文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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126 views

っぺがやる following 連用形

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on ...
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155 views

What is と in this sentence?

部品が取り寄せになりますので、 少々お時間をいただきませんと。(We will have to order the parts, so it will take a little time.) Is と at the end here some abbreviation of かと思います? といけません? just a question marker like か?
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81 views

Meaning of なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感

これって、古い文字で書いてあるみたいだけど、読める? うん、古文は得意だから えーと、「世界、闇に覆われし時、天女に導かれたる超魔神現れん」 ――だって うーん、よく分からないけど、なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感 Looking at the above excerpt, I'm not sure whether I'm ...
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2answers
89 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
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552 views

Would someone like to explain this sentence for me, please?

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
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1answer
83 views

針音ノ時計塔 or 時計塔ノ針音?

I am referring to the lyrics of this vocaloid song: Handbeat Clocktower I have the impression that the title (which also comes up in the lyrics) means "the handbeat of the clocktower" (or in other ...
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93 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
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415 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
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84 views

What distinguishes the different ways to say something must be done? (E.G. しなくてはだめ、しなくてはならない、しなくてはいけない and so on)

I've gathered a bit from the related questions I got, but I'm not quite 100% on what separates だめ,いけない and ならない each other, not to mention the differences between しなくちゃ、しなきゃ、しないと before the three ...
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76 views

Can the tense of a subordinate clause be non-relative?

To my understanding, the tense of subordinate clauses is relative: 私は泣いている人に会った。 I met a person, who, at the time, was crying. 私は泣いていた人に会った。 I met a person, who, sometime before our ...
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3answers
1k views

Can 「XければXほどY」 clause pattern be shortened to 「XほどY」?

There is a clause pattern 「XければXほどY」. For example, 「近【ちか】ければ近【ちか】いほど便【べん】利【り】」 which means something like "the nearer it is, the more convenient it will be". Can I shorten the clause to ...
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2answers
137 views

The grammar of 世話になる

One of my dictionaries tells me that 世話になる means 'to receive a favour', but another dictionary gives this as an example 「おばさんの世話になりました」which it translates as "I was looked after by my aunt". I guess ...
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2answers
162 views

Is a lengthy combination of words with hyphens could be exist in Japanese?

I was reading this question on English.SE Is a lengthy combination of words with hyphens like “the worst not-technically-in-a-recession year in American history” a new fashion of writing?. Surely, ...
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0answers
135 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
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129 views

What's the difference between どこ and なん in this exercise?

I have two exercises which I don't exactly understand. I've already known that どちら is more polite form from どこ. This two could ask about place and "what/which one" ."nan" asks about "kind of company", ...
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1answer
113 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me except ...
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89 views

What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか?

I heard これらの話は本当のことなのか from this video clip about Gozo Shioda sensei. What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか? It seems to be redundant because これらの話は本当なのか or これらの話は本当ですか might be ...
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578 views

How does this たる function in this JLPT sentence?

Please bear with me as I reveal my tenuous grasp on advanced grammar... While studying for the Grammar section of the JLPT (N1) I came across this grammar point to study: たる I came across a lot of ...
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36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
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101 views

The meaning of the で in 勢いで

For example, in utterances such as その場の勢いで This would imply that someone does something due to the influence of their surroundings at the time, and if they were to rationally think it over by ...
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80 views

Help with translation of こともあって

I'm playing through Phantasy Star right now, and there's a scene where mercenaries are hired to gather in some ruins for treasure. One says: 「場所が場所ってこともあって腕利きを集めているのかもな。」 Supposedly, this translates ...
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237 views

Why is が used here?

I still have trouble with the は and が particles. ほどなくして神様達はこの下界に住み付いた。多くの神様達が永住することを決めたらしい。 Why does が have to be used here? What difference would it make if it were replaced with は instead?
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102 views

そうですか versus そうなんですか

When do I have to use そうですか。 and そうなんですか。 ?
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62 views

The grammar of verb in ば form followed by いい

Phrases involving verb-ばいい occur frequently and yet I can't find it mentioned in any of my grammar resources. I understand that literally it means "if I do verb, it is good" but that rarely works as a ...
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1answer
61 views

What is the direction of に in this sentence?

この力によって神様達は下界の者達に持ち上げられる。 Are the 下界の者達 the ones doing the action of 持ち上げられる to the 神様達 or are the 神様達 the ones doing the action of 持ち上げられる? I'm confused because I learned passive form as ...
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73 views

Leaving out particles before adjectives/verbs?

I haven't really read any guides on Japanese grammar (except occasionally looking up pages of Tae Kim's when I need something explained), so I became quite confused when I saw things on Twitter like ...
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107 views

What are the different ways to use までもない?

I know the basics behind its grammatical function, but there isn't much out there giving the details and subtleties on its usage. Anyone know?
2
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1answer
121 views

Can I say “考え迷う”?

Sometimes you can combine verbs as such: 飲{の}み込{こ}む 食{た}べ始{はじ}める 乗{の}り換{か}える など Using that as a pattern, I said the following in a discussion with a person I just met from Hiroshima. The context ...
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1answer
52 views

Use of こうして in this sentence

Can someone please explain which part of this sentence こうして is modifying and how it is changing the meaning of the sentence: 鴫{しぎ}を見るために、行ったことはあったが、暑い季節にこうして弁当まで持っていくのは初めてである。 Without こうして I ...
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688 views

What is the meaning of りゃ in this phrase?

I came across this phrase while reading an interview. そういう時はなんて答えりゃいいんだ。 I think it means "At a time like that, such a reply/response is good." But I don't understand the usage of りゃ . I couldn't ...
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3answers
588 views

What does it mean when この is in front of a personal pronoun?

As in このオレさま and この僕も. I know the literal translation, but I never understood what the intent of it is.
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265 views

What's the difference between 歩んでいった and 歩んできた?

私はまっすぐな人生を歩んできた。 私はまっすぐな人生を歩んでいった。 Could someone explain to me the difference between the two? Thanks a lot! Edit: I still find ていった confusing even after reading the other post. So ...
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1answer
92 views

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの?

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの? For me, なくちゃいけないの sounds like double negative being used here.
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3answers
236 views

How to say “I recently learned how to speak japanese” in japanese?

How to say "I recently learned how to speak Japanese" in Japanese? is it: watashi wa hanasemashita nihongo koto ga saikin manabimasu or watashi wa nihongo hanasemashita koto ga saikin ...
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1answer
91 views

出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない meaning

「ハリー・ポッター」シリーズには、ロンやハーマイオニーだけでなく「ネビル・ロングボトム」が出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない。 My western brain can't comprehend the final part of the sentence! I know でてくる is something like "show up" and 落ち着く something like ...
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67 views

落ちてしまいました versus 落としてしまいました

If I lose my wallet and want to report it to the police officer, what is the correct expression between the two sentences below? 財布が落ちてしまいましたが、。。。 財布を落としてしまいましたが、。。。
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113 views

あんまり versus あまり

What is the difference between あんまり and あまり? Please also provide me with some examples.
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68 views

くれる, あげる, and もらう

Which pair is correct? A 父がお正月に一万円あげました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんもらったことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。 B 父がお正月に一万円くれました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんくれたことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。
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99 views

Are there more い adjectives or more だ adjectives?

Learning adjectives, I knew there are two major groups of adjectives い and だ. I am wondering, which group has more adjectives?
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142 views

Am I interpreting も correctly in this sentence?

有名な「ファミリア」は人員も豊富で基本的に飽和しているところが多い。 I'm interpreting this part as: Many Familias also have an abundance of members But I'm not sure if the も here is actually inclusive. Thanks! Here's a ...
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2answers
113 views

Is しようしよう here same as しよう?

連絡しようしようと思いながらまた一年がたった。While I was encouraging myself to get in touch, another year passed. (example sentence from 研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版) Is しよう repeated twice for emphasis ("let's do it! let's do it!" ...
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113 views

The meaning of 美味しいクッキーで子供たちに大人気

Woman 1 「アスタの作るクッキーは香りが豊かで、焼き始めるとスタリオンの子供たちが屋敷に集まってくるのよね」 アスタ 「簡単に焼けるから、みんなに配る分もすぐに準備出来るからね」 Woman 2 「うむ、領地の子供たちに美味しい物を振る舞うとは……さすが領主の義理息子だけはある」 Woman 1 「感心しているけど、あんたは実の娘でしょうが」 ...
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250 views

Please teach me more about ハダカ格

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_(grammar): In certain languages, the agent is declined or otherwise marked to indicate its grammatical role. In Japanese, for instance, the agentive ...
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122 views

What does ヶ mean here?

昼でも夜でもない境界【きょうかい】の、現実の中の非現実【ひげんじつ】。そういうものが一般的【いっぱんてき】に何と言われ、形容されるか、それをすっかり忘れていた。黄昏刻【たそがれどき】は[逢魔ヶ刻]【おうまがとき】――人でないモノに逢【あ】う刻限【こくげん】。 What (I think) I understand so far: The most unreal of all ...
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1answer
87 views

そこには私一人しかいなかった - why not “私は”?

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?
3
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1answer
109 views

Do I have the right idea with ~てきた here?

「日記を書いていたらまさにお腹がすいてきた」 That's the sentence. I believe it'd be, "I am certain to get hungry when I write in my diary." I'm just not entirely sure I'm right simply because the it is きた instead of くる, ...
3
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151 views

What function does とは have here? Is に omitted here?

不自由とは無縁の生活を捨てて、神様は不便極まるこの世界にのめり込んでいった。 Is it defining something? Also in the second part, is the に particle before the intransitive verb omitted or does it not require it? ...
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0answers
46 views

Where does げ come from? [duplicate]

Where does ~げ come from? For example in 地震の影響で工場を閉じることになったと説明する社長は悔しげだった。 it is supposed to mean that we get a slight impression that the manager was "regretful" while explaining why the ...
2
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1answer
649 views

Is it valid to ask このグラフによると、カイロの人口がいつ増えてきましたか?

In my understanding, 増えてきました means "started to increase". If my understanding is correct, I think I can ask as follows このグラフによると、カイロの人口がいつ増えてきましたか? and the answer must be 1976. What do you ...