文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
74 views

Meaning of には in this sentence.

……こういう時の遠坂にはどんなワガママもし放題なのであるが、生憎、ここはちょっとの油断で轢き飛ばされる制限速度六十キロ車道、二車線である。 When Tohsaka is like this she does anything she wants but, sadly, this is a a 2 lane traffic road with a limit of 60 km/h ...
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2answers
145 views

君の元へ飛んでゆけ - imperative or optative?

This is the context. Yura yura to yuganda sora e Kimi no moto e tonde yuke Konna ni mo chikaku ni kanjiteru Futatsu no omoi ゆらゆらと歪んだ空へ 君の元へ飛んでゆけ こんなにも近くに感じてる ふたつの想い This is ...
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1answer
131 views

Ask Japanese complicated passage

何か自分が望まないことを断るという状況を、セミナーなどで様々な方に実演してもらうことがあります。その時、訓練を受けていない人は9割方、『自分の利害の説明』から始めようとしがちです。 例えば、会社の利益になると思えない残業を命じられたり、法令や規則違反ギリギリの仕事を依頼されたりする場面で、ほとんどの人は『自分はそれをしたくない』とだけ言い張ったり、...
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1answer
64 views

くれて in this sentence

手伝って くれて 、ありがとう。おかげで早く終わったよ。 I understand it roughly: Thanks for giving me assistance, thanks to you, the task finished faster But why it is くれて not もらって? I thought the context was (I am really ...
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2answers
107 views

よう言うよう言う meaning

先生が私にみんなに手伝うよう言うよう言った。 The teacher told me to help everybody or The teacher told me to tell everyone to help. Can someone explain which one is correct and why?
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1answer
64 views

What's is the difference between these two forms?

So for what I knew the "potential form" of the verbs are for example: 話せる for 話す, a godan verb. 見られる for 見る, an ichidan verb. But then I find this form for the ichidan verbs that seems to mean the ...
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1answer
270 views

Help interpret 遅れてもよければ、大丈夫だ in a sentence

Here's the full context: A: 鈴木さん、今日来られるっていっていた? B: ちょっと遅れてもよければ、だいじょうぶだって。 What I understand roughly A: Did Suzuki say that he can come today? B: He said that if it's okay to be a bit late, he ...
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2answers
158 views

精一杯 usage in this sentence

とても受動的な感じで、どんな場面でも「教えてもらう」という姿勢が精一杯だったと思います。 I think that [Please teach me] is in every occasion an attitude filled with passivity. Is it correct? Link:http://ameblo.jp/c-partners/entry-...
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1answer
101 views

What is the subject of a sentence like 文字を紙に書いてある?

What is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある? I have thought of 書いてある and 書かれている as basically the same, but in 文字が紙に書かれている it is clear that 文字 is doing ている while it isn't clear what is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある.
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2answers
91 views

Can ~て初めて grammar be used with negative verbs?

I found many examples for ~て初めて with positive verbs, for example: 生まれて初めて寿司を食べた。It is the first time in my life I ate sushi. 病気になって初めて健康の有り難さが分かってきた。I began to know the value of health only ...
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2answers
773 views

How to parse たすけにいって

How to parse たすけにいって in 子猫をたすけにいって 子猫にかまれたらしい I think I understand the overall meaning, "It seems that he went to save the kitten and got bitten" but i want to understand more about the に いって.
1
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1answer
145 views

けど in the end of sentence

無理をしないように言ったけど。。 Is it an incomplete sentence? So she want to say "although I have told him not to overdo things... (he did it anyway). Here's the full story for the context... 今日、鈴木くんに会った時、...
3
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1answer
91 views

Expressing a doubt between multiple items in an enumeration

Consider the sentence: "I am hesitating between A, B and C". What would go between A,B,C―迷っています? Asking someone to make a choice seems more straightforward (I would say "A,B,C(の中)から選んでください".) I ...
5
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2answers
377 views

Vague subject of sentence

どうして田中が好きなんですか From what i understand, the sentence above doesn't have any subject, so depending on the context, it can be both Why do I like Tanaka? or Why do you like Tanaka? Is this correct ?
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1answer
189 views

Use of する and しまう

忘れ物をしました 忘れ物をしまったんです 忘れ物をしてしました 忘れ物をしてしまったんです Are all these four expressions acceptable, what is the difference among them?
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2answers
89 views

How does the までに work in ご参考までに

I know it means roughly "for your reference", but I can't really grasp why it means that based on my understanding of までに (which I consider roughly as 'before' or 'by'). I can't really come to any ...
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1answer
102 views

What does と言ってしまった mean?

この前、大嫌いと言ってしまったのに*。 Translated as: Even though I told him that I hate him so much. I understand most of it except for しまった。Looks like a verb in past form, しまる? 閉まる? That doesn't seem to make ...
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1answer
86 views

一人の彼女 versus 彼女の一人

Sometimes I find 一人の彼女 but sometimes I also find 彼女の一人 Is there any difference?
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3answers
157 views

How to express love in japanese?

We know that in japanese people usually say '愛している', TO LOVER. CAN i say 愛する? or あなたがすきです?. Besides, is '愛している' is a single verb?
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2answers
194 views

Correct verb tenses for if-would-type sentences

I've been confused about this ever since I started to learn Japanese: What is the correct verb tense for sentences like "If I had known ... then I would have"? Concrete example: If I had known that ...
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2answers
363 views

When is よう written in kanji as 様?

We have been taught a lot of uses of よう pattern like ように, Vます ように, sentence ending with ように, ようだ for comparison, etc. But everywhere in textbooks, the よう is written in hiragana. I recently found out ...
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2answers
260 views

Is this seat being chased, or is the person in it being chased from it?

In my JLPT textbook, I have this sentence: 彼{かれ}は国民{こくみん}の信頼{しんらい}を裏切{うらぎ}った。それゆえに、権力{けんりょく}の座{ざ}を追{お}われることとなったのである。 I think this sentence means, "He betrayed the trust of the people. As a ...
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1answer
174 views

Dazai Osamu - 人間失格 「自分は[無]{む}だ、[風]{かぜ}だ、[空]{そら}だ」 grammar?

I have a question regarding the following passage: 何でもいいから、笑わせておればいいのだ、そうすると、人間たちは、自分が彼[等]{ら}の[所謂]{いわゆる}「生活」の[外]{そと}にいても、あまりそれを気にしないのではないかしら、とにかく、彼等人間たちの[目障]{めざわ}りになってはいけない、自分は無だ、風だ、[空]{そら}だ、...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between “verb+て+みる” and “verb+(よ)う+とする”?

In Japanese there are words which mean "to try something or attempt at doing something", e.g. 試す, 試みる and つとめる. However, at the same time we also have two grammatical constructions "verb+て+みる" and "...
4
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1answer
194 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
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3answers
2k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
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2answers
186 views

Can もう一つ Be Used As a Question?

Hirigana: もう一{ひと}つ Translation: Another; One More Scenario: I'm drinking with a close friend and we've both finished our beers. I get up to go to the fridge, point to his empty bottle and say "もう一{...
4
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1answer
113 views

Should: ほうがいい、べき、ことだ

So far, I have learned about three different ways to say "should" in Japanese. I'm interested in knowing the differences among ほうがいい、べき and ことだ. What are some situations that each form would be better ...
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2answers
151 views

Is the object uniquely determined when using は in the following sentences?

卵は私が食べた。Speaking of the egg, I ate. Is what I ate the egg? Is it possible that I ate something other than the egg?
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5answers
3k views

i-adjectives used as na-adjectives: is there a difference? (e.g. 大きい versus 大きな)

There are at the very least several i-adjectives can be used as na-adjectives by dropping the final い and adding な in its place. The most common examples of this, as far as I am aware, are 大きい and 小さい,...
4
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2answers
268 views

What is the difference between だらけ and ばかり

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flfi38e0NKk I'm watching the above video, and they are explaining だらけ, as being synonymous with ばかり. However, as is always the case when I come across words that have ...
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2answers
210 views

家を出ます ? Why not に?

Why is this を and not に to indicate moving in a direction? 今日は天気がいいから家を出ます Unless this example is wrong? But it is from JapanesePod101
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2answers
154 views

にしても and としても, is there a difference?

にしても and としても...Don't they both have a meaning of "even if"? Is there any subtle difference between these two forms?
3
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1answer
95 views

Understanding ということのはずだ in this sentence

食事に求められるものは多々あるがー栄養バランスだの、しあわせ感だの、心の交流だのーしかしそのなかでもっとも求められているものは、空腹を満たす、一刻もはやく満たす、ということのはずだが、...rant continues There are many things that are desired in a meal but, nutritional balance, a happy ...
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1answer
112 views

Why is あるうちに correct but 残るうちに is not?

This question comes from 新完全マスター文法N2: ( )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 1. お金がある 2. 給料をもらう 3. お金が残る The second answer seems pretty obviously incorrect to me, but I'm not sure why #1 is correct yet #3 is not. ...
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1answer
93 views

Questions about causative constructions

If I wanted to say "The teacher who made the kids write a letter to their friend in the hospital", how should I write it? Are 2 にs ok in the same sentence? Would 病院にいる友達に子供に手紙を書かせた先生。be acceptable?...
3
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1answer
96 views

What are the differences between 出かける and 行く?

What are the differences between A and B? I think both mean almost the same thing. I often went to various places once I had bought a new car. A: 新しい車を買ったばかりのころは、よくいろいろな所へ行った。 B: ...
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1answer
70 views

貢がせる verb and its usage

遠坂にそんな高価な品を貢がせる悪しき男はあたしが天に代わって誅罰を下してくれるわー!キエー!」 【貢がせる女、貢ぐ男】 1. 思わせぶりな態度で男に貢がせようとする女のこと。 2. セックスのために売春婦に金を払う男、または付き合うために女に貢ぐ男。 The evil man who is tricking Tohsaka with precious goods. Is this ...
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0answers
48 views

Imperative with masu stem [duplicate]

I just had my first karate lesson and was puzzled. When the instructor wanted us to start or stop he would say はじめ and やめ. I would have expected to hear はじめろ or はじめて for example. Is it proper grammar ...
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1answer
195 views

How to use nested causative?

I want to exaggerate my previous question by nesting one more causative action. Assume that there are a policeman, a girl with her dog, and a snatcher on the street. The dog belongs to the girl. ...
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1answer
128 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
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1answer
93 views

Is the word ぐらい a noun? Why do we need の between ぐらい and はず?

Recall that はず can follow a noun followed by の a verb in plain form i adjective na adjective followed by な for the present tense and considering the following sentence, 十年前は小学生だったが、...
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3answers
1k views

How can we determine the subject of 「彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。」?

Consider the following sentence. 彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。 I really get confused in determining the subject. Which is the correct translation? I did not know that he will not come. He did ...
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3answers
284 views

Meaning of こともあるもんです

How should I translate こともある in this sentence (response to '何それ?'): あなたが辞書を使うなんて、はなはだ珍妙なこともあるもんです Literal translation of はなはだ珍妙なこともある would be 'there are also really odd things', but that makes ...
4
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2answers
92 views

Should the tense of predicate in main clause be the same as the tense of predicate in the relative clause?

It is a very basic question that I need to be confirmed. Consider the following sentence (taken from a book titled Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato). ...
3
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2answers
128 views

Do X and Y have the same state when using ~X にかぎらず Y?

Consider the following sentences. A: 女性に限らず、男性も化粧品を使うようになった。 My translations: A'1: Using cosmetics is not limited to women but also has been started by men. A'2: Not only women but ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Why did the author use に in the following sentence?

Why did the author use に in the following sentence? 理解しかねて首をかしげる会場の様子に、司会役が「もう少し具体的に」と重ねてたずねた。 たずねる needs に but for animate objects such as human beings. In the above sentence, に is used after ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Is a palindrome a thing?

A palindrome is a word or phrase that is the same backwards and forwards, such as "Bob", "aibohphobia" or "A man, a plan, a canal: Panama." In English, as well as many other languages, this is a ...
1
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1answer
162 views

Inconsistency in applying direct object to 勝つ

As far as I know, the verb 勝つ takes a direct object with に as 彼はチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match. and takes an indirect object with に対して as 彼は私に対してチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match against me. ...
5
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2answers
413 views

Who is the subject of this sentence?

Most of the time when I read Japanese sentences, I have no confidence whether the speaker or another person is the subject. Let's see one example as follows. 主人は、料理にかけては、誰にも引けを取らないと信じている。 I ...