A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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6
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1answer
412 views

Meaning and usage of 〜してからにしろ

From the manga yotsubato!, casual conversation: 早く寝るのはいいけど、せめて晩飯食って風呂入ってからにしろ In this sentence how does からにしろ at the end change it? I know the full sentence means this: It's ok to go to bed ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Can とこに配属され be used for being assigned to a position?

I'd like to understand whether the とこに配属 within this dialogue (and in general) can be used in reference to assignment of a position such as proxy, instead of just assignent to a division. For ...
2
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1answer
76 views

The use of 恩着せがましい with と思う in this sentence

I understand most of the below sentence, but when I get to 恩着せがましいと思うのではないか, things get confusing. 日本人は人見知りが激しいので打ち解けあうまでは時間かかりますが、仲良くなると恩着せがましいと思うのではないかと思います。 My translation: A Japanese person's ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Can と imply と言わんばかりに?

I can't understand how と is used in the bolded sentence below. Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me."), or does it imply と言わんばかりに ("ボイスくん was looking at ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

Understanding the subtleties behind [noun]する vs [noun]だ

I still notice this when I see [verbal noun]する instead of [verbal noun]だ. While I understand the meaning of both, I'm missing the qualities that often make する or がある seem to be a more natural choice ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Usage of しか~ない in this piece of anime monologue

This monologue piece is is taken from an anime (魔法少女まどか☆マギカ, episode 2, this starts at ~10:55). It makes sense to me except for the highlighted part: 別に珍しくなんかないはずだよ 命と引き換えにしてでも 叶えたい望みって ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

“It was not my intention.”

How do I say the above sentence in Japanese? I would suppose it's それは私の意向はなくなかったら。 (sore wa watashi no ikou wa nakunakatta.) But I'm not sure about the 'nakunakatta'. It might be a double-negation? ...
4
votes
2answers
254 views

Which noun is being modified in アリスがふみとどまろうかと考えるひまもないうちに

I've been reading 不思議の国のアリス (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland) and there's a sentence that is baffling me. It reads: [After having fallen down the rabbit hole] ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

Ambiguity in meaning of sentences with a noun qualifed by an adjective with が particle

I was wondering if there is any ambiguity with sentences that have adjectives qualifying a noun, especially regarding the が particle. For example: 1.) 僕が好きな人 Can this sentences have an ambiguous ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

The expression “but” used twice in row in a sentence

Why does it look like this sentence is using "but" twice in a row? でも、 そうかと言って、 もう一つ下のレべルのクラスだと、 やさしすぎてつまらないと思いますよ。 To my knowledge, でも means "but". On the other hand, my textbook says the ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

X times bigger than

How can I say: X is 5 times bigger than Y (?)
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Is there a difference between 終わりたい and 終わってほしい

Actually, I'm not even sure, if the ~たい-form of a intransitive verb is possible, or grammatically correct, but I sometimes read 終わりたい or 終わりたくない like for example まだ終わりたくない But from everything I ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Old fashioned grammar structure?

I just read the short story 高瀬舟 and I got a bit confused by this sentence: [...]庄兵衛、まだどこやらに腑に落ちぬものが残っているので、なんだかお奉行さまにきいてみたくてならなかった。 In particular the last part of it, きいてみたくてならなかった きいてみたい + くて ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

Could someone please help me understand はまっちゃいそう in this context?

This is from a textbook I'm currently studying, and the paragraph in question is about someone's perspective on life etc. ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

でありません(でない)VS ではありません(ではない)VSでもありません(でもない)

でありません(でない) ではありません(ではない) でもありません(でもない) Can anyone tell me the differences between these three? And in what kinds of context would people use these three? Thank you.
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Meaning and usage of ~としたことが

I came across the expression ~としたことが, for example: 私としたことが I'm trying to figure out the meaning and usage of this phrase, but I can't find any English resources that explain it. What does this ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

How to denote length or any other measurement

How exactly would I say that a certain object is a certain length. Would it just be (noun)の 長さは (number) (units)。 This question got me wondering how I would say any other sort of measurement. Can ...
1
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1answer
136 views

How do は and もの work in this sentence?

Consider the following bolded sentence from Fate/stay night (previous and next 2 sentences provided for some context). 古来より、魂というものは扱いが難しい。 在るとされ、魔術において必要な要素と言われているが、魂《それ》を確立させた魔術師は一人しかいない程だ。 ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Noun + さえ + Verb (infinitive)

Struggling to grasp this sentence: 残像{ざんぞう}さえ霞む{かすむ}高速{こうそく}の打突{だとつ}。 Rapid strikes that [verb clause starts] ... Applying structures from here and here hasn't made sense to me so far. Thinking ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

How to interpret this comma?

ですから、一回限りの人生、かけがえのない自己を大切にしようではありませんか。 So, shall we value this irreplaceable self in this life that we have but once? (example sentence from A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar) ...
2
votes
4answers
110 views

Which particle to use to say, “for (occasion)”?

I want to translate: "I gave my little sister a doll for her birthday". I do not want to use 私 but imply that I did it, so the right particles are crucial. I've come this far, but I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

後だったので v 後で interpretation

たくさんの階段を昇った後だったので彼女は完全に息を切らしていた。1 (original example sent.) たくさんの階段を昇った後で彼女は完全に息を切らしていた。2 My guess: there is a strong causal link between this and that in 1. 2 just means "A happened, then ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How is からだ used here?

How should I parse the part that comes after 許さない: その形容から打突こそ主体と思われるが、槍{やり}の基本戦術は払いにある (1)。長さに物を言わせた広範囲の薙{な}ぎ払いは、もとより身を引いて躱{かわ}す、などという防御を許さないからだ (2)。 Feels like it makes the sentence flow a bit ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

接続助詞は名詞修飾節の中に使えますか?・接続助詞で作る文は他の接続助詞で作る文を修飾できますか?

偶然この質問を思い出しました。 Question 1 英語で Hey, look! The car over there is the car which I would buy if I were rich. という文があると思います。 その「if I were rich」は従属接続詞(if)で「I would buy」を修飾しているのです。それだけではなく、実は「I ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Trying to understand 私のこと in this sentence [duplicate]

According to a tweet from @real_eikaiwa, the following sentence: こんなに私のこと笑わせてくれる人なかなかいないって思ってる! Translates to: "I don't think I've ever met anyone that made me laugh so much!" But this ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

How to describe a recurring/retrieved condition?

I don't understand how to describe a recurring or retrieved condition. Is there a special way to express sentences like: a) I was sick, but now (just now), I am finally better again. I want to ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (Hes a native speaker of the langauge, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is killing ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

when should I use を instead of が?

it happens a lot that I'm not sure which of the two is the more correct one. を marks the object and が the subject, I know that. still I get them wrong because it's not that simple, maybe there some ...
6
votes
2answers
192 views

Does this double negative make a positive or negative sentence?

Is that sentence saying that you will worry, or that you won't worry? 最初からユニコーンを見つけるくらい大変だって知っていれば心配しないじゃないですか I'm pretty sure it's saying that you will worry, since she said that a unicorn is ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
3
votes
2answers
178 views

When can an adverb use の to modify a noun

In this sentence 僕はまったくのひとりぼっちで、まわりには誰もいない。 the adverb まったく uses の to modify ひとりぼっち (which I'm assuming is a noun in this context. I'll come back to that.) How do you know when an adverb can be ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

The meaning of の in この役立たず and お兄ちゃんのばか

It seems の doesn't always express possession as in 私の本. What does it mean in such phrases as この役立たず and お兄ちゃんのばか? And, what does の do in "埃だらけのテレビをちゃんと拭いてくれない?"?
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

と particle usage - am I understanding it correctly?

These two sentences don't seem to fit to the grammar rules on と that I've been able to dig up so far: ぼんやりとした意識{いしき}のまま窓{まど}に視線{しせん}をやると、とっくに日が昇{のぼ}っていた。 This form seems to fit と as an 'if/when' ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

What's the difference between 最近、このごろ and 近頃?

I always thought that they had similar meanings, however I got an exercise where I got all 3 of them and one only is the right choice.
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Activity verbs vs Change verbs

My textbook makes a difference between verbs that describe activities and verbs that describe changes. Two examples given are: 話す - activity 結婚する - change It then goes on to say that 話している ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

what's the grammar of ださん?

I read in a Japanese tale (kachikachi yama) : An old man (a peasant) is happy since he just catched a tanuki and says to his wife : 「それじゃ ちょっくら まちへ かいものに いってくるから たぬきが にげださんように きをつけておくれ。」 ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

~の帰り - what does this mean?

会社の帰りに本屋に寄るのが楽しみです Does this means on the way back to company or start from company, and back to some where else ? And also why use に after 帰り, what does that mean?
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Use of 何か in this sentence

Please explain the grammar behind how 何か is used in this sentence そこにはきっと何かお話があるに違いない。 I'm translating it as There must surely be a story there But I don't understand what 何か is doing. Can ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
4
votes
2answers
468 views

Multiple “wo”s in a sentence?

I had always been told this never happened. I was a little skeptical, but since I never saw a sentence with two of the particle, I gradually came to accept that it was probably true. Well ironically, ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

japanese conditional, when to use what? [duplicate]

I mainly have problems with たら and ば. please correct me if I'm wrong but と is used when something occurs naturally, "if you press the button the door opens", and similar situations. たら can be used ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Sentence structure between two clauses question

I don't have a Japanese sentence example of something long, but let's say I have to sentence that has two clauses that are separated with a が followed by a comma. You feel that this second clause that ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What does のに at the end of a sentence mean?

does it have a similar meaning to "が、ので etc." which basically make the sentence "softer" and imply something that isn't stated but that should be obvious to the listener? something like "though" in ...