文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
4answers
819 views

How to say “started to do something”?

I am writing a homework assignment and I am trying to write "I had to start bringing my umbrella". I know that to say "I started eating" it would be 食べはじめる,or to say "I started drinking" it would be ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

What do 「し」and「あった」mean in this sentence?

I'm a beginner Japanese student using Yu-Gi-Oh subtitles translations with the original in Japanese. I don't understand explanations in Japanese mostly, or it takes me a long (believe me, long) time ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

How to use both causative and て欲しい grammar at the same time?

I want to say the following in Japanese. I want the police officer to make the dog bite the snatcher. My attempt is as follows. 私は警察官に犬にひったくりを噛ませて欲しい。 Is it correct? Is it possible to use ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How to use の如く.

集められた魔力、剥離された精神が残留し、山は禿げ山の如く訪れたモノを食らうだろう。 Gathered Magic, The separated souls stay behind, The mountain eats those that visit, just like a bald mountain. I have trouble understanding 如く. I know ...
13
votes
2answers
238 views

The use of -さん when answering about oneself

If someone says, あなた は Chris-さん です か。 Are you Chris? Do you answer Chris です Or Chris-さん です
6
votes
1answer
123 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Function of から in this conversation

A girl forgot to do her homework and mum catches her out of bed: 「まる子っ、もう寝なさい」 Maruko, go to bed now! 「うん、もうすぐ寝るから」 Yes, I'll go to bed very soon (because) I don't understand the function ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
3
votes
1answer
672 views

How do you say “like when you” or “the way you” in Japanese?

So basically, how do you say something like "talk to the boss the way you talk to your father!" You know, with a threatening tone.
5
votes
2answers
265 views

What does たら do at the end of a sentence?

時間があるなら、彼の画廊に寄ってみたら。 What meaning does たら have at the end of a sentence?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between 「〜を通{とお}して」 and 「〜を通{つう}じて」?

I understand both can mean "by means of, through, throughout", but I'm sure there's a difference in nuance here. Could someone help explain this?
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is やってけんのかな?

What does the けん mean in this sentence? Is this a dialect? やってけんのかな
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What does adding し to an adjective do? [duplicate]

For example: 楽しいししたいよ~ The し is added to 楽しい. What does it do?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Saying it's my first time in (a place)

I want to say that I am visiting a place (= Japan) for the first time. The sentences that I am thinking of are: これは私に日本中を始まるです。 私が日本を始まるです。 Which one sounds more correct? I am only one year into ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

なったような vs なるような Any differences in nuance?

The context is about two teachers talking in a kindergarten. Quoted as below: 奈良:毎年クリスマス会で、誰かがサンタに扮{ふん}するものの、子供たちに絶対見破られて、“奈良先生だ”とか言われますよね。 磯山{いそやま}:ええ、あれ言われると、せっかくの扮装{ふんそう}が水の泡になったような気がして、...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Verb negative-form + なる [duplicate]

寝る → 寝るようになる 寝ないようになる 寝なくようになる 寝なくなる Hi guys, sorry if this has been asked before. I've learned in class that 寝なくなる is the valid form, but are the first two forms valid as well?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when the speaker wonders about something to himself? For example, what would be the translation of these sentences: ...
4
votes
3answers
310 views

How to say 'in 10 minutes' as in 'the bus comes in 10 minutes'?

Would the sentence below make sense? バスがじゅっぷんにきます。
2
votes
1answer
267 views

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence: 設備機器を固定資産として登録するために必要としているのでしょう. Edit (from comment): There are 2「として」in the sentence above. In my opinion, the first one has the same ...
3
votes
1answer
662 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
3
votes
1answer
367 views

Why use 分 in this question?

I have come across the following sentence : そのダンボールゴミに出す分ですか? I understand it means something like "Are you throwing out this cardbox?". But what does 分 mean in this context and why is it at ...
4
votes
2answers
571 views

How would I say: The cat thought a snake appeared?

I currently wrote this as: 猫は蛇が現れたと思た. The cat thought a snake appeared. Is this correct ?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the role of the そうに?

The whole sentence is: 子どもたちは小さな雪だるまを作って、楽しそうに遊んでいました。 What is the role of そうに in this sentence?
8
votes
3answers
311 views

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Tobira あいづちとフィラー article

I’m having difficulty understanding some sentences in this article from my textbook. I don't think you need to read the whole article. I tried translating the sentences I'm unsure about below. ...
3
votes
2answers
787 views

ないとなると meaning in a sentence

Context: The protagonist is searching for a girl in his house, and since his house is really big he has yet to find her. ここまで捜していないとなると、後は道場か土蔵ぐらいなものだろう。 I don't understand this sentence. ここまで=...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Grammar question with verb in past tense plus houga

Here is the question I have; the following sentence is what is causing me grief. I might be overthinking it but I'm not getting anywhere. チップの習慣があったほうが、サービスが良くなると思いますか。どうしてですか。 Now, based on ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

V-ている方が meaning

遠坂はしゃがみ込んで、倒れた女生徒を介抱している。 その横顔は真剣そのものだ。 額に汗を浮かばせながら、女生徒の安否を気遣う。 …なんだろう。 その、見ている方が痛みを覚えるほどの真剣な顔を、俺は。 つい最近、すごく間近で見た覚えが--- Tohsaka squats down and start to look after the collapsed student....
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
4
votes
3answers
206 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
2
votes
1answer
132 views

るとき or たとき with たい?

My understanding of A たとき B is that it is used when B happens after A; A るとき B is used when B happens before A. (Related question: What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき) However, my ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it ok to use ~て下さりました instead of ~ていただきました?

Just to avoid repeatedly saying いただきました too much, can I occasionally switch it with 下さりました or 下さいました?
2
votes
2answers
222 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

I am unclear about using location particles in speech? [duplicate]

スーパーでいます。   //Is で used for in? スーパーにいきます。 //Is に used for to?
3
votes
2answers
103 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: このカードは融合召喚でしか特殊召喚できない....
0
votes
1answer
321 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Making relative clauses in passive and active forms for every part of a sentence

I have a base sentence as follows. AさんはBさんに足を踏まれました。(A's feet was stepped on by B.) I am trying to make a relative clause for Aさん, Bさん, and 足 each as follows. Aさん Passive: Bさんに足を踏まれた人はAさんです。 ...
-1
votes
1answer
295 views

What's the meaning of nagara and when is it used?

I have been looking at grammar guides on the Internet. But I'm not clear about the meaning of ながら and its usage. Could you help me with some examples and explanation?
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Is there a word for “studied” or I have to use 勉強はした?

My question is if there is a word for "studied", or you have to do "study + did" to say "studied". And if that applies to all other words. Like "to work" would be 仕事はする? Does everything work with する? ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Maths sentences: 足す and 掛ける

I noticed a lack of case marking particles in mathematical sentences: 1足す2は3である。 3掛ける4は12である。 足す and 掛ける are verbs, does subject and object analysis apply to this? Do they take on the ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

How do I add an object to noun を します verbs?

When you want to associate a noun を します action (what English-speakers would call "verbing a noun") with a specific noun, what particles are used and where? For example, if I was saying "I study", you ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Use of に in ぼくにも出来る

So I was watching the Pokemon Super Bowl Commercial, and around :40 seconds in I hear the phrase ぼくにも出来る Now I know it basically means "I can also do that", but what is the function of the に ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

た or ていた? Is “turned right” a state or an action?

In this link, Past Unreal Conditional, user l'électeur has given an answer pointing to the tense issues in the original sentence given in the question, stating that ていた needs to be used instead of た: ...
4
votes
3answers
186 views

Is there any case in which we can use 今日の間に?

I asked some Japanese and they said that 今日のうちに is practically useful but 今日の間に is impractical (never used). Can anybody here give a confirmation about whether 今日の間に is really impractical or not? ...
1
vote
4answers
147 views

Why should we say 応えられなくなってきて and not 応えられなくてきて?

Why should we say 応えられなく_なって_きて and not 応えられなくて_きて? I have been told that 応えられなくてきて is not correct by a japanese friend of mine but the explications were... light. Thank you
5
votes
1answer
130 views

とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...