the sentence would be ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

verb-ている in potential form やってられないよ

A girl is moaning about how she is treated for not doing her homework then pauses and says: やってられないよ I assume this is a contraction of やっていられないよ which would literally be "I can't be doing it". ...
4
votes
3answers
182 views

Colloquial grammar question: …が出来たから…ってくれって言ってきたんだろうが!

My colloquial Japanese needs some brushing up on, in particular with grammar. I'm currently reading a manga, the context is that Character 1 showed up and Character 2 seems surprised that he's there. ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What does this structure (~ + も + verb/adjective) mean?

What does Noun-verb + も + する mean? I'm not even sure this is actually a structure. I found it in these 2 sentences: 昨日のパーティーは料理もおいしかったし、雰囲気もよかった。(料理 [も] 美味しかった [し]) リサはよく勉強 [も] する [し]、アルバイト ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

The Use of "の時” in This Sentence

If I were to write "二〇一五年間の時に" for "during the year of 2015", would the "の時" be redundant and/or grammatically incorrect due to the fact that the "間" in "年間" already implies the meaning of "during ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Is there a difference between に and に対して?

デメテルに続いて言葉を連ねる女神たちに、ヘスティアは微妙な顔付きをした。 vs デメテルに続いて言葉を連ねる女神たちに対して、ヘスティアは微妙な顔付きをした。 What is the difference between these two sentences? In what cases can you use に to replace に対して? Thanks!
3
votes
3answers
213 views

「ある」と「ない」は動詞か形容詞か…

「ある」と「ない」はどんな品詞名か教えてください。​​​​​
8
votes
2answers
176 views

Conflict among teachings of なら and ば

I recently read a helpful answer on a question asking for clarification on the ways to say "if" in Japanese: と, たら, なら, ば. The link is here: Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc According to the ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

文の組み立て Question about word order

I am having problems with some sentences in those JLPT problems where one has to assemble the sentence from 4 piece of text phrases. The book contains the correct answer, but doesn't tell me the ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Difference between くらいなら ~ のほうがましだ and くらいなら ~ ほうがいい

Both expressions seem to be related to show a strong opposition to do something by rather doing something else. But what is the difference between them ? Additional question: both seem to express ...
4
votes
4answers
172 views

〜のです(か) in email

A friend has sent me an email with questions scattered throughout ending in 〜のですか, should I have 〜のです at the end of all sentences that address/answer those questions in my reply? (EDIT: Because I've ...
4
votes
1answer
316 views

How should I say “if you still want to meet me after all”

Is まだ私に会いたい場合 right? Because I think it sounds a little bit strange
3
votes
3answers
122 views

Meaning of こんなところで眠ってる場合ではない

I am very confused by this sentence but looking at some google searches it seems like this is relatively common phrase, but I am having a very difficult time understanding its meaning and usage. I ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など

出生も不明、実在したかどうかさえ不明瞭。 ただ人々の口端にのみ上り、希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など、この世でおそらくただ一人。 佐々木小次郎と呼ばれるモノを討ち果たした、史実に残らぬ宿敵のみ。 Birth place unknown, whether he really existed or not also unknown. Only, he ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Different nuances in meaning for なら sentences

I've looked at previous posts made on conditionals but still have a bit of trouble with なら. I was hoping someone could tell me the differences in meaning/nuance between the following sentences. The ...
-1
votes
1answer
140 views

What does であればこそ mean?

であればこそ、そうした課題の地平に、私たちにとっての「里」、そして、自然との折り合いかたをたえず模索する契機となりうる新たな《里山》 像という結実が期待されるだろう。 Can someone explain what であればこそ means?
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Question: Japanese scientific article on satoyama

I need to read this article for my class, and I can't seem to get past this sentence: つまり、政治的にも巧みに利用されがちな「ふるさと」や「原風景」と接続する既成概念としての ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

How to use なきゃ correctly

よっぽど悪いことさえしなきゃ... Unless you do a really bad thing... Is なきゃ a contraction of ないことには? I can find the latter in my text books but not the former. Weblio suggests that it can mean both "Unless ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Making an adverb a topic for a sentence 無碍には

協力しよう、という提案を無碍{むげ}には断れなくなってしまうのだが Can someone help me make sense of this? 協力しよう=let's cooperate という提案を=This proposal 無碍には=Without any obstacle 断れなくなってしまう=End up becoming unable to refuse ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

ている/ていた時 understanding

I understand how 時 works with plain present/plain past (e.g. 食べる/食べた時) but I'm a little unsure of ている/ていた時. Also what's the difference between these two sentences: 私がお風呂に入っている時電話が鳴った。 ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

What does が do in this sentence?

そこまで言いかけたリューだったが、へたり込んでいるリリを見てすっと目を細めた。 I'm not sure if が is acting as a conjunctive particle or a subject marker. Is it correct to interpret this as ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Connective だって and use of せっかく

It's hard to tell where the following breaks up as it's in one bubble. まあまあ せっかくだから[買]{か}いに[行]{い}ったらどうだ [山田]{やまだ}だって[必要]{ひつよう}だろ Anyway. My attempt at (somewhat literal) translation here ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Help understanding the uses of 「とても」in this sentence

This is an isolated example sentence from my kanji practice workbook: 土地の値段が高くて、とても家など買えない。 I think the gist of this sentence is: "The price of land is high, and I can barely afford to buy a ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Which is better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?

I am trying to say: "Shall I buy it?" Which would be better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?
1
vote
0answers
79 views

How to parse long sentences

西尾自身は、『暦物語』のころからミステリーを書きたくなってきたと振り返っている[1]。 レトリックやダイアローグに凝った作品が多くなってきていたため、本シリーズはその辺りを抑えて書いているという[1]。 デビュー作『クビキリサイクル ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

How do I interpret お釣りが来るほど?

豪邸を三つ作ってもお釣りが来るほどの価値がある一級品の武器の筈だ。 I'm not sure how to interpret this part of the sentence. Is it some kind of phrase? I feel that it means something like "It should be a first class weapon ...
8
votes
1answer
105 views

とまではいかないまでも meaning

--どんな望みも叶える、 とまではいかないまでも 、魔術師としては十分すぎる程価値のある物だ。 It can fullfill every wish, ...., As a magician it has an incredible value. What does that mean? Has it any function in this sentence? I ...
5
votes
1answer
399 views

Which form is 切り?

On a Japanese package I've found this inscription: ここからお切り下さい。 This obviously means: "Please cut here (to open)". With my very basic knowledge of Japanese I would instead of お切り (お being the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. ...