A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3answers
168 views

思うようにならず - what does it mean?

A definition of 辛気臭い【しんきくさい】 (三省堂): 思うようにならず、いらいらするさま。また、気がめいるさま Nara often implies something happening naturally, zu stands for 'without', so does the whole compound adverb stand for ...
4
votes
2answers
248 views

How to express an exception, being able to do sth. normally, but not today?

I want to express an exception and don't know which sentence would be appropriate. I want to say that I just wasn't able to do it today, but I am able to do it normally. Which of the following ...
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vote
3answers
214 views

The use of なんというお名前ですか?

Basically, I've been corrected on Lang-8 that [あなたの名前はですか] should be changed to [なんというお名前ですか], or [あなたの名前何といいますか]. After a quick search around, I found that なんという means how as in [how [beautiful]]. I ...
3
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2answers
143 views

Is there any difference between そこで and それで?

I know that they can both mean "so, therefore, because of that" etc., so what is the difference when I use them with that meaning?
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Intrepretation of よく

A sentence from Japanesepod101, with the official translation. 赤のブドウも緑のブドウもよく搾{しぼ}るとワインやジュースになります。 Both red and green grapes are good squeezed and turned into wine or juice. Their translation ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

S1 たら S2, with S2 being past tense AND volitional

So I was reading through A Dictionary of Basic Japanese grammar and I noticed a strange contradiction in the たら and あとで entries. In the あとで entry we see the following note: Vinf·past ato de can ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Can 話して歩いた be the same as 話しながら歩いた?

I have read in many grammar books that the te-form of a Japanese verb is the equivalent of "and" in English. However, the problem is that "and" has many meanings such as how it can mean consecutive ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Meaning of て もかまいません

Does て もかまいません refer to may as in the possibility of (I might do ...) or I may (I've been allowed to )
3
votes
1answer
103 views

What's the difference between ために/ため, ように and のに meaning “in order to”?

I know they all mean "in order to" and similar translations, sometimes however I see that some are used instead of others. Also it's not clear if ために and ため have different usages. I know that ように is ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

More questions about 'to be' in japanese

I had some questions about the verb 'to be'. I know you have the copula 「だ」 and 「いる」and「ある」. However, the copula does not have all the conjugations, so how would you express something like 'can be' or ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

What's the difference between だから, そこで and それで?

I've read that だから is more like a personal opinion which puts emphasis on the reason whereas それで is a more "natural" reason. no idea about そこで though.
4
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1answer
127 views

What is the difference between 一層, 一段と and より一層?

I know that they all mean "more, much more" but is there any difference between them? also do they have the same usage as もっと?
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Is my translation correct?

I'm working on a translation. Is my translation correct? それこそ ハイエロファントグリーンを使えば苦痛を感じる間もあたえず一瞬のうちに。 My translation: If I used Hierophant Green, pain would not last more than a moment. The context ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

How do I pronounce these Katakana Onomatopoeia (words that sound like noises)?

こんばんは。 When I have been reading Manga recently I have encountered many onomatopoeia words such as シャカシャカ as in 'Brush Brush' and パタパタ for 'rush rush/flap flap' but I have found some words such as シャッ ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

when to use 丁寧語 and/or 尊敬語 [duplicate]

as the title says, I'm asking in which situations I'm supposed to use those 2. I know what they mean, more or less. is it just a matter of one being "superior or inferior" to you? e.g., I'll be in ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

What does にして mean in this sentence? (a variant of にしておく)?

Persevering with my visual novel (oh dear), I've come across this sentence (internal monologue): 感傷にひたるのはこれぐらいにして、階段を下りたらいつもの遠坂凛に戻るとしよう― What confuses me is the これぐらいにして part. As for これぐらい, I ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Can 〜てもいい indicate you are giving yourself permission?

I saw this picture online and it was of someone giving their business card to a girl (presumably to become an idol). The girl says in the picture: う〜んどうしよかなぁ 今キスしてくれたらアイドルになってもいいよ Attempt at ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Help with nuances of a list please? X や Y も…“X and Y, as well” or “X as well as Y”?

I'm just double-checking the nuances of a translation. The speaker is listing several people here: オレやひろしも藤岡さん【ふじおかさん】やお前【おまえ】の両親【りょうしん】だって黙まってねえ Contextually, the speaker, listener and Hiroshi ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

これまた/なんてこれまた meaning?

Going off the main clause I think the general meaning here is that Saegusa (2nd person) is giving the speaker (narrator, 1st person) a surprised look (lit. "giving me a great suprise" - the speaker ...
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vote
2answers
376 views

What would be the correct translation of “Something in Japanese”

Background So before I start off I thought I'd give a little background as to why I want to know this. So my mother is knitting me a sweater and asked what kind of things should be on there. I ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

Why is the negative form of [べき] べからず?

On http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/should#part5, the author doesn't explain the etymology of べからず. Can anyone explain?
2
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2answers
134 views

When does 感謝 happen in 分かるように分かりやすく説明してあげるから感謝しなさいよね!

Does 感謝 happen before 説明 or after? It's possible to write "分かるように分かりやすく説明してあげるから後で感謝しなさいよね!" so I feel it might be ambiguous, but I'm not sure.
4
votes
2answers
192 views

How does the negative form of である get to be ではない?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/formal#part3 doesn't explain the reason clearly. Can anyone explain?
6
votes
2answers
209 views

Is だ (plain form of です) omittable?

After studying copula verbs だ and です in japanese grammar books by myself a couple of months ago, I was under the impresion that だ is omittable as it is implied by the context. Moving on, I recently ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Usage of Verb て Verb て [closed]

I am currently studying the usage of Verb て Verb て sentence structure which means that I have two te form verbs being used in a sentence. I just need a bit of clarification. For example: I wake ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Help with the translation?

I was playing a game(yugi-oh) until I found this: これといった用があって来たわけじゃない. This was in the very beginning of the game, when someone woke me up. I'm not sure what 「これといった」and 「わけじゃない」mean. May someone help ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

甲斐 (かい) usage in present tense

I've normally seen it being used in past tense, e.g. 「我慢した―があった」 However, I'm not sure how to correctly interpret a sentence like: 「生きている―がない」 I've come across this definition: ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Use of わけ in this conversation

This is an example conversation in one of my textbooks. I don't really understand the third sentence and how to make sense of it in English. My understanding is that わけ is used to provide a reason or ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Difference between using ころ and ころに?

I'm kinda new to this site so I'm not entirely sure how the format works. In the sentence below, which I'm assuming I translated correctly as "When I was in high school, I studied often": ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Constructions like [ “direct speech” と noun ]

The next sentence sounds enough strange for me, as I have got used to constructions like "「...」と(Aさんが)言った。" or something similar. But, here it looks like at least the word "言う" was omitted. Why do ...
3
votes
5answers
246 views

Can we use negative form before ~てしまう : f.ex. なく+~てしまう?

Using the form ~てしまう we mean, that something happened in a way we did not expect. But what if we use a negative form before the ~てしまう ending? Will it be also grammatically right? For example: ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

のに (noni) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but, although" etc

So guys I searched about this difference and didn't find a conclusive answer. What is the difference or is there any difference at all like this: この部屋はいつもきれいなのに今日はちらかっている。 Although this room ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What could it be: つもりでいた??

I need some help with the sentence below. Things like ~ている、~でいる when finishing the verb as in [似]{に}ている、[読]{よ}んでいる are okay for me. But next sentence is something else, because the ending でいた is ...
8
votes
2answers
221 views

いい人そう。using “seemingly” そう with nouns?

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the differences between 「らしい」「よう」「みたい」「そう」. I thought I was making some progress when I gave this example to a Japanese friend. ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

How does つつ work in a sentence like 飲みつつそう言った?

For 飲みつつそう言った, I'm confused on how it works because a person can't really say anything while water is in their mouth. However, does that mean the person talked in between sips or does it mean that the ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

is this a grammatically sound sentence?

Is this a grammatically sound sentence? 今年、私が勉強したことがない科目を習うことにします。
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Using 「点」 vs 「所」 vs 「箇所」to refer to a point in a document, description, etc

When referring to previous document (manual, email, etc.) or a previous statement/reply I'm not sure of the difference between using 「点」, 「所」 and 「箇所」. I would want to say something along the lines ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

とする(か) VS Volitional, conjectural and と思う

The speaker just finished preparing a ring for a tournament when he says this sentence by himself (there is no hearer in the scene) : さて...テレビ局に行くとするか。 I know that とする can mean "to decide to", ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

How to understand なんだ [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 図書館へ行くつもりなんだ What is なんだ from the grammar point of view?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Plain Form of にくいです and とくいです

If I want to add から(because) to にくいです, would it become にくいだから or にくいから Also, if I want to add けれども to とくいです、is it とくいだけれども or とくいけれども Thank you!
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Is this how to say “I'm going to Japan Wednesday.”?

Is 私は水曜日本に行きます。 a reasonable way to say "I'm going to Japan Wednesday."? If it is, is this also okay? 水曜、私は日本に行きます。
2
votes
3answers
228 views

Meaning of 「という訳でもないのだが」

I have a question about the meaning of という訳でもないのだが in the following passage. If I'm understanding correctly 「いたからと言ってなんだ」 - 「居たからと言って何だ」 would translates something like - "even if he/she was, than ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

(Person's name) + 君の事

I came across the following sentence and I'm having troubles understanding the grammar: …一条君の事好きだった… 一条 stands for the person's name. That being said, I understand 君 is a personal pronoun like ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

ず negative verb

This is from one of the readings in 中級から学ぶ日本語 workbook (Ch.16), about a man who has just retired and is sitting back with a beer thinking about how hard he worked and whether it was all worth it. ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Use of 「~ておりますしょうか。 」

I came across this construct that I'm not familiar with: 「。。。推移しておりますしょうか。」 What is the use of the ending 「~おりますしょうか。」 I assumed it to be a shortening of 「~おりますでしょうか」 seeing as the meaning ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

What is the difference between 〜て and 〜の?

Sometimes when I see verbs in a sentence that uses it as a subject or noun rather than an event or verb which explains what happens in a sentence. E.g.: 私は食べるのが好きです。 金曜日、日本へ行っては思う。 In ...
3
votes
4answers
409 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Using “Nara” with Different Verbs

I recently learned that if you are asked if you've, say, been to Japan, you can use "nara" and reply with "I've been to China, but I have not been to Japan" to sort of lesson the blow of your reply. ...
4
votes
3answers
375 views

How to say a sentence without repeating the word?

I'm sorry if this is a duplicate question (I bet it is), I didn't really know what to search for. 猫を描く、犬を描かない。 (I draw cats, I don't draw dogs.) How do you say that sentence without having to ...