文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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24 views

~たい次第 expression meaning

What does the grammar expression ~たい次第{しだい} mean For example: 次回の集まりをお誘いいただきたい次第です。
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1answer
74 views

How to say “General Statement”

I was trying to tell a friend that in English statements such as: I like dogs. I hate people. I love hamburgers. General statements in English use the plural noun form. ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
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1answer
62 views

How do I say “Who is the tallest in your family?”

Is this correct? 家族に中で背が高い誰ですか。
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1answer
116 views

Why is this で wrong, and を preferable? 「信号を左です」

日本語 知り合いに道案内していた時に、 次の信号で、左です と言ったら、 次の信号を、左です という言い方のほうがいいと言われました。 「です」は本物の動詞ではありませんし、「を」と繋がっているのは間違いではないのでしょうか。省略された動詞があるという分析のほうがいいのですか?そして、どうして「で」はだめなのですか? English While giving ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the difference between “ato ichinen” and “ichinen go”?

Both mean "after 1 year" right? Are they the same or a bit different in usage? When do you use "go" and "ato"? Example : "ato ichinen shitara Nihon ni iku" and "ichijikan go ni iku". Are they ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Why “absent from school” is “gakkou wo yasumu” when yasumu is intransitive verb?

Why "absent from school" is "gakkou wo yasumu" when yasumu is intransitive verb? Why particle wo is used? Why not ni or kara is used instead?
2
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1answer
113 views

Different ways to say even

I wanted to say: I don't use Skype. I'm so old fashioned that I don't even have a mobile (cell) phone. This is what I went for: Skypeを使いません。携帯もないほどなかなか懐古的なのです。 Please correct me if any ...
2
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2answers
77 views

Meaning of phrase 手に実際穿った

I'm struggling to understand 手に実際穿った part in the following passage. What meaning does it have? 拡大鏡{かくだいきょう}で見て初めて見えてくる文字。うっすらと浮かび上がり、所々{ところどころ}かすれて読めない。その文字の形状{けいじょう}からして手に実際穿った{じっさいほじった}ような感じである。...
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119 views

Adjective + 出す?

Recently I watched this and the translator gives me something I didn't know. I know that a verb + 出す means to start..... 走り出す - To start to run 逃げ出す - To start to escape 登り出す - To start to ...
2
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1answer
54 views

plain form+ んでもいい

I am having trouble with this construction. I'm not sure if this is suppose to be something similar to the noun+で(も)いい construction or maybe ので+もいい. if it is the latter, why the use of も. the ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Meaning of には in this sentence.

……こういう時の遠坂にはどんなワガママもし放題なのであるが、生憎、ここはちょっとの油断で轢き飛ばされる制限速度六十キロ車道、二車線である。 When Tohsaka is like this she does anything she wants but, sadly, this is a a 2 lane traffic road with a limit of 60 km/h ...
3
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2answers
130 views

君の元へ飛んでゆけ - imperative or optative?

This is the context. Yura yura to yuganda sora e Kimi no moto e tonde yuke Konna ni mo chikaku ni kanjiteru Futatsu no omoi ゆらゆらと歪んだ空へ 君の元へ飛んでゆけ こんなにも近くに感じてる ふたつの想い This is ...
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1answer
123 views

Ask Japanese complicated passage

何か自分が望まないことを断るという状況を、セミナーなどで様々な方に実演してもらうことがあります。その時、訓練を受けていない人は9割方、『自分の利害の説明』から始めようとしがちです。 例えば、会社の利益になると思えない残業を命じられたり、法令や規則違反ギリギリの仕事を依頼されたりする場面で、ほとんどの人は『自分はそれをしたくない』とだけ言い張ったり、...
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1answer
61 views

くれて in this sentence

手伝って くれて 、ありがとう。おかげで早く終わったよ。 I understand it roughly: Thanks for giving me assistance, thanks to you, the task finished faster But why it is くれて not もらって? I thought the context was (I am really ...
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2answers
103 views

よう言うよう言う meaning

先生が私にみんなに手伝うよう言うよう言った。 The teacher told me to help everybody or The teacher told me to tell everyone to help. Can someone explain which one is correct and why?
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1answer
62 views

What's is the difference between these two forms?

So for what I knew the "potential form" of the verbs are for example: 話せる for 話す, a godan verb. 見られる for 見る, an ichidan verb. But then I find this form for the ichidan verbs that seems to mean the ...
1
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1answer
263 views

Help interpret 遅れてもよければ、大丈夫だ in a sentence

Here's the full context: A: 鈴木さん、今日来られるっていっていた? B: ちょっと遅れてもよければ、だいじょうぶだって。 What I understand roughly A: Did Suzuki say that he can come today? B: He said that if it's okay to be a bit late, he ...
2
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2answers
107 views

といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
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2answers
87 views

Questions about multiple particles 「は」and 「を」and interpunct in this sentence

Here is the sentence. 左ジャブと右ストレートのワンツーを覚えた矢吹丈は、力石徹を殴り倒すことだけを目的に地獄の中で生き抜くのですが、改めて読んでみて、これほど面白く・感動的な物語りはそう滅多にはないと、僕は思いました。 Note: This sentence is written vertically. For the second bold 「を」, I am ...
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2answers
155 views

精一杯 usage in this sentence

とても受動的な感じで、どんな場面でも「教えてもらう」という姿勢が精一杯だったと思います。 I think that [Please teach me] is in every occasion an attitude filled with passivity. Is it correct? Link:http://ameblo.jp/c-partners/entry-...
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1answer
98 views

What is the subject of a sentence like 文字を紙に書いてある?

What is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある? I have thought of 書いてある and 書かれている as basically the same, but in 文字が紙に書かれている it is clear that 文字 is doing ている while it isn't clear what is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある.
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2answers
87 views

Can ~て初めて grammar be used with negative verbs?

I found many examples for ~て初めて with positive verbs, for example: 生まれて初めて寿司を食べた。It is the first time in my life I ate sushi. 病気になって初めて健康の有り難さが分かってきた。I began to know the value of health only ...
3
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2answers
765 views

How to parse たすけにいって

How to parse たすけにいって in 子猫をたすけにいって 子猫にかまれたらしい I think I understand the overall meaning, "It seems that he went to save the kitten and got bitten" but i want to understand more about the に いって.
1
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1answer
140 views

けど in the end of sentence

無理をしないように言ったけど。。 Is it an incomplete sentence? So she want to say "although I have told him not to overdo things... (he did it anyway). Here's the full story for the context... 今日、鈴木くんに会った時、...
3
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1answer
87 views

Expressing a doubt between multiple items in an enumeration

Consider the sentence: "I am hesitating between A, B and C". What would go between A,B,C―迷っています? Asking someone to make a choice seems more straightforward (I would say "A,B,C(の中)から選んでください".) I ...
5
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2answers
373 views

Vague subject of sentence

どうして田中が好きなんですか From what i understand, the sentence above doesn't have any subject, so depending on the context, it can be both Why do I like Tanaka? or Why do you like Tanaka? Is this correct ?
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1answer
188 views

Use of する and しまう

忘れ物をしました 忘れ物をしまったんです 忘れ物をしてしました 忘れ物をしてしまったんです Are all these four expressions acceptable, what is the difference among them?
4
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2answers
84 views

How does the までに work in ご参考までに

I know it means roughly "for your reference", but I can't really grasp why it means that based on my understanding of までに (which I consider roughly as 'before' or 'by'). I can't really come to any ...
1
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1answer
99 views

What does と言ってしまった mean?

この前、大嫌いと言ってしまったのに*。 Translated as: Even though I told him that I hate him so much. I understand most of it except for しまった。Looks like a verb in past form, しまる? 閉まる? That doesn't seem to make ...
4
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1answer
85 views

一人の彼女 versus 彼女の一人

Sometimes I find 一人の彼女 but sometimes I also find 彼女の一人 Is there any difference?
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1answer
124 views
0
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3answers
147 views

How to express love in japanese?

We know that in japanese people usually say '愛している', TO LOVER. CAN i say 愛する? or あなたがすきです?. Besides, is '愛している' is a single verb?
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2answers
159 views

What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
2
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2answers
192 views

Correct verb tenses for if-would-type sentences

I've been confused about this ever since I started to learn Japanese: What is the correct verb tense for sentences like "If I had known ... then I would have"? Concrete example: If I had known that ...
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2answers
361 views

When is よう written in kanji as 様?

We have been taught a lot of uses of よう pattern like ように, Vます ように, sentence ending with ように, ようだ for comparison, etc. But everywhere in textbooks, the よう is written in hiragana. I recently found out ...
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2answers
259 views

Is this seat being chased, or is the person in it being chased from it?

In my JLPT textbook, I have this sentence: 彼{かれ}は国民{こくみん}の信頼{しんらい}を裏切{うらぎ}った。それゆえに、権力{けんりょく}の座{ざ}を追{お}われることとなったのである。 I think this sentence means, "He betrayed the trust of the people. As a ...
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1answer
171 views

Dazai Osamu - 人間失格 「自分は[無]{む}だ、[風]{かぜ}だ、[空]{そら}だ」 grammar?

I have a question regarding the following passage: 何でもいいから、笑わせておればいいのだ、そうすると、人間たちは、自分が彼[等]{ら}の[所謂]{いわゆる}「生活」の[外]{そと}にいても、あまりそれを気にしないのではないかしら、とにかく、彼等人間たちの[目障]{めざわ}りになってはいけない、自分は無だ、風だ、[空]{そら}だ、...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between “verb+て+みる” and “verb+(よ)う+とする”?

In Japanese there are words which mean "to try something or attempt at doing something", e.g. 試す, 試みる and つとめる. However, at the same time we also have two grammatical constructions "verb+て+みる" and "...
4
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1answer
189 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
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3answers
2k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
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2answers
183 views

Can もう一つ Be Used As a Question?

Hirigana: もう一{ひと}つ Translation: Another; One More Scenario: I'm drinking with a close friend and we've both finished our beers. I get up to go to the fridge, point to his empty bottle and say "もう一{...
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1answer
98 views

Should: ほうがいい、べき、ことだ

So far, I have learned about three different ways to say "should" in Japanese. I'm interested in knowing the differences among ほうがいい、べき and ことだ. What are some situations that each form would be better ...
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2answers
144 views

Is the object uniquely determined when using は in the following sentences?

卵は私が食べた。Speaking of the egg, I ate. Is what I ate the egg? Is it possible that I ate something other than the egg?
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5answers
3k views

i-adjectives used as na-adjectives: is there a difference? (e.g. 大きい versus 大きな)

There are at the very least several i-adjectives can be used as na-adjectives by dropping the final い and adding な in its place. The most common examples of this, as far as I am aware, are 大きい and 小さい,...
4
votes
2answers
261 views

What is the difference between だらけ and ばかり

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flfi38e0NKk I'm watching the above video, and they are explaining だらけ, as being synonymous with ばかり. However, as is always the case when I come across words that have ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

家を出ます ? Why not に?

Why is this を and not に to indicate moving in a direction? 今日は天気がいいから家を出ます Unless this example is wrong? But it is from JapanesePod101
6
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2answers
125 views

にしても and としても, is there a difference?

にしても and としても...Don't they both have a meaning of "even if"? Is there any subtle difference between these two forms?
3
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1answer
95 views

Understanding ということのはずだ in this sentence

食事に求められるものは多々あるがー栄養バランスだの、しあわせ感だの、心の交流だのーしかしそのなかでもっとも求められているものは、空腹を満たす、一刻もはやく満たす、ということのはずだが、...rant continues There are many things that are desired in a meal but, nutritional balance, a happy ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Why is あるうちに correct but 残るうちに is not?

This question comes from 新完全マスター文法N2: ( )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 1. お金がある 2. 給料をもらう 3. お金が残る The second answer seems pretty obviously incorrect to me, but I'm not sure why #1 is correct yet #3 is not. ...