文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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5
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4answers
132 views

別に in non-negative clause

Context: Grandad was bought food as a gift for looking after Maruko. Maruko apologises to grandad because dad has just eaten it all. Then Grandad says: 「いいんじゃよ、まる子。おじいちゃんは別にただまる子をかわいがっているだけじゃ」 ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

What is the proper translation for と続いた後で?

xやyなどと続いた後で、zという答えがあった。 Literally it means something like: The answers were x, y followed by z. What is the better translation for this?
5
votes
2answers
623 views

What does との mean in this sentence?

It is very hard to parse the following sentence as I don't know about との grammar. What does との mean and how to parse the following sentence? 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。
3
votes
2answers
541 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How should one interpret ~ていた + だなんて

I came across the following sentence in volume 12 of the manga たいようのいえ and was unsure how to interpret the expression at the end. Could someone please explain how the "だなんて" changes the meaning or ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students ...
5
votes
2answers
172 views

報復する meaning in this sentence

あんまりにも痛いんで、ムシャクシャして、適当なぬいぐるみを報復したくなった。 包丁で、無抵抗なぬいぐるみを滅多刺し。誰にでもできる惨殺行為、簡単すぎてものすごく無意味【つまらな】い。 それはさぞかし気持ちが悪く、気色が悪く、後味なんか最悪で、つまり今のオレはそのぬいぐるみ役なのだった。 Because it hurt so much, because I got angry, I ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」?

I have the following sentence and I can't find any material pointing out the usage of this grammar. 薦められた本を読むには読んだが、よく理解できなかった。 In general, what is the usage of 「VるにはVた」?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to say “Mathematics has a great impact on technology.”?

I have looked related examples up from the internet and I found some patterns as follows. What I want to say is Mathematics has a great impact (influence) on technology. or Technology is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do we use 楽しめそう and 楽しみ rather than 楽しい・楽しそう in these sentences?

Could someone explain why we use 楽しめそう instead of 楽しそう in the first sentence and what exactly 楽しみ means and why? (The translations are my best guess at what the sentences might mean.) ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Must relative clauses attach directly to the noun they are modifying

For example I can write: 日本に行く友達がいる。 I have a friend who is going to Japan But can I write: 日本に行くジョンという友達がいる。 I have a friend, named John, who is going to Japan. Basically, is it ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Is 他に essential in ~ほど~ない grammar?

When I learnt ~ほど~ない grammar, I found examples with 他に as follows. For me, the presence of 他に seems to be wasteful because 私ほどハンサムな人はいない。There is none as handsome as I. 私ほどハンサムな人は他にいない。There is no ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

What does the word よれん mean?

Here is the sentence: おおっ くせえのう… おらあぶた小屋だけはマスクなしではそばにもよれんわい。 It is probably said by Kansai speaker which I'm not certain. I understand that よれん or よれない means 'not to get twisted'. But I think ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Adding additional information as an afterthought

What is a natural way to add another object to a list as an afterthought? For example: 仕事で英語とピアノを教えています。フランス語____。 For work I teach piano and English. Oh, and French too.
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Does the 「の」 can be used as 「を」?

Here is the sentence spoken by Kansai speaker. そのフォークみたいの貸してください。 Other than the question I put on the topic, if the 「の」 is not used instead of 「を」, I would like to know if I can omit the 「の」 in ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What's the meaning of 「〜ようとも限り」

I cannot find any material relating to this grammar point. Give the following example, could you explain what the meaning of this grammar is? どんなに抵抗しようとも限り生きている人はいつかは死ぬ。
2
votes
3answers
137 views

「とあって」vs. 「とあっては」

Both of them mean 「〜とあれば」. I know that 「とあっては」is followed by negative clauses like 「ないわけにはいかない」、「ほかない」、「しかない」、etc. (according to this) However, the answer for the following sentence is A, which ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

What's the difference between 「そうもない」 and 「ようがない」

I know that both of these two grammars have the meaning of "it's impossible to do sth" but in the following 2 sentences, only ようがない is the correct answer. ①一方的に責められたら、こちらも説明( a/しそうもない b/しようがない ) ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

“Where” construction; grammar question

I'm beginning my study of Japanese grammar and am unclear as to the difference between the following interrogative structures. Is one more correct than the other in asking where something specific is? ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

いけない in this sentence and V-て+noun

I have searched and read articles and questions available regarding いけない and i do understand that it means that something cannot be done (you mustn't...). But i'm a bit unsure about it's meaning in ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Usage of ました form and た form with こと

Example: Is the formal of にほん に いった こと が ありまづ this : にほん に いきました こと が ありまづ. Or is the first one used in both cases?
4
votes
2answers
77 views

「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 what's it being used for here?

Ok, so I have spent some time trying to find so explanations of the grammar used in this sentence but I can't seem to quite understand what the 「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 are doing in this sentence. 「...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

What is the natural way to say “It is necessary for you to go home early”?

I want to say "It is necessary for you to go home early.", which is the natural way to say it? A: あなたがすぐ帰ることは必要だ。 B: あなたがすぐ帰る必要はある。 I am looking for a natural pattern to convey requirement ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Expressing that two words have the same meaning

Would someone please explain how the Japanese would most naturally state that two "words" (関係 and 関連 for example) have approximately the same meaning? My best bet is either 「関係」と「関連」の意味は同じぐらいです。 ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Why is this sentence not separated?

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 1.圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

しかしそれがいったいどんなことなのか - “what the heck could have it been?” not sure of translation

I have been reading Colorless Tsukuru by Murakami in Japanese. I came across a sentence where I understand the spirit of what it is saying but can't quite see how it translates. I was wondering if ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

「持っていっていい」 same as ? 「持っていってもいい」?

Is 「持っていっていい」 just 「持っていってもいい」 with the 「も」 omitted? I know 「てもいい」 means something along the lines of "may I" etc, is it the same for 「ていい」 or is there a slight difference?
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Do I need to use という in 「この話が事実に基づいているという証拠はある。」?

この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}づいているという証{しょう}拠{こ}はある。 There is evidence that this story is based on facts. Does the meaning change if I remove という so it becomes as follows? この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

もらいましょう meaning in a sentence

I know that ましょう form changes the verb meaning into "Let's". As in 行きましょう 'Let's go' or あそびましょう 'Let's play'. But もらう verb means that something good is done by another person in which we are grateful....
4
votes
3answers
141 views

Is nominalization necessary in 「彼が戻るのか知らないんです。」?

Do we need to nominalize 彼が戻る with の to create an interrogative clause? Is B not enough? A: 彼が戻るのか知らないんです。 B: 彼が戻るか知らないんです。
2
votes
2answers
54 views

捨てても捨てても - what does this phrase mean?

I came across this sentence in my JLPT mock test book: 今の暮らしにはモノが溢れ、捨てても捨てても増え続ける。 I don't understand what kind of grammar and what is the meaning of the bold phrase. It looks like an expression....
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Why can を be followed by a non-verb?

When I read the following sentence, 少しでも長生きをという願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 I think there is a missing verb as indicated as follows. 少しでも長生きを [missing verb] という願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Role of の in this sentence

「カッコイイのやってみたいと思ってます」 What's meaning of の here? How I understand: (I think) I wanna try to do something cool? (I'm not sure about カッコイイの) Thanks for your answer
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う?

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う? In my understanding, ボソニックという食べ物 means "a food called Bosonic".
4
votes
1answer
95 views

multiple たとえ even if (in a compound sentense)

たとえ夏にあなたにあえなくても、たとえいっしょに旅しなくても、まだもっと待ってるよ。 The question is how to link two "even if's" in a compound sentence, as in the example above. Perhaps, You don't need two たとえ and if you only conjugate the ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Any special meaning for “negative verb+なる (なってくる)”?

In the ヨコハマ買い出し紀行 manga (v.5 ch.32) there's a sentence また、南町にコーヒー豆が入らなくなってきて、今日は、うちも休日。 English translation reads I need to visit the south town for coffee beans again, but today is a day ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Difference between 言う and 話す

I've been trying to read Japanese articles (easy ones) and was wondering if someone could explain how と話す and と言う differ in nuance or meaning. They seem to be used interchangeably. For example, how ...
4
votes
2answers
342 views

How to say “A wants B to keep away from C.”?

I want to say A wants B to keep away from C. (A is a third person) My attempt is as follows, AはBにCを遠ざけてほしがっている。 Is it correct? Unnatural? Any comment and suggestion is really appreciated.
6
votes
1answer
736 views

What does ても mean in this sentence?

I am having trouble translating this sentence because of ても. そんなにゲームばかりして、目が悪くなっても知らないわよ。 Does it mean: If you only play the game so much, your eyes will get bad even if you don't know. I ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

ならでは vs. ぐらいのもの

I understand that both means to emphasize the uniqueness of the word before it (i.e. "only ~") but in the following sentence, I don't know which one fits. この難しい手術ができるのは、渡辺先生__のものだ。 Both ならでは and ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Can we use 近づける without an explicit object?

近づける is a transitive verb. X: 僕は子供を池に近づけない。I keep away the children from the pond. But there is a case in which 近づける is used without an object as the following sentence quoted from another answer....
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Word choice: ながらも vs. からこそ

I'm practicing JLPT mock test and there's the following sentence: どうしても時間がないと言う人でも、一日に15分くらいは捻出できるだろう。(中略) 「時間がない」と嘆く前に、まずは一日15分間の勉強を始めてみる。なかには、時間が__できる勉強というのもある。 「短いながらも」and「短いからこそ」are two ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Using ます-form inside a (compound, conditional) statement

Japanese grammar books say that ます-form should be used only at the very end of a (compound) statement. So 〜ないといけません。is a correct sentence ending. However googling "ませんといけない" finds lots of matches (...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

「よかったでした」? Is this correct?

From this goo post: 確かに顔を見たことはありませんでした。 でも普通アパートって隣の顔を見たり、接点持ったりとかあまりないですよね? ただ今回は相手の方もうるさくないと思って聞いてたそうで、また性格のよさそうな人だったので、良かったでした。 Is this a mistake, or is this actually grammatically ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Is it necessary the object of 近づける movable?

Assume that there is a pond in the garden in which a boy is playing around with his father. What is the correct expression that his mother must use? A: 息子を池に近づけるな! Keep away the son from the pond. ...
3
votes
3answers
103 views

plain present verb + ちょる

While reading a manga, which takes place during the samurai era, I came across the statement: 弟の鉄之助は中岡隊長の言うちょった犯人の特徴とピッタリ合うちょるきに…! I'm pretty sure it translates roughly to something like The ...
3
votes
3answers
178 views

What does the ”なの” in this sentence mean?

ここは、おすしがぜんぶ百円なの? I've read somewhat a lot on "na no" and just came to the conclusion that is something used to end a sentence similar to desu, but used mainly with females. So I was just wondering ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

I'm called and I think — the same?

From my newbie understanding, isn't "I think" and "I'm called" which is "My name is", the same phrase? .... to moushimasu -> ... I think Bill to moushimasu -> I'm called or my name is Bill Or ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Sentence ending じゃよ

Maruko:「おとおさんはちょっとは遠慮しながら食べてよ」 Dad:「いいんじゃよ」 Grandad:「そうじゃよ、みんなたくさん食べればいいよ」 Maruko is telling dad to hold back a bit while eating (because the food is a way to thank her grandad). I don't ...