文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
83 views

How to parse the following long announcement?

The first 2 sentences are given as follows. I have no problem with these. お客様にお願いいたします。Thank you to our customer. 鈴木伸ちゃんという3歳の男のお子さんが迷子になりました。A 3 years old boy named Suzuki Shin is lost. But the ...
4
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2answers
141 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
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1answer
2k views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
7
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2answers
246 views

「〜たはいいが、……」grammar pattern

I'm playing a video game called 善人シボウデス, and I noticed some grammar I'm not familiar with: ところでこのラジオ、電源ケーブルにつないだはいいが、この後どうすればいいんだろう? This was said by the main character, who generally speaks in ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Translating 「こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの?」

Someone I know PM'd me this and I honestly don't know what it means. こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの? Correct me if I'm wrong but I think this is roughly: Konna baka na watashi o doushite ai shite ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Correct verb tenses for if-would-type sentences

I've been confused about this ever since I started to learn Japanese: What is the correct verb tense for sentences like "If I had known ... then I would have"? Concrete example: If I had known that ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Oddly structured “-ba” verb

Working on translating a song by hand. I'm getting stuck on this line: 助けてくださいなんて言えればさぁ 助けてくださいなんて looks like "Please help me!" 言えればさぁ seems like "if I ask for it." So, does this sentence then ...
4
votes
3answers
174 views

When referring to herself, is there any pronoun other than お母さん when speaking to her children?

Consider the following conversation quoted from a textbook used in my class. 鈴木 is the mother of 鈴木伸. 鈴木:伸ちゃん、お母さんが試着している間、ここで待っていてね。 鈴木伸:うん。 In my understanding, お母さん is used to refer to ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part

Here is the reply I got after saying that I was interested in buying new shoes. 靴買うならTシャツやいま使うもの買っては?! I think I got the overall meaning however I’m a bit confused with “買っては”. I don’t really ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Correct verb for the subject

I'm a bit confused with 「V酵素は、・・・高純度のものを持っています」 part in the following passage. Since the subject is V酵素, shouldn't it be 「酵素は、年を経て強力になったヴァンパイアほど高純度のものになる。」, or maybe I'm mistaken something? Fast ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
2
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2answers
301 views

Use of というような in this sentence

くまはたいそう感慨深げに「縁」というような種類の言葉を駆使していろいろと述べた。 I understand the use of (noun A)のような(noun B) to say noun B like noun A , and I understand という in the sense of 'that' e.g. 彼が無事だという知らせ, or 'called' as in ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Still confused with tenses

Which is the correct one? テレビが壊れているから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れているから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られていないんです。 When do we have to use either ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

っぺがやる following 連用形

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

What is と in this sentence?

部品が取り寄せになりますので、 少々お時間をいただきませんと。(We will have to order the parts, so it will take a little time.) Is と at the end here some abbreviation of かと思います? といけません? just a question marker like か?
3
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1answer
125 views

Meaning of なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感

これって、古い文字で書いてあるみたいだけど、読める? うん、古文は得意だから えーと、「世界、闇に覆われし時、天女に導かれたる超魔神現れん」 ――だって うーん、よく分からないけど、なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感 Looking at the above excerpt, I'm not sure whether I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

針音ノ時計塔 or 時計塔ノ針音?

I am referring to the lyrics of this vocaloid song: Handbeat Clocktower I have the impression that the title (which also comes up in the lyrics) means "the handbeat of the clocktower" (or in other ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
2
votes
1answer
525 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

What distinguishes the different ways to say something must be done? (E.G. しなくてはだめ、しなくてはならない、しなくてはいけない and so on)

I've gathered a bit from the related questions I got, but I'm not quite 100% on what separates だめ,いけない and ならない each other, not to mention the differences between しなくちゃ、しなきゃ、しないと before the three ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Can the tense of a subordinate clause be non-relative?

To my understanding, the tense of subordinate clauses is relative: 私は泣いている人に会った。 I met a person, who, at the time, was crying. 私は泣いていた人に会った。 I met a person, who, sometime before our ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Can 「XければXほどY」 clause pattern be shortened to 「XほどY」?

There is a clause pattern 「XければXほどY」. For example, 「近【ちか】ければ近【ちか】いほど便【べん】利【り】」 which means something like "the nearer it is, the more convenient it will be". Can I shorten the clause to ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

The grammar of 世話になる

One of my dictionaries tells me that 世話になる means 'to receive a favour', but another dictionary gives this as an example 「おばさんの世話になりました」which it translates as "I was looked after by my aunt". I guess ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

What's the difference between どこ and なん in this exercise?

I have two exercises which I don't exactly understand. I've already known that どちら is more polite form from どこ. This two could ask about place and "what/which one" ."nan" asks about "kind of company", ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me except ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか?

I heard これらの話は本当のことなのか from this video clip about Gozo Shioda sensei. What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか? It seems to be redundant because これらの話は本当なのか or これらの話は本当ですか might be ...
4
votes
1answer
694 views

How does this たる function in this JLPT sentence?

Please bear with me as I reveal my tenuous grasp on advanced grammar... While studying for the Grammar section of the JLPT (N1) I came across this grammar point to study: たる I came across a lot of ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
3
votes
1answer
120 views

The meaning of the で in 勢いで

For example, in utterances such as その場の勢いで This would imply that someone does something due to the influence of their surroundings at the time, and if they were to rationally think it over by ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Help with translation of こともあって

I'm playing through Phantasy Star right now, and there's a scene where mercenaries are hired to gather in some ruins for treasure. One says: 「場所が場所ってこともあって腕利きを集めているのかもな。」 Supposedly, this translates ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

Why is が used here?

I still have trouble with the は and が particles. ほどなくして神様達はこの下界に住み付いた。多くの神様達が永住することを決めたらしい。 Why does が have to be used here? What difference would it make if it were replaced with は instead?
2
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1answer
124 views

そうですか versus そうなんですか

When do I have to use そうですか。 and そうなんですか。 ?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What is the direction of に in this sentence?

この力によって神様達は下界の者達に持ち上げられる。 Are the 下界の者達 the ones doing the action of 持ち上げられる to the 神様達 or are the 神様達 the ones doing the action of 持ち上げられる? I'm confused because I learned passive form as ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Leaving out particles before adjectives/verbs?

I haven't really read any guides on Japanese grammar (except occasionally looking up pages of Tae Kim's when I need something explained), so I became quite confused when I saw things on Twitter like ...
0
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1answer
113 views

What are the different ways to use までもない?

I know the basics behind its grammatical function, but there isn't much out there giving the details and subtleties on its usage. Anyone know?
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Can I say “考え迷う”?

Sometimes you can combine verbs as such: 飲{の}み込{こ}む 食{た}べ始{はじ}める 乗{の}り換{か}える など Using that as a pattern, I said the following in a discussion with a person I just met from Hiroshima. The context ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Use of こうして in this sentence

Can someone please explain which part of this sentence こうして is modifying and how it is changing the meaning of the sentence: 鴫{しぎ}を見るために、行ったことはあったが、暑い季節にこうして弁当まで持っていくのは初めてである。 Without こうして I ...
11
votes
3answers
742 views

What does it mean when この is in front of a personal pronoun?

As in このオレさま and この僕も. I know the literal translation, but I never understood what the intent of it is.
9
votes
1answer
342 views

What's the difference between 歩んでいった and 歩んできた?

私はまっすぐな人生を歩んできた。 私はまっすぐな人生を歩んでいった。 Could someone explain to me the difference between the two? Thanks a lot! Edit: I still find ていった confusing even after reading the other post. So ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの?

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの? For me, なくちゃいけないの sounds like double negative being used here.
0
votes
3answers
749 views

How to say “I recently learned how to speak japanese” in japanese?

How to say "I recently learned how to speak Japanese" in Japanese? is it: watashi wa hanasemashita nihongo koto ga saikin manabimasu or watashi wa nihongo hanasemashita koto ga saikin ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない meaning

「ハリー・ポッター」シリーズには、ロンやハーマイオニーだけでなく「ネビル・ロングボトム」が出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない。 My western brain can't comprehend the final part of the sentence! I know でてくる is something like "show up" and 落ち着く something like ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

落ちてしまいました versus 落としてしまいました

If I lose my wallet and want to report it to the police officer, what is the correct expression between the two sentences below? 財布が落ちてしまいましたが、。。。 財布を落としてしまいましたが、。。。