文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
179 views

What does 皆まで mean?

As is, 皆まで言うな, that is. Don't say all of it? Don't say it to everyone?
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2answers
106 views

Can さ be added to nouns?

I want to equate the quality of something to an apple. (Bare with me, just using a random noun to make the desired construct clearer.) But instead of going around it and saying something like "it ...
4
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1answer
75 views

Ending sentences with the て form

I have a question pertaining to the following line in a manga. いや実【じつ】は最近【さいきん】下【した】の名前【なまえ】で呼【よ】び合【あ】う事【こと】になってよ The speaker just called his girlfriend by her first name, and this surprises ...
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2answers
150 views

How do you use ”~じゃんよ。” and what exactly does it mean?

At the end of sentences in casual form I know you can use ~じゃない or ~じゃん to say "~isn't it?" similar to ~ね. And I know ~よ at the end of a sentence can be used like "I tell you" or for emphasis, but ...
0
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1answer
112 views

meaning of ちゃった verb ending

I've seen many verbs that end with ちゃった and would like to know what that means. For example: リボンも切れちゃった。
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83 views

ための usage in this sentence

貴方は生物だから、鉱物の死を理解できないのよ。だから鉱物の死を『視る』ためには、まず彼らと同じ指向性を持つための回線に繋がらないといけない。 I really can't understand this I know that AのためのB → B for the sake/benfit of A But it does not make sense here, at least to ...
4
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2answers
134 views

What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
3
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3answers
150 views

What is the difference between 頃 and とき?

For example in the sentence below: と言うより、うんと若い頃は公共の場において、注意される側だったはずです。 Rather, when I was younger I'd expect to be the one getting cautioned in public. How does using 頃 change the meaning ...
2
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3answers
290 views

Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」?

When you ask "Where is the book?" 本はどこにありますか。or 本はどこですか。 Are both answers ("It is nowhere.") in Japanese correct? どこにもありません。or どこもではありません。 Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」, ...
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160 views

Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...
7
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1answer
220 views

What is it about ~まして?

Is it just the て-form of ます? So, could I just use 食べまして instead of 食べて? Leading to my next question (everything from here on is assumed): Since 食べまして is the polite form of 食べて, why wouldn't you use ...
4
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1answer
265 views

is there any difference between せめて and 少なくとも?

I know they both mean "at least", unless I'm wrong.
3
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1answer
162 views

先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。

Is my interpretation of this sentence from the Tobira textbook accurate? 先生がおっしゃるように、言葉は毎日勉強しなければ上手にならないと思います。 I'm guessing that it means that I think that I won't improve unless I study every day ...
2
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1answer
141 views

structure of 忘れちゃうといけないからメモしといたのにそのメモをなくしちゃった。

I try to figure out the structure of this sentence. but I'm somehow confuse with it what I got is this 忘れちゃうと いけないから、 in order to not forget メモしといたのに although noted it already そのメモをなくしちゃった that ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち ...
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1answer
110 views

How to use “待つ” in the indirect passive?

No one likes to wait, so I thought "待{ま}つ" would be a great verb to use to practice the indirect passive (suffering passive) of an intransitive verb. However, I'm having trouble probably because "待つ" ...
6
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2answers
102 views

Meaning of 事実としてそう、と言われたら納得せざるを得ない

「私は確かに相当な寒がりだけど、でもあの里が寒すぎてヤバい」 「だから超厚着するのがデフォで雪女は基本みんな体温が低い」 「でも寒いと体って発熱するんじゃなかったっけ?」 「さぁ。そんなこと言われても」 「……まぁそうだよな、ごめん」 事実としてそう、と言われたら納得せざるを得ない。 まぁ経緯はどうあれ優が寒がりなのは事実なわけだし。 ...
2
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2answers
219 views

はずもない、はずはない、はずがない. Difference and meaning

Today listening a song I've heard something I can't understood だけどなれるはずもなくて So i started to gather information about this, but it gets me more confused and furthermore found out two more ...
4
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2answers
266 views

Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a ...
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3answers
287 views

“I just ate a few minutes ago”

When a friend asks if you want to go to dinner, but have already eaten, then you say "もう食べた". Is there a way of saying "just ate" (a few minutes ago). Maybe it is another way of saying もう食べた
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1answer
92 views

Meaning of phrase 「古く懐かしい歌のように、傍にいてほしい」

I'm a bit confused about the bolded part in the following passage(partly monologue). Is のように shows that 「傍にいてほしい{スタンド・バイ・ミー}」 is the part from the song? Like in the old, nostalgic song, 'Stand by ...
2
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1answer
175 views

what is the difference between 気にする, 気になる and 気にかかる?

I'm especially not sure about 気にかかる. for 気にする and 気になる, I think the difference is that 気にする is ''negative'' only while 気になる can also have a positive meaning?
3
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3answers
194 views

How do you say “How am I supposed to X”?

I know/think that ~ばいい can be used, ex. How am I supposed to deal with this? どう扱えばいい? But is there another way to say it? Maybe something involving はず?
7
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1answer
1k views

How to say “one of ten people …” in Japanese?

I want to say One of ten people in the world suffers mental disorder. My attempt but incomplete is as follows, 世界のなかに「。。。。」が精神障害に苦しんでいます。 How to say "One of ten people" in Japanese?
6
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2answers
199 views

Difference between ば and たら in this example

明日都合がよければきてください. 東京へきたら、ぜひ連絡してください. Why in the second example we can't replace たら with ば but in the first one we use ば. Aren't きてください and 連絡してください both requests or is there a difference?
4
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1answer
458 views

How to shorten conjugations of “must” forms without sounding girly?

I know the full conjugations of expressing things that must/must not be done (ex:行かなくてはだめ)and their slang forms (ex:行かなくちゃ) but I've heard the ちゃ sounds like a little girl speaking? If that's true, ...
4
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1answer
232 views

How to express the concept of there being too much?

Example: "There's so much food, I can't eat it all..." Right now, if forced to write that, I'd say something like 「食べ物がたくさんから、すべてを食べられない・・・」but I'm not quite sure how I'd make sure the meaning is ...
4
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2answers
194 views

Is the way I'm writing this correct, and is there a better way of writing it?

What I'm trying to say: "If I don't take a break from studying now, I'll probably forget everything I've learned." What I'm saying: 「私は今勉強するのを休まなければ、私が学んだすべてのものを忘れるだろう。」
4
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4answers
827 views

How to say “started to do something”?

I am writing a homework assignment and I am trying to write "I had to start bringing my umbrella". I know that to say "I started eating" it would be 食べはじめる,or to say "I started drinking" it would be ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
4
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2answers
102 views

Sentence ending で

I've got a question regarding the sentence ending で in the second sentence. はじめ:まずは腹ごしらえしておこうよ。 たもつ:じゃあ、僕はチーズバーガーで。 Here is で part of a contraction Japanese use in their daily speech? If so ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

おこの沙汰だ - how should we translate it?

How should be translated the phrase "おこの[沙汰]{さた}だ" in the next sentence? : [太陽光発電]{たいようこうはつでん}に[馬鹿高]{ばかだか}い[補助金]{ほじょきん}を[出]{だ}すのはおこの[沙汰]{さた}だというのが[正直]{しょうじき}なところだ。
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Grammatical construction「placeはsubplace、story」 as an introduction

In old stories I often find the following structure: general place は specific place 、 story unfolds for example: ① 江戸は芝、増上寺門前町で (例: ◯◯人が歩いた) ② 東海道は宮宿、ただいま名古屋市の熱田神宮辺で (例: ◯◯浪人の二人が出会った) I ...
5
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1answer
115 views

上の+number - how should we translate it?

How should be translated the phrase "上の二" in the next sentence? : 日本の[食堂]{しょくどう}に行くと、同じ料理が[並]{なみ}と上の二[種類]{しゅるい}あることがある。
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1answer
96 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and I'...
0
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1answer
199 views

Meaning of いかんしょ in following sentence

In a book called 鉄道員 (ポッポヤ) I read following sentence: 俺ァ、ポッポヤだから、身うちのことでなくわけいかんしょ。 (This sentence is really only one sentence, it's his thought on something.) Notes: This ポッポヤ is an old man ...
4
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2answers
263 views

Function of 「masu-stem」+よる in Kansai-ben

Several years ago an acquaintance introduced me to the Hiroshima dialect and mentioned clear distinction between perfect and continuous aspects: Example 1: The bus is coming. Standard: バスが来ている。 ...
3
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1answer
108 views

What does で do at the end of the first sentence?

装備一式が未だギルドの支給品である自分には、笑ってしまうくらい不釣り合いな代物だとわかっているけど、一度は使ってみたいとそう思ってしまうわけで。...欲しいなぁ。 I'm not sure how to interpret the で at the end of this sentence. Is there something being omitted here? Thanks!
1
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1answer
326 views

遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
4
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2answers
114 views

~られる connotations

I was looking through A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar recently and found this as an example under ni (3): 一男{かずお}は友達に手紙を読まれた。 Kazuo's friend read his (= Kazuo's) letter (and Kazuo was ...
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1answer
73 views

Role of 時に in 暗殺は勉強の妨げにならない時にと言ったはずです

Taken from the manga 暗殺教室. 暗殺【あんさつ】は勉強【べんきょう】の妨【さまた】げにならない時【とき】にと言【い】ったはずです My best guess for this sentence would be: I'm sure there has been a time I've told you that assassinations shouldn'...
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1answer
89 views

もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem to undestand grammar in this sentance: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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2answers
537 views

How to say, “I've been living in America for 9 months” (and still am)?

So I've been trying to say that a friend has lived in America for about 9 months, and is still currently living in America. Would it be: アメリカで9月間ぐらいに住んでいます。 I'm not sure if I'm using the correct ...
6
votes
2answers
163 views

Is this も of concession? いきなり言われても分からない!

I understand that the meaning is loosely something along the lines of "Asking me so suddenly... I don't know!". But I want to understand the function of も here. I thought for a time that it is ...
6
votes
2answers
228 views

What nuance does っち give in "暑っちぃ”?

The context is "暑っちぃ.. 今日はこの暑さ.." Is it a slang/dialect type of suffix that is added to the adjective?
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Can you nominalise a verb for specific subjects by adding a noun after the verb in ている form?

Assuming "学校で読んでいる本は簡単なの?" translates as "Are you finding reading books at school easy?", is there a general nominalising rule here? From another question about こと and の, it's clear that the ...
7
votes
2answers
152 views

Using て form to connect two activities

In my textbook book It states that the て from of a verb can be used to connect two activities together similar to the particle と and how it connects nouns but with verbs. ex given in textbook: ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What does「飛んじまいそうです」 mean?

Can someone elaborate the structure and the changing of the verb in the sentence? Thank you
7
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2answers
152 views

Who is receiving the benefit in this sentence?

The narrator is complaining about men on the train making noise and says 車掌さんが彼等に注意をしてくれるのを待ちました。 I'm uncertain of the interpretation of に together with くれる here. I can see two possibilities: a)...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

What does “もんじゃない” mean?

I'm not too sure what it means. I've seen it used in a lot of different contexts, and the most I can gather is that it means something along the lines of, "it's not that" Is this correct, and if not, ...