文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2
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1answer
89 views

Do 見える - 見せる come from 見る?

I have not learnt much yet but I am interested in knowing it quickly. My questions are: Do 見える (to see, to be seen, to be visible, to appear) and 見せる (to show, to display) come from 見る (to look, to ...
9
votes
2answers
293 views

「悪気があっての答え」 vs 「悪気がある答え」

Hi all I was wondering what is the difference between these two sentences: 「決して悪気があっての回答ではないです。」 「決して悪気がある回答ではないです。」 I can't really make out the gist of the meaning of 「あっての」. WWWJDIC's ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

He and I are similar in that

How do you say this in Japanese: "Takeshi and I are similar in that we both have 'May sickness.'" Here's my best guess: 私は、たけしが「五月病」というものがあるという点で似ています。 Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
53 views

The difference between using 元気 and 宜しい/宜しく

As the title hints, I'm wondering what the usage differences are between these. I've suggested to myself that it may just be a difference with nouns and adverbs, or maybe that 宜 is just a Japanese ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

On the grammar of みんな見るメロ

At the end of an anime the next episode is advertised with a recurring joke where the character メロ says: みんな見るメロ It's supposed to translate as 'Everybody watch Mero.'. But surely it actually ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

いろいろ質問する versus いろいろな質問する

Most people use いろいろ質問する. But if I analyze it, いろいろ is な形容詞. So I think it should be いろいろな質問する. What do you think?
1
vote
1answer
103 views

How can I translate 打った人は誰ですか?

Consider the following sentence. 打った人は誰ですか。 How can I translate it in English? I don't know who gets hit or who hits. Do I need to add something like below to make it clearer? ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Why do we use は rather than に in インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです?

Why do we use は rather than に in the following sentence? インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです。 In my opinion it should be インタネットがとても遅い時に切腹したいです。 Any comments are welcome.
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Trouble understanding the following sentence

Taken from an educational book with parallel English literal translation. The original work is Mishima's "Patriotism". 麗子は良人の親友であり、たびたびこの家へも遊びに来た元気な青年将校の顔を思い浮べた。 Reiko recalled the faces of ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

When particle mo is used to mean also, particle wa is omitted. Does mo also replace ga?

The question is clear but I would like to add an example. (My sentence may have other errors as well) I am glad that you think the same. あなたがそう思いますうれしいです I am glad that you think the same, ...
3
votes
1answer
348 views

Can a sentence end in a noun?

This is a complete sentence from a book. おいしいお料理に、とても楽しい雀の踊り。 (There was??) delicious food and a fun sparrow dance. For context, in the previous sentence an old man is introduced to the ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Can『ます形』やすい and 『ます形』にくい be rephrased as やすく『ます形』and にくく『ます形』?

Consider the following. 長い鉛筆は書きやすいです。 短い鉛筆は書きにくいです。 Can I rephrase them as follows? 長い鉛筆ではやすく書きます。 短い鉛筆ではにくく書きます。
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Why does ようになる become ようになりました (past tense)?

So I know that using dictionary form verb ようになりました means I started to do this thing that I didn't do before. But what would happen if I put it in present tense with ようになります would that be wrong? Would ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

貸してもいいですか versus 借りてもいいですか

According to my teacher who is a native Japanese, the second option cannot be used even though it is grammatically correct. What do you think? Any comments are appreciated. Option 1 ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Use of quote marker と before unusual verbs

I'm happy with the purpose of と when it precedes verbs like 言う、聞く、思う etc. The following sentence puzzles me: おじいさんは「雀は大丈夫かな。」と、大変がっかりしました。 I understand that the man feels disappointed and ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Told About Something

I want to say that my waiter told me about Japanese restaurants or taught me info about them. I was thinking that I might just try フュージョンは 日本の食堂を 教えました。 But that would mean the waiter taught Japanese ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Particle と in Feliksas と申します。

This phrase is used pretty much on every intro page to japan, as in a polite way to state "my name is _____". I think it's similar to the Je m'appelle. My question is why is it exactly the particle と ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How does 「から」 work in regards to 「だから」 and 「ですから」?

I'm confused at how から works, and there's very little information on this subject. だから is used in front of a な adjective or noun. い adjectives simply use 「から」. Verbs can be in ます form, and only use ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
2
votes
3answers
195 views
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between「~と言いました」and「~と言っていました」?

「~と言{い}いました」and「~と言{い}っていました」 basically the difference between します and しています.
7
votes
0answers
85 views

Why と言っていました and not と言いました [duplicate]

My textbook I studied from many months ago stated that to quote what somebody said, you have to use と言っていました. I was wondering why that form is used and not と言いました。 Is there any specific reason for ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する? [duplicate]

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する ? Is there any exception for this? For example, 勉強をする can be shorten as 勉強する テニスをする can be shorten as テニスする
2
votes
1answer
60 views

“The way she went about things” as 彼のする方

I'm working to translate this particular line, wondering if it accurately puts across this idea. Alternatives are welcome too! 彼{かれ}のする方{かた}
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What is that suspentive の particle?

I have come several times across the の particle just before a comma (、)but I could not figure out why の was use and for what purpose. Here are some examples I have run across: ex1: ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.
2
votes
2answers
139 views

で used for abstract location?

Consider the sentence: 今度の旅行は全部で何人行きますか。 I would roughly translate it literally to: For this trip, in the domain of "total"(abstract location), how many people will be going?" And then ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

i-adjective followed by だ

All of my studies so far have suggested that i-adjectives never take だ (です can be used to make the sentence polite). Then I came across this sentence: 私が世界で一番偉いだって?? I'm the greatest in the ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Can you make an adverb from a noun by adding に?

I think I understand the pattern  ...を adverb する e.g. 彼は彼女を幸せにする He makes her happy 部屋をきれいにしました I made my room tidy I think I'm right in saying that the に in these sentences ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why these words, 「お読み」 and 「お使い」 do not use te-form in this sentence?

I have came across the following sentence in an instruction manual and I'm curious why they did not use them in the te-form. この取{と}り扱{あつかい}説{せつ}明{めい}書{しょ}をよくお読{よ}みいただき, 正{ただ}しくお使{つか}い下{くだ}さい。
2
votes
2answers
219 views

In front of “ほうがいい,” is it always past tense?

ほうがいい means: the particular way "ほう" is "が" good "いい" So, for example, if it looks like it's going to rain, I might say to a friend: "今日は雨らしい。傘を持った方がいい。" But what I'm curious is, why is "持った" ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

て form of adjective in 'no matter how much' clause

My story book says this: どんなに寒いでも... No matter how cold it is ... but my grammar book says this: どんなに寒くても... Both of them seem reasonable to me. Are they both correct? Is there any ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

Parsing and making sense of this sentence with multiple が's

So I was signing up for an account at a website, and I came across this line: 写真があった方があなたがどんな人なのかわかるし、フレンドも作りやすくなります。 I have never come across a sentence with 3 が's in it, much less one with 3 ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Japanese infinitives? [duplicate]

While reading a dialogue section in my textbook I came across this sentence. じゃあ、 買いにいきましょう。 I know the Sentence means then, let's go buy (it) but I'm confused about the 買い in the sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Can 思う take を and と at the same time?

Consider the following sentence: Bobはこの女の子を自分の子供と思って育てることにしました。 Bob thought of this girl as his own and decided to raise her (my rough translation). I have several problems with it: It is ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

The 普通形 of a verb in Japanese - future and habitual interpretations [duplicate]

According to my grammar book, the 普通形 of a verb in Japanese usually has two functions: it shows a regular common action and the action that the subject is going to do in the future. For instance: ...
4
votes
3answers
306 views

How much does it matter if I use the wrong 'if'?

Specifically talking about ば、なら、たら、and と here. I just read Derek Schaab's excellent reply to this question on when to use the different forms of conditionals -- something I'm really struggling with ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

How to ask if others want to do something?

In the Japanese language, if the speaker wants to express the will he himself wants to do, 'たい ' is usually used. For example: I want to buy this book. わたしはこの本を買いたい。 I want to go back ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
10
votes
1answer
273 views

Usage of doubled non-past tense “た”

I've recently been noticing some patterns which look like two repeated past-tense verbs, but I think which indicate a command rather than the past tense. For example: さあ、行った行った。 "Get along with ...
6
votes
2answers
211 views

Usage of plain i-adjectives or た form (悪かったv悪い、良かったvいい etc)

Example: 美人じゃなくて悪かったですね! (sarcastic) compared to someone who is using a room and is told あんまり広い部屋じゃなくて悪いな Or for example the difference between 無事でよかった and I can't think of the corresponding ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Modal expressions in “He must be Japanese” - に決まっている and ぜひ・きっと・必ず

"He must be Japanese", if translated to idiomatic Japanese according to the standard concept, should be: 彼は日本人に決まっている。 What about the following alternatives? 彼はぜひ日本人です。 彼はきっと日本人です。 ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

漢字の読み方 versus 漢字を読むの

漢字の読み方はおろか Can I also say 漢字を読むのはおろか Do they have the same meaning?
-2
votes
3answers
87 views

Can I say this sentence in another way? [closed]

Please have a look at this sentence 彼の実力を考えと、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない Can I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない If I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くのには当たらない is it okay?
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
4
votes
1answer
495 views

I think it's incorrect: 小さいのより大きい方がいいです。 is it?

Somewhere I encountered the following example sentence: 小{ちい}さいのより大{おお}きい方{ほう}がいいです。 It's supposed to mean "The big (one) is better than the small (one)." If I understand correctly, より should ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Is this sentence correct?

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right