文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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7
votes
2answers
342 views

Does 甘い蜜 have another meaning?

甘い蜜 literally means "sweet honey". But in some sentences it seems to mean something different. For example, 1) たまに甘い蜜を与えて、また暗闇に落として……。 From time to time giving a sweet honey, but also dropping ...
4
votes
2answers
700 views

Checking the translation of あそぶ in this sentence

The sentence in question: 私は日本からあそびに来た友達にロンドンをあんないしてあげた。 My translation - I guided my friend who is coming from Japan around London. I know that あそぶ can be used to mean 'hang out with', and that’s ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Use of も in this sentence.

This is the sentence in question from one of my text books. 学生がいませんから、パブもシティーセンターも静かになります。 My Translation - "There are no students so the pubs and city centre becomes quiet." Why is it も and not と ...
12
votes
2answers
900 views

Is 「でいい」 the same as 「でもいい」?

For example in the sentence: 書くだけでいいですか.
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Don't undestand this particular use of ない form

This is the example sentence from one of my textbooks. 時間があるから、昼ごはんを食べて行かない? Textbooks translation - "We have some time so how about we grab a bite to eat and then go?" I don't understand why the ...
2
votes
1answer
401 views

Need help with the superlative form of my sentence

I need a bit of help with my Japanese. If I want to say: Castle X is beautiful. Among all the castles in the world, castle X is the coolest. Is this sentence written correctly? しろ Xの ほうが ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

~したいと思います Does it mean exactly as translated? I think I want to

I frequently hear this pattern when watching Japanese TV. From a japanese native's perspective is this the only meaning to it: "I think I want to ~"
3
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the difference between ふくむ and ふくめる

The Progressive-Japanese English Dictionary suggests 含める is the same as one meaning of 含む but it is not explained. Is this correct? I have two theories: 1. 含める= 含む when the latter means include/...
4
votes
3answers
497 views

How would you say “A has the meaning of B” or “A conveys B”

For example, if I was trying to tell someone that in English when we say "sake" it already has the implication of it being "Japanese sake", so have the "Japanese" is redundant. My English brain wants ...
4
votes
1answer
366 views

What is meaning of 「〜ないように思えてなりません」?

Can somebody explain the grammar and meaning of this expression in the sentence below? It may be just my poor understanding of how なりません functions in the language but I'd appreciate an explanation. ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

noun + の + adjective

I've seen a couple times examples of using this format of [noun] の [adjective] and I mostly see it in the form ~の高い Some specifics I'm referring to are: 人気の高い 柔軟性の高い I can't think of any more off ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Question about particle にも

I cannot grasp what にも means between 身のほど知らず and 敵対する愚 in the following sentence, maybe something like "foolishness of taking up arms not knowing their place" ? As far as I can understand the ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Subject/Topic/Object

私は犬が殺す // Watashi wa inu ga korosu Means I am killed by a dog 私は犬を殺す // Watashi wa inu o korosu Means I killed a dog Right? I want an in-depth answer for this if I was wrong.
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Who is doing what in these related sentences, and how do you know?

(Background: similar circumstances as this question; the speaker is a sleazy low-level gangster commenting on sex workers in his employ.) 「駄目な人間は、駄目なものだな。まったく、愛想が尽きるよ。ほかじゃ、鼻もひっかけないような大年増に、きまりの組合費だけで、...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった

Who knows the difference between 忘れてた and 忘れちゃった? In what kind of situations you use each of those?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Saying “I did X because of Y”

Is there a common way to express the reason for something after stating what the something is? All the ways I can think of explaining situations involve putting it before. I.e. ~から~です. I was hoping to ...
6
votes
2answers
520 views

What separates なき from なし?

E.G. お忘れなき & 迷いなし I know they're both ways to end a a sentence, but I never could figure what make each different from the other. Anyone have a clue?
0
votes
1answer
132 views

What is the meaning of しちまおう?

I'm playing a video game and in this scene the character is on a hill and says: このまま昼寝しちまおうか My guess is that it's a conjugation of する but it doesn't look close to する at all. What conjugations ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

Meaning of かって?

胃に穴でも開けるんじゃないかって、見てるこっちが心配になった。 I see the point, but this かって confusing me. And んじゃない don't mean negative sense, right? And I guess that 胃に穴でも開ける mean "Shit a brick" but I can be wrong. So, what かって ...
3
votes
1answer
530 views

What does ちゃい in やっちゃいねぇ mean?

Context: おれはおれの信念に後悔するような事は何一つやっちゃいねぇ!これからもそうだ! What does the ちゃい in やっちゃい mean? I suppose it's not やっちゃう aka やってしまう...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

「行きと違い」 phrase meaning

I completely cannot grasp the meaning of 行きと違い here: 夕食を終えた私は、なれない道に右往左往しながら寄宿舎へと向かっていた。行きと違い、友の案内がないだけで道を迷いそうになる。 "After I finished the dinner, I wandered an unfamiliar road to the dormitory. ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

もし without ~たら or ~えば

Can anyone explain this use of もし? I thought it had to come before ~たら or ~えば. もしテレビで観たという方、ぜひぜひツイッターで教えてください。
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Meaning of ったらねえ

これだから女ってやつは移ろいやすいったらねえ。 "That's why girls are so variable". I guess. What about ったらねえ? I found that ったら you can use when you tired of repeating yourself or when you are exasperated with somebody ...
-1
votes
1answer
152 views

Meaning 良しとしましょう?

良しとしましょう I'm confused. What that mean?
0
votes
1answer
268 views

Vague method of description in Japanese

I just want to ask how people get over the vagueness of description in this language. Let me explain. Today I saw my friend say "これを見た電車の中で..." and I was just wondering... how do you deal with the ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Question about されては堪らない

I cannot completely grasp the meaning されて堪らない. As far as I can understand ~てたまらない means "Really want to do, extremely.", but I'm a bit of unsere with passive voice in the following sentence. Some ...
2
votes
3answers
304 views

What is the negative form of 勝ちそう?

しあいは勝ちそうでした。- meaning: I was about to win the game. How would I say: I was not about to win the game, (but at the last minute I won). A) しあいは勝ちくなさそうでしたけど... b) しあいは勝ちそうじゃなかったですけど... C) ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

can anyone explain 聞きたいっておっしゃてました

Im scratching my head trying to figure out grammar behind マリアさんの話を聞きたいっておっしゃってましたよ。 Its from my text book, which is translated into something like want to hear his word saying about it. I knew 聞きたい = ...
6
votes
2answers
450 views

How can a verb be in the beginning of a sentence when it is usually at the end? Ex. 折れた淡い翼。

When composing sentences in Japanese, the verb tends to be last right? For example, バナナを食べました。 --> I ate a banana But recently I came across a sentence where the verb was at the beginning of the the ...
7
votes
1answer
190 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel ...
14
votes
2answers
533 views

Can we optionally include (or exclude) an を particle in between the noun of the する-verb and the する itself?

When we have a する verb (e.g. 支度する、案内する、心配する), is it true that we could optionally insert an を particle in between the noun and the する? Because in the example sentences here and here, we can see this ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Particle confusion

I'm about halfway through Genki II, and the particles are starting to mess with me like never before. In particular を, が and に. I know the general principles like が and に making a subject or indirect ...
8
votes
2answers
546 views

are there any concrete rules for using いっぱい たくさん and よく?

Of course I can use these but sometimes I am corrected by Japanese people when I use them in the wrong circumstance. For example, 「よくしってるやん」 = "You know it quite well don't you!" 「よくいきます」= "I go (...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between どうして and どうやって?

I've read on Stack Exchange that どうやって can be used to mean "what did you do in order to x" どうやってお医者になったか? — What did you do in order to become a doctor? This definition makes a lot of sense to ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Meaning of からに?

I have a little question. オマエは歩くのが遅ェからに決まってんだろ! グズグズしてる暇はねえんだよ! My question is about the first sentence. I guess it must be translated like: "You're walking slow! And we have no time to lose!" ...
5
votes
2answers
449 views

せいで, when to use and not to use it

Hi^^ I'm studying the usage of せい and せいで, and it says (I'm using "Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" as main reference) that it cannot be used to express a reason : 1)宿題がたくさんある *せいで ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

translations of 楽にして?

How can I translate "楽にして" ? I read it change if transitive or intransitive... The sentence was: 私が楽にしてやろう! the context is: a guy asks to another about "being friends", but the other doesn't accept,...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

what is the difference between 徐々and だんだん?

I read that だんだん is more used in casual conversation, but is there any difference in meaning?
7
votes
1answer
154 views

How do you use 「どうか」 to mean please?

Sorry for the beginner question! I came across the vocabulary 「どうか(ください」. Could you please give an example of it's use? Thank you in advance!
3
votes
2answers
290 views

Can adjectives in Japanese “stack” like in English?

Are both sentences below grammatically correct, and are they both used equally in conversation? Stacked adjective: あそこの奇麗な面白い人は、誰? Non-stacked adjectives: あそこの奇麗で面白い人は、誰?
4
votes
2answers
182 views

“一人にせず”? Meaning

お前も私も一人にせず、且つお前に 少しの 罰を 与える 方法を考えてみた。 In this phrase I've some doubt about "一人にせず". Using google, I can translate it as "not alone". But I read "せず" is a negative form of "する” and indicate that one ...
1
vote
3answers
218 views

What does 「ならないようにする」 mean?

Source: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10013967481000/k10013967481000.html 「しかし、建物を地震に強くしたり、火事にならないようにすると、亡くなる人を2300人に減らすことができると言っています。」
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Help with のに construction in a sentence

The sentence is 現代ほど自分の主体性、価値観を築き上げるのに難しい時代はないのである。 If I understand correctly, the sentence can be simplified to 現代ほど難しい時代はない (There is no time period as difficult as now) The entire sentence ...
11
votes
1answer
8k views

Why is 楽しみに!wrong?

I was corrected on Lang-8 website that I should write 楽しみ!or 楽しみにしています!instead of 楽しみに!. And I don't understand why. Help please. 教えてくださいませんか。
2
votes
1answer
298 views

What does 会えなくなっちゃって mean and why?

I'm very sorry, I just couldn't figure it out. If you could state what grammar pieces the term uses and how they affect the word, that would be great. So far I know that the 会えなくて is the te form of ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

に particle and its conflicting functions

Ok, so I'm still trying to get used to the に particle and how it has many functions that make it easy for it to appear many times in a sentence and thus get confusing... But I am specifically looking ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Adding でしょうか to ます to further emphasize doubt and politeness?

Let's use できる as an example. できる (I) can do (it)/possible (action/event). できるか? Can do?/Possible? できますか? Can do?/Possible? (polite) Believe it or not, できますか? still sounds too direct to me. Now here'...
9
votes
1answer
288 views

Splicing である with a topic

I came across this sentence: [意気地]{いくじ}なし!そして全くその通りで私はあったのだ。 "Coward! And that was, in fact, exactly what I was." (From 苦の世界, my translation.) I found in pretty weird that 私は dropped in the ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Why was は removed from this sentence?

So here is the sentence: このスプーンすてきですね Why didn't we say: このスプーンはすてきですね Isn't スプーン the topic of the sentence? Why did we remove it? Why did we leave it in a sentence like: とうきょうはきれいです
5
votes
1answer
168 views

“It's sweet, for sake”

so, consider the following conversation: 「その日本酒、どう?」 「うん、わるくない。ちょっと甘い」 「本当?飲んでみる... げっ!全然甘くないよ! 「まあ、it's sweet, for sake Essentially I'm trying to say that something is not sweet in absolute terms, ...