文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
68 views

What does どういった mean in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What purpose does はめ serve in this sentence?

ふたりではめあいしておかしいですね笑。 I know that ふたりで means Two of us. あいして means love. おかしい means amusing, funny or comical. But I'm not sure what purpose 'はめ' serves in the sentence and as such I can't really ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

漂わせる meaning in this context

先ほどまでの憂いは影をひそめ、その仕草に優雅ささえ漂わせる. The hardships from before hide the shadow, (and through) that gesture give off elegance. Is this a correct way to understand it? Is 仕草 the agent? Is 漂わせる a ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Meaning of ~したいぐらい

I want to understand the meaning of this sentence 壁紙にしたいぐらい写真。 I was thinking the meaning literally could be "Your photograph is beautiful to be set as my wallpaper", but I argue about the ...
7
votes
2answers
140 views

Can 達 be used to pluralize inanimate things?

インターネットを見ていて、「これは便利だと思ったiOSアプリたち」という記事を偶然読みました。「たち」は人間など[有生]{ゆうせい}のものを指している名詞にしか付かないと思っていましたが、このタイトルは反例ではないとは思えません。 「たち」をこういう使い方で使うのは本当に普通ですか。複数性を強調する場合、有生でないものには「等{ら}」を付けるのが普通だと思っていましたが…
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Please enlighten me about a haunting "が”

I came across a long sentence in a story, which I have googled around and struggled for a couple of days. Here is what it reads: この頃わかってきたのだが、旅人の中には用心のためか、こちらの挨拶に頷くぐらいしか、挨拶を返さないものが少なくない。 My rough ...
6
votes
2answers
534 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Usage of を in 自らを豊作を司る

I came across this while reading 「狼と香辛料」and was confused by the usage of を in the sentence below: 少女は狼の耳と尻尾を有した美しい娘で、自らを豊作を司る神ホロと名乗った。 In particular I'm interested in 「自らを豊作を司る」which I would ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

「星のカービィ」- Why ィ and not ー?

The Nintendo character Kirby's name in Japanese is 「星のカービィ」, pronounced "Hoshi no Kābī". For the カ, a ー is used for extending the vowel sound. For the ビ, though, a small イ is used. I thought the ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

On the interpretation of an ambiguous(?) sentence from 「風立ちぬ」

I encountered a seemingly ambiguous sentence when reading the novel 「風立ちぬ」 by 堀辰雄 as below: お前の父や、それからまたそういう父をも数に入れたお前のすべてを絶えず支配しているものに、素直に身を任せ切っているのではないだろうか? My first impression was that the ...
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0answers
21 views

-た form of a verb followed by です [duplicate]

I came across the sentence: 花子はこんなすばらしいプレゼントをくれたんですよ。 Hanako gave me this wonderful present. Why does it use くれたんですよ rather than just くれたよ? My guess is that it makes the sentence more ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it ...
4
votes
2answers
284 views

Do I need to add “da” before “to iimashita”?

Not sure how to say "my mum said it was fun." Is this correct: watashi no okaasan wa, sore ga tanoshi to iimashita Or do I need to add "da"? As this is for speaking.
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Japanese Nouns problem

Okay, this is my first question on this page so bear with me, I was studying Japanese nouns but I'm not sure if you use ではありません or じゃない to deny a noun, so if someone could please explain it to me, ...
5
votes
2answers
114 views

several difficulties reading an extract about Kobayashi Issa's works

I'm still reading "小林{こばやし}一茶{いっさ}" (a book written by 宗左近/Sō Sakon about the famous poet). I'm facing several difficulties with the following extract : 愛{あい}の歌{うた} 怒{いか}りの歌{うた} ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Is it correct - クッキング・テール?

I am starting a cooking blog which is named Cooking Tale. I wanted a person to translate the name and he said クッキング・テール is ok. But when I search for this name in dictionaries, it says "tail" not ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

De wa or dewa, noob question

What does dewa mean here? ブラウンさん、日本語では、トイレはお手洗いと同じ意味ですよ I haven't really studied it yet and thought it was kind of a negative used like janai, but here it means- Brown-san, in Japanese, ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Sentences using humble expressions and multiple verbs

I was solving exercises from the Genki II workbook when I stumbled upon this sentence: ”私は先生に東京の大学について聞きました”. It had to be changed into a sentence using humble expressions. There appear to be 2 verbs ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

ほしがっている versus ほしそうだ

I don't really understand the differences between the following sentences. 彼は新しい車をほしがっている。 彼は新しい車をほしそうだ。 In both sentences, the speakers made conjectures based on the sign that the third person ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように?

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように in this example (there is already a post of にあたって/にあたり, but I can't understand)? 以後{いご}はトムと協力{きょうりょく}してことに当{あ}たるように
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vote
0answers
57 views

I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

What does 辞書形+といけない mean?

Usually といけない follows ない形 of 辞書形. For example, 寝る前に、歯を磨かないといけない。I have to brush my teeth before sleeping. 明日までに宿題を出さないといけない。I have to hand in my homework by tomorrow. Today, I read a new grammar ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

だんだん読めないようになった versus だんだん読めなくなってきた

What are the differences between the following 2 sentences? A: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めないようになった。(Lit: I gradually became unable to read small characters.) B: 僕は小さい字がだんだん読めなくなってきた。(Lit: I gradually became ...
2
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0answers
27 views

What means 目えかける in this phrase? [duplicate]

What means 目えかける in this phrase? Is a type of contraction? What is the grammar behind this? 見所{みどころ}のある奴{やつ}に目{め}ぇかける
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Question regarding the use of なのに

What does the なのに mean in this sentence from Makino and Tsutsui's A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar: アパートの家賃を払うのが精一杯なのに、まして(や)家を買うなんて夢物語だ Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar ...
6
votes
3answers
109 views

Best way to say “if you don't mind ____” in this circumstance?

I'm not too sure if what I think I should say is correct so I would like to ask for some help. I'm trying to say something like, "If you don't mind, I'd like to know what game software you use" or ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

What does ~がままになる mean?

I saw this in a book I'm reading: 思考に空白が生まれ、突撃してくるキラーアントの姿を、ただ受け入れるがままになった。 I'm familiar with まま but I've never seen it used that way. How should I interpret the last part of the sentence?
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Usage of て form plus の (幸運が重なっての勝利) [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in a book: すさまじい幸運が重なっての勝利だった。 It seems pretty clear that this means "I won thanks to incredible luck" but I was caught a little off guard by what appears to be the use of ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Can とか have the same meaning as も?

いいか、危ないぞ。 ホントに危ないんだぞ。 イリヤ本人もだけど、部屋の主たる思春期の少年のナイーヴな心臓とかな Look, it's dangerous. Really dangerous. For Illya too but, among other things the naive earth of the young boy going through puberty ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Identifying who's who?

I have the following sentence, extracted from a textbook, こちらからお願いに伺うべきところを先方{せんぽう}からお出{い}でいただき、恐縮した。 This sentence feels a bit overly polite which does not help me. I think that こちら is the one ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is the 「て」missing from the passive-form verb in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」would follow the verb 「中断され」to create conjunctive/continuative form.
0
votes
1answer
75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Different conjugations of the verb 住む

「どちらにお住まいですか。」 「どちらにお住みですか。」 「どちらに住んでいますか。」 Do all of these questions mean "where do you live?" ? How are they grammatically different? Is 「住まい 」a conjugated form of the verb 「住む 」?
5
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2answers
82 views

鞘に収める expression. Meaning?

There are 2 girls who had a fight and are mad at each other. One of them asks the protagonist if he is gonna fight against the other girl and he anwswers: 「あいつが邪魔をするなら戦う。 ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

What does こと mean in this context?

I'm going through ekubo basic japanese lessons and there's a recurring use of the word こと I don't understand, like in this sentence: そとで、ものをうっていることが多いです Translated in the video as People ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Why is「から」used in this sentence?

Why is「から」used in the following sentence? さてと...われわれも気をうしなうとするか 寝不足すると 農場作業がつらいからな。 For my understanding, 「農場作業がつらい」is the result clause while normally 「から」 would follow reason clause.
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Is there a difference in meaning between 何時間寝ますか and 何時に寝ますか

Is there a difference in meaning between 「何時間寝ますか」 and 「何時に寝ますか」 ? I know that 「何時に寝ますか。」means "What time do you sleep?" But what about 「何時間寝ますか。」?
4
votes
2answers
345 views

Meaning of this 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!line?

So came across this line on this page (link, previous and following pages included also) and it has that very odd 無手勝流の剣にしては!やる!bubble on it that's left me stumped, (the context is a friendly sporting ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

Another way to say “これはだれの___ですか?”

(the blank represents some noun/object) Is この__はだれのですか? grammatically correct and have the same meaning as the title?
4
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0answers
82 views

するに not followed by motion verb [duplicate]

All the questions I've seen are either using verb-には in place of verb-ために or verb-に followed by a motion verb. This seems to be neither. Maruko's friend has just pulled a sweet out of his pocket. The ...
8
votes
3answers
246 views

Confusing use of possessive の

This is embarrassingly basic. I've been using の happily for the last year and then I read this sentence and made the mistake of stopping to think about it: ポケットからきれいな包みのアメ玉を取り出した。 He took a ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Difference between そういう and そんな

Are そういう and そんな completely interchangeable? Is there any difference in nuance or meaning, or contexts where one is more appropriate than the other?
1
vote
0answers
35 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
4
votes
1answer
64 views

なっている when does it mean resultant state, and when does it refer to progression?

バスに乗っている間に眠くなっている Take for example the sentence above. My question is about when なっている appears with adjectives/verbs such as 暑い、眠い、寒い、酷い (i.e. adjectives/verbs unlike 死ぬ) and that also have a ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Basic Japanese grammar [closed]

Where can I find basic Japanese grammar with accuracy? I just want to know a few common structures
8
votes
1answer
83 views

What does だから、ではないが mean?

これからどのような色に変わるのか、それとも透き通ったままでいるのか、「未知」を前にした神の興味がつきることはない。だから、ではないが。 I am having trouble understanding what the bolded part means. How should I interpret it? thanks