文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
20 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
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1answer
44 views

How to use の如く.

集められた魔力、剥離された精神が残留し、山は禿げ山の如く訪れたモノを食らうだろう。 Gathered Magic, The separated souls stay behind, The mountain eats those that visit, just like a bald mountain. I have trouble understanding 如く. I ...
4
votes
3answers
283 views

How to say “started to do something”?

I am writing a homework assignment and I am trying to write "I had to start bringing my umbrella". I know that to say "I started eating" it would be 食べはじめる,or to say "I started drinking" it would be ...
12
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2answers
222 views

The use of -さん when answering about oneself

If someone says, あなた は Chris-さん です か。 Are you Chris? Do you answer Chris です Or Chris-さん です
4
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1answer
81 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
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2answers
82 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
3
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1answer
61 views

Function of から in this conversation

A girl forgot to do her homework and mum catches her out of bed: 「まる子っ、もう寝なさい」 Maruko, go to bed now! 「うん、もうすぐ寝るから」 Yes, I'll go to bed very soon (because) I don't understand the function ...
3
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2answers
70 views

ておく -> とく in other contexts; similar 2-kana to 1-kana shortcuts?

Recently I learned that おいておいて ("leave it there") can be shortened in casual speech (or speech to subordinates) to おいといて. (ておく -> とく). I also learned that this can be used for any verb attached to ...
2
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2answers
82 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
3
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1answer
610 views

How do you say “like when you” or “the way you” in Japanese?

So basically, how do you say something like "talk to the boss the way you talk to your father!" You know, with a threatening tone.
3
votes
2answers
173 views

What does たら do at the end of a sentence?

時間があるなら、彼の画廊に寄ってみたら。 What meaning does たら have at the end of a sentence?
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2answers
890 views

What's the difference between 「〜を通{とお}して」 and 「〜を通{つう}じて」?

I understand both can mean "by means of, through, throughout", but I'm sure there's a difference in nuance here. Could someone help explain this?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What is やってけんのかな?

What does the けん mean in this sentence? Is this a dialect? やってけんのかな
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1answer
92 views

What does adding し to an adjective do? [duplicate]

For example: 楽しいししたいよ~ The し is added to 楽しい. What does it do?
3
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2answers
197 views

Saying it's my first time in (a place)

I want to say that I am visiting a place (= Japan) for the first time. The sentences that I am thinking of are: これは私に日本中を始まるです。 私が日本を始まるです。 Which one sounds more correct? I am only one year into ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

なったような vs なるような Any differences in nuance?

The context is about two teachers talking in a kindergarten. Quoted as below: 奈良:毎年クリスマス会で、誰かがサンタに扮{ふん}するものの、子供たちに絶対見破られて、“奈良先生だ”とか言われますよね。 ...
4
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1answer
179 views

what does 何(+counter)+も+volitional mean? e.g. 何機も買おう

I found this sentence as an answer to the question: "What are some of the symbols of Japan's wealth?" 次期主力戦闘機を何機も買おうとしていること I'm not sure whether it means they're buying a lot of next-generation ...
2
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0answers
132 views

Verb negative-form + なる [duplicate]

寝る → 寝るようになる 寝ないようになる 寝なくようになる 寝なくなる Hi guys, sorry if this has been asked before. I've learned in class that 寝なくなる is the valid form, but are the first two forms valid as well?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when the speaker wonders about something to himself? For example, what would be the translation of these sentences: ...
4
votes
3answers
251 views

How to say 'in 10 minutes' as in 'the bus comes in 10 minutes'?

Would the sentence below make sense? バスがじゅっぷんにきます。
2
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1answer
261 views

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence: 設備機器を固定資産として登録するために必要としているのでしょう. Edit (from comment): There are 2「として」in the sentence above. In my opinion, the first one has the same ...
3
votes
1answer
393 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Why use 分 in this question?

I have come across the following sentence : そのダンボールゴミに出す分ですか? I understand it means something like "Are you throwing out this cardbox?". But what does 分 mean in this context and why is it at ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How to understand this phrase?

ゲームの歴史それははるか5,000年の昔古代エジプトにまでさかのぼるという。 Well, I can understand some parts of it (which I put in bold): ゲームの歴史: game history. 5,000年の昔: 5000 years ago. 古代エジプト: ancient Egypt. さかのぼる: go up. But ...
4
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2answers
517 views

How would I say: The cat thought a snake appeared?

I currently wrote this as: 猫は蛇が現れたと思た. The cat thought a snake appeared. Is this correct ?
3
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the role of the そうに?

The whole sentence is: 子どもたちは小さな雪だるまを作って、楽しそうに遊んでいました。 What is the role of そうに in this sentence?
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3answers
232 views
+50

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Need help with translation/grammar 「なんの」

I try to read a Japanese book, but I have some troubles with the following phrases which is part of a break up conversation: ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Tobira あいづちとフィラー article

I’m having difficulty understanding some sentences in this article from my textbook. I don't think you need to read the whole article. I tried translating the sentences I'm unsure about below. ...
3
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2answers
717 views

ないとなると meaning in a sentence

Context: The protagonist is searching for a girl in his house, and since his house is really big he has yet to find her. ここまで捜していないとなると、後は道場か土蔵ぐらいなものだろう。 I don't understand this sentence. ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Grammar question with verb in past tense plus houga

Here is the question I have; the following sentence is what is causing me grief. I might be overthinking it but I'm not getting anywhere. チップの習慣があったほうが、サービスが良くなると思いますか。どうしてですか。 Now, based on ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
2
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1answer
56 views

V-ている方が meaning

遠坂はしゃがみ込んで、倒れた女生徒を介抱している。 その横顔は真剣そのものだ。 額に汗を浮かばせながら、女生徒の安否を気遣う。 …なんだろう。 その、見ている方が痛みを覚えるほどの真剣な顔を、俺は。 つい最近、すごく間近で見た覚えが--- Tohsaka squats down and start to look after the collapsed ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
3
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4answers
318 views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
3
votes
1answer
394 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wandering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
2
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1answer
97 views

るとき or たとき with たい?

My understanding of A たとき B is that it is used when B happens after A; A るとき B is used when B happens before A. (Related question: What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき) However, my ...
7
votes
2answers
993 views

Is it ok to use ~て下さりました instead of ~ていただきました?

Just to avoid repeatedly saying いただきました too much, can I occasionally switch it with 下さりました or 下さいました?
2
votes
2answers
142 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
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1answer
78 views

I am unclear about using location particles in speech? [duplicate]

スーパーでいます。   //Is で used for in? スーパーにいきます。 //Is に used for to?
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2answers
88 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: ...
0
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1answer
200 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
3
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1answer
49 views

Making relative clauses in passive and active forms for every part of a sentence

I have a base sentence as follows. AさんはBさんに足を踏まれました。(A's feet was stepped on by B.) I am trying to make a relative clause for Aさん, Bさん, and 足 each as follows. Aさん Passive: Bさんに足を踏まれた人はAさんです。 ...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

What's the meaning of nagara and when is it used?

I have been looking at grammar guides on the Internet. But I'm not clear about the meaning of ながら and its usage. Could you help me with some examples and explanation?
2
votes
2answers
222 views

Is there a word for “studied” or I have to use 勉強はした?

My question is if there is a word for "studied", or you have to do "study + did" to say "studied". And if that applies to all other words. Like "to work" would be 仕事はする? Does everything work with する? ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Must relative clauses attach directly to the noun they are modifying

For example I can write: 日本に行く友達がある。 I have a friend who is going to Japan But can I write: 日本に行くジョンという友達がある。 I have a friend, named John, who is going to Japan. Basically, is it ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the general principles of using verbs to modify nouns (e.g. 焦げるトースト/焦げたトースト)?

In all the time I've studied the language, I've never heard or seen anybody even hint at whether the principles from a given language (like using “burnt toast” vs. “burning toast”) carry over, or if ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Maths sentences: 足す and 掛ける

I noticed a lack of case marking particles in mathematical sentences: 1足す2は3である。 3掛ける4は12である。 足す and 掛ける are verbs, does subject and object analysis apply to this? Do they take on the ...