文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
187 views

助詞「も」の意味を教えてください

「こういうことも、歳をとったらできなくなるだろうなあ」という文中の助詞「も」の意味を教えてください。
3
votes
1answer
616 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but ...
0
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1answer
221 views

ですら・でも・さえ・だろう(と/が)。 Are there any differences?

I am just wondering if anyone can explain the differences between these in terms of nuances. When I say nuances, can you give examples of whether one is for more polite situations, or whether one is ...
4
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1answer
133 views

What does までもが mean in this sentence, and もが in general

I am still reading the 十二国記 novel 月の影 影の海. At the end of the first part, after a rather harrowing day, Yoko is riding a leopard-like magical creature, flying through the night sky, when they are ...
0
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1answer
110 views

What is wrong in “森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服した”?

最新の医療技術をもってすれば、人はさらに寿命を伸ばせるだろう。 OK 森田さんは人一倍の努力をもって病気を克服したのである。 OK 森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服したのである。 KO My textbook* says the third sentence is not OK, but I don't understand why, as it ...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

なったら vs. なると – usage in context

I came across the following exercise – I have to fill in the gap with the correct word that I have to choose from a series of 4. 信号{しんごう}があおに(    )、道{みち}を渡{わた}っていいです。 I eliminated 2 words and ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

When does one use 〜もらいました versus 〜くれました? [duplicate]

I know that when giving something, you can say 父に傘を貸してあげました - there's only one word for when giving. But when receiving something, it's either 〜もらいました or 〜くれました. It's my understanding that, when the ...
6
votes
1answer
338 views

Differences between 「することはない」 and 「しなくてもいい」

Like the title says, I'd like to know the difference in nuance and usage between 「することはない」 and 「しなくてもいい」。 For example: 「謝らなくてもいいよ」 vs. 「謝ることはないよ」 To me, they both sound like "You don't have to ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Atypical use of ~させます

I came across the following sentence: すぐに なおさせますので もうしわけありませんが,もうしばらくおまちください Please help understand the ~させます form here. What would be the translation of this?
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2answers
225 views

Interpreting させていただきます

Speaker 1:先{さき}に食事{しょくじ}に行{い}っていいよ Speaker 2:では,そうさせていただきます Please help understand this conversation - especially the 'させていただきます' construct. What would this translate into English as?
4
votes
1answer
185 views

What is the difference between ~みたい and ~らしい when expressing similarity or resemblance? [duplicate]

According to this HiNative question, ~みたいだ tends to be used subjectively, whereas ~らしい tends to be used more objectively. This seems to indicate that the difference is the same as that between the 2 ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Using という before わけです

Is there and difference between わけです and というわけです 「林さんは料理学校に行きたいと言っていましたよ。」 「つまり、ここでの勉強をやめるというわけですね] Can this be modified to ……ここでの勉強をやめるわけですね as well? If not - what are the appropriate ...
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2answers
138 views

Question about the quote in the sentence

I have a question about 「施設での生活に不慣れな俺のため」 in the following sentence. Maybe I'm mistaken something but those two parts -「施設での生活に不慣れな俺のため」 and 「彼を専属のサポート役として使ってくれ」 feels unnatural here. If I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Expressing ~no option but

しかない/ほかない/よりない - are these forms inter-changeable ゆうがたまでやる(しかない/ほかない/よりない)- are all the forms correct?
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of てはならない

ただしい じょうほう にもとづいて はっぴょう しなくてはならない I understand that てはならない means 'must not/should not'. However,I cannot make any sense out of the above sentence that I read in a book. Would appreciate if someone ...
1
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1answer
114 views

Expressing similarity

Below are the 2 forms of similarity expressed for (V) ~nai and (N). Do I summarize these forms correctly? Self-deduction: (negative verb) ふらなさそうだ (noun) かのじょ王女みたい hearsay: (negative ...
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4answers
165 views

Is 「どこにいくのがよろしいですか」 a correct way to ask for directions?

I visit an office and enquire where (floor, desk, etc) I should go - どこに いくのが よろしいですか Would this be an incorrect expression? If so, what is the mistake? What would be a better way to ask the ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

「高くはある」と「高い」の違い

「この花瓶は高くはあるが、それだけの値打ちはある」 I was studying with the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" and the above sentence appeared. I am curious about the meaning of the locution in bold and the difference it has ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

「君の声が聞こえなくて、逢えると信じる。」

For a research project in artificial intelligence, I investigated parsing Japanese. There was major problems with ambiguity in the mentioned type of sentence; in most cases the ambiguity is obvious to ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Understanding a phrase - 必ずやらなければならないことを まとめてみた

I am trying to understand what looks like an expression, but seems too verbose. And I'm confused by the use of まとめてみた. To put it into context, the title of this page in my guide book is ひとめでわかる 攻略チャート ...
2
votes
1answer
308 views

Use of は with 自分 in a subordinate clause

Another sentence from Kanji in Context: 自分は偉いと思って人を見下しているとそのうち逆に他の人から見下されるようになる。 Those who think highly of themselves and look down on others will eventually themselves be looked down upon (by ...
3
votes
1answer
470 views

Why is は appropriate for てはいけない?

Why does てはいけない use は? I know it's a construction, but where did it come from? て form verbs are not nouns, it doesn't make sense to me that は could be used with them.
2
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2answers
258 views

それどころじゃない and 〜どころじゃない grammar points.

So I've been going over past JLPT N1 tests, and I came across this sentence: 「この仕事、ずいぶんもうかるでしょう。」「いや、経費がかかりすぎて、もうかるどころじゃありませんよ」 Now a definition for this one I got from the Goo thesaurus: ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Why in this example sentence there's no difference between ごとに and おきに?

I am using the "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" to help me with Japanese studies. As explained from page 128 on I understood the difference between ごとに and おきに. For example: 2日おきに = every ...
3
votes
2answers
379 views

How to say “had been [verbing]”?

In this excellent response by @DariusJahandarie , he covered how to say "I have been [verbing]" in Japanese by using ている. He had given many examples of how would could potentially translate ている or てい ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

What happens if なの is used, but not at the end of a sentence?

大学から歩いてニ十分ぐらいの所に適当なのを見つけた。 What does it mean when なの is used in a sentence like the one above? The を that comes after it is really throwing me off. I came across a similar question on here but ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?

For example, I was listening to a song, and the lyric 願いや野望や空想が知らない次元【レベル】へドアをたたいて came up. Don't you usually need to use a の to make 知らない次元へのドア or else 知らない次元へ might get confused as modifying たたいて? ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Difference between 「で」助詞 and 「だ」助動詞の連用形「で」

Could you please explain me what exactly is the で in the following sentences and how can we distinguish 「で」助詞 and 「だ」助動詞の連用形「で」? ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

How can we understand and translate はず used with facts of known truth?

I've thought for a while that there was something a little "strange" about the way はず is used in Japanese, and I recently thought of a way of explaining it that I've not seen elsewhere. Half of this ...
2
votes
1answer
791 views

What does `nanode` mean? What are its grammatical rules?

What's the meaning of this sentence and what does なので mean here? If possible, I would like to know the grammatical rules of なので as well. 英語と日本語なので私にとっても良い勉強になります。
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Have I placed “itsu” correctly in the sentence?

きょう の パーティー は いつなんですか。 Is placing "itsunandesuka" correct when I'm trying to make a sentence which means "When is today's party" while using the grammar pattern "ndesuka"?
4
votes
2answers
904 views

What is “Sino-Japanese word order”?

In the answer to the thread What's the difference between 腹切{はらき}り and 切腹{せっぷく}? in the 1st paragraph, 2nd line, the author mentions "Sino-Japanese pronunciation and word order". I assume that ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Adverbs in Japanese versus English

I have heard that Japanese adverbs usually occur along with particles in a sentence. Also, I perhaps simplistically consider particles to be the analog of prepositions in English. In English it seems ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Why is ~とみえる used here?

I'm reading a short story called 『つめたいよるに』. This girl was crying on the train to work, so another passenger (the 少年 below) invited her for a coffee. ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Translation help- which word あまり is effecting and general implication of the word 方向

あんまり恋愛方向に持って行きたくない So, context: an author's reply to someone asking whether a character of his would have a romance or not. Said character had a few hints of a possible romantic interest in ...
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2answers
199 views

I don't get how 今日 works in 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった.

I was watching Sora no Method 06, and at about 17:03 the line 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった came up. Crunchyroll translated the line as "I'm happy you invited me today," but the problem is that she was invited the ...
0
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1answer
103 views

Using conditional 'ば'

In this thread on japan-guide.com, we find two seemingly contradictory statements concerning the conditional particle ば. One poster states: If A & B are the same subject, B must be ...
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1answer
83 views

Expressing subject vs target

Are these translations correct? "As per the survey conducted on the students..." [学生]{がくせい}たちに[対]{たい}する[調査]{ちょうさ}によると…… (students are the topic of the research) "As per the survey conducted ...
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1answer
88 views

This text appears to be labeling V-し・V-せず・Adj-なく・N-に as present, V-して・V-しないで・Adj-なくて・N-で as past. Why?

I found a table at this page that seems to be labeling Vし・Vせず・Adjなく・Nに as present tense, and Vして・Vしないで・Adjなくて・Nで as past tense. Please teach me about this distinction in the above words.
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1answer
146 views

Comparing ということだ and そうだ

天気予報【てんきよほう】によると今年【ことし】の夏【なつ】はあついだろう(ということだ/そうだ) Both ということだ and そうだ can represent an 'externally induced' opinion/conclusion. How do we identify the context to choose one over the other then?
3
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1answer
215 views

Is saying 「XはYは…」 acceptable?

In いっすんぼうし, a very popular fairy tale, this line appears: だいじんは からだは ちいさいけれど げんきな いっすんぼうしを たいそう きにいり じぶんの いえで はたらかせることにしました。 Is 「だいじんは からだは」 grammatically correct? What would be done to make ...
2
votes
4answers
209 views

Is 行く stative, continous or instantaneous?

My textbook says 行く is instantaneous (expresses changes from one state to another) and can only be used to describe the result of a change, not movements that are currently in progress. But a ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

ことになっている vs ようになっている

The definitions do not help with an umabiguous separation. So I put forward an example: どあはしめると,じどうしゃてきにかぎがかかるようになっている Why would ことになっている too not be apt here? Is this dependent on the speakers ...
8
votes
3answers
434 views

What's the function of the particle も in 「かわいい写真たてもうれしかったけど、…」?

If you look at my translation of the sentence below from a text book (総まとめ N3 読解), I think you will agree that I have guessed the meaning correctly but can anyone explain the grammar to the first ...
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vote
1answer
87 views

どの object も = “whichever”?

I think in the example below, どのダンジョンも・・・ means "whichever dungeon". The advice applies to any dungeon in the game. Can somebody confirm this for me please? ...
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vote
3answers
165 views

Expressing 'according/as per'

このアパートは[古]{ふる}いが、その[広]{ひろ}さによって[家賃]{やちん}の[安]{やす}さが[気]{き}に[入]{い}った。 Isn't this application of によって valid? 'According to/based on the spaciousness of the room, the meagerness of the rent is ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the function of particle に in 「Aチームに[勝つ]【かつ】チームがあるとしたら…」?

I came across the following sentence Aチームに[勝つ]【かつ】チームがあるとしたら… If A team is the winning team... Why is the に particle being used in Aチームに? Why would it not be Aチームは in this case? I have not ...
8
votes
4answers
900 views

The という in things like 〜ということ・〜というの・〜という感じ・〜というわけ etc

I have been trying for ages to understand the reason という is used so frequently. In other words, what does it add to the sentence and what connotations does it have in Japanese? I understand the ...
4
votes
1answer
359 views

Interpreting active/passive voice in Japanese

As this game is selling well, I plan to buy one too. How would we express this in Japanese? よくうれているようだから よくうられているようだから Would the above sentence be interpreted as an active or ...