文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
80 views

How to understand なんだ [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 図書館へ行くつもりなんだ What is なんだ from the grammar point of view?
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1answer
116 views

Plain Form of にくいです and とくいです

If I want to add から(because) to にくいです, would it become にくいだから or にくいから Also, if I want to add けれども to とくいです、is it とくいだけれども or とくいけれども Thank you!
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3answers
308 views

Meaning of 「という訳でもないのだが」

I have a question about the meaning of という訳でもないのだが in the following passage. If I'm understanding correctly 「いたからと言ってなんだ」 - 「居たからと言って何だ」 would translates something like - "even if he/she was, than ...
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2answers
167 views

What is the difference between 〜て and 〜の?

Sometimes when I see verbs in a sentence that uses it as a subject or noun rather than an event or verb which explains what happens in a sentence. E.g.: 私は食べるのが好きです。 金曜日、日本へ行っては思う。 In ...
2
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1answer
193 views

Is this how to say “I'm going to Japan Wednesday.”?

Is 私は水曜日本に行きます。 a reasonable way to say "I'm going to Japan Wednesday."? If it is, is this also okay? 水曜、私は日本に行きます。
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3answers
1k views

What does する means when it does not mean “do” ?

What does する means when it does not mean "do" ? Like あなたも血のにおいがするな
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4answers
546 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
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2answers
130 views

(Person's name) + 君の事

I came across the following sentence and I'm having troubles understanding the grammar: …一条君の事好きだった… 一条 stands for the person's name. That being said, I understand 君 is a personal pronoun like ...
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1answer
132 views

Use of 「~ておりますしょうか。 」

I came across this construct that I'm not familiar with: 「。。。推移しておりますしょうか。」 What is the use of the ending 「~おりますしょうか。」 I assumed it to be a shortening of 「~おりますでしょうか」 seeing as the meaning ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

ず negative verb

This is from one of the readings in 中級から学ぶ日本語 workbook (Ch.16), about a man who has just retired and is sitting back with a beer thinking about how hard he worked and whether it was all worth it. ...
2
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1answer
244 views

The passive form [closed]

I'm new to this site (just made an account), I've been learning about the passive form of verbs but I'm a bit confused by what the passive form actually is... I tried googling but couldn't find an ...
2
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1answer
215 views

Using “Nara” with Different Verbs

I recently learned that if you are asked if you've, say, been to Japan, you can use "nara" and reply with "I've been to China, but I have not been to Japan" to sort of lesson the blow of your reply. ...
4
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1answer
376 views

というものでもない vs. というわけではない

I recently saw the sentence on a grammar example site: 多ければよいというものでもない。 From this example, it seems that this sentence means the same thing: 多ければよいというわけじゃない。 Do these sentence in fact mean the ...
3
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1answer
172 views

verb+ようにと、 or verb+かと、

Ch.16 of the textbook 中級から学ぶ日本語 introduces the ~と、 structure, with this example: 早く花がさくようにと、毎日水をやっている。 Without the と particle I would read this as 'I water the flowers everyday so that they ...
4
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3answers
215 views

What is the difference between ために and -masu root verb+ に?

What is the difference between these two grammar patterns? わたしは 大学で 教えに 英語を 習っています わたしは 大学で 教えるために 英語を 習っています
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1answer
173 views

What is the grammatical analysis of the sentence 「君を笑いに来た」?

In English, the popular translation of 「君を笑いに来た」 is "I came to laugh at you," but ever since I heard the original in Japanese, I was curious as to what is going on in the sentence from the grammatical ...
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3answers
222 views

How to use の particle and the で particle if I want to say “I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop”

If I wanted to say "I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop", how would the particles work? I know "shoes" would take the を particle. But when it comes to "Tomoyo's shop" would I place the の particle ...
5
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2answers
259 views

The use of へ towards an abstract concept

I understand the obvious uses of へ. My understanding gets a bit fuzzy when it comes to things other than a physical direction toward a physical place. For example; a sentence such as this: 勝ちへ向かう Is ...
14
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3answers
791 views

Can someone explain the logic of the grammar “とは限らない”

I found this example sentence in "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" under a grammar point unrelated to "とは限らない": "運動をよくする人が必ずしも長生きするとは限らない。" I understand the meaning of the sentence ...
6
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4answers
218 views

What's the difference between 大きいケーキ and 大きなケーキ?

I'm studying for Japanese exam of the second year and teacher corrected this sentence-mistake: 音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きい ケーキ を たべました。 was corrected to  音楽 を 聞いた あとで、大きな ケーキ を たべました。 What is the ...
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vote
2answers
120 views

Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
2
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2answers
459 views

~ないでいる verb ending

This is dialogue from a book I have, where a doctor is talking about a patient: 気分が極端に変りやすくなっていて、自分で自分をコントロールできない。神を呪うかと思うと、神に祈る。呪う自分と祈る自分と、絶えず入れ替っていて、どっちが本当の自分か判断できないでいる。 My question is about ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

“To the East/West/North/South are distinct [feature-rich] areas that fill the land”

Could I check my understanding of the last part of this sentence please? For those who don't play games, Hyrule is a fictional place in the Legend of Zelda videogames (this is from a guidebook I am ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Placing a quantifier between a noun and particle?

this is my first question here so please bare with me. Until the other day I was aware of two different ways use counters As an adverb. ペンを3本買いました。 As a noun. 3本のペンを買いました。 ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

“The earlier we leave, the earlier we'll arive”-type construction [duplicate]

Was not sure how to title my question because I don't know who to explain such grammar pattern. I came across something like that in Tae Kim's guide: 勉強をすればするほど、頭がよくなるよ。 (The more you study, the ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is it grammatically correct to use よう without な, に or だ(です)after it?

神の思し召しであなたとよき友情を育むためにあなたにメールするようお告げがありました I think the sentence roughly translates into: "For the sake of raising you and good friend into God's thoughts, you mailed a divine message" Instincts ...
4
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1answer
380 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Meaning of “でも” in “食事でもどうですか?”

I've found this sentence on alc.co.jp 食事でもどうですか and I am puzzled as to meaning this でも conveys. How does it differ from 食事はどうですか which would be my first choice; however, according to ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Explaining the phrase 書{か}き込{こ}みによると

I have translated the phrase 書き込みによると which, and if I'm right, means "According to the writing". I want to know more about the structure and grammar rules used here. I found it in this article.
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1answer
123 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
5
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1answer
176 views

Meaning of いくら and って in this sentence

The speaker just stated that her father is too sure of himself. いくらママが死んじゃって いないからってさ! (there is a space in the manga as well) チャンピオンなのを利用していろんな女の人と遊びまくってんのよ! He uses his title to have ...
3
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1answer
140 views

What does 曰く mean when it is *not* preceded by a name?

Dictionary or other references are appreciated, as no dictionary I have referenced gives me an example of this kind of usage. Example: ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

興奮する to be excited or to get excited?

When I was looking at a dictionary the definition (in the English part) was given as be [get] excited; ((口)) be [get] worked up What exactly these [] are referring to is unclear to me. From my ...
9
votes
2answers
320 views

Proportion and Rate

How do I form a sentence pattern for: The more/less X happens, the more/less Y happens E.g. The more you stir, the faster the salt dissolves. The colder the weather, the more ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Use of 一体 in this sentence

These two sentences have been giving me trouble in terms of understanding their meaning. 友達が恋人にふられて、とても落ち込んでいる。でも、一体何を言ってあげたらいいか、全然分からない。 My translation: My friend was able to trip up my ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

What's the difference between こそ and さえ in 「忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間___ない」

I don't know which to choose: 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間さえない or 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間こそない The explanation in my textbook is given in such a way that I can't understand the difference: It says こそ "expresses ...
3
votes
2answers
400 views

Do ちょうだい、ごらん、ください、おいで constitute an own class of part of speech?

They are all used after the Te-Form of Japanese verbs similar to subsidiary verbs, but they seem to differ from subsidiary verbs. What is their true nature?
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votes
1answer
633 views

Usage of て-form in 知っての通り

I have just come across the phrase 知っての通り〜 (as you know...) I have never noticed this usage of て-form before and can't find an explanation. What is the difference (if any) between this and 知っている通り? ...
5
votes
1answer
297 views

When does こいつ refer to a situation?

I've always heard こいつ refer to a person. (That guy!) However, in my JLPT Reading workbook there is a line where it refers to a situation. The explanation says: 「こいつ」が状況を表し....ことに気づくこと。 It goes ...
8
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4answers
2k views

の cannot be used as a pronoun meaning “one” for “highly abstract objects” but what is a “highly abstract object”?(amended)

(Italics are used to indicate revisions to the orginal question made in response to feedback so far) According to "A students' guide to Japanese grammar", by Naomi McGloin, の is used as a pronoun ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Explain ますよう + [noun]

Can someone please help me parse the following sentence: ...新商品をお試しくださいますようご案内申し上げます。 I guess the meaning is something like "We invite you to try our new product," but I don't understand how ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Words ending in consonants [duplicate]

Using Hiragana, how would you write a word/transcribe a sound which ends in a consonant? Such as 'kon'. Relevant to this, I don't understand why 'hajimemashite' doesn't pronounce the 'shi' in the ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

How does 別に function as an adverb?

I know that 別に means "not particularly" sometimes, but what is its role in this sentence? 別に山田の私服を見るのは、はじめてってわけじゃないんだけどな。 I assume it means something like "it's not exactly the first time I've seen ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Is ために here a wrong one? [duplicate]

Could someone please help with the correct answer to this N3 challenge? I thought the correct one is ために but apparently I'm wrong. 今度の試合に勝てる (ために)一生けんめいがんばります。 Variants given: ために ことに ように みたいに
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vote
2answers
146 views

Don't understand meaning and translation of these sentences

I’m having major trouble understanding and translating these example sentences. 試験や勉強で忙しくなると、どうして勉強しているのか忘れがちになる。でも勉強は自分のためにしているということを忘れないでほしい。 My translation: When you become busy with exams and ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

「もんか」の使い方を教えてくれませんか?

How do you use もんか? Once, I saw this sentence: お前に俺の気持がわかるもんか. I understand the meaning but I don't know how you can use it
3
votes
2answers
306 views

Meaning and translation of 働かせっぱなし

Help me please with translation 働かせっぱなし in the following sentence それって、朝からずっと働かせっぱなしの人間に対して、掛ける言葉じゃ、ないと思うんだけど The main problem is that I cannot understand how to correctly translate ...
1
vote
2answers
170 views

Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. ...
30
votes
5answers
2k views

i-adjectives used as na-adjectives: is there a difference? (e.g. 大きい versus 大きな)

There are at the very least several i-adjectives can be used as na-adjectives by dropping the final い and adding な in its place. The most common examples of this, as far as I am aware, are 大きい and ...
2
votes
2answers
582 views

How to ask the 'looks like' or appearance of something?

Good day to everyone. I've been wondering on how you say 'looks like' or 'appears like' but not on terms of similarity. It is asking for a description or appearance on an object. For example: ...