文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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6
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1answer
374 views

Using に twice in the [Verb-連用形]に行く sentence pattern

Consider these example sentences given by my grammar dictionary: (1) 私はデパートへ贈り物を買いに行った。 (2) そこへ何をしに行くんですか。 Observation: The location is marked by へ instead of に. Considering that a ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

What is the meaning of もらう here?

I know that もらう has the meaning of 'get' or 'receive', but I am confused with it when it is used in the sentence below: 面白いのでたくさんの人に読んでもらいたい How do I understand the auxiliary verb 'もらう' in this ...
4
votes
3answers
453 views

How to translate て-form + ろ

In the Japanese exclamation: 待ってろよ! What function does ろ have and how should it be translated to English? I've searched everywhere, but I can't seem to find a decent explanation. The only thing ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Superfluous 何か/どれか etc

I saw in my Deathnote manga the sentence, 何か欲しいものはない? I also saw in my game I'm playing in Japanese "これらの絵でどれか気に入るものがありますか". I was wondering, why do どれか and 何か seem superfluous? It seems like they ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Using を/に+伴う and meaning of 後接させる (+ 現場指示 and 文脈指示)

Here is the sentence (from the 日本語文法ハンドブック : 疑問詞が 「が」 「を」 以外の格助詞を伴う時はその格助詞の後にそのまま 「も」 を後接させます。 My guess : When the interrogatives are accompanied by a case-marking particle other than "が" ...
18
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1answer
2k views

Japanese Buts: でも, しかし, ただ, ただし, ところが, が, けど, けれど, けれども

I'm sure someone asked a similar question but I did a search and couldn't find any. Usually I just translate everything into but, but (no pun intended) I think it's about time I got into the nitty ...
1
vote
1answer
451 views

「[壁際]{かべぎわ}の前と同じ場所」とはどういう意味ですか?

壁際の前と同じ場所に彼は立っていた。 これはどういう意味ですか。 太字の部分が理解できません。 お願いいたします。
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Using も in place of を

I'm currently trying to get back into studying Japanese. I want to take the JLPT N3 this summer. To get myself in the mode for this I am first looking at the N4 tests on the JLPT website. The ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Particle に (and で) in this sentence

I don't get why に is used in addition to は in the following sentences. 指示詞 に はコソアドで始まる規則的な体系があります。 Concerning the demonstratives, there is a regular system (of words, i guess) that starts by ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

Meaning of として in this sentence

I don't get why として is used instead of を in this sentence, as it doesn't seem to fit with the "as" sense that I know. 品詞と無関係にコソアドとして一括して扱うのが一般的です。 What I understand is this: Treating コソアド as ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Difference between 出向させられる & 出向する

Is there any reason to use one tense over the other with this verb (and others like it such as 出動, as in軍隊が出動する)? Based on the following sample sentences from my Apple dictionary, they seem ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between でなくand ではなく?

This is the sentence I have just read: 外国へ行くとしたら、ただの旅行ではなく、勉強を 目的として 行きたい。 If I ever have a chance to go abroad then I would like to go to study rather than just travel. The は feels ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

The に particle outside of location and direction

I am well aware of how に works compared to で and how to use it in various situations. I still have trouble with a few uses that keep popping up, as they don't seem to gel with my current ...
3
votes
3answers
284 views

君に話しがある How does this work?

ちょっと君に話しがある I saw this sentence in my downloaded deck of cards. Does it make sense. Why does it feel like "You have a little bit of a story in you". How do you interpret this? What does the に? In ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

How to say “I am unfortunately getting frustrated”

I was trying to say " I am unfortunately getting frustrated." which seemed to suggest some combination of 挫折してしまいました and ざせつしています but I can't seem to figure out how to put these together. Any ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

とか vs. って vs. という vs. と言われている

can someone help me with the following questions: ねえ、このきじみて。きのうのスケート大会、青木選手が___。 a)優勝したとか b)優勝したんだって c)優勝したという Answer is b but I am not sure why a is wrong cause the guide says that ...
5
votes
2answers
378 views

meaning of particle と in ためにと用意した

What is the particle と means in ためにと用意した, and how is it different from ために用意した? 初撃の後の陽動のためにと用意した慧による「姫」の誘拐作戦。 "The strategy of kidnapping the "princess" by/which is done with the help of Kei, is ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How is 高めの used and constructed?

example sentence: コレステロールが高めの方の食品 I'd like to know how 高めの is made (verb stem + no?) and how it should be used. I'm guessing the example sentence means "food which heightens your cholesterol". Does 方 ...
10
votes
2answers
549 views

ご~いただけます vs. ご~になれます

I know that you can use ご~いただく toward "clients" (which is something I've never really understood; maybe better as a question of its own) such as ご来店いただき、まことにありがとうございます ("Thank you (customer) for ...
5
votes
1answer
520 views

Attributive form in Japanese narration

I have recently started reading novels as a means to improve my Japanese after reaching a comfortable enough level to do so. I am familiar with the use of the non-past form (dictionary form) in ...
4
votes
2answers
911 views

入らない versus 入れない in a JLPT question

This question is in my JLPT practise book: このチームの試合{しあい}の切符{きっぷ}はなかなか手{て}に____ない。 A 取{と}れ B 入{はい}れ C 入{はい}ら D 持{も}て My translation is, "I can't easily get the tickets to this team's games". ...
2
votes
2answers
554 views

なってきています and なっています

What´s the difference between なってきています and なっています? For example: お隣の人達、大丈夫? ヤバくなってきているよ。 Would it´s meaning change significantly if it´s changed into: お隣の人達、大丈夫? ヤバくなっているよ。
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Grammatical meaning of に-particle in へいわに

I'm aware that the に-particle has a lot of different grammatical meanings. The most common of these are time, place and indirect object. But I came across the following sentence and I can't really ...
6
votes
1answer
284 views

When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

Where does “歩けど” come from?

The other day I came across this line in a game: しかしそれ以外は誰とも出会わず、そして 歩けど歩けど 代わり映えしない通路と部屋ばかり。 I guessed that 歩けど meant 歩いても from the context, but I had never seen a verb conjugated like that before. ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

Sentence structure of (verb + to + infinitive) in japanese

Assume I want to say something like : I called you to go out. How a sentence with the same structure would be translated? Is there like a certain pattern or rule to it?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

“slightly/somewhat” の 「~[目]{め}」: Usage and limitations

I'm somewhat confused about the usage and limitations of the ~め suffix that means "somewhat/slightly". I've only ever heard it on a handful of words: 大きめ 小さ目 多め 少な目 早め and maybe a ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

In this situation, Which is correct の or から?

私は東京の田中です。 私は東京から田中です。 I am want to say Hello, I'm Tanaka and I'm from Tokyo, but I am not sure which is correct. I feel like 2 is the right choice but am not sure. So which is correct and why?
7
votes
1answer
450 views

Why is it である not にある in this sentence?

Today I saw this sentence: イラクで戦争がある。 I didn't understand why that would be the case instead of イラクに because if it is で I feel like it could be rewritten: 戦争はイラクである。 which just sounds like Iraq is ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Question about 「その」 usage

I have a question about その手 part in this text. As far as I can guess 真琴 is talking about her own hand, but in this case shouldn't it be with この, "my hand". The only thought I have is that 真琴's hand, ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

using 〜ば〜ほど with adverbs

You can use this construct with verbs: 食べれば食べるほど太る and with adjectives: ジェットコースターは高ければ高いほど楽しい but what about adverbs? if, for example, I wanted to say of a windmill "the faster it turns, the more ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

「こんな夢を見た。」- why not この?

This is the first line of 夏目漱石's story 第一夜, The first night. The story then goes on to describe the narrator's dream. It is translated as "I had dream" but I am struggling to align the normal meaning ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

“You and I both know full well” = 「二人ともよく知っている」?

I'm writing a section of a relay manga for Hokkaido University's Manga Research Society. How you do you express "You and I both know full well..." and "our actual skills" in formal お嬢様っぽい Japanese? ...
6
votes
1answer
277 views

Can two consecutive の particles be used in the following way?

We can use の as a substitute in successive sentences for something we've already mentioned so that we don't need to keep saying what it is: どのTシャツが好き? → 赤いのが好き。 Then there is the ...
4
votes
1answer
949 views

Difference between intransitive and passive?

I was thinking about Japanese passive and made the following example 壊すー>壊される which means the be broken But looking at the English definition of to be broken, isn't there another Japanese word for ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

“高{たか}くっても” vs. “高くとも”、“低{ひく}くっても” vs. “低くとも”, etc. usage?

I'm really confused about the meanings of these two similar adjective inflections: 高い ---> 高くっても 高い ---> 高くとも   難{むずか}しい ---> 難しくっても 難しい ---> 難しくとも   "っても" might possibly be less formal(? because of ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of あります in the following sentences

I don't quite get how あります is used in the following sentences from the Genki textbook: あなたの学校に何がありますか。 デパートに何がありますか。 動物園に何がいますか。 あなたの国に何がありますか。 あなたの家に何がありますか。 Is あります used as in "where," "what," ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Does this sentence using も twice say that the speaker doesn't have 女子力?

I am participating in a relay manga through a university student group in Japan, and the previous member's contributed pages to the manga about a 女子力バトル introduced a sole male character who seems to ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

using ように pattern to mean “so that” and its use in negative verbs

I have read this to learn about ように: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/surunaru Part - 1 Going by the definition of よう which is more like "appearance/manner", I don't quite get how the ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Are both of these sentences grammatically correct? (stem+に+行く vs て+行く)

These are the sentences: ユニオンへサンドイッチを買いに行きました。 ユニオンへサンドイッチを買って行った。 Are they both grammatically correct? Also do they both mean the same thing, which by my translation is "I went to the ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Using いちばん、にばん (first, second, etc.) in a sentence

こんにちは 皆さん、 I want to use first, second, etc. in a sentence, i.e. say "first car, first love, etc". In this case, would using の be correct as the linking particle, e.g. いちばんの車、 いちばんの愛? ありがとう ございます!
2
votes
1answer
121 views

What are the different ways to use ように&如く?

Ex:美しい空が美しいままでありますように/空の如く、水の如く I've seen a few things on the former, but nothing in my materials mentions anything about the latter. Everything I have turned up has revealed precious little about ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Simultaneous actions with the -te form

In English you can use conjunction to express two simultaneous actions: I was standing in front of an audience and presenting a new technology. Or simply juxtapose two participles where one ...
4
votes
1answer
381 views

Use of ながら in this instance.

One of my textbooks is telling me that the sentence using ながら below is incorrect… いすにすわりながら、音楽を聞いている人はウィリアムさんです。 …whilst the following sentence is correct. いすにすわって、音楽を聞いている人はウィリアムさんです。 ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Use of a comma to separate a single word

I brushed up on the use of Japanese commas (読点) here, but I don't think it explained this usage I found on 知恵袋. The sentence is this: 忙しい、の対義語に当たる形容詞は何でしょうか。 Why exactly is the OP using the comma ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Meaning of a pattern using conditional

Old title: Conditional patterns comparison Recently, I stumbled on new grammar patterns using the conditional form the following way (and I could not find an explanation in any of my grammar books) : ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between まだしません and まだしていません?

These are the two sentences in question: いいえ、まだしません。 いいえ、まだしていません。 From my understanding they both mean something like "No, I didn't yet" or even simply "No, not yet" but there must be a ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How are these translations of “I had an exam yesterday” different?

How would "I had an exam yesterday" be translated? きのうテストをありました。 きのうテストをしました。 If both of the above are correct, what is the difference between them?
7
votes
2answers
341 views

Does 甘い蜜 have another meaning?

甘い蜜 literally means "sweet honey". But in some sentences it seems to mean something different. For example, 1) たまに甘い蜜を与えて、また暗闇に落として……。 From time to time giving a sweet honey, but also dropping ...