A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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128 views

What does こと mean in 彼らは騒々しいことおびただしい?

Example sentence from プログレッシブ和英中辞典: 彼らは騒々しいことおびただしい They are making a terrible noise [racket]. I don't know if that's 事 or 言, or 殊 (or something else?) so no idea where to even start looking...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Emphatic / Focus loss upon translating between active and passive sentences?

Background information (Do point out if I got anything wrong along the way) So I'm working through Jay Rubin's Making Sense of Japanese, and I've familiarized myself with the concept of zero ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Adverbial Clauses

Thinking about sentence structure in Japanese. Given that the simplest sentence in Japanese is a stand-alone verb, would it be valid to say that the rest of the sentence is an adverbial clause, and ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

ばかり usage in 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山

An example phrase from プログレッシブ和英中辞典 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山 a dazzling heap of gems Can ばかり here be safely replaced by ほど, くらい etc. without changing the meaning? Is this how ばかり+の (with ばかり working as a ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Asking about “time sent” and “time received”

What is the proper syntax for questions like "When was this message sent?" or "When did you receive my message?". Another example would be "What time was it when was this message received?". Beyond ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Use of に in this sentence

たえ子が入っていったのはジュエリーの有名店である。高級店のたたずまいに怖じ気づきつつ、たえ子に続く。 (from the book おまえじゃなきゃだめなんだ.) I understand this sentence as The store Taeko entered was a famous jewelry store, and while she was ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

How to ask someone to do something for you

I'd like to know how to politely ask someone (as a question, not a statement) to do something for me in Japanese. I'm already aware of the basic "___をください" and "___をおねがいします" patterns, but I don't want ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Confusion with passive voice

I've been reading the section on viewpoint in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DBJG). In it he states that the following sentence is ungrammatical 私のむすこは私にしかられた My son was scolded by ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Meaning of だけども / ですけども

I was watching はじめしゃちょー on youtube, and I noticed that he keeps adding だけども / ですけども at the end of sentences. I fully understand the usage of けど, however I have never encountered も (or is it ...
1
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2answers
114 views

correct usage of 'There be …' construction and 'somebody has something'

How do I express the meaning of "somebody has something" in Japanese? In English the 'there be...' construction means something exists somewhere, which equals the Japanese 〜〜があります or 〜〜がいます. For ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, ...
3
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2answers
106 views

Need help translating a sentence - あるひ?

I'm trying to read a children's book and have already gotten stumped by the first sentence. "context" The picture shows an autumn day. It reads: ある つめたい かぜの ふく ひ。 So far I've got ... (chilly ...
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1answer
176 views

Understanding 「あきらめたらそこで試合終了なので、最後まで頑張ります」

Please look at this sentence: あきらめたらそこで試合終了なので、最後まで頑張ります How should I understand it? I tried to understand the meaning, and I think it means, "if you abandon, the test will be over at once ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Can you use V-ます before から?

I was taught that you must use the plain form of a verb before から. Recently I've noticed that I will use the ます form of verbs. Most often I'm saying ~がありますから instead of ~があるから。 I feel like it's not ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

単語を十個 or 十個単語を - quantifiers before or after direct objects

I once read a Japanese sentence: 仮に毎日単語を十個覚えるとする Can I say this instead? 仮に毎日十個単語を覚えるとする
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1answer
96 views

Translation help please – Meaning of 「〜というが」

I am working on a translation and came across this phrase: 「お客様は神様」というが、客からのクレームをニーズとし、それにチャレンジしていく企業家精神は、どの時代にあっても必要である。 I am having trouble following the structure of this sentence – I follow ...
6
votes
3answers
119 views

The meaning of に in [切り出すに切り出せず]

I don't understand the meaning of に in this sentence: 切り出すに切り出せず、今日まできてしまいました Is 切り出すに切り出せず fashioned after some particular grammar? I can't really think of an interpretation that sounds ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Translation of the sentence and its relation with the text in circle brackets

I can't completely understand the second sentence, especially connecting the parts in circle brackets with the narration. I tried to make a translation, could somebody please check if I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Meaning of って followed by のが?

In the sentence 殺さずに生け捕るってのが面倒でしたがね is the って being used as quoting? Does this change the function of のが?
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2answers
98 views

verb versus noun + する

In the book I'm reading I keep seeing constructs where I would expect a verb but get the noun form + する. Here's an example: 鬼は、大笑いして、「小さな小僧、お前から食べてやろう。」と言いました。 The ogre laughed loudly and said ...
2
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1answer
79 views

What is the purpose of もの in this sentence?

In the sentence user3856370は鬼のおなかの中を、針の刀でちくちくと刺したものだから、鬼はたいへんです。 What is the purpose of ものだ? It seems to me that ...刺したから... (because he stabbed) would work on its own. I could also imagine that ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Use of わけ in this conversation

This is an example conversation in one of my textbooks. I don't really understand the third sentence and how to make sense of it in English. My understanding is that わけ is used to provide a reason or ...
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1answer
70 views

i have a question about japanese expression [closed]

I once  heard one japanese said " あなたに伝えことがあって" ,which means i have sth to tell you.  but what makes me puzzled is that why not say 'あなたに伝え伝えことがありあす「ある}.  Beside, if we want to let others see sth, i ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

help with translation! what's ようわからんなんて?

In a manga I found this line: よう わからんなんて、こっちの台詞だ。 What's that よう at the beginning? Is different from "you ni"? And わからんなんて? Since the character is confused about a phrase another one said, ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

He and I are similar in that

How do you say this in Japanese: "Takeshi and I are similar in that we both have 'May sickness.'" Here's my best guess: 私は、たけしが「五月病」というものがあるという点で似ています。 Thanks!
3
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2answers
189 views

Decrypting a japanese sentence

I self study Japanese and among the things I do is reading easy NHK news articles. Here is one article I read. In the article appears the word 首都 capital city. Hovering over it would give the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

why is there a double “が” here: “… 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず、…”?

From the newspaper article titles 北アルプス・涸沢岳で2人滑落、1人行方不明, the second paragraph reads: 男性1人が行方不明となり、岐阜県警がヘリコプターで捜索したが見つからず、同日夕、日没のため打ち切った。1日午前から捜索を再開する。 my guess of a translation: Being that ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Usage of commas in Japanese sentences

This might sound like a strange question, but how does the usage of commas differ when used in Japanese compared to English? I believe りんご、オレンジとバナナ wouldn't work, but that it's OK to list like ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Grammatical name of the form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら?

I'm looking for the Japanese name of the specific verbal form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら: verb → 連用形 ren.yōkei → XXXX → + -て, -たり, -た, -たら 書く → 書き → 書い → 書いて, 書いたり, ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Volitional + というのだった?

In the short story 「悪魔」by 星新一 , a man walks onto a frozen lake to go ice fishing, carves out a small hole in the ice, and throws in the line. But after throwing in the line, there's a 文型 I've never ...
0
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0answers
83 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

noun + ばかり [exclusivity sense] ambiguity

My understanding of ばかり so far (please correct if any of this is wrong): After TE form, the meaning is unambiguous as it applies to the verb, e.g.: 本を読んでばかりいる。Do nothing but read books. ...
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1answer
76 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

How do I know what the questioner wants me to answer?

I am learning Japanese from a book. The excerpt of a dialogue is given as follows. Q: 夏休みに国へ帰りますか。 A: いいえ、夏休みには帰りません。冬休みに帰ります。 My question is how do we know what the questioner wants us to ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

Understanding the subtleties behind [noun]する vs [noun]だ

I still notice this when I see [verbal noun]する instead of [verbal noun]だ. While I understand the meaning of both, I'm missing the qualities that often make する or がある seem to be a more natural choice ...
29
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2answers
4k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
1
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1answer
63 views

combining several participle of verb + miru

I am practicing expressing "to try to do something", using the participle of verbs plus 見る. If I understand correctly, a sentence like このビールを飲んでみました。 means something like "I tried to drink this ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Frequency adverb locations

When using frequency adverbs like ぜんぜん,あまり,よく and so forth. Where is the correct location in the sentence to structure it? In my Genki I textbook it says the sentence structure is Topic Frequency ...
1
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1answer
113 views

Meaning of お支払いを希望される方

I am having trouble understanding the following sentence: クレジットカードによるお支払【しはら】いを希望【きぼう】される方【かた】は、次【つぎ】の注意【ちゅうい】をお読【よ】みください。 In particular, I am having trouble comprehending the first clause: ...
7
votes
2answers
212 views

Are the words in Japanese quotes 「」 always literally what is being said?

When 「」 is used to quote, are the words contained always literally what they say, or are they paraphrasing? For example, in a sentence such as 「助けて」と叫びながら走っていた人が多かった, does it exclude people from ...
2
votes
3answers
192 views

How does 〜しなくても済んだだろう work?

せめて親でも生きていてくれたら、こんなに苦労しなくても済んだだろう I wouldn't have so many difficulties, if only my parents were still alive. [Example sentence from Japanese Postpositions: Theory and Practice ISBN-13: ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

How do you tell when 言っている is progressive or resultive?

ている verbs can indicate either the result of something (死んでいる) or that you are in the process of doing something (食べている). However, I am having trouble differentiating between the two with certain verbs ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

The meaning of それを昨日、今日、司教になったようなのが!

Context: This old man, one of the candidates to become the new pope, had one of his subordinates secretly check how the various churches had voted for who they want to be pope, and he noticed that the ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

sense of a displaced “adverb” in a sentence written by Sōseki Natsume

I read in that thread : 「自分{じぶん}は死{し}ぬ前{まえ}に一目{ひとめ}思{おも}う女{おんな}に逢{あ}いたいと云{い}った。」 in 夢十夜, 第五夜 : "I explained that before I died, if only for a moment, I wanted to see the woman I loved." ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjective sentences, like if I wanna say "Mr. ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Subject and beneficiary of 〜くれる

I can't completely understand the meaning of くれる in the following dialogues. In the first example, if I'm understanding, it is something like this: せっかくミストリアはエルドにこう言ってくれているんだし So the one who ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Understanding particle-ni when there is no verb

I'm trying to understand the lyrics of the song 細氷【さいひょう】. Here's the part of the lyrics I don't understand: さって行くあなたの背中に 「さよなら」 I see it as: "your leaving figure (back)" + "ni" + ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

How to say 'they will suffer'?

I'm trying to say, that if there is a natural disaster, the whole of Japan will suffer. However, I'm finding it quite difficult to translate this into Japanese. Do either of these make sense? ...