文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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22 views

-た form of a verb followed by です [duplicate]

I came across the sentence: 花子はこんなすばらしいプレゼントをくれたんですよ。 Hanako gave me this wonderful present. Why does it use くれたんですよ rather than just くれたよ? My guess is that it makes the sentence more ...
6
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2answers
126 views

several difficulties reading an extract about Kobayashi Issa's works

I'm still reading "小林{こばやし}一茶{いっさ}" (a book written by 宗左近/Sō Sakon about the famous poet). I'm facing several difficulties with the following extract : 愛{あい}の歌{うた} 怒{いか}りの歌{うた} ...
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1answer
66 views

を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it ...
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2answers
87 views

Japanese Nouns problem

Okay, this is my first question on this page so bear with me, I was studying Japanese nouns but I'm not sure if you use ではありません or じゃない to deny a noun, so if someone could please explain it to me, ...
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2answers
112 views

Is it correct - クッキング・テール?

I am starting a cooking blog which is named Cooking Tale. I wanted a person to translate the name and he said クッキング・テール is ok. But when I search for this name in dictionaries, it says "tail" not ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Sentences using humble expressions and multiple verbs

I was solving exercises from the Genki II workbook when I stumbled upon this sentence: ”私は先生に東京の大学について聞きました”. It had to be changed into a sentence using humble expressions. There appear to be 2 verbs ...
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5answers
423 views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
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1answer
127 views

De wa or dewa, noob question

What does dewa mean here? ブラウンさん、日本語では、トイレはお手洗いと同じ意味ですよ I haven't really studied it yet and thought it was kind of a negative used like janai, but here it means- Brown-san, in Japanese, ...
6
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1answer
113 views

ほしがっている versus ほしそうだ

I don't really understand the differences between the following sentences. 彼は新しい車をほしがっている。 彼は新しい車をほしそうだ。 In both sentences, the speakers made conjectures based on the sign that the third person ...
3
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1answer
77 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
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84 views

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように?

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように in this example (there is already a post of にあたって/にあたり, but I can't understand)? 以後{いご}はトムと協力{きょうりょく}してことに当{あ}たるように
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57 views

I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
4
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1answer
93 views

What does 辞書形+といけない mean?

Usually といけない follows ない形 of 辞書形. For example, 寝る前に、歯を磨かないといけない。I have to brush my teeth before sleeping. 明日までに宿題を出さないといけない。I have to hand in my homework by tomorrow. Today, I read a new grammar ...
6
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3answers
116 views

Best way to say “if you don't mind ____” in this circumstance?

I'm not too sure if what I think I should say is correct so I would like to ask for some help. I'm trying to say something like, "If you don't mind, I'd like to know what game software you use" or ...
4
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1answer
65 views

Question regarding the use of なのに

What does the なのに mean in this sentence from Makino and Tsutsui's A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar: アパートの家賃を払うのが精一杯なのに、まして(や)家を買うなんて夢物語だ Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar ...
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27 views

What means 目えかける in this phrase? [duplicate]

What means 目えかける in this phrase? Is a type of contraction? What is the grammar behind this? 見所{みどころ}のある奴{やつ}に目{め}ぇかける
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191 views

What does ~がままになる mean?

I saw this in a book I'm reading: 思考に空白が生まれ、突撃してくるキラーアントの姿を、ただ受け入れるがままになった。 I'm familiar with まま but I've never seen it used that way. How should I interpret the last part of the sentence?
3
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37 views

Usage of て form plus の (幸運が重なっての勝利) [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in a book: すさまじい幸運が重なっての勝利だった。 It seems pretty clear that this means "I won thanks to incredible luck" but I was caught a little off guard by what appears to be the use of ...
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2answers
161 views

What does こと mean in this context?

I'm going through ekubo basic japanese lessons and there's a recurring use of the word こと I don't understand, like in this sentence: そとで、ものをうっていることが多いです Translated in the video as People ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Identifying who's who?

I have the following sentence, extracted from a textbook, こちらからお願いに伺うべきところを先方{せんぽう}からお出{い}でいただき、恐縮した。 This sentence feels a bit overly polite which does not help me. I think that こちら is the one ...
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2answers
119 views

I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
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1answer
94 views

Can とか have the same meaning as も?

いいか、危ないぞ。 ホントに危ないんだぞ。 イリヤ本人もだけど、部屋の主たる思春期の少年のナイーヴな心臓とかな Look, it's dangerous. Really dangerous. For Illya too but, among other things the naive earth of the young boy going through puberty ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Is the 「て」missing from the passive-form verb in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」would follow the verb 「中断され」to create conjunctive/continuative form.
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75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
3
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2answers
205 views

Does は mean 'at least' in this sentence?

I can't catch the grammar of the following sentence 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺{ヤ}れますよ。 In the previous text there was no reference to 100人. What is the function of は here? Is it a contrastive marker used ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres ...
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1answer
368 views

How should I say “if you still want to meet me after all”

Is まだ私に会いたい場合 right? Because I think it sounds a little bit strange
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2answers
118 views

Different conjugations of the verb 住む

「どちらにお住まいですか。」 「どちらにお住みですか。」 「どちらに住んでいますか。」 Do all of these questions mean "where do you live?" ? How are they grammatically different? Is 「住まい 」a conjugated form of the verb 「住む 」?
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2answers
85 views

鞘に収める expression. Meaning?

There are 2 girls who had a fight and are mad at each other. One of them asks the protagonist if he is gonna fight against the other girl and he anwswers: 「あいつが邪魔をするなら戦う。 ...
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1answer
130 views

Why is「から」used in this sentence?

Why is「から」used in the following sentence? さてと...われわれも気をうしなうとするか 寝不足すると 農場作業がつらいからな。 For my understanding, 「農場作業がつらい」is the result clause while normally 「から」 would follow reason clause.
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1answer
92 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
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2answers
128 views

Meaning of にまでなる

まあっ、なんて欲ばりな女だろうね。あんたみたいな犬がねぇ、くわえてた肉を池におっことしたって話が、童話にまでなってるよ。 Come now. What a greedy girl. The story of a dog like you which dropped a piece of meat it was holding in its mouth into the pond is ...
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2answers
347 views

Meaning of this 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!line?

So came across this line on this page (link, previous and following pages included also) and it has that very odd 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!bubble on it that's left me stumped, (the context is a friendly sporting ...
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3answers
960 views

How can we determine the subject of 「彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。」?

Consider the following sentence. 彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。 I really get confused in determining the subject. Which is the correct translation? I did not know that he will not come. He did ...
5
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1answer
94 views

Is there a difference in meaning between 何時間寝ますか and 何時に寝ますか

Is there a difference in meaning between 「何時間寝ますか」 and 「何時に寝ますか」 ? I know that 「何時に寝ますか。」means "What time do you sleep?" But what about 「何時間寝ますか。」?
4
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1answer
342 views

Another way to say “これはだれの___ですか?”

(the blank represents some noun/object) Is この__はだれのですか? grammatically correct and have the same meaning as the title?
8
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3answers
248 views

Confusing use of possessive の

This is embarrassingly basic. I've been using の happily for the last year and then I read this sentence and made the mistake of stopping to think about it: ポケットからきれいな包みのアメ玉を取り出した。 He took a ...
4
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0answers
82 views

するに not followed by motion verb [duplicate]

All the questions I've seen are either using verb-には in place of verb-ために or verb-に followed by a motion verb. This seems to be neither. Maruko's friend has just pulled a sweet out of his pocket. The ...
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1answer
99 views

Difference between そういう and そんな

Are そういう and そんな completely interchangeable? Is there any difference in nuance or meaning, or contexts where one is more appropriate than the other?
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0answers
35 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
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1answer
66 views

なっている when does it mean resultant state, and when does it refer to progression?

バスに乗っている間に眠くなっている Take for example the sentence above. My question is about when なっている appears with adjectives/verbs such as 暑い、眠い、寒い、酷い (i.e. adjectives/verbs unlike 死ぬ) and that also have a ...
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0answers
35 views

Basic Japanese grammar [closed]

Where can I find basic Japanese grammar with accuracy? I just want to know a few common structures
5
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3answers
874 views

本来なければ usage and meaning

屋敷を一回りしただけで設計図を思い描き、本来なければおかしい部屋がない事を指摘する。 What does the last sentence mean? Just by going around the mansion once he was able to drew a blueprint, If it were not normal it points out the ...
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1answer
110 views

Usage of 認めよう and 空 on this page?

This one middle page in between these three (link) has been weighing on my mind for a good while. The character would seem to be commenting on a brave/chivalrous aerial battle going on overhead, and ...
8
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1answer
83 views

What does だから、ではないが mean?

これからどのような色に変わるのか、それとも透き通ったままでいるのか、「未知」を前にした神の興味がつきることはない。だから、ではないが。 I am having trouble understanding what the bolded part means. How should I interpret it? thanks
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2answers
135 views

Adjective-Noun vs Noun-が-Adjective

What is the difference between the two: 高{たか}い値段{ねだん}レストラン 値段{ねだん}が高{たか}いレストラン In other words, what is the difference between: adjective-noun noun-が-adjective Another ...
5
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1answer
124 views

Understand the difference between [dictionary/ない + ようとする] and [volitional + にする]

I have come across a couple of concepts that seem relatively similar, but I would like an understanding on their differences, if any. The first is the dictionary/ない form + ようとする. And the other is the ...
4
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1answer
70 views

らせる typo for される or different word?

暴風は擬神化された龍の如く、廊下と髑髏の面を飲み込もうと、その蛇体を螺旋らせる。 The strong wind, similarly to the quasi-deified dragon, makes its serpentine body twist like a spiral with the intention of swallowing the corridor and ...
38
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7answers
5k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
12
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5answers
993 views

Can 何で mean “how”?

Looking at this, it seems that when the word 何 is used with the で particle, it roughly translates into "by means of what" or "in what context." Personally, that sounds like asking "how". Is this ...