文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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171 views

How to say “If I can be”?

I'm studying Japanese by myself. To become is なる. Able to become / can be = なれる If I say なれば it would mean ”If I became” (conditional) so "If I can be " should be "なれれば"? The sentence I'm trying to ...
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0answers
114 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
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2answers
105 views

Is it possible to change です to でした in ~んです grammar?

Is it possible to change このネックレスは買ったんですか。 to このネックレスは買うんでしたか。 without changing the meaning?
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2answers
243 views

Usage of ~を好き outside of embedded clauses

日本語文法の初心者です :D In general, を is not used with 好き because 好き is a na-adjective: 彼は猫が好きです。 — correct 彼は猫を好きです。 — incorrect If this part is "embedded" as a clause, を is also ...
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3k views

童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...
3
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1answer
88 views

The various uses of いちいち?

I was wondering if you guys could help me understand the adverb いちいち a little better. From my understanding in the following sentence it serves the purpose of "Every single" as in " Because you don't ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Why can we use の after へ and から?

In my understanding, the particle の can be used to concatenate two nouns, such as 私の本 アメリカの選手 Today, I found 先生へのプレゼント 私達からのプレゼント Question Why can の be preceded by へ and から (or maybe other ...
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1answer
153 views

When to use 従え or 従い?

I found this example sentence in the Internet. [郷]{ごう}に[入]{い}っては[郷]{ごう}に従えと学んできました。 I have learned to do as the Romans when in Rome. What I don't understand is, why use 従え? Shouldn't it be 従い? ...
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1answer
206 views

上手ではありません or 上手じゃありません

I've read somewhere that to say you are not good at something say for example Japanese language, you use: 日本語は上手ではありません but can I also use: 日本語は上手じゃありません Is there anything wrong with this? ...
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161 views

How do I know if kanjis side by side like the one in this sentence is a name 美鶴木夜石は怖がらない?

美鶴木{みつるぎ}夜石{よいし}は怖がらない Is the notion that Kanjis one after another typically indicate that it is a name? How does one read it if the furigana was not given when there are multiple pronunciation of ...
2
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1answer
113 views

いくつになったら in this sentence

いくつになったら買ってくれるの? I'm not sure of the grammar used in this sentence. いくつ-> Does this still refer to how many? になった->Is the なった here a conjugation of なる (To become)? Also is the の at the end of the ...
0
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1answer
78 views

てはin this sentence

あわせて、あちらの黒いズボンもはいてみてはどうですか。 Context is a salesperson asking a customer to try out a pair of pants (in addition to a jacket he is already wearing). Is the ては in this sentence ています in subject form? ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Difference between “山を登ったり、降りたり…” and “山を登って、降りて…”

What are the differences in meaning between: "山を登ったり、降りたり、よく考えた。" "山を登ってって、降りてって、よく考えた。" "山を登って、降りて、よく考えた。"
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1answer
134 views

Why is the “-masen” form used to convey the meaning of negative present perfect here?

I was reading the basic dictionary of Japanese grammar, an entry on が to be exact, and they used this interesting example sentence: 走っていますが、ちっとも痩せません。 and translated it as "I'm running, but I ...
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199 views

Why can an intransitive verb have a passive meaning in Japanese?

In active sentences, the verbs can be transitive and intransitive. 私が消しゴムを落としました。I dropped an eraser. (transitive) 私が走ります。I run. (intransitive) But I got surprised that 見つかる which is an ...
2
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2answers
93 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
2
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1answer
163 views

Meaning of 今日も一日?

仕事を終えた労働者が、ダンジョンから無事戻ってきた冒険者達が、今日も一日の締めくくりとばかりに酒盛りに耽っている。 This is the first time I have come across this. What exactly does it mean and how would I use it? I've seen it in other sentences too ...
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2answers
148 views

Having troubles understanding aspect in Japanese (unclear word choice in this sentence written by native)

I'm reading the Genki books and there was this story about an old man who was poor so he went to the market to sell some hats he had made. He didn't manage to sell any and is now returning home, which ...
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1answer
94 views

どのような and a particle soup

I have the following sentence: 熊の神とはどのようなものか、想像してみたが... My book translates this as I tried to imagine what the Bear God might be like. I have multiple problems: 1) I think どのような means ...
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1answer
85 views

What meaning does とこ have in this sentence?

とこの状況で思っちゃう僕はちょっとおかしいのか。 I'm not sure how to interpret this sentence. What function is とこ serving? Thanks!
2
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2answers
140 views

Word order of actions when using nagara (while)?

I am studying Japanese using the Michel Thomas Method. It says you can use nagara to show that one action happens while another occurs. It then gives the following example: nominagara shigoto o ...
3
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1answer
143 views

呼んでいたのが and 呼んでいるのが which is right?

There are two conversations: A:李さんが呼んでいたのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 And: A:李さんが呼んでいるのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 The only difference is た and る. If I want to ask "have you heard Li's ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

The use of 「ん」 in 「どうしたんですか」 [duplicate]

In class we've been learning about sickness, so we went over「どうしたんですか。」and「…がいたいんです。」. I asked the teacher and she said the use of 「ん」 is to provide an explanation, but she didn't explain what rules ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Must a relative clause with な adjective be ended with な rather than だ?

In my opinion, the usage of だ is already correct in the following sentence. But someone in my other questions said it is incorrect. For example, 映画を見ることが好きだ女性は私の妹です。The woman who likes watching ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

What does に do in this sentence?

怖い想像をするけど、僕にはこのダンジョンが下界にヒューマンと亜人{デミ・ヒューマン}を創造した神様達と同等のような 存在に思えてならない。 Why is に used here and what does it do? Thanks!
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2answers
248 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
11
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1answer
337 views

Meaning of 増える in this sentence

In the following sentence: 魚は三匹に増えていた。 I don't know whether to interpret に as to or by. So if I start with one fish then: The number of fish increased to three (there are now three fish), or ...
5
votes
2answers
239 views

How to compare the ages of people in Japanese?

This is probably a simple question but something I've seemingly never considered while studying Japanese, but how would one compare ages of people in Japanese? For example if I wanted to say "I'm two ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
5
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1answer
231 views

The grammar of “虎から食べられた” and “虎に食べられた”?

MORE INFO In an effort to make my question as short as possible, I abbreviated too much. This is the complete sentence that originated my question: 少年時代から20年間もずっと過ごしてきて、他人から軽んじられるのに慣れていなかった。 ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Is this the correct way of saying attending a school?

My friend and I were having a debate. Basically, the line 「あんたは一人でこの家から学校に通っている。」 in an anime was translated as "And you live here alone, attending school." A direct literal translation of the ...
4
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1answer
87 views

Is there any significant difference in meaning between 便利な安い物 and 便利で安い物?

Is there any significant difference in meaning between 便利な安い物 and 便利で安い物? 便利な安い物: handy cheap thing 便利で安い物: handy, cheap thing
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2answers
272 views

Difference between passive form and てある [duplicate]

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
2
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1answer
130 views

What does ば do in this sentence?

What does ば do in this sentence? I am familiar with it as a conditional but it doesn't seem right here. 早朝と言っても人影がまばらにあって、露店の準備をしているホビットもいれば、僕と同じ冒険者のドワーフ達が徒党を組んで何か話し合っている。これからダンジョンへ向かうんだろう。 I ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is ...
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3answers
82 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, ...
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3answers
193 views

Jlpt/n5q5: 弟は部屋◯掃除をしました。◯: の versus に option

In the JLPTN5, 5th question, "弟は部屋◯掃除をしました" I'm trying to understand why the の option is more appropriate than the に option. Both appear to be correct in English. With に we are taking "the room" as ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Meaning of それと in this context

I have a question about the meaning of それと in the following sentence. Does it has the meaning "and, also" here, so both 「何かのタンクや配管といった」 and 「めぼしい」 modifies 危険物? Some sort of translation: Driving ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

~く form of i-adjectives

I thought I've mastered this but I'm getting confused again. I thought the ~く form of i-adjectives was used when the adjective modifies the noun, e.g. 新しく家を買う 難しく試験した I think it's named ...
3
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1answer
61 views

comparing quantities

I have read this link which explains how to say that something is n-times as big as something else. My sentence doesn't quite fit these patterns. A fish has just been caught (no mention of size). The ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Use of the particle を/に indicating target of an action - animate vs inanimate?

Currently learning Japanese from Rosetta stone, and so far, whenever a verb is acting on something, I've always seen the particle を used - eg: 彼{かれ}は本{ほん}を読{よ}んでいます。 Now the program has thrown ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

には in this context

デイブ: カナダも暖冬です。海が全部凍りません。だから、アザラシが逃げます。 恵子: まあ、かわいそうですね。シロクマは。でも、アザラシにはよかったかも! Here is like a conversation between two people about polar bears in Canada. What I am confused about is the use ...
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3answers
206 views

Relative clauses targeting different parts

Consider the main premise as follows, A boy borrowed a pen from a girl. 男の子は女の子にペンを借りました。 Now consider the following additional premises, each with a different conclusion: The boy is Suzuki ...
3
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2answers
185 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Use of 時 with different verb conjugations

Im learning the use of 時 and it's a wee bit confusing. I get the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べた時、お酒を飲む But the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べている時、お酒を飲む eludes me. Are they the ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
5
votes
3answers
185 views

Sentences ending in て

While in Japan I came across the Kinokuniya mega bookshop, which I fell in love with. I went to one of the top floors, started browsing the Japanese learning books, and found a couple focused on ...
9
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2answers
897 views

Why are we allowed to use を particle with na-adjectives?

Can someone explain the usage of a na-adjective with the を particle? I cannot understand why we can say ほうれん草を嫌いな人もいる。 because I'd thought that it had to be a が or の particle instead of an を. ...