文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
53 views

Combining だけ and 位

I'm aware that だけ can be used to say only. For example: 二年{にねん}だけ which means "only two years". I'm also aware that 位{ぐらい} can be used to signify approximation. For example: 二年位 which means ...
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1answer
57 views

Verb in dictionary form followed by のと

お母さんが頭を下げて試供品を受け取るのと、まる子がぴたりとさわぐのをやめるのは同時だった。 Mother bowed, and when she took the free sample, at the same time Maruko suddenly stopped making a racket. What is the purpose of the の in bold in ...
2
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2answers
77 views

In this sentence, to whom 自分 refers?

I want to say It is unfair to judge other people based on our own belief (not necessarily religious belief). I have two options: A: 私たちの信仰で、他の人を判断するのは不正である。 B: 自分の信仰で、他の人を判断するのは不正である。 I want ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Can たり be used without する at the end?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound#part8 explains what たりする is. I read "地面が40cm以上高くなったり、1m20cm以上低くなった所もありました" on ...
2
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1answer
53 views

「三昧だと」と「帰宅しようとしていた」 meaning?

I can read this sentence for the most part but i can't seem to quite translate it properly or into something that flows naturally. he's talking from a view of recalling a set of memories. ...
3
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1answer
295 views

How should I translate 彼が即死した?

即死 is a noun with meaning "instant death" and the grammar S+が/は+N+する as far as I know, means someone does something. For example, 僕は勉強する。I study. 彼がテニスする。He plays tennis. Now, if I apply ...
0
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1answer
127 views

The 「って」 + 「いい」 in this sentence what does it mean?

This is piece of dialogue from a book, and i don't quite get what the 「って」 is doing, if it's a quote, i don't get why they would need to phrase it as a quote. I'm guessing the 「いい」 is the word for ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

The purpose of an auxiliary verb あげる

It is a very basic question that up to now I don't quite understand. あげる just gives additional information about the direction of action. Because 貸す provides direction of action clearly, I think あげる ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

「時間」「約束」「用事」の修飾 (Noun modification for these 3 nouns)

日本語 動詞で修{しゅう}飾{しょく}するときには、「た」や「ない」などの形の動詞が使えるでしょう。 ミラーさんが 住んで いた うちに ねこが いました。 でも「みんなの日本語」(第22課)によると、「時間」や「約束」や「用事」の場合はいつも辞書形の動詞で修飾します。 朝ごはんを 食べる 時間 映画を 見る 約束 市役所へ 行く 用事 ...
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votes
4answers
314 views

まだ with verb ending ~ません and ~ていません

In response to the question 「もう昼ご飯を食べましたか。」how do the following replies differ in meaning? いいえ、まだ食べていません。 いいえ、まだ食べません。 I tried to understand the differences through this website where it's ...
7
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2answers
265 views

〜ということ and just 〜こと

I've been trying to learn when to use 〜ということ or just 〜こと, for example: 彼が金を貸してくれた{ということ/ こと}は私は彼に信用されている{ということ/こと}だ。 (The fact that he lent me money means that I am trusted by him.) With the above ...
7
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2answers
144 views

Masu te-form with Kudasai?

Can you use the -masu te form to form requests? Like, can you say "machimashite kudasai"? (O.o sounds weird huh.)
3
votes
0answers
77 views

confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What does the 「な」 mean in 「出過ぎず、足りな過ぎずな完璧な躰は」?

The full sentence is below and the context is a guy, describing someone he just met. 出過ぎず、足りな過ぎずな完璧な躰は、淡い紫色の、俗に羽衣と呼ばれるゆったりとした服に包まれている。 I don't know what the 「な」 is doing/means.
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0answers
40 views

What's the real translation of 俺物語? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the anime series 'ore monogatari' actually translates to 'my love story' or just 'my story' and why it's translated to 'my' since it doesn't have the particle 'no' in it, 'ore no ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Understanding わかんないこと言うんじゃないのっ

A) 「ちがうっ、量が肝心だよォ」 A) That's wrong. Quantity is vital. B)「わかんないこと言うんじゃないのっ」 B) Didn't I say that I don't understand. The context is that A is trying to get B to buy more stuff. B explains ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How to use the verb こもる

感謝の気持ちは品物の量じゃない。 気持ちなんだから、気持ちがこもっていればいい。 A feeling of gratitude isn't about the amount of stuff. Because it's a feeling it should be filled with feeling. Obviously my translation of the second ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Difference between 負担 and ロイヤルティ

Could you please help me to understand the difference between 負担{ふたん} and ロイヤルティ?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Meaning of ぐらいじゃ足りない

松阪牛ぐらいじゃ足りないよ。 I understand the general meaning that Matsusaka beef isn't enough, but I don't understand what ぐらい or じゃ are doing in this sentence.
2
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1answer
83 views

Using i-adjective color words

Why is the sentence 「車はあかです。」 not 「車はあかいです。」? Since 「あかい」 is an i-adjective.
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3answers
151 views

Is it ever right to use ば conditional to mean 'when'?

「だっ大丈夫よ、まるちゃんだってわたしたちのタイプだと思うよ、ねぇ」ととし子ちゃんがなぐさめれば、「そうだよ。さくらはぼくらの方の仲間だよ」と長山君が笑顔で言い、「そうよ」とたまちゃんが優しくうなずく。 (When?) Toshiko comforted her, saying, "It's alright. I think Maru is our kind of person", ...
4
votes
3answers
189 views

Dictionary form (解ける) as potential form (解けられる)?

Suppose I wanted to say to someone, "Can you solve this question?" According to my Memrise app and some Google results, this is the model sentence: (1) この問題が解けますか。 Since potential ("can") is ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

だと, にと particle doubts

The talk he is referring is something he was told to not let anyone know. 琥珀{こはく}さんは謝{あやま}れって言{い}ってたけど、あんな話{はなし}を聞{き}いたあとだとヘンに意識{いしき}してしまって、困{こま}る。 ...
9
votes
1answer
564 views

Does Japanese have free indirect speech?

In English (and, I assume, its relatives), there is a style of narration called free indirect speech, some examples of which are given in the linked article. I'm having trouble figuring out whether ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Attaching は to a direct quote

If a Japanese person wanted to say something like: I don't understand the phrase "I am flabbergasted" then I think 「I am flabbergasted」という意味が分からない would be okay. I was wondering if you ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Compund verb with きれる

In the sentence: 田中さんは諦めきれなかった。 what is the function/meaning of きれる? I assume the sentence means "Tanaka didn't give up", but how does it differ from 諦めなかった?
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Explaining the phrase なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない

なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない means "hard to clean up". My question is ~か~ part in this sentence. The verb is 片付ける, but what 片付か is doing here?
2
votes
1answer
81 views

The differences between そうです ・ ようです

I'm recently revising my Japanese for the upcoming JLPT this July (I'm taking N4), and I came up with difficulties in using these 2 items. For example: 気分が良くなりました。やっとねつが (下がりました...)。 (I ...
7
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3answers
1k views

What does する means when it does not mean “do”?

What does する means when it does not mean "do"? Like: あなたも血のにおいがするな
4
votes
1answer
89 views

What does 笑みがこぼれてくる mean and how is it different to 笑みがこぼれる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる 愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.
6
votes
2answers
118 views

What's the grammar behind どうせ?

I saw a few bits here and elsewhere on it, but I have yet to find something that explains its usage, in detail(e.g. in positive and negative contexts and in different tenses). Anyone know?
3
votes
1answer
489 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

て頂く、てもらう, に. Who does the action?

あなたにとってWAO!!STYLEでの使命は?? WAO!!STYLEに関わる全ての人を幸せにすること、 私を選んでくれた人の期待を超えることです。 常に自分の満足ではなく関わる人の幸せを思う人間性をみにつけ、 私に任せたいといってもらえるようにならなければなりません。 また私に結婚式をまかせていただけるお客様の期待に応え、 その期待を超えていきます。 ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Help with this sentence

While taking a look at his bycicle the protagonist said. つい気になった部分を、小手先で済ませるよりは結局早く終わるだろうと、分解しつつ片っ端から手をつけていったら、完全にバラしてまた組み直すような真似をしていた。 Regarding the parts I got interest in, thinking it's better ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Can もの be replaced with の when it is used to mean “thing”?

I'm confused about the use of the first (bold) の in this sentence: 「先によそへ贈るのを買うのっ」 I'm happy with the use of の as a nominaliser, but if I use it like that I get: Before that, I will buy ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

What's the meaning of 「これはというもの」?

I'm solving exercises for N1 level and I came across this question. 新しい家に飾る絵を探しているが、なかなか__というものが見つからない。 A. これか B. これは C. これさえ D. これだけ The correct answer is B but I ...
4
votes
2answers
349 views

How to say “written by”

In a shop I want to ask "Are there any books by Haruki Murakami?" I don't know the natural way to express by in this context. I thought maybe I could use the passive form like this: ...
5
votes
2answers
137 views

Noun + da kara desu — why are da and desu mixed? why not both “da” or both “desu”?

In this sentence: Neko da kara desu. Because it's a cat. Why are the "da" and "desu" used at the same time? Logically, it should've been: Neko desu kara desu. Or in a casual conversation ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

…verb+ところあったのか

I've come across this statement in a manga recently: 今までの話で笑うトコあったのか俺マジ判んないんだけど? The part I am having trouble with is "今までの話で笑うトコあったのか". I'm familiar with plain present verb + ところだ/です = "be ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

“Reversal” nuance of なら

「帰るなら、窓を閉めなさい!」 I recently asked my teacher about なら being used in this command sentence, and she said while it was acceptable, it had a different meaning compared to 「帰ったら、窓を閉めなさい!」 While the たら ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

りかい します Or わかります

I want to say "Brother will understand it," so should I use: あに は それ を りかい します。 Or あに は それ を わかります。 What other parameters am I missing? Is the first one preferred more and if so, why?
5
votes
3answers
284 views

What does という change in this sentence?

So I've been reading about という in here and other websites but its still very unclear. From what I've seen so far it sometimes doesn't mean anything, but I'm not sure, like it must have at least some ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Help understanding とわかった

I was reading the article linked and included below and came across the following sentence NHKが調べると、病院で「エコノミークラス症候群」だとわかった人がこの女性以外に19人いました。 Could someone please explain the grammar and/or ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

What is Japanese for the grammar term “verb base”?

What is Japanese word for the grammar term "verb base"? In English language descriptions of the Japanese language verb conjugation for "kau' for example, "ka" is listed as the stem. Base #1 is ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

In a clause, which is the correct use, が or は?

My english kind of makes me confused about Japanese. は means the main focus is the thing after it. が means the main focus is the thing before it. For instance, 1.それは何ですか 2.何がそれですか This is my ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How to say “the third time since I started making…”

I want to say: Now may be the third or fourth time since I started making this cuisine. And my attempt is as follows: 今はこの料理を作るのを始めて、三、四回目かもしれない。 Bonus examples More examples might help ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Should I use “Te-” form or “Koto mo” for this?

If I wanted to list my hobbies, I'm not sure if it'd be better to use... 趣味は書くことも、素敵なノートと文房具を集めることも、テレビゲームをすることもです。 My hobby is writing, collecting lovely notebooks and stationery, and playing ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

What does そういうことだよ mean here?

「これからね。パパと映画を観にいくの!そのあとね、カフェでフルーツパフェ食べるんだよ!」 言ったあぁ〜。言ってしまったぁ〜。 「そうか〜。それはよかったね〜」 その子のお父さんがそう言いました。 「◯◯ちゃんは、どこに行ってたの?」 音ちゃんが聞いています。全然空気を読んでない。 「お腹まだ治らないから病院に行ってきたんだよ」 ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Using お or わ (wa or o)

ごみわべつのふくろにいれます(Gomi wa betsu no fukuro ni iremasu) べつのふくろにごみおいれます (Betsu no fukuro ni gomi o iremasu) ごみおべつのふくろにいれます(Gomi o betsu no fukuro ni iremasu) Which if not all, is appropriate?