A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
81 views

Can 〜てもいい indicate you are giving yourself permission?

I saw this picture online and it was of someone giving their business card to a girl (presumably to become an idol). The girl says in the picture: う〜んどうしよかなぁ 今キスしてくれたらアイドルになってもいいよ Attempt at ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Help with nuances of a list please? X や Y も…“X and Y, as well” or “X as well as Y”?

I'm just double-checking the nuances of a translation. The speaker is listing several people here: オレやひろしも藤岡さん【ふじおかさん】やお前【おまえ】の両親【りょうしん】だって黙まってねえ Contextually, the speaker, listener and Hiroshi ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

これまた/なんてこれまた meaning?

Going off the main clause I think the general meaning here is that Saegusa (2nd person) is giving the speaker (narrator, 1st person) a surprised look (lit. "giving me a great suprise" - the speaker ...
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vote
2answers
186 views

What would be the correct translation of “Something in Japanese”

Background So before I start off I thought I'd give a little background as to why I want to know this. So my mother is knitting me a sweater and asked what kind of things should be on there. I ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Why is the negative form of [べき] べからず?

On http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/should#part5, the author doesn't explain the etymology of べからず. Can anyone explain?
2
votes
2answers
130 views

When does 感謝 happen in 分かるように分かりやすく説明してあげるから感謝しなさいよね!

Does 感謝 happen before 説明 or after? It's possible to write "分かるように分かりやすく説明してあげるから後で感謝しなさいよね!" so I feel it might be ambiguous, but I'm not sure.
4
votes
2answers
183 views

How does the negative form of である get to be ではない?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/formal#part3 doesn't explain the reason clearly. Can anyone explain?
6
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2answers
187 views

Is だ (plain form of です) omittable?

After studying copula verbs だ and です in japanese grammar books by myself a couple of months ago, I was under the impresion that だ is omittable as it is implied by the context. Moving on, I recently ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Usage of Verb て Verb て [closed]

I am currently studying the usage of Verb て Verb て sentence structure which means that I have two te form verbs being used in a sentence. I just need a bit of clarification. For example: I wake ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Help with the translation?

I was playing a game(yugi-oh) until I found this: これといった用があって来たわけじゃない. This was in the very beginning of the game, when someone woke me up. I'm not sure what 「これといった」and 「わけじゃない」mean. May someone help ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

甲斐 (かい) usage in present tense

I've normally seen it being used in past tense, e.g. 「我慢した―があった」 However, I'm not sure how to correctly interpret a sentence like: 「生きている―がない」 I've come across this definition: ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Use of わけ in this conversation

This is an example conversation in one of my textbooks. I don't really understand the third sentence and how to make sense of it in English. My understanding is that わけ is used to provide a reason or ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Difference between using ころ and ころに?

I'm kinda new to this site so I'm not entirely sure how the format works. In the sentence below, which I'm assuming I translated correctly as "When I was in high school, I studied often": ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Constructions like [ “direct speech” と noun ]

The next sentence sounds enough strange for me, as I have got used to constructions like "「...」と(Aさんが)言った。" or something similar. But, here it looks like at least the word "言う" was omitted. Why do ...
3
votes
5answers
218 views

Can we use negative form before ~てしまう : f.ex. なく+~てしまう?

Using the form ~てしまう we mean, that something happened in a way we did not expect. But what if we use a negative form before the ~てしまう ending? Will it be also grammatically right? For example: ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

のに (noni) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but, although" etc

So guys I searched about this difference and didn't find a conclusive answer. What is the difference or is there any difference at all like this: この部屋はいつもきれいなのに今日はちらかっている。 Although this room ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

What could it be: つもりでいた??

I need some help with the sentence below. Things like ~ている、~でいる when finishing the verb as in [似]{に}ている、[読]{よ}んでいる are okay for me. But next sentence is something else, because the ending でいた is ...
8
votes
2answers
210 views

いい人そう。using “seemingly” そう with nouns?

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the differences between 「らしい」「よう」「みたい」「そう」. I thought I was making some progress when I gave this example to a Japanese friend. ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

How does つつ work in a sentence like 飲みつつそう言った?

For 飲みつつそう言った, I'm confused on how it works because a person can't really say anything while water is in their mouth. However, does that mean the person talked in between sips or does it mean that the ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

is this a grammatically sound sentence?

Is this a grammatically sound sentence? 今年、私が勉強したことがない科目を習うことにします。
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Using 「点」 vs 「所」 vs 「箇所」to refer to a point in a document, description, etc

When referring to previous document (manual, email, etc.) or a previous statement/reply I'm not sure of the difference between using 「点」, 「所」 and 「箇所」. I would want to say something along the lines ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

とする(か) VS Volitional, conjectural and と思う

The speaker just finished preparing a ring for a tournament when he says this sentence by himself (there is no hearer in the scene) : さて...テレビ局に行くとするか。 I know that とする can mean "to decide to", ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

How to understand なんだ [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 図書館へ行くつもりなんだ What is なんだ from the grammar point of view?
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Plain Form of にくいです and とくいです

If I want to add から(because) to にくいです, would it become にくいだから or にくいから Also, if I want to add けれども to とくいです、is it とくいだけれども or とくいけれども Thank you!
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Is this how to say “I'm going to Japan Wednesday.”?

Is 私は水曜日本に行きます。 a reasonable way to say "I'm going to Japan Wednesday."? If it is, is this also okay? 水曜、私は日本に行きます。
2
votes
3answers
173 views

Meaning of 「という訳でもないのだが」

I have a question about the meaning of という訳でもないのだが in the following passage. If I'm understanding correctly 「いたからと言ってなんだ」 - 「居たからと言って何だ」 would translates something like - "even if he/she was, than ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

(Person's name) + 君の事

I came across the following sentence and I'm having troubles understanding the grammar: …一条君の事好きだった… 一条 stands for the person's name. That being said, I understand 君 is a personal pronoun like ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

ず negative verb

This is from one of the readings in 中級から学ぶ日本語 workbook (Ch.16), about a man who has just retired and is sitting back with a beer thinking about how hard he worked and whether it was all worth it. ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Use of 「~ておりますしょうか。 」

I came across this construct that I'm not familiar with: 「。。。推移しておりますしょうか。」 What is the use of the ending 「~おりますしょうか。」 I assumed it to be a shortening of 「~おりますでしょうか」 seeing as the meaning ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

What is the difference between 〜て and 〜の?

Sometimes when I see verbs in a sentence that uses it as a subject or noun rather than an event or verb which explains what happens in a sentence. E.g.: 私は食べるのが好きです。 金曜日、日本へ行っては思う。 In ...
3
votes
4answers
358 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Using “Nara” with Different Verbs

I recently learned that if you are asked if you've, say, been to Japan, you can use "nara" and reply with "I've been to China, but I have not been to Japan" to sort of lesson the blow of your reply. ...
4
votes
3answers
360 views

How to say a sentence without repeating the word?

I'm sorry if this is a duplicate question (I bet it is), I didn't really know what to search for. 猫を描く、犬を描かない。 (I draw cats, I don't draw dogs.) How do you say that sentence without having to ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

verb+ようにと、 or verb+かと、

Ch.16 of the textbook 中級から学ぶ日本語 introduces the ~と、 structure, with this example: 早く花がさくようにと、毎日水をやっている。 Without the と particle I would read this as 'I water the flowers everyday so that they ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What is the grammatical analysis of the sentence 「君を笑いに来た」?

In English, the popular translation of 「君を笑いに来た」 is "I came to laugh at you," but ever since I heard the original in Japanese, I was curious as to what is going on in the sentence from the grammatical ...
4
votes
3answers
209 views

What is the difference between ために and -masu root verb+ に?

What is the difference between these two grammar patterns? わたしは 大学で 教えに 英語を 習っています わたしは 大学で 教えるために 英語を 習っています
5
votes
2answers
250 views

The use of へ towards an abstract concept

I understand the obvious uses of へ. My understanding gets a bit fuzzy when it comes to things other than a physical direction toward a physical place. For example; a sentence such as this: 勝ちへ向かう Is ...
1
vote
3answers
139 views

How to use の particle and the で particle if I want to say “I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop”

If I wanted to say "I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop", how would the particles work? I know "shoes" would take the を particle. But when it comes to "Tomoyo's shop" would I place the の particle ...
6
votes
4answers
180 views

What's the difference between 大きいケーキ and 大きなケーキ?

I'm studying for Japanese exam of the second year and teacher corrected this sentence-mistake: 音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きい ケーキ を たべました。 was corrected to  音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きな ケーキ を たべました。 What is the ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

Is this question grammatically correct in japanese?

the sentence is : パオロさんに それ 父に 書いてあげる 手紙、出してあげると 伝えてください how could it be written othewrwise? I would mean "tell to paul to send to me the letter I wrote for his father".
2
votes
1answer
198 views

The passive form [closed]

I'm new to this site (just made an account), I've been learning about the passive form of verbs but I'm a bit confused by what the passive form actually is... I tried googling but couldn't find an ...
6
votes
1answer
146 views

Placing a quantifier between a noun and particle?

this is my first question here so please bare with me. Until the other day I was aware of two different ways use counters As an adverb. ペンを3本買いました。 As a noun. 3本のペンを買いました。 ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Is it grammatically correct to use よう without な, に or だ(です)after it?

神の思し召しであなたとよき友情を育むためにあなたにメールするようお告げがありました I think the sentence roughly translates into: "For the sake of raising you and good friend into God's thoughts, you mailed a divine message" Instincts ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Meaning of “でも” in “食事でもどうですか?”

I've found this sentence on alc.co.jp 食事でもどうですか and I am puzzled as to meaning this でも conveys. How does it differ from 食事はどうですか which would be my first choice; however, according to ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Explaining the phrase 書{か}き込{こ}みによると

I have translated the phrase 書き込みによると which, and if I'm right, means "According to the writing". I want to know more about the structure and grammar rules used here. I found it in this article.
3
votes
1answer
99 views

What does 曰く mean when it is *not* preceded by a name?

Dictionary or other references are appreciated, as no dictionary I have referenced gives me an example of this kind of usage. Example: ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Meaning of いくら and って in this sentence

The speaker just stated that her father is too sure of himself. いくらママが死んじゃって いないからってさ! (there is a space in the manga as well) チャンピオンなのを利用していろんな女の人と遊びまくってんのよ! He uses his title to have ...