A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Meaning of てはならない

ただしい じょうほう にもとづいて はっぴょう しなくてはならない I understand that てはならない means 'must not/should not'. However,I cannot make any sense out of the above sentence that I read in a book. Would appreciate if someone ...
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1answer
78 views

Expressing similarity

Below are the 2 forms of similarity expressed for (V) ~nai and (N). Do I summarize these forms correctly? Self-deduction: (negative verb) ふらなさそうだ (noun) かのじょ王女みたい hearsay: (negative ...
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4answers
145 views

Is 「どこにいくのがよろしいですか」 a correct way to ask for directions?

I visit an office and enquire where (floor, desk, etc) I should go - どこに いくのが よろしいですか Would this be an incorrect expression? If so, what is the mistake? What would be a better way to ask the ...
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1answer
85 views

「高くはある」と「高い」の違い

「この花瓶は高くはあるが、それだけの値打ちはある」 I was studying with the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" and the above sentence appeared. I am curious about the meaning of the locution in bold and the difference it has ...
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86 views

「君の声が聞こえなくて、逢えると信じる。」

For a research project in artificial intelligence, I investigated parsing Japanese. There was major problems with ambiguity in the mentioned type of sentence; in most cases the ambiguity is obvious to ...
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2answers
108 views

Understanding a phrase - 必ずやらなければならないことを まとめてみた

I am trying to understand what looks like an expression, but seems too verbose. And I'm confused by the use of まとめてみた. To put it into context, the title of this page in my guide book is ひとめでわかる 攻略チャート ...
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1answer
250 views

Use of は with 自分 in a subordinate clause

Another sentence from Kanji in Context: 自分は偉いと思って人を見下しているとそのうち逆に他の人から見下されるようになる。 Those who think highly of themselves and look down on others will eventually themselves be looked down upon (by ...
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436 views

Why is は appropriate for てはいけない?

Why does てはいけない use は? I know it's a construction, but where did it come from? て form verbs are not nouns, it doesn't make sense to me that は could be used with them.
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2answers
182 views

それどころじゃない and 〜どころじゃない grammar points.

So I've been going over past JLPT N1 tests, and I came across this sentence: 「この仕事、ずいぶんもうかるでしょう。」「いや、経費がかかりすぎて、もうかるどころじゃありませんよ」 Now a definition for this one I got from the Goo thesaurus: ...
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1answer
123 views

Why in this example sentence there's no difference between ごとに and おきに?

I am using the "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" to help me with Japanese studies. As explained from page 128 on I understood the difference between ごとに and おきに. For example: 2日おきに = every ...
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2answers
299 views

How to say “had been [verbing]”?

In this excellent response by @DariusJahandarie , he covered how to say "I have been [verbing]" in Japanese by using ている. He had given many examples of how would could potentially translate ている or てい ...
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2answers
155 views

What happens if なの is used, but not at the end of a sentence?

大学から歩いてニ十分ぐらいの所に適当なのを見つけた。 What does it mean when なの is used in a sentence like the one above? The を that comes after it is really throwing me off. I came across a similar question on here but ...
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160 views

Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?

For example, I was listening to a song, and the lyric 願いや野望や空想が知らない次元【レベル】へドアをたたいて came up. Don't you usually need to use a の to make 知らない次元へのドア or else 知らない次元へ might get confused as modifying たたいて? ...
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1answer
106 views

Difference between 「で」助詞 and 「だ」助動詞の連用形「で」

Could you please explain me what exactly is the で in the following sentences and how can we distinguish 「で」助詞 and 「だ」助動詞の連用形「で」? ...
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1answer
107 views

How can we understand and translate はず used with facts of known truth?

I've thought for a while that there was something a little "strange" about the way はず is used in Japanese, and I recently thought of a way of explaining it that I've not seen elsewhere. Half of this ...
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1answer
336 views

What does `nanode` mean? What are its grammatical rules?

What's the meaning of this sentence and what does なので mean here? If possible, I would like to know the grammatical rules of なので as well. 英語と日本語なので私にとっても良い勉強になります。
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1answer
125 views

Have I placed “itsu” correctly in the sentence?

きょう の パーティー は いつなんですか。 Is placing "itsunandesuka" correct when I'm trying to make a sentence which means "When is today's party" while using the grammar pattern "ndesuka"?
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848 views

What is “Sino-Japanese word order”?

In the answer to the thread What's the difference between 腹切{はらき}り and 切腹{せっぷく}? in the 1st paragraph, 2nd line, the author mentions "Sino-Japanese pronunciation and word order". I assume that ...
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2answers
206 views

Adverbs in Japanese versus English

I have heard that Japanese adverbs usually occur along with particles in a sentence. Also, I perhaps simplistically consider particles to be the analog of prepositions in English. In English it seems ...
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2answers
213 views

Why is ~とみえる used here?

I'm reading a short story called 『つめたいよるに』. This girl was crying on the train to work, so another passenger (the 少年 below) invited her for a coffee. ...
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78 views

Translation help- which word あまり is effecting and general implication of the word 方向

あんまり恋愛方向に持って行きたくない So, context: an author's reply to someone asking whether a character of his would have a romance or not. Said character had a few hints of a possible romantic interest in ...
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193 views

I don't get how 今日 works in 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった.

I was watching Sora no Method 06, and at about 17:03 the line 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった came up. Crunchyroll translated the line as "I'm happy you invited me today," but the problem is that she was invited the ...
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1answer
100 views

Using conditional 'ば'

In this thread on japan-guide.com, we find two seemingly contradictory statements concerning the conditional particle ば. One poster states: If A & B are the same subject, B must be ...
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1answer
80 views

Expressing subject vs target

Are these translations correct? "As per the survey conducted on the students..." [学生]{がくせい}たちに[対]{たい}する[調査]{ちょうさ}によると…… (students are the topic of the research) "As per the survey conducted ...
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1answer
78 views

This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?

I found a table at this page that seems to be labeling Vし・Vせず・Adjなく・Nに as present tense, and Vして・Vしないで・Adjなくて・Nで as past tense. Please teach me about this distinction in the above words.
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133 views

Comparing ということだ and そうだ

天気予報【てんきよほう】によると今年【ことし】の夏【なつ】はあついだろう(ということだ/そうだ) Both ということだ and そうだ can represent an 'externally induced' opinion/conclusion. How do we identify the context to choose one over the other then?
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208 views

Is saying 「XはYは…」 acceptable?

In いっすんぼうし, a very popular fairy tale, this line appears: だいじんは からだは ちいさいけれど げんきな いっすんぼうしを たいそう きにいり じぶんの いえで はたらかせることにしました。 Is 「だいじんは からだは」 grammatically correct? What would be done to make ...
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4answers
198 views

Is 行く stative, continous or instantaneous?

My textbook says 行く is instantaneous (expresses changes from one state to another) and can only be used to describe the result of a change, not movements that are currently in progress. But a ...
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1answer
85 views

ことになっている vs ようになっている

The definitions do not help with an umabiguous separation. So I put forward an example: どあはしめると,じどうしゃてきにかぎがかかるようになっている Why would ことになっている too not be apt here? Is this dependent on the speakers ...
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3answers
418 views

What's the function of the particle も in 「かわいい写真たてもうれしかったけど、…」?

If you look at my translation of the sentence below from a text book (総まとめ N3 読解), I think you will agree that I have guessed the meaning correctly but can anyone explain the grammar to the first ...
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1answer
76 views

どの object も = “whichever”?

I think in the example below, どのダンジョンも・・・ means "whichever dungeon". The advice applies to any dungeon in the game. Can somebody confirm this for me please? ...
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166 views

Please teach me more about ハダカ格

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_(grammar): In certain languages, the agent is declined or otherwise marked to indicate its grammatical role. In Japanese, for instance, the agentive ...
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159 views

Expressing 'according/as per'

このアパートは[古]{ふる}いが、その[広]{ひろ}さによって[家賃]{やちん}の[安]{やす}さが[気]{き}に[入]{い}った。 Isn't this application of によって valid? 'According to/based on the spaciousness of the room, the meagerness of the rent is ...
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1answer
96 views

What is the function of particle に in 「Aチームに[勝つ]【かつ】チームがあるとしたら…」?

I came across the following sentence Aチームに[勝つ]【かつ】チームがあるとしたら… If A team is the winning team... Why is the に particle being used in Aチームに? Why would it not be Aチームは in this case? I have not ...
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4answers
720 views

The という in things like 〜ということ・〜というの・〜という感じ・〜というわけ etc

I have been trying for ages to understand the reason という is used so frequently. In other words, what does it add to the sentence and what connotations does it have in Japanese? I understand the ...
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1answer
274 views

Interpreting active/passive voice in Japanese

As this game is selling well, I plan to buy one too. How would we express this in Japanese? よくうれているようだから よくうられているようだから Would the above sentence be interpreted as an active or ...
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2answers
199 views

How do I translate this small passage about make-up, depression, and Alzheimer?

Can somebody help me with the translation for 実際にうつ病やアルツハイマーの治療として、女性患者に化粧やヘアチェンジを実践することもあるくらいです。お化粧はテンションをあげてくれるお薬でもあるんですね。 I came up with this Did you know (or truthfully), as a treatment ...
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2answers
235 views

Natural Usage of けれども

In this question before, I tried to produce examples of the usage of けれども (けど, けども). These are those examples: 犬{いぬ}がほえているけれども、だれか外{そと}にいるんじゃない? ...
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2answers
159 views

Difference between 変{か}わり and 変{か}える

What is difference between 変わり and 変える ? 変える means "to change". Maybe 変わり is just a noun? Or maybe there is some grammar rule?
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1answer
99 views

How can I translate these workplace goals into Japanese? [closed]

I'm an ALT and my supervisor asked me to write my goals in Japanese this year. I'm trying to keep it simple, but I really struggle with putting English into Japanese. Here is my attempt Deepen ...
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2answers
423 views

How is かって being used here?

いつまでに送ればいいかっていうことですよ。 I can kind of get whats going on here. Forgive me if I'm mistaken but I think it means "When are you expected to send this thing, is what I mean". I don't understand how かって ...
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2answers
147 views

Translation help with this sentence? 何人も触れること能わぬ- everyone or no one?

何【なん】人【びと】も触れる【ふれる】こと能わぬ【あたわぬ】才媛【さいえん】 I'm having trouble with this sentence. I'm just confused as to whether '能わぬ' counts as a negative verb that affects 何人も or not. Since I know 何人も means ...
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611 views

How do I say “He already went to do X for me”, implying he is still in the process of X, not finished?

The other day at some festival a few japanese friends asked me something to the effect of アイスを買ってくるけど、行く? But I had already asked a friend, who had not yet returned, to get some for me. So I said ...
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1answer
132 views

買う, durative or instantaneous?

I'm at the point in my textbook where it explains the use of -ている and the three kind of verbs related to its use: stative, durative, instantaneous. The book says I should ask myself if saying ...
2
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1answer
76 views

What function does で have in the sentence 馬は動物である? [duplicate]

I have a denshijisho, always giving me helpful expressions attached to a kanji/word etc. and this time it was 馬は動物である。 A horse is an animal. in which I don't understand the function of the ...
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1answer
110 views

使ってみなさい, and 使っても意味のない場所

After a brief hiatus I'm getting back into my Japanese study. I've hit a roadblock straight away ;-) I am having trouble with the use of '使ってみなさい' here. I don't think I've seen it before. -なさい means ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the significance of の in 「鳥の詩」?

I've seen it used in many places, and sometimes it feels like a connection between words. For example in 「鳥の詩」 (tori no uta), it looks as if the の is connecting 鳥 (tori) and 詩 (uta), and I would like ...
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1answer
191 views

What is “うち” in “ごろうち”?

I recently came across this sentence: たかしは7時ごろうちに帰りました。 I do understand that it probably means たかし came home at around 7, but from what I learnt to say "around 7" it's: 7時ごろ. So it has no ...
2
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4answers
181 views

たの at the end of 「そんなに寝ぼけるまで熟睡してたの?」

Could you help me with this sentence (it's from Attack on Titan) そんなに寝ぼけるまで熟睡【じゅくすい】してたの? そんな refers to the muttering he did earlier まで probably doesn't mean "until", but rather "even" So ...