文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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44 views

Usage of と in 明日は来られないと先生に伝えてください

Is this mean, if you don't come tomorrow, please tell the teacher ? Can we use なら instead of と Is there any imply that when should they tell the teacher, such as if they plan to not come tomorrow ...
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77 views

What does に do here?

屋内は外見に負けず劣らずの半壊模様。 I feel like the sentence means something like "The inside (of the church) was as equally destroyed as the outside." But I'm not sure what the に does in this sentence. Could ...
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92 views

Past Unreal Conditional

After my first question was answered so beautifully, I would like to ask some more. :D I wanted to know how to use conditionals for events in the past, like: "If I had saved my money, I would be rich ...
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54 views

どうやってしますか versus どうすればいいですか

I have a difficulty to decide which one I have to use between どうやってしますか and どうすればいいですか. Is there any important thing to differentiate their usage?
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84 views

The meaning of する in もっと楽しそうにしたらどうなの

This question is about the meaning of する in phrases like 偉そうにする, 幸せそうにする, and 楽しそうにする  Is this usage used to describe the way they do things/act, as opposed to doing a specific verb such as in the ...
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173 views

How does the present tense work in a relative clause?

そんなわけで、まだ日も暮れない夕方の通学路を、駅に向かってゆっくりと歩く俺と加藤。 I encountered this quote in a light novel and am stuck on how to interpret it. It feels like 歩く should be "walking" in this context, but it is not 歩いている. ...
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101 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
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139 views

Can using ある in place of いる be offensive?

Considering that ある is objectifying wouldn't it be offensive to use it in いる's place when talking about a person, or would it just be seen as a mistake?
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64 views

How to concatenate negative form of verbs to make use of the pattern ~て、~て、~します?

I want to say, For health, I don't smoke, don't drink alcohol too much, do much exercise. Here is my attempt, but 健{けん}康{こう}のために、たばこを吸{す}わなくて、あまりお酒{さけ}を飲{の}まなくて、よく運{うん}動{どう}しています。 my ...
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92 views

どうしますか versus 何をしますか

When do we have to use the following questions? どうしますか and 何をしますか Is there any difference between them?
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78 views

Use of numbers in descriptions

So far I've only learned how to use numbers in the context of counting e.g. このピザは 5枚ある (this pizza has five slices). How do I express it in the following way: This is a five-slice pizza I would ...
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72 views

What is the difference between 落とす and なくす?

Consider the following two sentences: A: かぎをなくしてしまいました。 B: かぎを落としてしまいました。 I have looked up in dictionaries and I found 落とす :drop, lose, etc なくす :lose 落ちる :drop, fall, etc I think the ...
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58 views

~て、~て、~します versus ~てから、~てから、~します

In my understanding, ~てから、~てから、~します is used to express several consecutive actions that are done one after the others. However, I always find the sentence A below but I never find the sentence B. I ...
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342 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
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75 views

When do we have to use ~行くと思っている and ~行こうと思っている ?

Consider the following examples: A: 来年アメリカへ行くと思っています。 B: 来年アメリカへ行こうと思っています。 When do we have to use ~行くと思っている and ~行こうと思っている ?
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153 views

Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems to me ...
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3answers
199 views

“Understand that…” in Japanese

I'm wondering about this specific piece of grammar. I think you use "wakaru", but what do you use it with? Do you use a particle, like "to" or maybe some other construction? For example, if you ...
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90 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
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205 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
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71 views

~くする or ~にする versus ~くなる or ~になる

According my teacher, ~くする or ~にする is used for direct action, but ~くなる or ~になる is used for indirect action For me, the meaning of direct and indirect is a bit ambiguous. Consider there is a tool ...
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93 views

What is the て-form doing in this sentence?

当初とすげ替わった目的、アイズ・ヴァレンシュタインさんのことも含めて。 I'm not sure what the て-form does in this sentence? Can it be short for ている? Could someone help me with this? Thanks!
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295 views

Explaining Tense in Japanese

I find that Japanese is a weird language for its learners, especially for those who've already learned English. In English one usually uses two tenses: present and past, however in Japanese there are ...
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82 views

How to parse どうかなさいましたか and what does it mean in English?

I am interested to decompose どうかなさいましたか into its atomic words. My attempt is as follows, is it correct? どうか なさいました か I don't know the dictionary form of なさいました. I totally get confused. How to ...
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84 views

How to say something is not unusually x

In the case in question, my intention is to say that something is good, but isn't unusually delicious. My attempt has been いい味がしますが、非常に美味しいじゃありません。 My concern is that I've made an error in the ...
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262 views

How does 生まれ translate in this context?

こんにちは、皆さん。ちょっと質問があります。 今日、この歌を聞きました。 最初の歌詞はこれです: アイデンティティがない 生まれない らららら でも意味が分かりません。英訳するができない。 「(If you) have no identity, (you) haven't been born」と思いますが、確かめたいです。 日本語で説明していい。手伝てくれてありがとう!
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65 views

Need help with analyzing?

I began reading manga (To Loveる) and I saw something I don't understand or rather why it is used there. The sentence is: まさか こんな”辺境”にまでお逃げになられるとはねエ・・・ I mostly understand but there's the ...
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55 views

What is the difference between 気がする and 気はする?

What would be the difference in meaning between: 富と名声とか、そういったのを求めている人達と中身は変わらないような気はちょっとするんだけど。 and 富と名声とか、そういったのを求めている人達と中身は変わらないような気がちょっとするんだけど。 Thanks!
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122 views

Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
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64 views

What role does もう play in this sentence?

頭痛に頭を掻き毟り{むしり}つつ、震えるもう片方の手が宙を泳いだ。 Does もう modify 泳いだ here, as in "already moved (lit. swam through air/space)"? So that "while X (tearing hair with one hand due to headache), the trembling other ...
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2answers
59 views

What does と do in this sentence?

怪物を退治し、人々を救い、囚われの姫様を助け出す、最高に格好良い英雄達のように自分もなりたいと、当時の僕は本気でそんな夢を抱いていた。 Could someone explain to me what the と does at the end of the sentence? Is it used as a quoting particle?
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81 views

What are the subtleties of “て Form+くる”?

I understand that describes an action happened a bit before and is catching up to now, but my materials have been nebulous on clarifying that in practical terms. It uses 明日、漫画を持ってくる as example of how ...
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3answers
197 views

What is the purpose of る in the sentence?

I know the form ている, but is there any other form like just てる without an い between ? This is the sentence that I'm confused with : 写真の右に写ってる小物が気になります。なんやろね?
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119 views

What is the purpose of adding と?

For example: 柔和な線で縁取られた宝石のような瞳に、ほっそりとした顎、綺麗な鼻筋。美人っていう人の条件しっかりと備えちゃってる。 What is the purpose of the と in ほっそりとした instead of just saying ほっそりした? Also what's the difference the following two? ...
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69 views

Reference of そのこと in the following passage

I can't figure out the reference of そのこと in the following passage. Does it means that この後の事態 is much more important than 成立しない会話? Or the opposite? リリス「お兄さんのことを、今も君は考えている?」 ソフィア「・・・・・・・・・・・・」 ...
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68 views

Who is doing the action?

「迷宮都市オラリオ。「ダンジョン」と通称される地下迷宮を保有する。いや迷宮の上に築き上げられた巨大都市。都市、ひいてはダンジョンを管理する「ギルド」を中核して栄える都市は、ヒューマン含めあらゆる種族の亜人が生活を営んでいる。」 How can you figure out who is doing the action of ギルドを中核にする? Thank you!
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76 views

What is んでいます and why use it?

Me and my friend were talking about death and the universe and ect. But I tried to write: 瀬間は死でした。 He then corrected me by writing 瀬間は死んでいます。 I don't understand the ~んでいます at the end of ...
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281 views

How to parse 中国人で日本語が話せる方は、お電話ください。

I have a difficulty to parse the following sentence. 中国人で日本語が話せる方は、お電話ください。 I just understood the following partial phrases. 中国人で means "with Chinese" 日本語が話せる方 means "person who can speak ...
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92 views

I'm trying to modify “cogito ergo sum” into “I write, therefore I am” - am I doing it right?

I apologize if I'm not making much sense, very much in the beginning of my studies. I'd like to modify the phrase "cogito ergo sum" into one that means 'I write, therefore I am'. What I came up with ...
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2answers
179 views

Change of viewpoint in mid-sentence

A man has just returned home to his wife and says: 今日は、雀のお宿へ行って、おいしい料理や雀の踊を見てきたよ。 Today, I went to the sparrow's house and (ate) delicious food and (came and) saw a sparrow dance. In the ...
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64 views

What are the different ways to use までもない?

I know the basics behind its grammatical function, but there isn't much out there giving the details and subtleties on its usage. Anyone know?
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232 views

How to express that you “find” something boring, interesting etc

How can I express the nuance "I 'find' studying Japanese interesting"? 日本語を勉強していることが面白い Studying Japanese is interesting 日本語を勉強していることが面白いと思う I think studying Japanese is interesting ...
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127 views

箱の中に何がありますか versus 箱の中に何がいますか when I don't know whether it is an animal or object

Suppose there is a box which can contain either an animal or object. I am confused in choosing either あります or います when asking the contents of the box. 箱の中に何がありますか。 箱の中に何がいますか。 Which should I use ...
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135 views

How to simplify a sentence with multiple ながら + たり?

How can I simplify what the student said in the following dialogue? 先生:昨日何をしましたか。 学生:お菓子を食べながら日本語を勉強したり、テレビを見ながら日本語を勉強したり、お酒を飲みなが ら日本語を勉強したり、音楽を聞きながら日本語を勉強したり、寝たりしました。
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2answers
120 views

Grammatical name of the form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら?

I'm looking for the Japanese name of the specific verbal form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら: verb → 連用形 ren.yōkei → XXXX → + -て, -たり, -た, -たら 書く → 書き → 書い → 書いて, 書いたり, ...
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103 views

Why is “saying” used for the translation of 言う?

思い切って「妊娠してるの」と告げると彼は「俺の子だと言うのか?」と言った。 When I braced myself and said, "I'm pregnant" he said "Are you saying it's mine?" The translation puzzles me. "Saying" would normally be used for ...
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71 views

Meaning of 「半日相撲をとりつづけに取ったら…」

夏目漱石の「坊っちゃん」から 大工の兼公【かねこう】と肴屋【さかなや】の角【かく】をつれて、茂作【もさく】の人参畠【にんじんばたけ】をあらした事がある。人参の芽が出揃【でそろ】わぬ処【ところ】へ藁【わら】が一面に敷【し】いてあったから、その上で三人が半日[相撲]【すもう】をとりつづけに取ったら、人参がみんな踏【ふ】みつぶされてしまった。 Regarding the phrase in ...
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1answer
73 views

困りました or 困っています

I'm reading a graded reader about the 地蔵(じぞう)folktale. The おじいさん gets to the statues and finds them with snow on their heads and bodies. He removes the snow from them and places hats on five out of ...
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3answers
131 views

How to say ''Mathematics is the most beautiful and powerful creation of human spirit" in Japanese?

My attempt is as follows: 数{すう}学{がく}が一[番]{ばん}で美{うつく}しくて強{きょう}力{りょく}な人{にん}間{げん}の精{せい}神{しん}の創{そう}造{ぞう}です。 Is it correct?
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99 views

How does present tense work in Japanese narration?

Novels in English are generally completely written in past tense, but Japanese narration is quite confusing because they constantly switch between past and present tense. For example, take this ...
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96 views

How to say “I see things differently than any others do” in Japanese?

I am a Japanese language student in the beginner level. I have just learnt a grammar as follows. パンとごはんとどちらの方が好きですか。ごはんの方が好きです。 I am impatient to learn something like, I see things ...