文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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83 views

とする・にする before a noun

「竜の歯を依り代とした人型はコルキス王の魔術と聞く。 その娘、王女メディアは稀代の魔女と謳われたそうだが?」 Does this mean: The human form who made the dragon tooth as a vessel or A human form which was a dragon tooth made vessel. How ...
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46 views

How do you use ~たりする with ~たい to say things that you want to do?

I recently learned how to use ~たい to say things that I want to do; for example: えいが を みたい です。 I want to see a movie. And I learned how to use ~たりする to say examples of things that I did, do, ...
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103 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this ...
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146 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
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102 views

に恥じる (Clarification on に)

遠坂がマスターとして行動しているのなら、俺もあいつに恥じない成果を出さないと。 If Tohsaka is acting as a master, i have to get results which will not make her feel ashamed. 人に恥じることはなにもない。 People do not feel ashamed for ...
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87 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: ...
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141 views

How to list multiple purposes for an action?

So, one of the example sentences for ため that I see in the learning software I use is: 彼女はダイエットのために泳いでいる。 Which basically means, "She swims in order to lose weight." But what if you wanted to ...
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1answer
118 views

What is N+できる grammar?

Consider the following two sentences. A: 僕は左と右が区別できない。 B: 僕は左と右を区別することができない。 I often see B but just know A now. How can A be possible? What kind of grammar is A? The following sentence (from ...
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97 views

Help with grammar number

I have trouble translating the next: よしおさんの車は赤と白です。 What is the correct translation to the sentence? Yoshio-san's car is red and white Yoshio-san's cars are (one) red and (the other) white
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352 views

What does “da” mean in “tabeta bakari da”?

I understand (correct me if I'm wrong) that da is a short casual form of desu. But what does it mean in this phrase or why it is used? Tabeta bakari da.
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87 views

で and counters in NHK article

I have two questions concerning the first clause in the following sentence: NHKが熊本市などにある73の避難所で聞くと、多くの避難所で食べ物が足りないと言っていました。 When the NHK asked at 73 of the shelters in Kumamoto-shi, they (the ...
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88 views

Meaning of ことにはわからない

それだって、実際に選んでみないことにはわからないのだ。 I often see something like 私にわからない meaning "I don't understand", but what does it mean when the particle に attaches to こと? From the context I think what this ...
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177 views

Meaning and usage of ものとする

I could meet the phrase ものとする in some documents, agreements. I understand, the sentences with ものとする as a whole one, but I don't know anything about this very phrase. Which meaning does it exactly add ...
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2answers
145 views

Help parsing つまんないないんだよ

I have a question about the grammar (assuming it is grammatical and not figurative) in the following line from the song ときめきポポロン from the anime ご注文はうさぎですか?. つまんないないんだよ I think the meaning is ...
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77 views

Meaning of …ていいから and other puzzles

Uncle is blocking the doorway and waving his hand. He says: 「わしゃ松阪牛のステーキなんて、とてもとても、おかあさん、気ィ使わなくていいから、そんな、わしのために買い物に行かなくていいから、松阪牛なんていいから、ステーキなんていいから。」 I'm really struggling to understand this ...
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132 views

Meaning of 人材を作り上げる

This sentence is confusing me a bit, particularly the bold part: 国際社会に通用する人材を作り上げることに繋がるってわけなんだよ! Jisho.org has the definition of 人材 as: capable person; talented person; human resources; ...
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83 views

Can someone please help me understand the structure of this sentence?

ようやくきたかって感じでした I'm assuming ようやく is 踊躍 and きた is from 来る but I'm not really sure what the meaning of the sentence is.
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63 views

Meaning of くる in 鼻の奥まで染みこんでくる

独特の臭いだな。鼻の奥まで染みこんでくるぞ。 穴から水が溢れてくる 水槽に手を入れると舐め回してくる人なつっこいホトケドジョウ てくる is something I've never really seen a clear and comprehensive explanation of the different uses and what they mean. ...
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174 views

What does the ”なの” in this sentence mean?

ここは、おすしがぜんぶ百円なの? I've read somewhat a lot on "na no" and just came to the conclusion that is something used to end a sentence similar to desu, but used mainly with females. So I was just ...
3
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72 views

によって and passive question

実力差は明確だった。 ライダーの速度は攻めれば攻めるほど減速していく。 目にも止まらぬ高速移動と連続攻撃。 セイバーによって傷つけられた体を癒す自然治癒。 後の事など考えない。 全ての燃料を燃やして畳み掛けなければセイバーを抑えきれない。 The fantranslation says: Natural healing that regenerates ...
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94 views

What difference does it add when you write それで or これで instead of それは/それが and これが/これは?

What difference does it add when you write the で particle after words like それ and これ?
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2answers
110 views

what is the difference between である & という

I'm using a new textbook, 中級を学ぼう- the blue cover, not the orange. And the grammar point is using という at the end of the sentence. It means the same as そうだ・らしい。The explanation says that it is frequently ...
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27 views

How to thank you in Japanese? [duplicate]

I just know "arigato" but when exactly should i use it
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118 views

Use of として in sentence about conditionals

I was reading up on the use of conditionals と, ば, たら and なら. One part of the source talks about one type of conditional clause, but I am not sure of its meaning. Here's what the source says, and my ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Can we re-position ほど phrase?

The following are commonly-used patterns that I find in some resources. A: 彼は私ほどハンサムじゃない。He is not as handsome as I. B: 私ほどハンサムな男の人はいない。There is no man who is as handsome as I. Question Is it ...
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70 views

What does どういった mean in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish ...
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99 views

What purpose does はめ serve in this sentence?

ふたりではめあいしておかしいですね笑。 I know that ふたりで means Two of us. あいして means love. おかしい means amusing, funny or comical. But I'm not sure what purpose 'はめ' serves in the sentence and as such I can't really ...
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58 views

漂わせる meaning in this context

先ほどまでの憂いは影をひそめ、その仕草に優雅ささえ漂わせる. The hardships from before hide the shadow, (and through) that gesture give off elegance. Is this a correct way to understand it? Is 仕草 the agent? Is 漂わせる a ...
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60 views

Meaning of ~したいぐらい

I want to understand the meaning of this sentence 壁紙にしたいぐらい写真。 I was thinking the meaning literally could be "Your photograph is beautiful to be set as my wallpaper", but I argue about the ...
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144 views

Can 達 be used to pluralize inanimate things?

インターネットを見ていて、「これは便利だと思ったiOSアプリたち」という記事を偶然読みました。「たち」は人間など[有生]{ゆうせい}のものを指している名詞にしか付かないと思っていましたが、このタイトルは反例ではないとは思えません。 「たち」をこういう使い方で使うのは本当に普通ですか。複数性を強調する場合、有生でないものには「等{ら}」を付けるのが普通だと思っていましたが…
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105 views

Please enlighten me about a haunting "が”

I came across a long sentence in a story, which I have googled around and struggled for a couple of days. Here is what it reads: この頃わかってきたのだが、旅人の中には用心のためか、こちらの挨拶に頷くぐらいしか、挨拶を返さないものが少なくない。 My rough ...
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2answers
539 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
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1answer
75 views

Usage of を in 自らを豊作を司る

I came across this while reading 「狼と香辛料」and was confused by the usage of を in the sentence below: 少女は狼の耳と尻尾を有した美しい娘で、自らを豊作を司る神ホロと名乗った。 In particular I'm interested in 「自らを豊作を司る」which I would ...
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1answer
87 views

「星のカービィ」- Why ィ and not ー?

The Nintendo character Kirby's name in Japanese is 「星のカービィ」, pronounced "Hoshi no Kābī". For the カ, a ー is used for extending the vowel sound. For the ビ, though, a small イ is used. I thought the ...
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110 views

On the interpretation of an ambiguous(?) sentence from 「風立ちぬ」

I encountered a seemingly ambiguous sentence when reading the novel 「風立ちぬ」 by 堀辰雄 as below: お前の父や、それからまたそういう父をも数に入れたお前のすべてを絶えず支配しているものに、素直に身を任せ切っているのではないだろうか? My first impression was that the ...
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-た form of a verb followed by です [duplicate]

I came across the sentence: 花子はこんなすばらしいプレゼントをくれたんですよ。 Hanako gave me this wonderful present. Why does it use くれたんですよ rather than just くれたよ? My guess is that it makes the sentence more ...
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67 views

を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it ...
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289 views

Do I need to add “da” before “to iimashita”?

Not sure how to say "my mum said it was fun." Is this correct: watashi no okaasan wa, sore ga tanoshi to iimashita Or do I need to add "da"? As this is for speaking.
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2answers
88 views

Japanese Nouns problem

Okay, this is my first question on this page so bear with me, I was studying Japanese nouns but I'm not sure if you use ではありません or じゃない to deny a noun, so if someone could please explain it to me, ...
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126 views

several difficulties reading an extract about Kobayashi Issa's works

I'm still reading "小林{こばやし}一茶{いっさ}" (a book written by 宗左近/Sō Sakon about the famous poet). I'm facing several difficulties with the following extract : 愛{あい}の歌{うた} 怒{いか}りの歌{うた} ...
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113 views

Is it correct - クッキング・テール?

I am starting a cooking blog which is named Cooking Tale. I wanted a person to translate the name and he said クッキング・テール is ok. But when I search for this name in dictionaries, it says "tail" not ...
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128 views

De wa or dewa, noob question

What does dewa mean here? ブラウンさん、日本語では、トイレはお手洗いと同じ意味ですよ I haven't really studied it yet and thought it was kind of a negative used like janai, but here it means- Brown-san, in Japanese, ...
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1answer
77 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
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1answer
95 views

Sentences using humble expressions and multiple verbs

I was solving exercises from the Genki II workbook when I stumbled upon this sentence: ”私は先生に東京の大学について聞きました”. It had to be changed into a sentence using humble expressions. There appear to be 2 verbs ...
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1answer
113 views

ほしがっている versus ほしそうだ

I don't really understand the differences between the following sentences. 彼は新しい車をほしがっている。 彼は新しい車をほしそうだ。 In both sentences, the speakers made conjectures based on the sign that the third person ...
5
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1answer
85 views

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように?

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように in this example (there is already a post of にあたって/にあたり, but I can't understand)? 以後{いご}はトムと協力{きょうりょく}してことに当{あ}たるように
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57 views

I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
4
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1answer
94 views

What does 辞書形+といけない mean?

Usually といけない follows ない形 of 辞書形. For example, 寝る前に、歯を磨かないといけない。I have to brush my teeth before sleeping. 明日までに宿題を出さないといけない。I have to hand in my homework by tomorrow. Today, I read a new grammar ...
5
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1answer
133 views

だんだん読めないようになった versus だんだん読めなくなってきた

What are the differences between the following 2 sentences? A: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めないようになった。(Lit: I gradually became unable to read small characters.) B: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めなくなってきた。(Lit: I gradually became ...
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0answers
27 views

What means 目えかける in this phrase? [duplicate]

What means 目えかける in this phrase? Is a type of contraction? What is the grammar behind this? 見所{みどころ}のある奴{やつ}に目{め}ぇかける