文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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138 views

連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
8
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1answer
97 views

Attributive だろう

I came across this sentence (下町ロケット, p.239): 「どうだ、そろそろウチに戻ってこないか」 そんなことをいいはじめたのは、六十五歳を過ぎ、体力的な衰えを感じはじめただろう頃だ。 Meaning-wise, it seems hard to imagine it means anything other than 感じはじめた頃だろう. ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Noun+とばかりに mean?

I know that with verbs it means: To give the impression of But what about it when it follows a noun? 「いいか、下手にメニューにカレーとかいれてみろ。 あの人がやってきてメニューを食い尽し、デザートとばかりにこれまたケーキ類も全滅させて食い逃げするに決まってるだろ。 ...
2
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0answers
97 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

嘘ついてたんだ vs 嘘ついたんだ

I saw this being said in a drama, when A said to B, 嘘ついてたんだ and the translation was "So you lied!". My question is, why is it 嘘ついてたんだ and not 嘘ついたんだ? Thanks. Edit: How to tell the difference ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the difference between 時に and 時は

昨日雨が降っていた時に、私は家にいました。 昨日雨が降っていた時は、私は家にいました。 How do these two sentences differ in meaning? Thank you.
3
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2answers
182 views

Meaning of nounってとこ

People are discussing the characters in a comedy show and one of them asks 高木ってとこじゃないの From the context I'm guessing it means "You like Takagi, don't you?" Again the dreaded って. Don't know if ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Is なにをうたがすきですか? correct?

I want to ask What songs do you like? Is なにをうたがすきですか? the correct way of asking that? I am trying to get better at building sentences but I have no way of knowing whether or not the ...
5
votes
2answers
89 views

Meaning of phrase 「どちらがどうとかいう」

I'm struggling to understand the meaning of the phrase 「どちらがどうとかいう」 in the following passage. 彼女のことが好き、という昔の気持ちは、多分、ちゃんと残っている。一緒にいる仲間という気持ちは、強く残っている。 でも一瞬だけ。 「・・・・・・」 ...
6
votes
2answers
75 views

Why is the 「ようとして」 construct used here?

I was playing The Legend of Zelda, the Ocarina of Time, and the great deku tree says 「今{いま}、ハイラルはその力{ちから}に飲{の}み込{こ}まれようとしておる。。。」, which as far as I can tell means "Right now, Hyrule is being swallowed ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Past tense verb followed by って仕方ない [duplicate]

Girl A is complaining about her bleak future to girl B. Girl B replies: 泣いたって仕方ないじゃん。 I asked a similar question here about おもしろくって仕方ない where I was told that it was a more emphatic version of ...
4
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1answer
141 views

Trouble interpreting に思う in その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい

類は友を呼ぶじゃないけどね、やっぱり実際使って直接肌で感じる冒険者の方が、その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい。 I'm having trouble interpreting this part of the sentence. What does に思う do here? Does その武具に思うこと mean something like: "Thoughts about the ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

XをYという形に sentence

「俺焼き豚頼んでないですよ」 店主であり違法改造バイク夢五萬のライダーである高田くんのお兄さんは、菜ばしを“サービス”という形に動かした。 "I did not order pork loin." Takada's brother, who is the shop owner and rides an illegally modified motorcycle ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

How would you say someone told you something?

If I wanted to say: She told me she knew my brother. 彼女は僕の弟を知ってると僕に言った。 Would this be correct? Or would I have to use the passive form? 彼女に僕の弟を知ってると言われた。
10
votes
1answer
126 views

Difference between ままに and ままで?

What would be the difference between 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままに動いた。 and 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままで動いた。 When do you use ままで instead of ままに?
4
votes
1answer
108 views

What does ただ mean in this context, following a verb and before ひとり?

怒られるタイプの男子に囲まれているただひとりの怒られるタイプの女子。 I'm surrounded by boys who are the "getting scolded" type (but?) I'm the only girl of that sort. Does ただ mean 'but' in this context? If so, when/how should I ...
13
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2answers
341 views

Is it bad practice to use “することができる” as opposed to just “できる”?

The potential form of "する" is "できる". However, "~ことができる" can be appended to verbs to create a potential form. Hence, "することができる" can be used as the potential form of "する". While I think there are times ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Is 私は本があなたをたすけよみます correct?

I am trying to say I will help someone read a book. 私は本があなたをたすけよみます。 Is this correct? Sorry if the question is off-topic. I am very new to Japanese and don't yet fully understand how to build ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Help parsing a sentence with possibly embed relatives

“はっきりとしてくれないわたしが好きな人”より“はっきりとしているわたしを好きな人”を憎からず はっきりとして=Be clear くれない=not give to me わたしが好きな人=The person I like [はっきりとしてくれない]>わたしが好きな人 so はっきりとしてくれない modifies わたし or はっきりとしてくれない ...
6
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1answer
85 views

飲食店が入る雑居ビル vs 飲食店が入った雑居ビル

A news program announced: 〇〇店が入る雑居ビルが全焼した。 I was expecting 〇〇店が入った雑居ビルが全焼した。 as in 「水が入ったグラス」. The former seems like it's saying that the shop was going to be set up in the building ...
8
votes
2answers
269 views

Meaning of 「〜のと〜ので」

My questions are regarding portions of the following sentence in bold: 幸{さいわ}いナイフが小さいのと、親指の骨が堅{かた}かったので、今だに親指は手に付いて居る。 More generally, I am wondering about the 「〜のと〜ので」 construct presented here. ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Particle の following topic marker?

大切にされるタイプってのもあるんだね。 Type who is prized ????? I can't figure out what the particle soup after タイプ means. I'm assuming that って is the colloquial topic marker. If so, then I'm really confused ...
3
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1answer
68 views

What is the purpose of the comma after the と in 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。

What is the reason for putting this comma in? 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。 As I understand it, the sentence means that he doesn't (yet) know about either the 異変 or the 陰謀. Is this comma here meant to ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Difference between [Noun]する vs [Noun]をする vs [Noun]だ

I've never really understand the difference between these 3 structures : ものすごいスピードで攻撃したのですが... ものすごいスピードでの攻撃をしたのですが... ものすごいスピードでの攻撃だったのですが... I wouldn't be surprised if the first 2 ...
6
votes
1answer
84 views

How to understand this usage of 「〜て来た」?

I found a slightly unnatural use of 「〜て来た」 in the postscript of the Gospel in colloquial Japanese. 当時口語の聖書はなかった。のみならず私の改訳について  聖書改訳文は元訳の文体に限り申候 口語体は威厳なく口調悪く記憶に不便に候 勅語もし口語体にて作られる時代来らばイザ知らず云々 ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Adverb referring to previous verbs

つまり他人の未来を知る、という事は他人の現在と過去を熟知してなければならない訳だ。 それも、未来という答えを弾き出す為に、自分の人生と等価値になるほど深く。 だがそこまで他人の過去や現在を熟知してしまっては色々と不都合が生じてしまう。 I am not sure about what the second bold part refers to? I believe it ...
8
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152 views

Parenthetical Statements in Japanese

I'm wondering how you would use parenthetical statements in Japanese. In English, commas are used, as in the sentence: Tanaka-san is, for obvious reasons, a good person. He took the train to ...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

Why is しまいました needed here?

According to a grammar book I'm reading, the sentence "宿題をしないで、学校に出掛けてしまいました" translates into "He went off to school without doing [his] homework." However, I do not understand either why (or even if) ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Verbal short form の for expressing the idea of doing a verb + のほうが / より

Okay so the のほうが / より combo is to my understanding used to say something is more than or less than in Japanese and if you add の to the short form version of a verb it the expresses the idea of doing ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

“事故にでもあったのではあるまいか。” grammar help please? [duplicate]

I came across this example in a textbook, and I can't figure out the grammar of the 2nd sentence: 彼から来るはずの連絡がない。事故にでもあったのではあるまいか。 ok: The correspondence from him that was expected has not ...
6
votes
2answers
120 views

Is it ever right to use ば conditional to mean 'when'?

「だっ大丈夫よ、まるちゃんだってわたしたちのタイプだと思うよ、ねぇ」ととし子ちゃんがなぐさめれば、「そうだよ。さくらはぼくらの方の仲間だよ」と長山君が笑顔で言い、「そうよ」とたまちゃんが優しくうなずく。 (When?) Toshiko comforted her, saying, "It's alright. I think Maru is our kind of person", ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Meaning of じわれができる

その瞬間、まる子は、地割れができて、AとBとCの三人と、まる子とDとEに分けられてしまったような気がした。 Just then Maruko had a feeling that the group seemd to be divided into the three people A,B,C, and herself and D and E. The only meaning I ...
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2answers
101 views

に as an indirect complement

From this question Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている? I did few hours ago another one, a bigger one arose. マフィアは隠れ蓑に合法的な事業を展開している I know に can be used as an indirect complement but I would have ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている?

Why is に used in a sentence like this? 若者が元気に溢れている I thought it was: 若者に元気が溢れている I know に is used as an indirect object marker. Could someone tell me the difference between direct and ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

meaning of 歩けなくなっちゃって

I'm trying to translate 駅から歩けなくなっちゃって. I don't really speak Japanese but this is what I got so far: なっちゃって apparently means having done something against one's intention 駅から is "from the station" ...
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vote
2answers
123 views

The meaning of 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺れますよ。

I can't catch the grammar of the following sentence 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺{ヤ}れますよ。 In the previous text there was no reference to 100人. What is the function of は here? Is it a contrastive marker used ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Relative and passive and how to parse sentences

Is a relative possible with the passive form? 誰もが残された時間を、駆け抜けて、過ぎていく。 Is this indirect passive? How would I make 誰もが残された時間 not relative? 誰もが残された時間 誰もが時間を残された I also would like to add ...
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votes
1answer
76 views

Need help with のが and のある in this sentence

で、そのときに私がいつも思い出すのが、映画『シンドラーのリスト』のある場面です。ご覧になった方いますか?シンドラーのリスト。 (Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA at 0:47) Can anyone shed some light on the uses of のが and のある in this ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Meaning of んな after verb in て form

関口やナベちゃんに「そんなとこ、ボッと立ってんなよ」と言われたことを思いだし、情けなさそうにうなずいた。 He recalled being told by 関口やナベ that ??? and bowed his head miserably. To be honest, I'm stuck on everything in the quotes (something about ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
2
votes
1answer
89 views

程度, 程,ぐらい differences, nuances

秋葉はシキから、何かの悪霊じみたモノを受け継いでしまった。 簡単に言うと、ソレは秋葉に移った時点でとても薄くなっていて、秋葉の性格が少し強気になる程度の影響で収まった、というのだ。 それが原因で秋葉は暴走してしまったワケだけど、あの一件の後、秋葉はソレの手綱を握ってしまったらしい。 ...
-2
votes
2answers
149 views

What's the difference between あれ and 彼女?

Both words mean she, but what's the difference, how should I use them?
9
votes
2answers
458 views

Is it possible to use causative sentences to say “not to do”?

How to use Japanese causative sentences to say the following? He had me not wash the dishes. I believe that "彼は私に皿を洗わせませんでした。" is not the answer because its translation becomes "He has not made ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Causative を and は, are they interchangable?

For example in this sentence 「―――いえ。 誰にも遠野くんは傷つけさせません。 それだけは信じてください」 ……というか、そんな事より旅費とかパスポートとかを心配してしまう自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 or this one 「……兄さん。秋葉にとって、兄さんは本当に一番大切な人だった。 ...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Trouble with もう二度と列車や車には乗らん

I've been trying to read a manga book and there's one bit that I can't get my head around. The sentence: もう二度{にど}と列車{れっしゃ}や車には乗{の}らん I'm fine with most of it but I'm confused about why the は ...
6
votes
3answers
137 views

I have some questions about transitivity: 貯める and 貯まる

I can usually hear people say 'お金を貯めるために、アルバイトをする’, but if I use the 自動詞 '貯まる' instead of the 他動詞 in the sentence, like 'お金が貯まるために、アルバイトをする', is it also acceptable? You know I have a big problem with ...
8
votes
2answers
116 views

Is た形 required when using 自動詞 as an adjective?

From the grammar book I learned that when 自動詞 is being used as an adjective, it should change its form to the た形, for example: 優れ{すぐれ}た学生 拗れ{こじれ}た話し But can I say 優れる学生 or 拗れる話し? Why?
1
vote
1answer
83 views

もう used with 〜ている

In the following sentence: 特別警報が出たときは、もう被害が出ているかもしれないぐらい危険なときです。 what is the meaning of もう?
1
vote
2answers
99 views

Problems with 起こす and the suffix 還り

Context: A kid who is part of the Nanaya tribe is inside a dark forest when he sees a man with a red eye who looks like has gone mad and is standing in a field. 七夜では紅赤朱と口伝される。 くれないせきしゅ。 ...