文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
139 views

What does さらせ do?

見さらせと言わんばかりに威風堂々と胸を張るその姿は.... What does さらせ do in this sentence? Is it a type of conjugation or is it another verb attached to 見? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
107 views

The difference among ずに、ず、ないで、なくて

I know they are all the negative form of a verb, but I just don't know the difference. I still remember when I was learning Japanese, my teacher told me that ずに equals ないで in a more ancient way, but ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

Use of なんか followed by possessive の

I understand from itrasci's answer in this link that なんか after a noun acts like a weak form of は which downplays the importance of the noun. But please look at the following sentence (where the writer ...
3
votes
1answer
297 views

Why does this する verb take に?

彼は自分の権利に執着する。 利欲に執着する人も数多い。 I thought all する verbs are transitive so they should take the particle を. How come this one doesn't? Thanks!
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1answer
136 views
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1answer
177 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

Saying something is like/not like something else

How does one say "this is like/similar to that" or "this is not like that" in Japanese in essence? An example sentence is "In this way, the English are like the Japanese" ; I have not been able to ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

かきます(to write) when used with the particle に

From what my test book says in the vocab section the verb かきます usually takes the particles を for things and に for people. I'm pretty sure that you would use を like this. ともだちに てがみを かきました - I wrote ...
5
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1answer
176 views

How to say “The woman heard that I passed the test”?

So far, the word そうです is used to express "hearsay" sentences with I who is implicitly defined as the listener. 彼女は結婚したそうです。I heard that the woman got married. あなたは合格したそうです。I heard that you passed. ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Help understanding と in this sentence

Please expain the function of と (in bold) in this behemoth of a sentence: この偽書評を書いたときには、あとで誰かから「ろくでもない嘘をつくな」という苦情の手紙とか、「どこに行けばこの本が手にはいるのか」といった問い合わせがくるんじゃないかと覚悟していたんだけど、。。。 If you can't find ...
7
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1answer
104 views

Difference between 俺物語 and 俺の物語

There is an anime/manga called 俺物語!! which is translated as "My Story!!" or "My Love Story!!" depending on which site you visit. The way I have learned it, it should be "俺の物語" to be "my story" ...
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1answer
310 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
6
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1answer
250 views

When and why use という/ということ

One thing that I could never really understand about Japanese is the usage of という/ということ. But first let me clarify which という I'm talking about. 「Small」と「little」の違いということはなんですか? vs ...
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3answers
74 views

Another question about ね

Can よ be replaced by ね in some cases? For example, in this sentence I read I think ね is interchangeable with よ: "A:で、男役はお好きで らしたんですか 。 B:いやあ、あんまり好きじゃないですね 。" If so, in which cases can you do it?
18
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4answers
3k views

When did you last…?

I am searching for a way to ask a question like "When did you last see her?" or "When did you last do the laundry?, or also "When did we last meet?" Basically, how do you construct a question with ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Constructing sentence with passive verb

I am learning how to construct a japanese phrase with passive verb. From "Mira-san wa watashi o pa-ti- ni shoutaishimashita" to "Watashi wa Mira-san ni pa-ti- ni shoutaisaremashita". Is the phrase ...
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vote
1answer
117 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Is this sentence indirect passive

昔、ある月刊誌で書評を頼まれたことがある。 Some time ago, I was asked to do a book review by a certain monthly magazine. Am I correct in my understanding that when a passive verb conjugation takes an object then ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
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1answer
147 views

possibly wrong usage of 〜ば〜た in grammar book

In on of the grammar books I found a question: 運転して( )、急に車の前へ犬が飛び出してビックリした。 1)いるなら 2)いれば 3)いても 4)いたら The correct answer is marked as 2. Is it correct? I have never seen 〜ば used in such ...
1
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1answer
92 views

What function does に serve in this sentence?

仕事に真面目で広大な都市の中をしょっちゅう飛び回っているため、彼女とは連絡を取ろうとしてもそう簡単には捕まらない。 I'm not sure how to interpret the first part of the sentence. What does に do here? Thanks!
7
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1answer
200 views

Difference between 向かう, 向く, 向ける

From my understanding 向ける is transitive and means to face/turn something towards something. 安藤は日本国内から世界に目を向けたのです。 -Andou turned his eyes from inside Japan to the world. 向く on the other hand ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Understanding why the sentence sounds strange

I've been told that 昼ご飯を食べた時、散歩する isn't right because you can't have lunch while going for a walk. But in my textbook, there's the following sentence: 日本に行った時、写真をとります. The book explains that taking ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

What the grammar/syntax of 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候?

Dictionary translation is "I beg you will favour me with your company―I request the pleasure of your company." 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候 I can only surmise about ご来駕 noun 懇願候 verb (ask), sourou being a polite ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Why do some transitive verbs take に instead of を?

ヘスティアはせっせと残りの「神聖文字」を付け足し、己のしてやれることに努める。 I don't really understand why に used instead を even though 努める is transitive? Thanks!
3
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1answer
109 views

Puzzling use of progressive form

In this sentence: 僕は両親が帰ってくるまで公園で時間をつぶしていなければいけなかった。 I had to kill time in the park until my parents came home. Why does 時間をつぶす need to be in the progressive form? Why can I not write ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

わたし は あまり はやい おきません Is this correct?

I was trying to make a sentence using the words あまり and はやい so I tried making a sentence saying: I don't get up early much. or わたし は あまり はやい おきません。 But the more I stare at it the more ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Having trouble with this sentence and how to figure out the exact meaning of compound words?

それ以外、つまり冒険者の半数以上は未だLV1のもとで燃え燻っている。 I am having trouble understanding the last part of this sentence. What does のもとで do here? Also, how do you figure out the exact meaning of compound words? I ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

The proper way to use でも

I'm just wondering if I'm using the word でも correctly here. わたし は たいてい おちゃ を のみます。 でも ときどき おさけ を のみます。 From what I've read you don't usually use でも in the middle of a sentence and I've seen a ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Can you use Adjective + たって?

I've got a question regarding the use of the structure ~たって which I've just recently stumbled across. From what I know so far, this is used in the form Verb(neg) + たって, for example: ...
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vote
1answer
101 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
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vote
1answer
229 views

What does か + と do in this sentence?

ベルの成長速度にアイズへの恋慕がこれまでかと影響した「ステイタス」を見せつけられ、ちょっとも面白くなかったゆう昨夜。 Is the と here acting as a quotative particle? So it's 「これまでか」と影響した? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
62 views

ni vs te form to express continuity/reason

What is the difference between the two Structures: 1: VERB ni VERB. ex:sentaku ni dekakemasu. 2:VERB(te form) VERB. ex:nagarete kaeimashita. (The example are from momotarou)
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vote
2answers
130 views

Why can story writers use くれる when describing a third person?

I just read a famous Japanese legend as follows. 昔、ある所に浦島太郎という若い男がいました。 ある日、太郎は子供達にいじめられている亀を助けてあげました。 亀は「助けてくれて、ありがとうございました」と言って、太郎を海の中のお城へ連れて行ってくれました。 Why can story writers use くれる when ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Understanding 生きていて~

私たちはこの時代に生きていて邪悪さがいよいよ増していることを知っています。 I was given this sentence from a friend and I'm having trouble with the extra て in 生きていて。 Could someone explain what grammar is being used here? Why it needed ...
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vote
1answer
101 views

Why use ん here?

車は駐車場から出てきていったん止まりました. why use ん here? why dont' use ~ 出てきていって止まりました.
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1answer
196 views

Often go to do something

I've just used a sentence that I think was wrong: グループ員はよくパブで飲みに行く. The concern there is the yoku. Where would the often/hardly/always/whatever actually go in this sort of sentence structure and ...
4
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1answer
133 views

Use of 時{とき} in the following sentences

So, I've been told by a native Japanese that the following sentence sounds weird: LA VITA E'BELLAを見{み}る[時]{とき}、[感動]{かんどう}しました。 In her own words, 'because watching that video is a one time thing ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Does Xから modify Yの here?

From the Wikipedia article for 源頼朝: 源頼朝は、平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の武将、政治家であり、鎌倉幕府の初代征夷大将軍である。 Clearly, 平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の modifies 武将、政治家. However, what does the 平安時代末期から modify? Is 鎌倉時代初期の treated as a ...
6
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1answer
143 views

Sentence Ending て form

妻が死んで、子供が家を出て。 Then my wife died, and my kids left home. Is the sentence ending て a contraction for another expression? If so can someone list the possible expressions for any sentence ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
2
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1answer
81 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
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vote
1answer
71 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
5
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1answer
119 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
4
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2answers
148 views

Question about の

I am having an hard time understanding the difference between のですね and ですね and the difference between のですよね and ですよね. For example, what is the difference between 簡単ですね and 簡単なのですね? Or the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I cam across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the meaning of と here?

What is the meaning of と in this sentence? このため、地震のときと同じように机の下などに入っていると安全なことがあります。 It seems different from all senses in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. Kind of "in the manner of"?