文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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62 views

Is there a politeness change when replacing です with (っ)す? [duplicate]

I've heard in video games and TV shows some male speakers using す or っす in place of です. For example, instead of "本はどこですか" they say "本はどこすか". Does dropping the で make the sentence any less polite? ...
2
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1answer
93 views

When using しか, which part do we have to negate?

I want to say "Mathematics is the only thing I trust." using しか. But I am not sure which part I have to negate. Which one is the correct one? A or B? A: 数学しか信頼できるものじゃない。 B: 数学しか信頼でないものだ。
4
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2answers
76 views

Difference between てこそ and からこそ

「朝、起きる」という基本中の基本の生活習慣が身に__次の行為へとつながっていくのだ。 I think that both「ついてこそ」and「ついたからこそ」can be fit into the above sentence. However, the textbook gives「ついてこそ」as the right answer and I don't know why.
6
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1answer
90 views

How to parse the following sentence containing phrases that look like direct quoted relative clauses?

I cannot parse the following sentence. 自分の知る子供たちは、「無理だと知っていて」夢を語るが、日本の小学生は、「実現できると思って」夢を追う。だから「夢が違う」と言う。 As far as I know, 「」is used for direct quote. For example, 彼が「走ってください」と言いました。He said, "...
7
votes
1answer
255 views

Adding つき to the end of nouns

湯ぶねに体を沈めると、どばーっと色つきのお湯があふれた。 When he sank his body into the bath, the coloured hot water gushed over. I took me a while to figure out that 色つき meant 'coloured'. It isn't in the bi-lingual ...
10
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2answers
432 views

Usage of ~を好き outside of embedded clauses

日本語文法の初心者です :D In general, を is not used with 好き because 好き is a na-adjective: 彼は猫が好きです。 — correct 彼は猫を好きです。 — incorrect If this part is "embedded" as a clause, を is also ...
6
votes
1answer
132 views

Expressing a regretful wish

What is a good way to express a wish about something that won't or is unlikely to happen. For example. I wish I were tall enough to be allowed on that roller coaster. I wish I could eat that much ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Confused in determining the rule of composing ~さえ~ば sentence

Let's consider the following conditional sentence but without "ONLY". ボタンを押せば、ジュースが出る。If you press the button, the juice comes out. When "ONLY" is inserted with さえ, the conditional sentence ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、...
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2answers
110 views

Correct usage of 'you'?

I need a little help with the phrase 'You are...' For simplicity, I'm going to you the example: 'You are helpful.' It's an awkward example, yes, but it's the best I could find. :P Are these correct? ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Usage of 'か' in short sentences

I know that か is the 'question marker particle', and can use it confidently in formal sentences. However, when it comes to casual speech and very short sentences, what is it's usage? For example, if ...
1
vote
3answers
202 views

Why was て omitted in this relative clause?

彼は、外見はともかくとして、性格が良く、信頼できる人だ。 Leaving aside his outward appearance, my elder brother is a trustworthy person with good personality. Question In my understanding, the sentence should be as ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

How to say “I've never done it” without saying what “it” is

I know how to say "I've never done verb-phrase" using verb-phrase ことがない e.g. ケーキを食べることがない. But how would I say something like "Even though I've wanted to try eating cake, I've never done it" ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

How can verb て become an adverb?

I found a sentence 医者が「大丈夫ですか」と重ねて尋ねた。 with translation The doctor repeatedly asked "Is it OK?". As far as I know The concatenation of て verb represents several actions which are done ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Meaning of たァ after verb in dictionary form

「入浴剤まで置いてあるたァ、なんだか今日はかあさんの奴、気が利くじゃねぇか。」 Even bath salts have been put out. Somehow, today, mother's (things?) are thoughtful aren't they? I'm reasonably happy with てある: something has been done by ...
5
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4answers
133 views

別に in non-negative clause

Context: Grandad was bought food as a gift for looking after Maruko. Maruko apologises to grandad because dad has just eaten it all. Then Grandad says: 「いいんじゃよ、まる子。おじいちゃんは別にただまる子をかわいがっているだけじゃ」 ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

What is the proper translation for と続いた後で?

xやyなどと続いた後で、zという答えがあった。 Literally it means something like: The answers were x, y followed by z. What is the better translation for this?
6
votes
2answers
632 views

What does との mean in this sentence?

It is very hard to parse the following sentence as I don't know about との grammar. What does との mean and how to parse the following sentence? 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。
3
votes
2answers
542 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How should one interpret ~ていた + だなんて

I came across the following sentence in volume 12 of the manga たいようのいえ and was unsure how to interpret the expression at the end. Could someone please explain how the "だなんて" changes the meaning or ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students ...
5
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2answers
172 views

報復する meaning in this sentence

あんまりにも痛いんで、ムシャクシャして、適当なぬいぐるみを報復したくなった。 包丁で、無抵抗なぬいぐるみを滅多刺し。誰にでもできる惨殺行為、簡単すぎてものすごく無意味【つまらな】い。 それはさぞかし気持ちが悪く、気色が悪く、後味なんか最悪で、つまり今のオレはそのぬいぐるみ役なのだった。 Because it hurt so much, because I got angry, I ...
21
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3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」?

I have the following sentence and I can't find any material pointing out the usage of this grammar. 薦められた本を読むには読んだが、よく理解できなかった。 In general, what is the usage of 「VるにはVた」?
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vote
1answer
73 views

How to say “Mathematics has a great impact on technology.”?

I have looked related examples up from the internet and I found some patterns as follows. What I want to say is Mathematics has a great impact (influence) on technology. or Technology is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do we use 楽しめそう and 楽しみ rather than 楽しい・楽しそう in these sentences?

Could someone explain why we use 楽しめそう instead of 楽しそう in the first sentence and what exactly 楽しみ means and why? (The translations are my best guess at what the sentences might mean.) ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Must relative clauses attach directly to the noun they are modifying

For example I can write: 日本に行く友達がいる。 I have a friend who is going to Japan But can I write: 日本に行くジョンという友達がいる。 I have a friend, named John, who is going to Japan. Basically, is it ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Is 他に essential in ~ほど~ない grammar?

When I learnt ~ほど~ない grammar, I found examples with 他に as follows. For me, the presence of 他に seems to be wasteful because 私ほどハンサムな人はいない。There is none as handsome as I. 私ほどハンサムな人は他にいない。There is no ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

What does the word よれん mean?

Here is the sentence: おおっ くせえのう… おらあぶた小屋だけはマスクなしではそばにもよれんわい。 It is probably said by Kansai speaker which I'm not certain. I understand that よれん or よれない means 'not to get twisted'. But I think ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Adding additional information as an afterthought

What is a natural way to add another object to a list as an afterthought? For example: 仕事で英語とピアノを教えています。フランス語____。 For work I teach piano and English. Oh, and French too.
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Does the 「の」 can be used as 「を」?

Here is the sentence spoken by Kansai speaker. そのフォークみたいの貸してください。 Other than the question I put on the topic, if the 「の」 is not used instead of 「を」, I would like to know if I can omit the 「の」 in ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What's the meaning of 「〜ようとも限り」

I cannot find any material relating to this grammar point. Give the following example, could you explain what the meaning of this grammar is? どんなに抵抗しようとも限り生きている人はいつかは死ぬ。
2
votes
3answers
140 views

「とあって」vs. 「とあっては」

Both of them mean 「〜とあれば」. I know that 「とあっては」is followed by negative clauses like 「ないわけにはいかない」、「ほかない」、「しかない」、etc. (according to this) However, the answer for the following sentence is A, which ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

What's the difference between 「そうもない」 and 「ようがない」

I know that both of these two grammars have the meaning of "it's impossible to do sth" but in the following 2 sentences, only ようがない is the correct answer. ①一方的に責められたら、こちらも説明( a/しそうもない b/しようがない ) ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

“Where” construction; grammar question

I'm beginning my study of Japanese grammar and am unclear as to the difference between the following interrogative structures. Is one more correct than the other in asking where something specific is? ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

いけない in this sentence and V-て+noun

I have searched and read articles and questions available regarding いけない and i do understand that it means that something cannot be done (you mustn't...). But i'm a bit unsure about it's meaning in ...
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1answer
50 views

Usage of ました form and た form with こと

Example: Is the formal of にほん に いった こと が ありまづ this : にほん に いきました こと が ありまづ. Or is the first one used in both cases?
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votes
2answers
77 views

「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 what's it being used for here?

Ok, so I have spent some time trying to find so explanations of the grammar used in this sentence but I can't seem to quite understand what the 「自分でも」 and 「くらい」 are doing in this sentence. 「...
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2answers
81 views

What is the natural way to say “It is necessary for you to go home early”?

I want to say "It is necessary for you to go home early.", which is the natural way to say it? A: あなたがすぐ帰ることは必要だ。 B: あなたがすぐ帰る必要はある。 I am looking for a natural pattern to convey requirement ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Expressing that two words have the same meaning

Would someone please explain how the Japanese would most naturally state that two "words" (関係 and 関連 for example) have approximately the same meaning? My best bet is either 「関係」と「関連」の意味は同じぐらいです。 ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is this sentence not separated?

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 1.圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

しかしそれがいったいどんなことなのか - “what the heck could have it been?” not sure of translation

I have been reading Colorless Tsukuru by Murakami in Japanese. I came across a sentence where I understand the spirit of what it is saying but can't quite see how it translates. I was wondering if ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

「持っていっていい」 same as ? 「持っていってもいい」?

Is 「持っていっていい」 just 「持っていってもいい」 with the 「も」 omitted? I know 「てもいい」 means something along the lines of "may I" etc, is it the same for 「ていい」 or is there a slight difference?
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Do I need to use という in 「この話が事実に基づいているという証拠はある。」?

この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}づいているという証{しょう}拠{こ}はある。 There is evidence that this story is based on facts. Does the meaning change if I remove という so it becomes as follows? この話{はなし}が事{じ}実{じつ}に基{もと}...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

もらいましょう meaning in a sentence

I know that ましょう form changes the verb meaning into "Let's". As in 行きましょう 'Let's go' or あそびましょう 'Let's play'. But もらう verb means that something good is done by another person in which we are grateful....
4
votes
3answers
141 views

Is nominalization necessary in 「彼が戻るのか知らないんです。」?

Do we need to nominalize 彼が戻る with の to create an interrogative clause? Is B not enough? A: 彼が戻るのか知らないんです。 B: 彼が戻るか知らないんです。
2
votes
2answers
54 views

捨てても捨てても - what does this phrase mean?

I came across this sentence in my JLPT mock test book: 今の暮らしにはモノが溢れ、捨てても捨てても増え続ける。 I don't understand what kind of grammar and what is the meaning of the bold phrase. It looks like an expression....
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Why can を be followed by a non-verb?

When I read the following sentence, 少しでも長生きをという願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 I think there is a missing verb as indicated as follows. 少しでも長生きを [missing verb] という願いをかなえるために、医療は目覚ましい進歩を遂げてきた。 ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Role of の in this sentence

「カッコイイのやってみたいと思ってます」 What's meaning of の here? How I understand: (I think) I wanna try to do something cool? (I'm not sure about カッコイイの) Thanks for your answer
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う?

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う? In my understanding, ボソニックという食べ物 means "a food called Bosonic".