文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
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102 views

に恥じる (Clarification on に)

遠坂がマスターとして行動しているのなら、俺もあいつに恥じない成果を出さないと。 If Tohsaka is acting as a master, i have to get results which will not make her feel ashamed. 人に恥じることはなにもない。 People do not feel ashamed for ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
8
votes
2answers
882 views

Is it correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A Dictionary of ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Trouble understanding sentence

「質問に答えていない。 私は、人を殺すのが楽しいのかと訊いたのです」 サーヴァントを睨む。 歪な短刀を持った影は、 「とりわけ何も。第一、殺しちゃ楽しめねえだろ、色々」 ひひ、と。 愉しみを共有したがるよう、下卑た笑いを私に向けた。 What does that last sentence mean? I think he is saying something ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Would both of these sentences be correct?

Would both of these sentences be correct? Do they both have the same meaning? たくやの後ろに彰が座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya. 彰はたくやの後ろに座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya.
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What is N+できる grammar?

Consider the following two sentences. A: 僕は左と右が区別できない。 B: 僕は左と右を区別することができない。 I often see B but just know A now. How can A be possible? What kind of grammar is A? The following sentence (from ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

とする・にする before a noun

「竜の歯を依り代とした人型はコルキス王の魔術と聞く。 その娘、王女メディアは稀代の魔女と謳われたそうだが?」 Does this mean: The human form who made the dragon tooth as a vessel or A human form which was a dragon tooth made vessel. How ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

How do you use ~たりする with ~たい to say things that you want to do?

I recently learned how to use ~たい to say things that I want to do; for example: えいが を みたい です。 I want to see a movie. And I learned how to use ~たりする to say examples of things that I did, do, ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

How to list multiple purposes for an action?

So, one of the example sentences for ため that I see in the learning software I use is: 彼女はダイエットのために泳いでいる。 Which basically means, "She swims in order to lose weight." But what if you wanted to ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Help with grammar number

I have trouble translating the next: よしおさんの車は赤と白です。 What is the correct translation to the sentence? Yoshio-san's car is red and white Yoshio-san's cars are (one) red and (the other) white
5
votes
1answer
201 views

ばかり usage in 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山

An example phrase from プログレッシブ和英中辞典 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山 a dazzling heap of gems Can ばかり here be safely replaced by ほど, くらい etc. without changing the meaning? Is this how ばかり+の (with ばかり working as a ...
5
votes
2answers
515 views

Usage of ばかり in とばかり思って

Can somebody please explain for me the meaning of ばかり in とばかり思って, as far as I can guess through the examples it means something like "そう思ったんだけど、実際に・・・・・・". ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

noun + ばかり [exclusivity sense] ambiguity

My understanding of ばかり so far (please correct if any of this is wrong): After TE form, the meaning is unambiguous as it applies to the verb, e.g.: 本を読んでばかりいる。Do nothing but read books. ...
7
votes
1answer
576 views

Correct usage of ばかり

On a certain online correction site, my sentence: 正直に言うと、最近アメリカのドラマを観ていたばかり。 Was given many possibilities. Some people crossed out 「ばかり」 like 「観ていたばかり」 in the following sentences so I'm inclined ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

What does ヶ mean here?

昼でも夜でもない境界【きょうかい】の、現実の中の非現実【ひげんじつ】。そういうものが一般的【いっぱんてき】に何と言われ、形容されるか、それをすっかり忘れていた。黄昏刻【たそがれどき】は[逢魔ヶ刻]【おうまがとき】――人でないモノに逢【あ】う刻限【こくげん】。 What (I think) I understand so far: The most unreal of all ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Meaning and usage of ものとする

I could meet the phrase ものとする in some documents, agreements. I understand, the sentences with ものとする as a whole one, but I don't know anything about this very phrase. Which meaning does it exactly add ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

で and counters in NHK article

I have two questions concerning the first clause in the following sentence: NHKが熊本市などにある73の避難所で聞くと、多くの避難所で食べ物が足りないと言っていました。 When the NHK asked at 73 of the shelters in Kumamoto-shi, they (the ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Meaning of ことにはわからない

それだって、実際に選んでみないことにはわからないのだ。 I often see something like 私にわからない meaning "I don't understand", but what does it mean when the particle に attaches to こと? From the context I think what this ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Help parsing つまんないないんだよ

I have a question about the grammar (assuming it is grammatical and not figurative) in the following line from the song ときめきポポロン from the anime ご注文はうさぎですか?. つまんないないんだよ I think the meaning is ...
4
votes
2answers
288 views

Do I need to add “da” before “to iimashita”?

Not sure how to say "my mum said it was fun." Is this correct: watashi no okaasan wa, sore ga tanoshi to iimashita Or do I need to add "da"? As this is for speaking.
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Meaning of …ていいから and other puzzles

Uncle is blocking the doorway and waving his hand. He says: 「わしゃ松阪牛のステーキなんて、とてもとても、おかあさん、気ィ使わなくていいから、そんな、わしのために買い物に行かなくていいから、松阪牛なんていいから、ステーキなんていいから。」 I'm really struggling to understand this ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Meaning of 人材を作り上げる

This sentence is confusing me a bit, particularly the bold part: 国際社会に通用する人材を作り上げることに繋がるってわけなんだよ! Jisho.org has the definition of 人材 as: capable person; talented person; human resources; ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Meaning of くる in 鼻の奥まで染みこんでくる

独特の臭いだな。鼻の奥まで染みこんでくるぞ。 穴から水が溢れてくる 水槽に手を入れると舐め回してくる人なつっこいホトケドジョウ てくる is something I've never really seen a clear and comprehensive explanation of the different uses and what they mean. ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Can someone please help me understand the structure of this sentence?

ようやくきたかって感じでした I'm assuming ようやく is 踊躍 and きた is from 来る but I'm not really sure what the meaning of the sentence is.
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Need help with translation/grammar 「なんの」

I try to read a Japanese book, but I have some troubles with the following phrases which is part of a break up conversation: ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

せず - What does it come from?

気にするまいと思っても、気にせずにはいられない。 In above sentence, I guess せず means しない, but what is the original form, and how does it become せず?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

によって and passive question

実力差は明確だった。 ライダーの速度は攻めれば攻めるほど減速していく。 目にも止まらぬ高速移動と連続攻撃。 セイバーによって傷つけられた体を癒す自然治癒。 後の事など考えない。 全ての燃料を燃やして畳み掛けなければセイバーを抑えきれない。 The fantranslation says: Natural healing that regenerates ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
7
votes
2answers
144 views

Can 達 be used to pluralize inanimate things?

インターネットを見ていて、「これは便利だと思ったiOSアプリたち」という記事を偶然読みました。「たち」は人間など[有生]{ゆうせい}のものを指している名詞にしか付かないと思っていましたが、このタイトルは反例ではないとは思えません。 「たち」をこういう使い方で使うのは本当に普通ですか。複数性を強調する場合、有生でないものには「等{ら}」を付けるのが普通だと思っていましたが…
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Use of として in sentence about conditionals

I was reading up on the use of conditionals と, ば, たら and なら. One part of the source talks about one type of conditional clause, but I am not sure of its meaning. Here's what the source says, and my ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

what is the difference between である & という

I'm using a new textbook, 中級を学ぼう- the blue cover, not the orange. And the grammar point is using という at the end of the sentence. It means the same as そうだ・らしい。The explanation says that it is frequently ...
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0answers
27 views

How to thank you in Japanese? [duplicate]

I just know "arigato" but when exactly should i use it
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Can we re-position ほど phrase?

The following are commonly-used patterns that I find in some resources. A: 彼は私ほどハンサムじゃない。He is not as handsome as I. B: 私ほどハンサムな男の人はいない。There is no man who is as handsome as I. Question Is it ...
2
votes
3answers
277 views

Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」?

When you ask "Where is the book?" 本はどこにありますか。or 本はどこですか。 Are both answers ("It is nowhere.") in Japanese correct? どこにもありません。or どこもではありません。 Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」, ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

What purpose does はめ serve in this sentence?

ふたりではめあいしておかしいですね笑。 I know that ふたりで means Two of us. あいして means love. おかしい means amusing, funny or comical. But I'm not sure what purpose 'はめ' serves in the sentence and as such I can't really ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What does どういった mean in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish ...
5
votes
1answer
531 views

how could a sentence end with (noun + “よ”?)

I'd thought you cannot end a sentence with a noun. Rather: noun + だ。 noun + です。 noun + である。 noun + であります。 noun + でございます。 But in a movie dialogue, I heard: "大切なのは、心よ。" Ending a sentence with a noun ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

漂わせる meaning in this context

先ほどまでの憂いは影をひそめ、その仕草に優雅ささえ漂わせる. The hardships from before hide the shadow, (and through) that gesture give off elegance. Is this a correct way to understand it? Is 仕草 the agent? Is 漂わせる a ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Meaning of ~したいぐらい

I want to understand the meaning of this sentence 壁紙にしたいぐらい写真。 I was thinking the meaning literally could be "Your photograph is beautiful to be set as my wallpaper", but I argue about the ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Please enlighten me about a haunting "が”

I came across a long sentence in a story, which I have googled around and struggled for a couple of days. Here is what it reads: この頃わかってきたのだが、旅人の中には用心のためか、こちらの挨拶に頷くぐらいしか、挨拶を返さないものが少なくない。 My rough ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

だんだん読めないようになった versus だんだん読めなくなってきた

What are the differences between the following 2 sentences? A: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めないようになった。(Lit: I gradually became unable to read small characters.) B: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めなくなってきた。(Lit: I gradually became ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the general principles of using verbs to modify nouns (e.g. 焦げるトースト/焦げたトースト)?

In all the time I've studied the language, I've never heard or seen anybody even hint at whether the principles from a given language (like using “burnt toast” vs. “burning toast”) carry over, or if ...
6
votes
2answers
537 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

On the interpretation of an ambiguous(?) sentence from 「風立ちぬ」

I encountered a seemingly ambiguous sentence when reading the novel 「風立ちぬ」 by 堀辰雄 as below: お前の父や、それからまたそういう父をも数に入れたお前のすべてを絶えず支配しているものに、素直に身を任せ切っているのではないだろうか? My first impression was that the ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Usage of を in 自らを豊作を司る

I came across this while reading 「狼と香辛料」and was confused by the usage of を in the sentence below: 少女は狼の耳と尻尾を有した美しい娘で、自らを豊作を司る神ホロと名乗った。 In particular I'm interested in 「自らを豊作を司る」which I would ...
5
votes
2answers
298 views

女性の身体は本来美しいもの. Is this sentence grammatical?

I found the sentence: 女性の身体は本来美しいもの。 'The female body is a fundamentally beautiful thing.' in the following passage: 毎食後2錠から3錠、油っこい食事のあとは少し多めに飲むだけと、とっても簡単にダイエットできてしまいます。 'An effective ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

「星のカービィ」- Why ィ and not ー?

The Nintendo character Kirby's name in Japanese is 「星のカービィ」, pronounced "Hoshi no Kābī". For the カ, a ー is used for extending the vowel sound. For the ビ, though, a small イ is used. I thought the ...