文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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202 views

Why was て omitted in this relative clause?

彼は、外見はともかくとして、性格が良く、信頼できる人だ。 Leaving aside his outward appearance, my elder brother is a trustworthy person with good personality. Question In my understanding, the sentence should be as ...
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2answers
116 views

Correct usage of 'you'?

I need a little help with the phrase 'You are...' For simplicity, I'm going to you the example: 'You are helpful.' It's an awkward example, yes, but it's the best I could find. :P Are these correct? ...
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1answer
100 views

Usage of 'か' in short sentences

I know that か is the 'question marker particle', and can use it confidently in formal sentences. However, when it comes to casual speech and very short sentences, what is it's usage? For example, if ...
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1answer
93 views

When using しか, which part do we have to negate?

I want to say "Mathematics is the only thing I trust." using しか. But I am not sure which part I have to negate. Which one is the correct one? A or B? A: 数学しか信頼できるものじゃない。 B: 数学しか信頼でないものだ。
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1answer
260 views

Adding つき to the end of nouns

湯ぶねに体を沈めると、どばーっと色つきのお湯があふれた。 When he sank his body into the bath, the coloured hot water gushed over. I took me a while to figure out that 色つき meant 'coloured'. It isn't in the bi-lingual ...
2
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2answers
132 views

How to say “I've never done it” without saying what “it” is

I know how to say "I've never done verb-phrase" using verb-phrase ことがない e.g. ケーキを食べることがない. But how would I say something like "Even though I've wanted to try eating cake, I've never done it" ...
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2answers
112 views

Why did the author use に in the following sentence?

Why did the author use に in the following sentence? 理解しかねて首をかしげる会場の様子に、司会役が「もう少し具体的に」と重ねてたずねた。 たずねる needs に but for animate objects such as human beings. In the above sentence, に is used after ...
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1answer
53 views

Meaning of たァ after verb in dictionary form

「入浴剤まで置いてあるたァ、なんだか今日はかあさんの奴、気が利くじゃねぇか。」 Even bath salts have been put out. Somehow, today, mother's (things?) are thoughtful aren't they? I'm reasonably happy with てある: something has been done by ...
4
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1answer
148 views

How can verb て become an adverb?

I found a sentence 医者が「大丈夫ですか」と重ねて尋ねた。 with translation The doctor repeatedly asked "Is it OK?". As far as I know The concatenation of て verb represents several actions which are done ...
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2answers
116 views

What is the proper translation for と続いた後で?

xやyなどと続いた後で、zという答えがあった。 Literally it means something like: The answers were x, y followed by z. What is the better translation for this?
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4answers
134 views

別に in non-negative clause

Context: Grandad was bought food as a gift for looking after Maruko. Maruko apologises to grandad because dad has just eaten it all. Then Grandad says: 「いいんじゃよ、まる子。おじいちゃんは別にただまる子をかわいがっているだけじゃ」 ...
5
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1answer
76 views

How should one interpret ~ていた + だなんて

I came across the following sentence in volume 12 of the manga たいようのいえ and was unsure how to interpret the expression at the end. Could someone please explain how the "だなんて" changes the meaning or ...
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1answer
73 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students ...
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1answer
118 views

What additional meaning that なんだ add to the sentence

A. 彼は大学生ですよ B. 彼は大学生なんだよ What difference that なんだ makes in this sentence? For A, I understand it well as "He is a college student!" For B, eventhough i have read much article written about なんだ... ...
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2answers
112 views

と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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2answers
647 views

What does との mean in this sentence?

It is very hard to parse the following sentence as I don't know about との grammar. What does との mean and how to parse the following sentence? 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。
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1answer
76 views

How to say “Mathematics has a great impact on technology.”?

I have looked related examples up from the internet and I found some patterns as follows. What I want to say is Mathematics has a great impact (influence) on technology. or Technology is ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」?

I have the following sentence and I can't find any material pointing out the usage of this grammar. 薦められた本を読むには読んだが、よく理解できなかった。 In general, what is the usage of 「VるにはVた」?
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1answer
76 views

Is 他に essential in ~ほど~ない grammar?

When I learnt ~ほど~ない grammar, I found examples with 他に as follows. For me, the presence of 他に seems to be wasteful because 私ほどハンサムな人はいない。There is none as handsome as I. 私ほどハンサムな人は他にいない。There is no ...
2
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2answers
134 views

What does the word よれん mean?

Here is the sentence: おおっ くせえのう… おらあぶた小屋だけはマスクなしではそばにもよれんわい。 It is probably said by Kansai speaker which I'm not certain. I understand that よれん or よれない means 'not to get twisted'. But I think ...
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1answer
78 views

Does the 「の」 can be used as 「を」?

Here is the sentence spoken by Kansai speaker. そのフォークみたいの貸してください。 Other than the question I put on the topic, if the 「の」 is not used instead of 「を」, I would like to know if I can omit the 「の」 in ...
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172 views

報復する meaning in this sentence

あんまりにも痛いんで、ムシャクシャして、適当なぬいぐるみを報復したくなった。 包丁で、無抵抗なぬいぐるみを滅多刺し。誰にでもできる惨殺行為、簡単すぎてものすごく無意味【つまらな】い。 それはさぞかし気持ちが悪く、気色が悪く、後味なんか最悪で、つまり今のオレはそのぬいぐるみ役なのだった。 Because it hurt so much, because I got angry, I ...
2
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1answer
79 views

What's the meaning of 「〜ようとも限り」

I cannot find any material relating to this grammar point. Give the following example, could you explain what the meaning of this grammar is? どんなに抵抗しようとも限り生きている人はいつかは死ぬ。
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2answers
88 views

Adding additional information as an afterthought

What is a natural way to add another object to a list as an afterthought? For example: 仕事で英語とピアノを教えています。フランス語____。 For work I teach piano and English. Oh, and French too.
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1answer
98 views

“Where” construction; grammar question

I'm beginning my study of Japanese grammar and am unclear as to the difference between the following interrogative structures. Is one more correct than the other in asking where something specific is? ...
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2answers
100 views

What's the difference between 「そうもない」 and 「ようがない」

I know that both of these two grammars have the meaning of "it's impossible to do sth" but in the following 2 sentences, only ようがない is the correct answer. ①一方的に責められたら、こちらも説明( a/しそうもない b/しようがない ) ...
2
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3answers
165 views

「とあって」vs. 「とあっては」

Both of them mean 「〜とあれば」. I know that 「とあっては」is followed by negative clauses like 「ないわけにはいかない」、「ほかない」、「しかない」、etc. (according to this) However, the answer for the following sentence is A, which ...
3
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2answers
56 views

いけない in this sentence and V-て+noun

I have searched and read articles and questions available regarding いけない and i do understand that it means that something cannot be done (you mustn't...). But i'm a bit unsure about it's meaning in ...
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1answer
50 views

Usage of ました form and た form with こと

Example: Is the formal of にほん に いった こと が ありまづ this : にほん に いきました こと が ありまづ. Or is the first one used in both cases?
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2answers
80 views

「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 what's it being used for here?

Ok, so I have spent some time trying to find so explanations of the grammar used in this sentence but I can't seem to quite understand what the 「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 are doing in this sentence. 「...
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2answers
86 views

What is the natural way to say “It is necessary for you to go home early”?

I want to say "It is necessary for you to go home early.", which is the natural way to say it? A: あなたがすぐ帰ることは必要だ。 B: あなたがすぐ帰る必要はある。 I am looking for a natural pattern to convey requirement ...
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1answer
60 views

Why is this sentence not separated?

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 1.圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
2
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1answer
59 views

しかしそれがいったいどんなことなのか - “what the heck could have it been?” not sure of translation

I have been reading Colorless Tsukuru by Murakami in Japanese. I came across a sentence where I understand the spirit of what it is saying but can't quite see how it translates. I was wondering if ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Expressing that two words have the same meaning

Would someone please explain how the Japanese would most naturally state that two "words" (関係 and 関連 for example) have approximately the same meaning? My best bet is either 「関係」と「関連」の意味は同じぐらいです。 ...
3
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1answer
210 views

もらいましょう meaning in a sentence

I know that ましょう form changes the verb meaning into "Let's". As in 行きましょう 'Let's go' or あそびましょう 'Let's play'. But もらう verb means that something good is done by another person in which we are grateful....
2
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2answers
54 views

捨てても捨てても - what does this phrase mean?

I came across this sentence in my JLPT mock test book: 今の暮らしにはモノが溢れ、捨てても捨てても増え続ける。 I don't understand what kind of grammar and what is the meaning of the bold phrase. It looks like an expression....
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1answer
76 views

Why can を be followed by a non-verb?

When I read the following sentence, 少しでも長生きをという願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 I think there is a missing verb as indicated as follows. 少しでも長生きを [missing verb] という願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 ...
4
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3answers
143 views

Is nominalization necessary in 「彼が戻るのか知らないんです。」?

Do we need to nominalize 彼が戻る with の to create an interrogative clause? Is B not enough? A: 彼が戻るのか知らないんです。 B: 彼が戻るか知らないんです。
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1answer
83 views

「持っていっていい」 same as ? 「持っていってもいい」?

Is 「持っていっていい」 just 「持っていってもいい」 with the 「も」 omitted? I know 「てもいい」 means something along the lines of "may I" etc, is it the same for 「ていい」 or is there a slight difference?
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1answer
63 views

Role of の in this sentence

「カッコイイのやってみたいと思ってます」 What's meaning of の here? How I understand: (I think) I wanna try to do something cool? (I'm not sure about カッコイイの) Thanks for your answer
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1answer
55 views

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う?

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う? In my understanding, ボソニックという食べ物 means "a food called Bosonic".
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2answers
84 views

Any special meaning for “negative verb+なる (なってくる)”?

In the ヨコハマ買い出し紀行 manga (v.5 ch.32) there's a sentence また、南町にコーヒー豆が入らなくなってきて、今日は、うちも休日。 English translation reads I need to visit the south town for coffee beans again, but today is a day ...
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1answer
110 views

Difference between 言う and 話す

I've been trying to read Japanese articles (easy ones) and was wondering if someone could explain how と話す and と言う differ in nuance or meaning. They seem to be used interchangeably. For example, how ...
4
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2answers
121 views

Do I need to use という in 「この話が事実に基づいているという証拠はある。」?

この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}づいているという証{しょう}拠{こ}はある。 There is evidence that this story is based on facts. Does the meaning change if I remove という so it becomes as follows? この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}...
6
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1answer
743 views

What does ても mean in this sentence?

I am having trouble translating this sentence because of ても. そんなにゲームばかりして、目が悪くなっても知らないわよ。 Does it mean: If you only play the game so much, your eyes will get bad even if you don't know. I ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

ならでは vs. ぐらいのもの

I understand that both means to emphasize the uniqueness of the word before it (i.e. "only ~") but in the following sentence, I don't know which one fits. この難しい手術ができるのは、渡辺先生__のものだ。 Both ならでは and ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Can we use 近づける without an explicit object?

近づける is a transitive verb. X: 僕は子供を池に近づけない。I keep away the children from the pond. But there is a case in which 近づける is used without an object as the following sentence quoted from another answer....
2
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1answer
25 views

Is it necessary the object of 近づける movable?

Assume that there is a pond in the garden in which a boy is playing around with his father. What is the correct expression that his mother must use? A: 息子を池に近づけるな! Keep away the son from the pond. ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Word choice: ながらも vs. からこそ

I'm practicing JLPT mock test and there's the following sentence: どうしても時間がないと言う人でも、一日に15分くらいは捻出できるだろう。(中略) 「時間がない」と嘆く前に、まずは一日15分間の勉強を始めてみる。なかには、時間が__できる勉強というのもある。 「短いながらも」and「短いからこそ」are two ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Using ます-form inside a (compound, conditional) statement

Japanese grammar books say that ます-form should be used only at the very end of a (compound) statement. So 〜ないといけません。is a correct sentence ending. However googling "ませんといけない" finds lots of matches (...