文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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6
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1answer
113 views

Talking about Japanese food, why can 焼{や}き be as either a suffix or a prefix?

焼き as a prefix 焼{や}きそば 焼{や}き鳥{とり} 焼{や}き肉{にく} 焼{や}き飯{めし} 焼き as suffix たこ焼{や}き お好{この}み焼{や}き 卵{たまご}焼{や}き Questions Talking about Japanese food, why can 焼{や}き be as either a suffix or a prefix? ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Saying “try” in Japanese

There appear to be multiple ways in Japanese that would translate to "try" in English. These are: Verb + te miru Tamesu (verb) Kokoromiru (verb) Verb + to suru What is the difference between ...
8
votes
1answer
248 views

When to use Dono or Nan?

I am learning Japanese using "learn Japanese in the car". It has the following sentences: Which seat is it? / Dono seki desu ka. Which train car is it? / Nan gosha desu ka. Why does one use Dono ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Is this indirect passive or potential?

「第三級冒険者」と明確な地位を認められるのもLv.2からだ。Lv.1が平均的であるなら、そこから先は少なからず才能と素質を求められる世界ということになる。 I'm not sure whether to interpret the two verbs as passive or potential. If it's passive what is the agent of the ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

double ては in a sentence

「……そも、この学園にはその軋みがないものね。術式めいてはいるだけでは何も起きる訳がない、か」 In this school there are no such conflicts. And I really have no idea bout the second part. Can someone explain it to me? Added fantranslation ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Is this は contrastive?

ヒューマンと同程度の体格を誇るキラーアントを除けば、パープル・モスとニードルラビットは小型種のモンスターなので、やろうと思えば確かにそこまで手間はかからない。 I'm unsure how to interpret that は in that part of the sentence. I'm assuming it's a contrastive は but I'm not ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

ちょっとしか---V negative potential

「はい、遠野先輩の力になれたらいいなって思って。あ、けどちょっとしか詳しい話は聞けなかったんですけどね」 I tought I could help Tohno-Senpai. But I was able to find out just a little of the full story. Is it correct? ちょっと=A little ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

事がなければ meaning in this sentence

宛名も差出人の名前もない紫の封筒があるわあるわ、ざっと目算して三百通は下るまい。 呪、もしくは念が宿るのかもしれない。 何の意味もなく、それらが有象無象の雑多な願いにすぎなくて、そして、ここまで蒐集されてなお人目につく事がなければ、さぞ無念が生じるだろう。 According to my calculations there could not be less than ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

What does ため do in this sentence?

ダンジョンへもぐる時点でサポーターも等しく危険に晒されているため、一概にはそう言えない筈なのだが、リリは訂正することなく持論を続ける。 I'm not sure how to interpret ため in that part of the sentence. Does it still mean for the sake of? Thanks!
0
votes
2answers
331 views

Complex subjects like “The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]”

I am learning Japanese and I was wondering how to say something like this: The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]. For example, The cat that I can't understand is talking.
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Verb followed by ばかりになる

寝るばかりになっていた I'm trying to understand how ばかりになっていた modifies the preceding verb. I can think of two possibilities for the above sentence: a) I was just about to go to sleep (involuntary) b) I ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

How to say “My parents want me to be a doctor” in Japanese?

I want to say "My parents want me to be a doctor" in Japanese. My attempt is as follows but I am not quite sure whether it is correct or not. 両親は私を医者にならせたがっています。 Or 両親は私に医者になって欲しがっています。 ...
9
votes
1answer
200 views

Why is やりたい放題 used as opposed to やり放題?

A common word in Japanese, meaning "all-you-can-drink", is "飲み放題". It is "放題" - as much as you would like - appended to the verb-stem of "飲む". It is the same rule for instance, for: 食べ放題, 読み放題, ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Difference between「と思います」and「かと思います」?

What is the difference in meaning and usage between「と思います」and「かと思います」at the end of a sentence?
4
votes
2answers
196 views

Do 食べないです and 食べなかったです have the same level of politeness as 食べません and 食べませんでした have?

Up to now, I am still confused with this very basic grammar. Non-past Informal : 食べる (+) and 食べない (-) Formal : 食べます (+) and 食べません (-) Past Informal : 食べた (+) and 食べなかった (-) Formal : 食べました (+) ...
94
votes
3answers
10k views

What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Using the word “about”

It's probably easier to explain the situation because I know there are multiple ways in which "about" could be used. I am speaking with a friend and I tell them I went to a meeting. The next thing I ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Unsure about this usage of か

I recently encountered this sentence: 床には血痕が残っている。かなり時間が経つのか血が固まっている。 I believe I understand that the second part is saying the blood is dry (or has hardened) because quite some time has passed. ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

言ってるみたいに+conditional

アニメについての感謝イラストを描いたんだけど、暗に「サイタマのイメージが違う」と不満言ってるみたいに取られたら嫌だなと思ってボツにした奴。 考え過ぎかな。 でも描き直します。   I was reading this tweet and did not understand the bold part. My translation would be: Regarding ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Help understanding how these clauses fit together

The taiko memoir saga continues. Today's challenge: それを癒せるのも、自分自身や、その一人一人を包む鼓童の奏でる音からでしかないのだが・・・ Here's the context leading up to (and including) this sentence, which is the last one on the ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

「めく」の使い方、どのような場合に「めく」を使うのが自然ですか。

goo辞書によると、「めく」という接尾語はいくつかの品詞(動詞を除く)に付き、五段の動詞を作ります。作られた動詞の意味は「〜という感じがする」に似ています。質問は、一般に「めく」という接尾語はどのような言葉に付きますか。 辞書の事例を見ると、「今更めく」や「仄{ほの}めく」などといった例が辞書に項目を持っているので、「めく」の使い方には制限があると感じます。
3
votes
1answer
510 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Use of object marker with no verb

I've checked this link but i'm afraid it didn't help my understanding in this example: とし子ちゃんにきくと、やっぱり自分のことをふつうだと言った。 When she asked とし子, とし子 also said that her own affairs were ordinary (my, ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Is んでしょう(か) grammatical, and what does it mean?

I've learned that んですか can be used to check an educated guess, as in: (upon seeing someone dragging a piece of luggage) ねえ、旅行するんですか。 Hey, you're going to travel, aren't you? I've also ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

The grammar of てちょうどいい

Same sentence, different question: 「あんたなんて甘やかしたらどこまでもツケあがるタチだから、厳しくされてちょうどいいのよ。」 If I pamper the likes of you, you'll be endlessly spoiled, so ... The grammar in the clause in bold is ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Difficulties understanding なのだと

その人間が最も恐れる罪の具現が悪夢なのだと悪夢は語った。 I really can't parse this. I know the meaning of the words but I do not understand the meaning of the sentence. Can someone explain? The bold part is what is ...
8
votes
1answer
214 views

~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

たとえ-Continuative-たとしても

「そう、この世界には死者は存在しない。 夢というものは生者が見る共通無意識だ。 故に、すでに死亡したものはこの場に参加する事ができない。 たとえおまえ自身が強く記録し、その復活を望んだ人間がいたとしてもだ。 些細な役回り……そうだな、通行人Aという役割を用意したとしても、死者はこの劇場に入れない。 役割があっても役者がいないという事だ」 In this ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

How to interpret タチ in this sentence

「あんたなんて甘やかしたらどこまでもツケあがるタチだから、厳しくされてちょうどいいのよ。」 If I pamper the likes of you, you'll be endlessly spoiled, so ... I thought タチ was "the nature of a person" so ツケあがるタチ would be a "spoiled nature". ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

Need help with grammar: “xxをきっかけにxxしたxxとのこと”

主催の「災害」会議実行委員会も、当プロジェクトと同様に、災害をきっかけに発足したコミュニティとのこと。 I am understanding the meaning of the words in the above sentences, but I'm having problems making sense of it due to the grammar, especially ...
5
votes
3answers
163 views

Need help with 際

In one of my Anki decks I found the following sentence: A氏は日本を訪問するに際し、喜びを語った。 The sentence was translated as: Mr. A spoke of his joy of visiting Japan. I assume that the translation is ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

meaning of word + 上にて

In one of n3 jlpt questions I saw a question with a strange usage of noun + 上にて. ただいまホームページ( )、アルバイトを募集しています。 3) 上にて I understand にて has similar meaning and usage as で。 However, why in ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

でさえ すら in the same sentence

幻想でさえ既知感すら拒絶のはず さえand すら in the same sentence? How do I understand this? Even in an illusion even knowledge is supposed to be rejected ?
3
votes
1answer
128 views

If I heard correctly かけずほど当てにならない, then was it 書けずほど?

I heard the following phrase in response to someone claiming that he had researched documents about some historical figure. The person who had opposing idea commented with: かけずほど当てにならない From the ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How to say that something is like something with ような

Here is a sentence that I have constructed from my knowledge, but from what I have seen, I am not sure if it is at all correct. [世界]{せ・かい}の[子供]{こ・ども}は[桜]{さくら}の[豊富]{ほう・ふ}な[花]{はな}のようなものだ。 → The ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Meaning of じゃろ and じゃろう

カトちゃんだって、実際は別に毎日長さんに怒られてるわけじゃないじゃろから、本当は ”人気者で怒られない人” じゃろうね。 In reality it's not really the case that even Katochan gets told off by Chou everyday so, in truth, people who don't get told off by ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

せず - What does it come from?

気にするまいと思っても、気にせずにはいられない。 In above sentence, I guess せず means しない, but what is the original form, and how does it become せず?
4
votes
1answer
138 views

連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
2
votes
1answer
369 views

Is there a term for using conjugating verbs such that the sentence continues with another clause?

I'm referring specifically to using the て form to form a pseudo conjunction, and specifically the transformation of verbs in formal writing by using the verb stem instead of て form. For example the ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

When do you use the o marker with kudasai (Please)

Here are some Japanese sentences: Aisu-kōhī-o kudasai (Please give me iced coffee) Mizu-o kudasai (Please give me water) Kippu kudasai (Please give me a ticket) Why doesn't the last sentence ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Noun+とばかりに mean?

I know that with verbs it means: To give the impression of But what about it when it follows a noun? 「いいか、下手にメニューにカレーとかいれてみろ。 あの人がやってきてメニューを食い尽し、デザートとばかりにこれまたケーキ類も全滅させて食い逃げするに決まってるだろ。 ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

嘘ついてたんだ vs 嘘ついたんだ

I saw this being said in a drama, when A said to B, 嘘ついてたんだ and the translation was "So you lied!". My question is, why is it 嘘ついてたんだ and not 嘘ついたんだ? Thanks. Edit: How to tell the difference ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

Attributive だろう

I came across this sentence (下町ロケット, p.239): 「どうだ、そろそろウチに戻ってこないか」 そんなことをいいはじめたのは、六十五歳を過ぎ、体力的な衰えを感じはじめただろう頃だ。 Meaning-wise, it seems hard to imagine it means anything other than 感じはじめた頃だろう. ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Meaning of nounってとこ

People are discussing the characters in a comedy show and one of them asks 高木ってとこじゃないの From the context I'm guessing it means "You like Takagi, don't you?" Again the dreaded って. Don't know if ...
1
vote
3answers
227 views

Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」?

When you ask "Where is the book?", are both answers ("It is nowhere.") in Japanese correct? 本はどこにありますか。or 本はどこですか。 どこにもありません。 or どこもではありません。 Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」, are ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the difference between 時に and 時は

昨日雨が降っていた時に、私は家にいました。 昨日雨が降っていた時は、私は家にいました。 How do these two sentences differ in meaning? Thank you.
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Trouble interpreting に思う in その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい

類は友を呼ぶじゃないけどね、やっぱり実際使って直接肌で感じる冒険者の方が、その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい。 I'm having trouble interpreting this part of the sentence. What does に思う do here? Does その武具に思うこと mean something like: "Thoughts about the ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Is なにをうたがすきですか? correct?

I want to ask What songs do you like? Is なにをうたがすきですか? the correct way of asking that? I am trying to get better at building sentences but I have no way of knowing whether or not the ...
8
votes
2answers
269 views

Meaning of 「〜のと〜ので」

My questions are regarding portions of the following sentence in bold: 幸{さいわ}いナイフが小さいのと、親指の骨が堅{かた}かったので、今だに親指は手に付いて居る。 More generally, I am wondering about the 「〜のと〜ので」 construct presented here. ...