文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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7
votes
2answers
145 views

Who is receiving the benefit in this sentence?

The narrator is complaining about men on the train making noise and says 車掌さんが彼等に注意をしてくれるのを待ちました。 I'm uncertain of the interpretation of に together with くれる here. I can see two possibilities: ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

What does “もんじゃない” mean?

I'm not too sure what it means. I've seen it used in a lot of different contexts, and the most I can gather is that it means something along the lines of, "it's not that" Is this correct, and if not, ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

What is the meaning of ~ないでいると~

The original sentence is: 俺が呆れてものを言えないでいると、ハルヒはディジタルカメラを手にして、記念に写真を撮っておこうと言い出した。 I don't think the で in ~ないでいると~ indicates て形 but rather I have the feeling that ~ないでいると~ shows two situations ...
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

I am unclear about using location particles in speech? [duplicate]

スーパーでいます。   //Is で used for in? スーパーにいきます。 //Is に used for to?
3
votes
1answer
200 views

How to say things must be done, but in the past tense?

I learned it from this guide, detailing 「だめ」,「いけない」 and 「ならない」constructions. I was able to assume that the past-tense of "I must not do" is て-formはだめだった (correct me if I'm wrong), but how can I do ...
-2
votes
1answer
166 views

No versus not in Japanese [closed]

Is there a difference between no versus not in japanese, or is it just always いいえ?
4
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the purpose of か in this sentence?

In my opinion, it would not function as interrogation or alternative explanation. Here is the sentence. 電源ボタンを押すと表示される電源メニューで「電源を切る」をタッチするか、電源ボタンを電源ランプが消えるまで押し続けると、電源がOFFになります。
0
votes
1answer
236 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
4
votes
1answer
186 views

もらう level of politeness

When describing もらう DBJG says "The first person or s.o. the speaker empathises with recieves some benefit from an action by someone whose status is not as high as the receiver's" It then goes on to ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How do you express “the person I did something to”?

I want to say: One person I told about XYZ said, "...". Knowledgeably incorrect translation: XYZについて話した一人は「…」と言いました。 This makes it sound like they were the one telling me about XYZ. How do ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

How do you say “using X as a Y”?

In Issunboushi, there is a line that goes like this. "Issunboushi wa hari wo katana ni shite koshi ni sashi" I found a translation that says "He made use of a needle as a sword", but I have no idea ...
-1
votes
1answer
218 views

What's the meaning of nagara and when is it used?

I have been looking at grammar guides on the Internet. But I'm not clear about the meaning of ながら and its usage. Could you help me with some examples and explanation?
3
votes
3answers
533 views

How would you say “I like sth/sb because of [that reason]” in Japanese?

For example how would you say I like John, because I think he is charming and attentive. Is there any other way to say "because" besides of kara (& node)? kara makes the sentence sound like ...
6
votes
2answers
235 views

When do you mark きょう or other similar relative time expressions with は

I've been trying to make proper sentences using the word きょう when I realized that I'm not really actually sure when I'm suppose to mark it with は. I know relative time expressions tend to stand alone ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

What is the origin of the term “extended predicate” and are there alternative terms?

My question is in relation to the pattern that appears at the end of sentences such as: 本当なんです。 本当なの。 これから行くんです。 これから行くの。 I've seen this called the "extended predicate" around the web. To be clear, ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Usage of 合える with verb stems

Occasionally I come across an interesting usage of 合える with a verb stem, mostly when I listen to music. One such example can be found here at approximately 0:42: ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

言え used both as negative and positive imperative

In the following examples the same imperative form is used for two opposite meanings: 「ウンと言え!」 "say yes!" "agree!" 「バカを言え!」 "don't talk stupid!" Clear from context, but I wonder what do Japanese ...
-2
votes
3answers
155 views

The proper use of ご確認ください [closed]

I often see in Japanese business letters ご確認ください。what and how do I use this phrase?
5
votes
1answer
143 views

What does さらせ do?

見さらせと言わんばかりに威風堂々と胸を張るその姿は.... What does さらせ do in this sentence? Is it a type of conjugation or is it another verb attached to 見? Thanks!
-8
votes
1answer
143 views

What is the difference between は and を?

They seem to be used in the same way.
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Use of なんか followed by possessive の

I understand from itrasci's answer in this link that なんか after a noun acts like a weak form of は which downplays the importance of the noun. But please look at the following sentence (where the writer ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

かきます(to write) when used with the particle に

From what my test book says in the vocab section the verb かきます usually takes the particles を for things and に for people. I'm pretty sure that you would use を like this. ともだちに てがみを かきました - I wrote ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

Difference between 俺物語 and 俺の物語

There is an anime/manga called 俺物語!! which is translated as "My Story!!" or "My Love Story!!" depending on which site you visit. The way I have learned it, it should be "俺の物語" to be "my story" ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Help understanding と in this sentence

Please expain the function of と (in bold) in this behemoth of a sentence: この偽書評を書いたときには、あとで誰かから「ろくでもない嘘をつくな」という苦情の手紙とか、「どこに行けばこの本が手にはいるのか」といった問い合わせがくるんじゃないかと覚悟していたんだけど、。。。 If you can't find ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

Why does this する verb take に?

彼は自分の権利に執着する。 利欲に執着する人も数多い。 I thought all する verbs are transitive so they should take the particle を. How come this one doesn't? Thanks!
3
votes
1answer
222 views

How do I write “Let us not watch Titanic,”?

Hi I am currently doing a Japanese task about inviting people to a birthday party. I want to write that we will watch a movie but it will not be titanic. Is のはタイタニックを見ないようにしましょう right or did I get it ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Constructing sentence with passive verb

I am learning how to construct a japanese phrase with passive verb. From "Mira-san wa watashi o pa-ti- ni shoutaishimashita" to "Watashi wa Mira-san ni pa-ti- ni shoutaisaremashita". Is the phrase ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

the meaning of なりに in わからないなりに

I saw a usage that defied my understanding of なり: ことねは彼が話すサッカーの話をわからないなりに相槌を打ちながら聞いていた。 As far as the definitions given here: なり, I don't think any are a perfect fit. Is there another meaning ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Another question about ね

Can よ be replaced by ね in some cases? For example, in this sentence I read I think ね is interchangeable with よ: "A:で、男役はお好きで らしたんですか 。 B:いやあ、あんまり好きじゃないですね 。" If so, in which cases can you do it?
6
votes
1answer
181 views

How to say “The woman heard that I passed the test”?

So far, the word そうです is used to express "hearsay" sentences with I who is implicitly defined as the listener. 彼女は結婚したそうです。I heard that the woman got married. あなたは合格したそうです。I heard that you passed. ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How to understand when adverb modifies another adverb and when verb?

Is 薄く and ほのかに both modify 輝く in the following sentence? Or, maybe I'm mistaken something, but since 薄く and ほのかに have the similar meanings, 薄く modifies ほのかに and ほのかに 輝く? Please, explain me how can you ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Question about ね

Once I read that the sentence ending particle "ね" is not only used when we are asking for an agreement or expressing our agreement, but it is also used when we are talking about our experience, our ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
6
votes
2answers
286 views

How does past tense work with なら?

The way I thought of past tense working with なら was that if X had happened in the past, then Y would have resulted. For example, 車ががけから落ちていたなら彼らは死んでいただろう。 They would have been killed if the ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Is this sentence indirect passive?

昔、ある月刊誌で書評を頼まれたことがある。 Some time ago, I was asked to do a book review by a certain monthly magazine. Am I correct in my understanding that when a passive verb conjugation takes an object then ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

What function does に serve in this sentence?

仕事に真面目で広大な都市の中をしょっちゅう飛び回っているため、彼女とは連絡を取ろうとしてもそう簡単には捕まらない。 I'm not sure how to interpret the first part of the sentence. What does に do here? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

possibly wrong usage of 〜ば〜た in grammar book

In on of the grammar books I found a question: 運転して( )、急に車の前へ犬が飛び出してビックリした。 1)いるなら 2)いれば 3)いても 4)いたら The correct answer is marked as 2. Is it correct? I have never seen 〜ば used in such ...
4
votes
2answers
503 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Why do some transitive verbs take に instead of を?

ヘスティアはせっせと残りの「神聖文字」を付け足し、己のしてやれることに努める。 I don't really understand why に used instead を even though 努める is transitive? Thanks!
4
votes
1answer
108 views

わたし は あまり はやい おきません Is this correct?

I was trying to make a sentence using the words あまり and はやい so I tried making a sentence saying: I don't get up early much. or わたし は あまり はやい おきません。 But the more I stare at it the more ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

Difference between 向かう, 向く, 向ける

From my understanding 向ける is transitive and means to face/turn something towards something. 安藤は日本国内から世界に目を向けたのです。 -Andou turned his eyes from inside Japan to the world. 向く on the other hand ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Puzzling use of progressive form

In this sentence: 僕は両親が帰ってくるまで公園で時間をつぶしていなければいけなかった。 I had to kill time in the park until my parents came home. Why does 時間をつぶす need to be in the progressive form? Why can I not write ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Having trouble with this sentence and how to figure out the exact meaning of compound words?

それ以外、つまり冒険者の半数以上は未だLV1のもとで燃え燻っている。 I am having trouble understanding the last part of this sentence. What does のもとで do here? Also, how do you figure out the exact meaning of compound words? I ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

The proper way to use でも

I'm just wondering if I'm using the word でも correctly here. わたし は たいてい おちゃ を のみます。 でも ときどき おさけ を のみます。 From what I've read you don't usually use でも in the middle of a sentence and I've seen a ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Can you use Adjective + たって?

I've got a question regarding the use of the structure ~たって which I've just recently stumbled across. From what I know so far, this is used in the form Verb(neg) + たって, for example: ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

What does か + と do in this sentence?

ベルの成長速度にアイズへの恋慕がこれまでかと影響した「ステイタス」を見せつけられ、ちょっとも面白くなかったゆう昨夜。 Is the と here acting as a quotative particle? So it's 「これまでか」と影響した? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...