文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2answers
115 views

Why isn't 日本料理 written as 日本の料理?

Both 日本 and 料理 are nouns but why aren't they concatenated with の? I think it should be written as 日本の料理 rather than 日本料理.
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Use of くれる with 信じる

「...そんなはずがあるか」と信じてくれなかった。 ...Is such a thing to be expected? He didn't believe me. I'm used to くれる being used to express the idea that the verb was done for the benefit of the speaker. I ...
5
votes
2answers
329 views

Verb + うる form. What is this?

Can't really understand this form: I've seen already this form with 考える and translated it like this: 考えうることだ - conceivable (possible) However how do you translate with other verbs? is this ...
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vote
2answers
68 views

“Too [adj] to [verb]” structure

What is the correct grammatical structure for to say "too [adj] to [verb]"? For example, "this is too sweet to eat" or "It's too bright outside to sleep". Would it be something like ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

The usage of ので etc to leave sentences “hanging”

This is a question I've wanted to ask Japanese natives for a while but have never gotten the chance. In Japanese there are many more "sentences" that end unfinished(at least if we are comparing to ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

How does the present tense work in a relative clause?

そんなわけで、まだ日も暮れない夕方の通学路を、駅に向かってゆっくりと歩く俺と加藤。 I encountered this quote in a light novel and am stuck on how to interpret it. It feels like 歩く should be "walking" in this context, but it is not 歩いている. ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Why does this question use でしょう?

In my understanding, でしょう is used to represent probability, for example, 明日は雨でしょう。It might be raining tomorrow. あの人は先生じゃないでしょう。That man might not be a teacher. Now, consider the following ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

What's the difference between arimasu and desu (when referring to location)?

In Japanese, when describing the location of something you can say either arimasu and desu. E.g. a) Resutoran-wa ik-kai-ni arimasu or b) Resutoran-wa ik-kai desu What's the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Use of 差し込む to describe the sun

I have this sentence: 建物と建物の間から差し込む太陽が音もなく世界を赤くにじませる夕方、... An evening in which the sun piercing from between buildings silently blurs the world with red. I'm struggling with what the sun is ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What does the に in 見るに全員が全員 do?

一団は種族がてんで統一されていない冒険者で、見るに全員が全員、生半可じゃない実力を漂わせているような....。 I'm not sure how to interpret this phrase. What does the に do in this phrase? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
394 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
3
votes
4answers
195 views

In だったっけ, why is the second “っ”(tsu) used when it can't be connected to “け”(ke)?

From what I understand, っ is used to "double" the "t" sound, so in だった it makes sense because it's pronounced "datta", but why is it used in the second part of the phrase? Full sentence: ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Ambiguity in giving suggesting and asking for suggestions?

When giving/asking for advice using a conditional (Such as たら) can there be ambiguity as to if the speaker is giving or asking for advice? For example 1.) アルバイトを探したらいいですか? Could the above ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Xとした usage and grammar?

I've looked over my books but I can't find the answer. All I know is that とする can be used to express something you assume. Such as 温度は一定とする。 We assume the temperate is constant. Also I read we can use ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Reason for placing a comma between the subject and verb in this simple independent clause?

Y has been in a heated discussion with another person. X has been observing that discussion / argument: Yの目が、なんとか怒りを抑えつけようとしているのを、Xは見てとった。 "X could see the suppressed anger in Y's eyes." How ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Katakana that I can't get right

"渡辺さんってサブラの?" - what could this mean? Just can't catch the meaning of "サブラ". Help please.
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Breakdown of どうなってる

西洋はどうなってる? Is どうなってる itself a phrase meaning 'how is it?' or a combination of several meanings? Such as どう, なる and ている. Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
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3answers
140 views

How to say “If I can be”?

I'm studying Japanese by myself. To become is なる. Able to become / can be = なれる If I say なれば it would mean ”If I became” (conditional) so "If I can be " should be "なれれば"? The sentence I'm trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
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0answers
33 views

Difference usage ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentence is use in は,but some is が I m not clear how to use.?? 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
2
votes
1answer
264 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...
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0answers
92 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it possible to change です to でした in ~んです grammar?

Is it possible to change このネックレスは買ったんですか。 to このネックレスは買うんでしたか。 without changing the meaning?
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Usage of ~を好き outside of embedded clauses

日本語文法の初心者です :D In general, を is not used with 好き because 好き is a na-adjective: 彼は猫が好きです。 — correct 彼は猫を好きです。 — incorrect If this part is "embedded" as a clause, を is also ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

The difference among ずに、ず、ないで、なくて

I know they are all the negative form of a verb, but I just don't know the difference. I still remember when I was learning Japanese, my teacher told me that ずに equals ないで in a more ancient way, but ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

The various uses of いちいち?

I was wondering if you guys could help me understand the adverb いちいち a little better. From my understanding in the following sentence it serves the purpose of "Every single" as in " Because you don't ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Why can we use の after へ and から?

In my understanding, the particle の can be used to concatenate two nouns, such as 私の本 アメリカの選手 Today, I found 先生へのプレゼント 私達からのプレゼント Question Why can の be preceded by へ and から (or maybe other ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

When to use 従え or 従い?

I found this example sentence in the Internet. [郷]{ごう}に[入]{い}っては[郷]{ごう}に従えと学んできました。 I have learned to do as the Romans when in Rome. What I don't understand is, why use 従え? Shouldn't it be 従い? ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

上手ではありません or 上手じゃありません

I've read somewhere that to say you are not good at something say for example Japanese language, you use: 日本語は上手ではありません but can I also use: 日本語は上手じゃありません Is there anything wrong with this? ...
0
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2answers
150 views

How do I know if kanjis side by side like the one in this sentence is a name 美鶴木夜石は怖がらない?

美鶴木{みつるぎ}夜石{よいし}は怖がらない Is the notion that Kanjis one after another typically indicate that it is a name? How does one read it if the furigana was not given when there are multiple pronunciation of ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

いくつになったら in this sentence

いくつになったら買ってくれるの? I'm not sure of the grammar used in this sentence. いくつ-> Does this still refer to how many? になった->Is the なった here a conjugation of なる (To become)? Also is the の at the end of the ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

てはin this sentence

あわせて、あちらの黒いズボンもはいてみてはどうですか。 Context is a salesperson asking a customer to try out a pair of pants (in addition to a jacket he is already wearing). Is the ては in this sentence ています in subject form? ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Difference between “山を登ったり、降りたり…” and “山を登って、降りて…”

What are the differences in meaning between: "山を登ったり、降りたり、よく考えた。" "山を登ってって、降りてって、よく考えた。" "山を登って、降りて、よく考えた。"
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why is the “-masen” form used to convey the meaning of negative present perfect here?

I was reading the basic dictionary of Japanese grammar, an entry on が to be exact, and they used this interesting example sentence: 走っていますが、ちっとも痩せません。 and translated it as "I'm running, but I ...
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votes
3answers
179 views

Why can an intransitive verb have a passive meaning in Japanese?

In active sentences, the verbs can be transitive and intransitive. 私が消しゴムを落としました。I dropped an eraser. (transitive) 私が走ります。I run. (intransitive) But I got surprised that 見つかる which is an ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Meaning of 今日も一日?

仕事を終えた労働者が、ダンジョンから無事戻ってきた冒険者達が、今日も一日の締めくくりとばかりに酒盛りに耽っている。 This is the first time I have come across this. What exactly does it mean and how would I use it? I've seen it in other sentences too ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Having troubles understanding aspect in Japanese (unclear word choice in this sentence written by native)

I'm reading the Genki books and there was this story about an old man who was poor so he went to the market to sell some hats he had made. He didn't manage to sell any and is now returning home, which ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

どのような and a particle soup

I have the following sentence: 熊の神とはどのようなものか、想像してみたが... My book translates this as I tried to imagine what the Bear God might be like. I have multiple problems: 1) I think どのような means ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What meaning does とこ have in this sentence?

とこの状況で思っちゃう僕はちょっとおかしいのか。 I'm not sure how to interpret this sentence. What function is とこ serving? Thanks!
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Word order of actions when using nagara (while)?

I am studying Japanese using the Michel Thomas Method. It says you can use nagara to show that one action happens while another occurs. It then gives the following example: nominagara shigoto o ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

呼んでいたのが and 呼んでいるのが which is right?

There are two conversations: A:李さんが呼んでいたのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 And: A:李さんが呼んでいるのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 The only difference is た and る. If I want to ask "have you heard Li's ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

The use of 「ん」 in 「どうしたんですか」 [duplicate]

In class we've been learning about sickness, so we went over「どうしたんですか。」and「…がいたいんです。」. I asked the teacher and she said the use of 「ん」 is to provide an explanation, but she didn't explain what rules ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Must a relative clause with な adjective be ended with な rather than だ?

In my opinion, the usage of だ is already correct in the following sentence. But someone in my other questions said it is incorrect. For example, 映画を見ることが好きだ女性は私の妹です。The woman who likes watching ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

What does に do in this sentence?

怖い想像をするけど、僕にはこのダンジョンが下界にヒューマンと亜人{デミ・ヒューマン}を創造した神様達と同等のような 存在に思えてならない。 Why is に used here and what does it do? Thanks!
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...