A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
103 views

example usage of ~kiri

It seems that one of the uses of ~kiri is to show continuance of state/condition. is it similar to '~ta mama' then? However,i have not been able to find an example of this usage. Appreciate help.
2
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1answer
140 views

When should I use a verb stem by itself?

I was recently listening to the Hunter x Hunter anime, and during a conversation, a passing character that the protagonist meets states, 頑張って、いいハンターになりな This struck me as a bit odd, as I ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」

What is the difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」? Both translates as "receive"..
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1answer
121 views

expressing 'among' in japanese

Sports (de ha/ni ha)soccer ga ichiban suki desu. Which one is correct? What is either of them used to express?
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1answer
80 views

Expressing concurrency

人口が増える [ に伴い/とともに ] 周辺もにぎやかになってきた。 Jinkou ga fueru (ni tomonai/to tomo ni) shuuhen mo nigiyaka ni natte kita Both the options seem grammatically correct. What's the difference then? Or do I ...
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1answer
100 views

Expressing 'if so'

暇(なら・としたら)ちょっと手伝って下さい。 Hima (nara/toshitara) chotto tetsudatte kudasai. Both the options seem grammatically correct. Is it not so?
4
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1answer
121 views

「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」 - is there a difference?

In the short story I'm reading now (「ドライブ・マイ・カー」 by Haruki Murakami) there are two very similar phrases to express what I would translate as "too cautious": 「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」: ...
2
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2answers
199 views

Explaining the phrase お世{せ}話{わ}になります and お世{せ}話{わ}になりました

I can understand what the phrase means 「お世{せ}話{わ}になりました」- "Thank you for everything". But literally it's quite strange to me. Could you explain the logic of it? Also would be very nice to know more ...
4
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1answer
397 views

Meaning and grammar of やるっきゃない

I few minutes ago on NHK news 「注目」 I've heard/saw the phrase 「やるっきゃない」. I have no idea what it means.. And what grammar rules are here?
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2answers
141 views

Difference between 「なるベく」 and 「なるべき」

My Japanese coworker has been unable to explain clearly this. I know that the difference comes up naturally but as someone learning Japanese I need a few examples and grammar rules to know which one ...
2
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1answer
107 views

How does one analyze “N + を前に + V”, where N is not an object of V

Note: This contains 3 parts but I think they are about 3 aspects of the same construct, hence I'm asking all 3 here instead of splitting into 3 questions. I guess this construct is quite common in ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Explanation of 歌にのせて

From JapanesePod101, with their translation: ミュージカルは、歌【うた】にのせて物語【ものがたり】を展開【てんかい】する。 A musical can tell a story with songs. I understand that のせる means (amongst other things) "to take on board". Does ...
2
votes
3answers
179 views

Understanding the meaning and grammar of 出{で}て in 出{で}て来{き}ました

I'm trying to understand the grammar of 「出{で}て」 in 「出{で}て来{き}ました」. Why is 「て」 used here?
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2answers
176 views

expressing 'not possible that' [duplicate]

kono team ga makeru (hazu ga nai / wake ga nai). Which one is correct? How do we differentiate the use of the above?
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1answer
85 views

N + sou desu is acceptable

kono kami ha yuki sou da - is this correct? I know that rashii and mitai can be used ~ but that's beside the point. Also,if 'sou da' can be used with 'N' - how do we differentiate 'seems like' ...
2
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0answers
161 views

Proper usage of 語 and 言語 and 言葉 when speaking about someone's language

Japanese language is 日本語. But if I want to say The language of Japanese people - should I write 日本人の言{げん}語{ご}? And if I want to say the same about animals, for example cat - like cat's language - is ...
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1answer
113 views

Meaning of 具体的に [duplicate]

What is the meaning of 具体的に? Usage of particle に in this context is not very clear to me.
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2answers
147 views

What word and form is うってる?

I'm reading a children's book (no kanji) and the sentence is: いどうはんばいしゃは、 みんなが だいすきな たべものを うってるよ。 From the context, I figure it means: The mobile catering guy everyones favourite food ...
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1answer
164 views

Repeating subject for emphasis okay?

For example I find myself saying things like: What did you win, bro? I could leave out the "bro" and the sentence would be complete but I unconsciously add emphasis with the subject again ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Using が multiple times in one sentence

If you ask a question, such as 誰がこれが分かる? Is this still grammatical? Is it okay to use two が's in the same sentence?
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2answers
147 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
7
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1answer
279 views

When do we use 〜どおりに instead of 〜のとおりに after nouns?

I noticed that in the case of nouns, we can use either of these: Nのとおりに Nどおりに But this seems to be case-specific. When or in which circumstances do we use the latter?
3
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3answers
209 views

Question about 「まるで~ ~ように」

I have a question about ように in the following sentence. As far as I can understand まるで~ ~ように here emphasize counter factuality, and would be translated like "as if, just". However I cannot understand ...
2
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1answer
143 views

Usage of ていく in 死んでいく

世の中結局強い物が勝つ。 弱い奴らは死んでいく。 ただそれだけ 弱い奴らは勝手に死んでいくのだ Maybe a better way of phrasing this question would be asking the difference in using merely plain form and this form. e.g. ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Need help with the meaning of this sentence (usage of ようとしている)

あいつは自分の嫁が決まってから、この呪縛を解除して自分の子供を産ませようとしてるんだ When this kind of construction (ようとする)is used with things like てから or simple te form before it does it then mean that this applies to all of them or only ...
3
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1answer
241 views

Trouble understanding grammar in 「名を、柊という。」

In the novel I'm reading now (「キッチン」 by 吉本{よしもと}ばなな), there's this section where the protagonist is talking about her boyfriend's brother for the first time, introducing him to readers and giving his ...
4
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1answer
176 views

If writing in である form, when is it necessary to use だ?

I know that the である style of writing is used as a somewhat-formal stylistic choice, often in editorials, and in rare cases, in particular styles of speeches. I remember being taught at some point, ...
6
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1answer
136 views

How would a name be used as a non-restrictive appositive?

These other apposition-with-name variants are readily apparent to me: Name as appositive genitive 富士の山 = the mountain of Fuji Name modified by non-restrictive appositive 私の友人のAさん = A-san, ...
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2answers
294 views

Some questions regarding ~てくる (edited)

Up to now my understanding of ~てくる has been very vague. No matter how many explanations I read, in practice my translations always feel uneasy. Here are a few unresolved doubts I have: From what I ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Classical: On the subject of a sentence with 連用形/て clauses + ば condicional

I'm having some trouble with this beautiful passage from the Kana Preface to the Kokinshū, which is talking about us (spaced for clarity):  1 人まろ なくなりにたれど、  2 うたの こと ゝどまれるかな。  3. たとひ とき うつり こと ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Verb used for “being in a class”

I'm new to Japanese language. I was looking for a way to ask "what class are you in?" or similar (not sure if that's the right way to translate it to Japanese, but the idea is to ask him what class is ...
4
votes
2answers
411 views

Asking a negative question

I've heard that it is supposed to be "less demanding" (or something in that regard) to ask a negative question when you're asking for a favor or anything alike. Let's say I want to turn this sentence ...
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2answers
181 views

Looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”

I'm looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”. 例文 1)ムードも何もあったものじゃありませんね (context:Girlfriend and boyfriend were out on a date and the boyfriend's stomach made a large noise because he ...
8
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1answer
179 views

What is the difference between 〜を〜とする and 〜を〜とした before nouns?

In everything I can find online, the constructions [N1]を[N2]とする[N3] and [N1]を[N2]とした[N3] are lumped together as basically having the same meaning. Is there any difference between them? My textbook ...
5
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1answer
148 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Use of おく and 方 in this sentence

このたなの一番おくの方にございます。 They are at the far end of this shelf. This is an example sentence from one of my textbooks but I don't understand what おく means and I'm a bit confused on the use of 方 as well, ...
3
votes
3answers
237 views

Is は used when asking if something already discussed exists?

If I've talked about a thing before, and want to ask whether or not it exists in another place (or time), would I use "は"? For example, if I said "In Sydney, I saw a ryokan. Are there ryokans in ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

I can't quite understand the meaning of 自分でも

I can't quite derive the meaning of 自分でも from the parts that make it up. Here are the example sentences I don't get with the offered translations. 自分でもそれをやってみます。 Do it by yourself. ...
2
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1answer
142 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...
2
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1answer
133 views

What does 「やめとこう」mean?

In the game Tingle's Love Balloon Trip, if you ask your friend Lion, who is very strong, to forcefully open a gutter, he responds: こ、 こわしたら まずいだろ ? やめとこうぜ。 The first sentence I take it means, ...
2
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1answer
193 views

What is Vて+た construction?

I came across Vて+た construction in a song I've been listening to: あなたのその瞳をただ見つめてた Can someone explain what it means? I've tried looking for it in some grammar books but unfortunately I couldn't ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

Difference between usage of ように and ようにして

包み込むようにして、彼を抱きしめる 包み込むように   彼を抱きしめる The example could either use ようにして or 包み込むように抱きしめる(albeit written differently). What is the difference between these two usages? Can anyone explain the ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Usage of -ないことになる

I have heard and read something that sounds like: xxxはできないことになります It became impossible to do xxx Is this correct and should the preceding verb be in this form only? To express the same ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Problems understanding なの in this sentence

I remember once I have seen 「なの」 was not placed at the end of a sentence (meaning it was not a question) ever since then I wondered what it meant but didn't have any clear examples. Today I saw this ...
3
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2answers
422 views

Trouble parsing sentence with どうしても and a triple negative

I am using an easy-to-read VN to get some grammar experience. The following sentence has been troubling me for about half an hour now: 生徒会に入ったら、どうしてもこっちを着なきゃだめなの? The topic of 着る is 制服 if that ...
3
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1answer
148 views

Can 「〜たら〜た。」structure mean “If I had~then I would have~”?

This is probably a basic question on tense / aspect in conditional sentences but I can't find an explanation and it would be very useful to resolve. I will illustrate my question with an example ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Need Help Understanding ーているよう

I am trying to translate the following small text (taken from a VN): もうこんなことはやめようか―― 心配そうな眼差しは、まるでそう言っているようだった。 So far my attempts have led me to this: It was as though his worrying ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Question about the phrase「挑みかかる手前な顔」

I cannot understand the meaning of 手前 in the following sentence. As far as I know 手前 means "in front of my/your hands" or could be a pronoun. However I haven't seen before the usage like in the ...
4
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0answers
40 views

Use of 「ぬ」 as a sentence ending in literature [duplicate]

I am reading a Meiji era novel and I frequently sentences that have a verb and then end in ぬ for example: 二階なる一室を下りて主人夫婦が足投げだして涼みいし縁先に来たりぬ。 or 教師は筆おきて読みかえしぬ。 Can someone help me with this? ...