文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3
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1answer
56 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
16
votes
3answers
890 views

Confusion about “Seemingly not ~”

So there are several ways to express something is "seemingly not ~": ~なさそう ~そうにない ~そうもない ~そうにもない (is this one even real?) I was always taught ~なさそう in my Japanese classes, and it was ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Translation help with って

He was asked if he liked to read an replied: 「あはは、そんな優雅な趣味はしてないよ。自分では落ち着いているって気もしないんだけど、メガネをかけてるとそういうイメージが先行するのかもしれないね」 [Ahahah, I don't have such an elegant hobby. I do not feel like I am ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

The grammar of verb in ば form followed by いい

Phrases involving verb-ばいい occur frequently and yet I can't find it mentioned in any of my grammar resources. I understand that literally it means "if I do verb, it is good" but that rarely works as a ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

How do I write “Let us not watch Titanic,”?

Hi I am currently doing a Japanese task about inviting people to a birthday party. I want to write that we will watch a movie but it will not be titanic. Is のはタイタニックを見ないようにしましょう right or did I get it ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

How to say “I bought this book for 1200 yen.” in Japanese?

I want to say, I bought this book for 1200 yen. My attempt is as follows but I am not sure whether it is correct or not. 私はこの本を1200円買いました。 私はこの本を1200円で買いました。
0
votes
1answer
114 views

てほしい particle usage

管理に適切な分家筋を選んでほしい。 I understand the meaning, but not the particle used. 貴方に英語を教えて欲しい に is used to show the one who does the action you want him to. を is used to show what you want to have ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Meaning of しなくていいやって

A while ago as part of another question I asked about the bold part of this sentence: 山田みたいに、ぜんぜん勉強しなくていいやって、... Like 山田 I don't study at all and ???... I was told that "いいや can be divided ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

what is the meaning of なの here

It seems I can remove it and keep the same meaning... 暗黒物質は自然界の新しい種類の力を介して相互作用する雑多な粒子の集まりからなり,それ自体が私たちの宇宙にひっそりと絡み合う1 つの宇宙 なのかもしれない。
8
votes
2answers
196 views

Combinatorical relative clauses

I have 3 sentences, each with relative clause as follows. By considering the English translation, is my understanding correct? A: 私が好きな女性はたばこを吸わない。 A': The woman who likes me does not smoke. ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

の as subject marking particle? [duplicate]

I looked up 大丈夫{だいじょうぶ} in a Japanese dictionary and the first entry reads: 危険{きけん}や心配{しんぱい}のないさま。間違い{まちがい}がないさま。 Why is it that, in the first definition, the subject (危険や心配) seems to be marked ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What does “nanode” mean? What are its grammatical rules?

What's the meaning of this sentence and what does なので mean here? If possible, I would like to know the grammatical rules of なので as well. 英語と日本語なので私にとっても良い勉強になります。
8
votes
1answer
190 views

How to express the phrase “overrated” or “over-…”

What is the natural way to express the concept of 'overrated'? For example "this actor is overrated". The nearest I can think of is この役者はこうひょうかすぎる。But I don't know if this is even grammatically ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Causative, causative-passive and particles

俺一人に琥珀さんと翡翠をかまわせているのも申し訳ないから、とりあえず二人にはもとの仕事に戻ってもらった。 I am pretty sure it's the causative form here since the causative-passive would require 俺一人 to be marked with は. I am not sure why 俺一人 is ...
7
votes
3answers
153 views

Question about usage of 「のでは」

In one of the grammar questions for N3, I saw one for which I couldn't understand the reason why のでは is used. この英会話講師のアルバイトに応募したきっかけは、先輩からの紹介です。私の専門は言語学ですので、その知識が生かせる「 ...
7
votes
1answer
181 views

Using もの at the end of a sentence

I still have a lot of problems figuring out when to use もの at the end of a sentence. I got in my JLPT book this example sentence: 100歳の祖母は健康診断で何も異常がなかった。あの年にもなれば、悪いところの一つ二つは( ) I was unsure ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Meaning and use of やるほど

In a conversation today, my friend wrote the following やればやるほど英語が上手{うま}くなる Another example: 練習をやるほどに強くなる  I'm guessing the meaning is something close to "If you study, you will become good ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Describing a person by applying a modifier to their name 〜ような《名前》

In a fictional story about yakuza member Sahei there was a scene of a duel and the following phrase was used: まさかこんな相手に斬られるような左兵衛ではございません。 Clearly it means "Sahei wouldn't lose to such an ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

When would you use に to list? [duplicate]

I see it sometimes in the novel I'm reading. 柔和な線で縁取られた宝石のような瞳に、ほっそりとした顎、綺麗な鼻筋。美人っていう人の条件しっかりと備えちゃってる。 ダンジョンを運営管理する「ギルド」の窓口受付嬢、エイナ・チュールは片手に持った小冊子から顔を上げた。ほっそりと尖った耳に澄んだ緑玉色の瞳。 What's the ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

Meaning of verb-てまで

I've seen from this link and other sources that verb-てまで means "to the point of verb" or "to the extent of verb". But I can't make this work in the phrase below. 必死で努力してまでほめられるの... being ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is はなっとらんかった?

拍子抜けって言えば拍子抜けやなぁ。どこも大事にはなっとらんかったみたいやし....なんか踊らせてた感があるわ I don't understand what this part means. I tried looking it up but I can't find anything. Is it a single word? Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
51 views

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。Clarification on this sentence

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。 This sentence is structured in a way that is very confusing to me. The best way I can translate this is 'The Soviet era under the Socialist System' Any better ways to translate this.
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Unclear usage of ように

あの子は俺たちや秋葉が遊ぶように手を取らせる反面、いざ俺たちが遊びだすと少し離れて俺たちの様子を見守っていてくれた。 As for that kid, us and Akiha as if playing were made join hands, on the other side when we went out to play she distanced herself a ...
0
votes
2answers
223 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Need help making sense of this poem [duplicate]

鳴神の 少し響みて さし曇り 雨も降らぬか 君を留めむ Heard this in a movie. Really can't make sense of this grammar, to be honest. Can anybody break down what's going on here? Thanks :)
-1
votes
1answer
206 views

Mapping 16 English tenses to Japanese tenses [closed]

I am really confused in digesting Japanese tenses while referring to English tenses in mind. Is there a list mapping each English tense to Japanese one? Please kindly also provide us with some ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

What is the grammatical function of 好感度さえ in 好感度さえクリアしていれば? [duplicate]

秋葉さんのルートは他のルートとは違っていて、好感度さえクリアしていればグッド・トゥルー、共に特別な条件を必要としません。 さえ. This is the particle which always give me problems. How can I translate this sentence? I can't really grasp it. I tried to and ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Is お needed before 誕生日おめでとう?

お誕生日おめでとう vs 誕生日おめでとう What's the difference? And is it needed?
3
votes
1answer
161 views

が and passive verb referring to modified noun

落ち葉が敷き詰められた庭。 Why is the passive form used here? Is it because it's reffering to 庭? I thought with passive it should have been: 庭は落ち葉に敷き詰められた。 Can someone explain the rule here?
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the meaning of 結構もった方じゃないか

I need your help. What is the meaning of 結構もった in phrases like 結構もった方じゃないか 結構もった方だと思います I can not find this in dictionaries.
5
votes
1answer
86 views

How do adverbs denoting amounts such as たくさん and ちょっと work?

Japanese counters such as 一つ are adverbs even though they describe nouns such as in the following sentence. りんごを一つ食べた It is clear that 一つ refers to the amount of apples. However, what do ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Adverb followed by って

おいらなんて、怒られっぱなしの人生だもんねーー。アハハ。でもおもしろくって仕方ないもんねー。 For me, it's the life of being got angry at. Ha Ha. But, interesting(ly)...it can't be helped ?? I'm guessing this is おもしろく (interestingly) ...
8
votes
2answers
174 views

Different ways to “try”

I'm aware of two ways to say "try" 1) verb-てみる Try (for the first time) to see how it is 2) verb-vol とする Now, I've seen it said that 2) is used when failure is involved e.g. I tried to ...
9
votes
1answer
214 views

Meaning of そこまで言うか

In a story book I found this construct: 「sentence where one character insults another」そこまで言うか。 Literally "Does he say until there". I can only guess that it means "He went as far as to say ..." ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the implicit subject of 無断利用されています。?

I got a red paper with the following message when I took my bicycle in front of a station in Japan. 無断{むだん}利用{りよう}されています。 It roughly means "being used without authorization". Questions What ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

96人も遅刻するような学校なんだな。- Confusing use of ような

96人も遅刻するような学校なんだな In this sentence, I've done my best to translate as 'that is like 96 people being late for school' but, ような here is confusing me. it makes me think of this sentence as 'that is ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Should I use 「なすぎる」 or 「なさすぎる」?

As I was taught, with verbs and adjectives, when you want to express an excessive degree, you simply attach 「すぎる」 to the stem of the word, as below. 食【た】べる 食べ過ぎる 多【おお】い 多すぎる However, when ...
10
votes
2answers
179 views

V+て なかろうと meaning

俺が覚えてなかろうと、俺に人殺しをするつもりがなかったとしても、そんなものは何の意味も持ちえない。 How can I translate this sentence? なかろう I think is the volitional of ない. So volitional+と= Be about to, try to do. It can be used to say even ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Can I make a noun from a の adjective in general?

Today I wanted to say that a book was 'colloquial'. I went to my dictionary and found: colloquial adj. 口語の; Is it correct to just remove の and write: この本は口語です。 Or must this word always be used ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

だと, にと particle doubts

The talk he is referring is something he was told to not let anyone know. 琥珀{こはく}さんは謝{あやま}れって言{い}ってたけど、あんな話{はなし}を聞{き}いたあとだとヘンに意識{いしき}してしまって、困{こま}る。 ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

ような without a noun following it

いつからか、翡翠がやってくれば平穏な朝を迎えられるような、そんな日課が出来上がっている。 Why is ような used before the comma? I think it means: Since who knows when, if Hisui comes, as if i am brought with a tranquil morning, that way the ...
12
votes
1answer
577 views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Difference between 日 and 一日

What is the difference between 日{ひ} and 一日{いちにち}? I thought that 一日 was used when refering to the length of a day but I saw this sentence and got confused: ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Using が multiple times in one sentence

If you ask a question, such as 誰がこれが分かる? Is this still grammatical? Is it okay to use two が's in the same sentence?
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Multiple が in the same sentence

I found this sentence while reading and I came across 2 が in the same sentence. 認識結果{にんしきけっか}が保存{ほぞん}されていない登録{とうろく}画像{がぞう}があります。 Is it there a way to phrase is differently? How is this clause ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What does ようとする do here?

長い首を振り回す小龍の背に調教師がロデオのように飛び乗る中、人々の興奮は最高潮に達しようとしていた。 What does ようとする do here? I know that it can mean "try to do something." But "The people's excitement was trying to reach a climax" doesn't seem ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What does ても+いかん do?

今闘技場にいる観衆は外に出すな、モンスターが脱走したことを悟られてもいかん! What meaning does いかん have in this sentence? I've never seen this before.
4
votes
1answer
177 views

What is the て form of しない?

The hypothetical scenario is given as follows. Yesterday night I played game and intentionally did not do the homework. I did not forget for sure. :-) This morning the teacher asked me and I want to ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Does ようとした always mean failure to try doing something?

Consider the following sentences. A: 昨日たこ焼きを作ってみた。 B: 昨日たこ焼きを作ろうとした。 A means that "I tried to make takoyaki and I really made it." Questions Does B always mean that "I tried to make ...