文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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100 views

Economic Sentence Translation help [closed]

首相は 「想定の利益が出ないなら当然支払いに影響する。 給付に耐える状況にない場合は、給付で調整するしかない」 と述べ、 This is more a need for translation help. I am going to share my analysis about this text. The prime minister said [If ...
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2answers
633 views

How do you say “if and only if” in Japanese?

I would like to know how to express mandatory conditions in Japanese. Since Japanese distinguishes between different types of languages, I should probably ask more precisely: What is the right way to ...
2
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1answer
87 views

よりに meaning in this context

Context: The protagonist did some kind of magic the day before and now cannot move the left side of his body. 「……ふん。投影をしたと凛から聞いていたが、やはりそうか。 半身の感覚がなく、動作が中よりに七センチほどずれているのだろう?」 [I heard from ...
3
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3answers
129 views

What does 先{さき} mean here?

After killing his opponent, Takezou: 颯爽と、一顧して、彼はすぐ後ろへ戻って行くのである。なんでもないことのようだった。もし先{さき}が強ければ、自分が後に捨てられてゆくだけのこととしかしていなかった。 宮本武蔵(1935年–1939年、朝日新聞連載、吉川英治) What does 先 refer to? Could it be his dead ...
2
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1answer
139 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
4
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2answers
149 views

Understanding だから…言ったろ

Here's the sentence: 「だから昨日も言ったろ、ボクもキミも怒られるタイプなんだって。」 だから as 'therefore' doesn't really work here so I'm going for "that's why". However, I think 言ったろ means "did I not say". Putting it together ...
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2answers
68 views

Is なんだから is related to のだ?

I made sure to check if this had already been answered but I could not find one. So my question is: is なんだから related to のだ? Looking at some example sentences it seems to imply something like that but ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Membership awareness to differentiate は and が?

So, I've been trying to properly use は and が. It is often said, online, to differentiate using topic and subject. That has always confused me, so I noticed a way to use it that seems to always ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Using に as subject marker in non-passive/causative sentence

In this question I was given 「(私は)あの人に怒っている。」 as a way to say "that person makes me angry". I'm a little confused because it looks to me very much like a passive construction, "I, that person ...
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1answer
90 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Making someone feel something

いちいち腹のたつことを、わざわざ言いにこないでよ Don't come specially to say things which make me angry (my translation attempt) I'm confused by 腹がたつ. It's my understanding that it means 'to get/become angry' rather ...
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vote
1answer
90 views

Special use of ~たら to translate あとで?

I've come across a sentence in Minna no Nihongo I can't explain myself: はさみを使ったら、元の所に戻しておいてください。 In the book, its translation in French is, in English: "After you have used the scissors, put ...
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2answers
69 views

What do 「し」and「あった」mean in this sentence?

I'm a beginner Japanese student using Yu-Gi-Oh subtitles translations with the original in Japanese. I don't understand explanations in Japanese mostly, or it takes me a long (believe me, long) time ...
11
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3answers
243 views

ない in つまらない and similar adjectives and their conjugation with すぎる

The usual path for conjugation would be: 高い → 高すぎる  (drop い, append すぎる) ない → なさすぎる (drop い, append さ, append すぎる) Is ない in つまらない treated as the negative ない which conjugates as 2.? Or is つまらない a ...
4
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1answer
74 views

How to use both causative and て欲しい grammar at the same time?

I want to say the following in Japanese. I want the police officer to make the dog bite the snatcher. My attempt is as follows. 私は警察官に犬にひったくりを噛ませて欲しい。 Is it correct? Is it possible to use ...
4
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1answer
114 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
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1answer
96 views

How to use の如く.

集められた魔力、剥離された精神が残留し、山は禿げ山の如く訪れたモノを食らうだろう。 Gathered Magic, The separated souls stay behind, The mountain eats those that visit, just like a bald mountain. I have trouble understanding 如く. I ...
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1answer
77 views

Function of から in this conversation

A girl forgot to do her homework and mum catches her out of bed: 「まる子っ、もう寝なさい」 Maruko, go to bed now! 「うん、もうすぐ寝るから」 Yes, I'll go to bed very soon (because) I don't understand the function ...
4
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2answers
147 views

ておく → とく in other contexts; similar 2-kana to 1-kana shortcuts?

Recently I learned that おいておいて ("leave it there") can be shortened in casual speech (or speech to subordinates) to おいといて. (ておく → とく). I also learned that this can be used for any verb attached to ておく ...
4
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2answers
551 views

How would I say: The cat thought a snake appeared?

I currently wrote this as: 猫は蛇が現れたと思た. The cat thought a snake appeared. Is this correct ?
2
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1answer
152 views

How to understand this phrase?

ゲームの歴史それははるか5,000年の昔古代エジプトにまでさかのぼるという。 Well, I can understand some parts of it (which I put in bold): ゲームの歴史: game history. 5,000年の昔: 5000 years ago. 古代エジプト: ancient Egypt. さかのぼる: go up. But ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the role of the そうに?

The whole sentence is: 子どもたちは小さな雪だるまを作って、楽しそうに遊んでいました。 What is the role of そうに in this sentence?
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1answer
92 views

Tobira あいづちとフィラー article

I’m having difficulty understanding some sentences in this article from my textbook. I don't think you need to read the whole article. I tried translating the sentences I'm unsure about below. ...
3
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2answers
137 views

Need help with translation/grammar 「なんの」

I try to read a Japanese book, but I have some troubles with the following phrases which is part of a break up conversation: ...
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1answer
86 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
2
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1answer
83 views

V-ている方が meaning

遠坂はしゃがみ込んで、倒れた女生徒を介抱している。 その横顔は真剣そのものだ。 額に汗を浮かばせながら、女生徒の安否を気遣う。 …なんだろう。 その、見ている方が痛みを覚えるほどの真剣な顔を、俺は。 つい最近、すごく間近で見た覚えが--- Tohsaka squats down and start to look after the collapsed ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Grammar question with verb in past tense plus houga

Here is the question I have; the following sentence is what is causing me grief. I might be overthinking it but I'm not getting anywhere. チップの習慣があったほうが、サービスが良くなると思いますか。どうしてですか。 Now, based on ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
3
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3answers
158 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
2
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1answer
117 views

るとき or たとき with たい?

My understanding of A たとき B is that it is used when B happens after A; A るとき B is used when B happens before A. (Related question: What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき) However, my ...
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3answers
287 views

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
4
votes
5answers
412 views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
3
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2answers
99 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Making relative clauses in passive and active forms for every part of a sentence

I have a base sentence as follows. AさんはBさんに足を踏まれました。(A's feet was stepped on by B.) I am trying to make a relative clause for Aさん, Bさん, and 足 each as follows. Aさん Passive: Bさんに足を踏まれた人はAさんです。 ...
3
votes
2answers
748 views

ないとなると meaning in a sentence

Context: The protagonist is searching for a girl in his house, and since his house is really big he has yet to find her. ここまで捜していないとなると、後は道場か土蔵ぐらいなものだろう。 I don't understand this sentence. ...
2
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2answers
86 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
2
votes
2answers
235 views

Is there a word for “studied” or I have to use 勉強はした?

My question is if there is a word for "studied", or you have to do "study + did" to say "studied". And if that applies to all other words. Like "to work" would be 仕事はする? Does everything work with する? ...
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1answer
67 views

Must relative clauses attach directly to the noun they are modifying

For example I can write: 日本に行く友達がある。 I have a friend who is going to Japan But can I write: 日本に行くジョンという友達がある。 I have a friend, named John, who is going to Japan. Basically, is it ...
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1answer
130 views

Maths sentences: 足す and 掛ける

I noticed a lack of case marking particles in mathematical sentences: 1足す2は3である。 3掛ける4は12である。 足す and 掛ける are verbs, does subject and object analysis apply to this? Do they take on the ...
5
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1answer
110 views

Use of に in ぼくにも出来る

So I was watching the Pokemon Super Bowl Commercial, and around :40 seconds in I hear the phrase ぼくにも出来る Now I know it basically means "I can also do that", but what is the function of the に ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

た or ていた? Is “turned right” a state or an action?

In this link, Past Unreal Conditional, user l'électeur has given an answer pointing to the tense issues in the original sentence given in the question, stating that ていた needs to be used instead of た: ...
5
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1answer
117 views

とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...
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votes
3answers
182 views

Is there any case in which we can use 今日の間に?

I asked some Japanese and they said that 今日のうちに is practically useful but 今日の間に is impractical (never used). Can anybody here give a confirmation about whether 今日の間に is really impractical or not? ...
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1answer
62 views

A question on event timing

Sentences in which event A happens 風呂からあがり、パジャマに着替えたまる子の口がポカンとあいたのは、それから一時間後のことだった。 Sentences in which event B happens What event does それから refer to? Is it saying that the time when Maruko ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

N3 Pattern: Difference of 「~かわりに」、「~反面」、「~一方(で)」

こんにちは! ちょっと困ったことがありますが、誰か手伝ってくれるといいんですが・・・ Hello! I'm having a little confusion with this sentence from 新完全マスター3級・文法 In the explanation from the book, it is said that 「~反面」、「~一方」and 「~かわりに」means ...
4
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1answer
158 views

Causative-Potential or Causative-Passive

Does a verbal form like this exist. I found this sentence while reading. 一体どこの誰に、今のこいつを黙らせられるっていうのか。 Or should I say, who the hell could be able to silence her. I think the meaning is ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Help understanding “口に出しては何も言わない”

I've seen this phrase used a few times and i don't think I get it. What meaning does the "ては" indicate? Here are examples from google: そんな彼女を直子はちらりと見たものの、口に出しては何も言わない。    ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
9
votes
3answers
958 views

How can we determine the subject of 「彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。」?

Consider the following sentence. 彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。 I really get confused in determining the subject. Which is the correct translation? I did not know that he will not come. He did ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

What does (volitional form) + ったって+(potential form of same verb) mean?

I came across this and don't quite understand is meaning. One character orders another to forget something, who nods agreement but thinks to themselves: 忘れようったって忘れられない What does 忘れようったって mean ...