A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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5
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1answer
144 views

Is there a relationship between ~たところで and するところだった?

I am studying an JLPT book on listening, and in two questions very close to each other, the grammatical forms ~たところで and するところだった came up. My book defines ~たところで as giving an impression of giving up ...
10
votes
1answer
779 views

ち suffix I've never heard of before

Ok, so I've been reading よつばと recently, and I've been seeing a suffix coming up that I cannot seem to find a meaning for. It's not in any dictionary, and I'm not sure if it's a name suffix, or some ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

What is wrong with お書きになられたり?

I have the following sentence to translate for class. 岩田先生は、 退職なさるまで 全世界で貝の化石の御研究をされていて 雑誌などに記事をお書きになられたり テレビで放送された教育番組にも出られた So far I have the following. Professor Iwata until he honorably ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Translation of することになっている

I have the following sentence to translate for class. 森田さんは、 ヴァージニア州立大学を卒業してから 日本の映画の会社に就職することになっている So far I have the following. Morita-san after graduating from Virginia State University became ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Variations on sentence-ending 「〜だと!?」 (used when repeating something in surprise)

In a recent question, we talked about using sentence-ending 〜だと after a verb, quoting something you found surprising. The example given in the linked question is as follows: A「なんでもします!」 ...
0
votes
2answers
187 views

Clarification on a Translation

After all this time I think I finally have my translation of "Walk your own path. Let People talk." But before I put it in my CAD program, I would like to get an opinion on the word usage and grammar. ...
8
votes
2answers
569 views

Verb volitional form (動詞の意志形) - usage

I have a couple of questions about the volitional form of verbs that I've become unclear on lately. Here is a Bible passage containing the grammar in question: (Note that I'm using a Bible passage ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

All the uses of わけ?

Ok, I've come across a few expressions involving the word わけ (訳)such as わけではない, to indicate that something differs from a notion the listener may have; わけがない, to indicate that there is no sense in ...
7
votes
3answers
544 views

How do I express “this made me laugh”?

This is the kind of simple question I'm often too embarrassed to ask, because I should probably know this by now. But here goes... I was ordering something at a cafe, and I noticed some slightly ...
4
votes
3answers
220 views

How can I use できない and しまう? I'd like to apologize for not being able to do something

I'd like to apologize for not being able to do xyz. Rather than just saying 「すみません、何々ができません。」, could I say something like: 何々ができなくてしまいます。 Or is しまう always used with a positive te-form verb?
4
votes
1answer
245 views

What does ~ましょう ~おうmean when you say it to no one

I'm reading a children's book and this silly shrimp says ここで寝ましょう... but there's no one else around... If ましょう is a way to state that what you are saying is subjective not objective, and depends on ...
-4
votes
1answer
115 views

Does “名詞{めいし}” mean “noun”, “形容詞{けいようし}” mean “adjective”, etc [closed]

I am unhappy with the translation of grammatical 専門用語{せんもんようご}. The technical terms used to describe English and Japanese grammar should never overlap. I see words such as ...
8
votes
3answers
595 views

How can I come to terms with the animate/inanimate distinction in Japanese?

According to this answer, "This made me laugh" would translate literally into Japanese as: これが僕{ぼく}を笑{わら}わせた。 However, the same answer explains that this would be an odd thing to say in ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Translation help (small passage).

Can somebody give me a translation for 実際にうつ病やアルツハイマーの治療として、女性患者に化粧やヘアチェンジを実践することもあるくらいです。お化粧はテンションをあげてくれるお薬でもあるんですね。 I came up with, Did you know (or truthfully), as a treatment for depression ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Xの担当 - something X is in charge of OR something in charge of X?

Can Xの担当 have both of these meanings? If so, then without context to disambiguate the two meanings, is one of the two more commonly used? For example, how would you translate the sentence ...
5
votes
3answers
490 views

What is this sentence using ~たら~たで trying to say about televisions and computers?

I have this sentence in my JLPT practise book: テレビでもパソコンでも、なかったらなかったでなんとかなるものだよ。 It's part of a review question about the grammatical form ~たら~たで, which I understand to mean something close to ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

“どうしようもない” or “どうしよう__の__もない”, or neither?

This is my understanding: "どうしようもない" is a complete sentence. (There is nothing that can be done.) "noun + もない" is the sentence structure. therefore: "どうしよう" = "noun" "どうする" is a sentence ending ...
7
votes
5answers
464 views

Shouldn't this phrase using だけのこと mean “just for that”?

In a grammar textbook I have, there is this phrase: 幸{さいわ}い日本{にほん}で日本語{にほんご}を勉強{べんきょう}して、かなり話{はな}せるようになりました。日本{にほん}に行{い}っただけのことはありました。 The translation given is: Fortunately, I studied ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

formal state of being

I'm reading through Tae Kims grammar guide and have just got into the last section. It says that である is the formal state of being. Can anyone tell me...why is this? It would seem logical to me ...
6
votes
2answers
215 views

Is this seat being chased, or is the person in it being chased from it?

In my JLPT textbook, I have this sentence: 彼{かれ}は国民{こくみん}の信頼{しんらい}を裏切{うらぎ}った。それゆえに、権力{けんりょく}の座{ざ}を追{お}われることとなったのである。 I think this sentence means, "He betrayed the trust of the people. As a ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I say “before” or “used to” in Japanese?

朝、作文を書いた時、疑問に思いました。 How can I say something like: I didn't used to like this band.  Before, I didn't like this band.
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Is answering with simple ない grammatically correct, when saying I physically don't possess some object

In Japan I often felt いいえ or 違う is not the best choice, when asked, if I don't carry something with me. Like at the airport security lady asked me, if I there were any forbidden objects in my luggage. ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Usage (correctness) of だと after verbs

I've noticed だと showing up after verbs for a while now in various forms of media, such as blogs, anime, regular TV shows & also when speaking to Japanese people. However, I was originally told ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Clarification needed - みたい (みたいな)

みたい as in like (someone) If I want to say "I like people like that woman", is it enough to simply say: 女性みたいな人が好きです。 Or do I have to specify the "that" part by putting it like this: あの女性みたいな人が好きです。 ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

~としたら - when exactly used and what's the difference from other “if” structures

I'm a bit confused about ~としたら and its exact usage. What is the difference between this and other structures expressing "if" (~なら, たら-form, etc.)? For example, let's take a sentence from one of my ...
8
votes
2answers
327 views

Obligatory zero particle

Sometimes, particles are omitted. I've read, however, that this can be analyzed as inserting a "zero particle" instead. See for example Particle omission or zero particle by Mitsuaki Shimojo. See ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

How would one say A implies B in Japanese?

My friend and I were talking, and they had an interesting question. How do you establish that something implies something else in Japanese - specifically in the form A implies B? The research I've ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

How should I parse に従がって強制?

Good Day! I am currently translating a Japanese document and I encountered a problem. I can't find a way to parse 従がって強制 in this sentence: この文書はChartis SDLCによるHigh Level Designフェイズに従がって強制されている。 I ...
9
votes
1answer
274 views

semantic difference between two keigo verbal forms : に なる(ni naru) and なさる(nasaru)?

Japanese grammar has a rich subset of grammatical forms named 敬語 ("keigo", formal language or respect's language). The rules allowing to transform a normal verb into a keigo verb are complex and I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
142 views

Questions about my translation of this conversation

I'm not sure my translation for this brief conversation is correct, particularly the last sentence, so would like it double checked please. カレン: ニールさんは音楽の学生ですね。 ニール: そうですが、どうして? カレン: ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

How should I say: When we talk, it sounds like we are singing

Because I am half-Swedish, I usually joke about this to other people. But now, I don't really know how to say it in Japanese! Maybe... 話すのとき、歌のように聞こえる。。。
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Introductions and grammar

I'm learning how to introduce myself and am trying to figure out the basic grammar. I know that in Japanese the subject is often left off if it's clear what is being spoken of. I'm not too sure, ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

トライしてみて. Usage?

I just came across this in a magazine 'トライしてみて'. I know it's saying 'try', but does it actually make grammatical sense? Would I be able to use that in a formal situation, or is it just to sound cute. ...
5
votes
2answers
241 views

Usage of ばかり in とばかり思って

Can somebody please explain for me the meaning of ばかり in とばかり思って, as far as I can guess through the examples it means something like "そう思ったんだけど、実際に・・・・・・". ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Usage of passive form

I've got a question about this part - それらの音が、世界の中心にあることを思い知らされ. I cannot understand why it's used passive form verb(思い知らされる) and それらの音が. If I'm understanding correctly, the ones who "make you realize ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

What does の頃【ころ】 mean in this sentence?

I don't know what の頃【ころ】 means in this sentence. I know ころ means 'about' or 'around' but I still don't understand its use here. ロンドンに来たばかりの頃【ころ】、私は「Chip Butty」を知りませんでした。 My best translation: I've ...
5
votes
3answers
157 views

Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです

I said to a Japanese person last night, meaning to say "I'm tired": つかれたです。 She corrected me to: つかれました。 I'm curious as to why this is. I thought つかれたです was grammatically correct. Does it ...
2
votes
3answers
224 views

Which is a Better Introduction?

If I were to introduce myself, which would be better? はじめまして、あかみです。どうぞよろしく。 はじめまして、あかみです。よろしくお願いします。 How would you introduce yourself? Any better recommendations instead of 1 & 2 ?! Thanks :D
5
votes
2answers
304 views

Can you use the polite form ます with ので?

I was recently told by someone that you cannot use the polite form ~ます and ので; that is, ので must be used with the plain form. (Specifically, he was saying that 「勉強していますので」 was wrong, and had to be ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

~った with a noun (生い立ち > 生い立った) - what's really going on?

I just started trying to read the Japanese translation of Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. I've struck a problem in the first sentence that my native Japanese speaking friends can't seem to help me with. ...
0
votes
1answer
237 views

present perfect tense in Japanese [duplicate]

How often does Japanese use present perfect tense? My friend has been asking to watch a Japanese anime movie called 風たちぬ, this is the first time I have ever seen this 'nu' particle usage. Before I ...
8
votes
2answers
181 views

In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
4
votes
0answers
270 views

Is correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A Dictionary of ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Again question about modifying nouns

Seems that I stuck with modifying a noun again, in the following sentence is it only「破壊し尽す」 modifying 「背徳の欲望」 or both verbs 「玩弄し、破壊し尽す」 ? 浮世離れした幼い少女を思うさま玩弄し、破壊し尽す背徳の欲望が掻き立てられてやまない。 Full ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Ellipsis: does this と=として, what is the relevant verb in this extract?

The following is attributed to フジテレビHP/経済新聞. I wonder if someone could explain the grammar around the と? (I think it might be an "abbreviation" of として but it is very difficult to find an explanation ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Meaning of ~かといえばそうではない

another question from me. Reading a text, I stumbled upon the following sentence. If you can help me out, I'd be very grateful for any help. では、テレビがあれば、万事それで済むかといえば、そうではない。 As always, thanks in ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Do you find this use of 信じてもらえなくなる to be odd?

On the following reddit thread: http://www.reddit.com/r/LearnJapanese/comments/21l6aa/meaning_of_自分も信じてもらえなくなるってことだ/ the following sentence was posted, with a number of people trying to interpret ...
5
votes
2answers
207 views

Use of から vs を with 出て行く?:

Why are we using から and not を in the following sentence?: 出て行く:同居している恋人が家から出て行って、別に住むようになる。 I ask because the normal particle with 出る is を (eg 家を出る) so why do we have から here? My dictionary has ...
4
votes
3answers
312 views

Using negative verb forms with はず

In the chapter Things that should be a certain way of Tae Kim's guide, the author states that in order to express the expectation of something not happening, one should use something like 「~はずがない」. I ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Meaning of 過去形の動詞+上で

Lately, I've been wondering what's the meaning of past tense verb connected to 上で, like in the 3 examples below: 両親とよく相談した上で、留学することにした。 家を買う場合は、十分調べた上で、決めた方がいい。 よく考えた上で、返事をするつもりだ。 As ...