Particles, conjugations and endings for verbs and adjectives, and general sentence structure.

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11
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2answers
402 views

Is 「でいい」 the same as 「でもいい」?

For example in the sentence: 書くだけでいいですか.
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Don't undestand this particular use of ない form

This is the example sentence from one of my textbooks. 時間があるから、昼ごはんを食べて行かない? Textbooks translation - "We have some time so how about we grab a bite to eat and then go?" I don't understand why the ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Need help with the superlative form of my sentence

I need a bit of help with my Japanese. If I want to say: Castle X is beautiful. Among all the castles in the world, castle X is the coolest. Is this sentence written correctly? しろ Xの ほうが ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

~したいと思います Does it mean exactly as translated? I think I want to

I frequently hear this pattern when watching Japanese TV. From a japanese native's perspective is this the only meaning to it: "I think I want to ~"
2
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the difference between ふくむ and ふくめる

The Progressive-Japanese English Dictionary suggests 含める is the same as one meaning of 含む but it is not explained. Is this correct? I have two theories: 1. 含める= 含む when the latter means ...
4
votes
3answers
196 views

How would you say “A has the meaning of B” or “A conveys B”

For example, if I was trying to tell someone that in English when we say "sake" it already has the implication of it being "Japanese sake", so have the "Japanese" is redundant. My English brain wants ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

What is meaning of 「〜ないように思えてなりません」?

Can somebody explain the grammar and meaning of this expression in the sentence below? It may be just my poor understanding of how なりません functions in the language but I'd appreciate an explanation. ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

noun + の + adjective

I've seen a couple times examples of using this format of [noun] の [adjective] and I mostly see it in the form ~の高い Some specifics I'm referring to are: 人気の高い 柔軟性の高い I can't think of any more off ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Question about particle にも

I cannot grasp what にも means between 身のほど知らず and 敵対する愚 in the following sentence, maybe something like "foolishness of taking up arms not knowing their place" ? As far as I can understand the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Subject/Topic/Object

私は犬が殺す // Watashi wa inu ga korosu Means I am killed by a dog 私は犬を殺す // Watashi wa inu o korosu Means I killed a dog Right? I want an in-depth answer for this if I was wrong.
3
votes
3answers
230 views

Can ~たり~たり end with verbs other than する?

In the past, I have come across several examples of ~たり~たり seemingly being used with other final verbs than する, which is generally taught to be mandatory at the end of ~たり~たり phrases. Is this ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Who is doing what in these related sentences, and how do you know?

(Background: similar circumstances as this question; the speaker is a sleazy low-level gangster commenting on sex workers in his employ.) ...
4
votes
5answers
869 views

Difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった

Who knows the difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった? In what kind of situations you use each of those?
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Saying “I did X because of Y”

Is there a common way to express the reason for something after stating what the something is? All the ways I can think of explaining situations involve putting it before. I.e. ~から~です. I was hoping to ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between -ていく and -てくる

Can someone explain the differences between v-ていく and v-てくる for me. I know that they both express some kind of ongoing action (like a place getting crowded). For example, what's the difference between ...
6
votes
2answers
222 views

What separates なき from なし?

E.G. お忘れなき & 迷いなし I know they're both ways to end a a sentence, but I never could figure what make each different from the other. Anyone have a clue?
0
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the meaning of しちまおう?

I'm playing a video game and in this scene the character is on a hill and says: このまま昼寝しちまおうか My guess is that it's a conjugation of する but it doesn't look close to する at all. What conjugations ...
-1
votes
1answer
122 views

Meaning of かって?

胃に穴でも開けるんじゃないかって、見てるこっちが心配になった。 I see the point, but this かって confusing me. And んじゃない don't mean negative sense, right? And I guess that 胃に穴でも開ける mean "Shit a brick" but I can be wrong. So, what ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

What does ちゃい in やっちゃいねぇ mean?

Context: おれはおれの信念に後悔するような事は何一つやっちゃいねぇ!これからもそうだ! What does the ちゃい in やっちゃい mean? I suppose it's not やっちゃう aka やってしまう...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

「行きと違い」 phrase meaning

I completely cannot grasp the meaning of 行きと違い here: 夕食を終えた私は、なれない道に右往左往しながら寄宿舎へと向かっていた。行きと違い、友の案内がないだけで道を迷いそうになる。 "After I finished the dinner, I wandered an unfamiliar road to the dormitory. ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

This PSA was written in the past tense. When is it correct to do this?

While riding a train, I read a public service announcement that said: たばこを持つ手は、子供の顔の高さだった。 Underneath, the English translation said: A lit cigarette is carried at the height of a child's ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when speaker wonders about something to himself? For example what would be translation of those sentences: ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

もし without ~たら or ~えば

Can anyone explain this use of もし? I thought it had to come before ~たら or ~えば. もしテレビで観たという方、ぜひぜひツイッターで教えてください。
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Meaning of ったらねえ

これだから女ってやつは移ろいやすいったらねえ。 "That's why girls are so variable". I guess. What about ったらねえ? I found that ったら you can use when you tired of repeating yourself or when you are exasperated with somebody ...
-1
votes
1answer
121 views

Meaning 良しとしましょう?

良しとしましょう I'm confused. What that mean?
5
votes
2answers
284 views

Is 〜ている really this subtle?

With an action verb, like 食べる, I can count 5 meanings of this sentence: ジョンは納豆を食べている "John is eating natto." (progressive) "John is eating the natto." (progressive) "John eats natto." ...
-1
votes
1answer
141 views

Vague method of description in Japanese

I just want to ask how people get over the vagueness of description in this language. Let me explain. Today I saw my friend say "これを見た電車の中で..." and I was just wondering... how do you deal with the ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Question about されては堪らない

I cannot completely grasp the meaning されて堪らない. As far as I can understand ~てたまらない means "Really want to do, extremely.", but I'm a bit of unsere with passive voice in the following sentence. Some ...
2
votes
3answers
186 views

What is the negative form of 勝ちそう?

しあいは勝ちそうでした。- meaning: I was about to win the game. How would I say: I was not about to win the game, (but at the last minute I won). A) しあいは勝ちくなさそうでしたけど... b) しあいは勝ちそうじゃなかったですけど... C) ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

can anyone explain 聞きたいっておっしゃてました

Im scratching my head trying to figure out grammar behind マリアさんの話を聞きたいっておっしゃってましたよ。 Its from my text book, which is translated into something like want to hear his word saying about it. I knew 聞きたい = ...
4
votes
2answers
261 views

How can a verb be in the beginning of a sentence when it is usually at the end? Ex. 折れた淡い翼。

When composing sentences in Japanese, the verb tends to be last right? For example, バナナを食べました。 --> I ate a banana But recently I came across a sentence where the verb was at the beginning of the the ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel ...
11
votes
2answers
299 views

Can we optionally include (or exclude) an を particle in between the noun of the する-verb and the する itself?

When we have a する verb (e.g. 支度する、案内する、心配する), is it true that we could optionally insert an を particle in between the noun and the する? Because in the example sentences here and here, we can see this ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Particle confusion

I'm about halfway through Genki II, and the particles are starting to mess with me like never before. In particular を, が and に. I know the general principles like が and に making a subject or indirect ...
6
votes
2answers
284 views

are there any concrete rules for using いっぱい たくさん and よく?

Of course I can use these but sometimes I am corrected by Japanese people when I use them in the wrong circumstance. For example, 「よくしってるやん」 = "You know it quite well don't you!" 「よくいきます」= "I go ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

What's the difference between どうして and どうやって?

I've read on Stack Exchange that どうやって can be used to mean "what did you do in order to x" どうやってお医者になったか? — What did you do in order to become a doctor? This definition makes a lot of sense to ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Meaning of からに?

I have a little question. オマエは歩くのが遅ェからに決まってんだろ! グズグズしてる暇はねえんだよ! My question is about the first sentence. I guess it must be translated like: "You're walking slow! And we have no time to lose!" ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

“働きいいように” missing a が?

The sentence below is from an essay. I'm confused about the grammatical components of "夫の働きいいように" ("to make the husband's work easy") - shouldn't there be a が just after 働き, or is it being casually ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

せいで, when to use and not to use it

Hi^^ I'm studying the usage of せい and せいで, and it says (I'm using "Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" as main reference) that it cannot be used to express a reason : 1)宿題がたくさんある *せいで ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

translations of 楽にして?

How can I translate "楽にして" ? I read it change if transitive or intransitive... The sentence was: 私が楽にしてやろう! the context is: a guy asks to another about "being friends", but the other doesn't ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

what is the difference between 徐々and だんだん?

I read that だんだん is more used in casual conversation, but is there any difference in meaning?
5
votes
1answer
71 views

How do you use 「どうか」 to mean please?

Sorry for the beginner question! I came across the vocabulary 「どうか(ください」. Could you please give an example of it's use? Thank you in advance!
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Can adjectives in Japanese “stack” like in English?

Are both sentences below grammatically correct, and are they both used equally in conversation? Stacked adjective: あそこの奇麗な面白い人は、誰? Non-stacked adjectives: あそこの奇麗で面白い人は、誰?
3
votes
2answers
105 views

“一人にせず”? Meaning

お前も私も一人にせず、且つお前に 少しの 罰を 与える 方法を考えてみた。 In this phrase I've some doubt about "一人にせず". Using google, I can translate it as "not alone". But I read "せず" is a negative form of "する” and indicate that one ...
1
vote
3answers
129 views

What does 「ならないようにする」 mean?

Source: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10013967481000/k10013967481000.html 「しかし、建物を地震に強くしたり、火事にならないようにすると、亡くなる人を2300人に減らすことができると言っています。」
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Help with のに construction in a sentence

The sentence is 現代ほど自分の主体性、価値観を築き上げるのに難しい時代はないのである。 If I understand correctly, the sentence can be simplified to 現代ほど難しい時代はない (There is no time period as difficult as now) The entire sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Are both phrases really correct?

Are both phrases grammatically correct and how do you translate both? 世界の一番ゆうめいです 世界で一番ゆうめいです
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Difference between が and は [duplicate]

What is the difference between the sentences below? 1)あれは誰? 2)あれが誰? A) このコンピュータは、いくらですか。 B) このコンピュータが、いくらですか。 ありがとうございますよ。
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is 楽しみに!wrong?

I was corrected on Lang-8 website that I should write 楽しみ!or 楽しみにしています!instead of 楽しみに!. And I don't understand why. Help please. 教えてくださいませんか。
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Is の後で textbook-ish Japanese?

In the textbook "Japanese For Busy People I" (which uses only kana, not kanji), on page 161, there is the following sentence. ごぜん 10じから ごご 3じまでです。かいぎの あとで さっぽろししゃに いって、さとうさんに あいます。 Using kanji, I ...