文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
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58 views

Having trouble understanding this sentence

迷宮都市{オラリオ}はこの魔石製品を他の地域、他の国に輸出することで莫大な利益を上げていると聞く。この場合、迷宮都市{オラリオ}っていうよりギルドなんだろうけど。 I don't understand the second sentence. Is it actually a complete sentence? Also what does なんだろうけど express?
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40 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is ...
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140 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not ...
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60 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, ...
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133 views

Difference between passive form and てある

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are ...
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127 views

Jlpt/n5q5: 弟は部屋◯掃除をしました。◯: の versus に option

In the JLPTN5, 5th question, "弟は部屋◯掃除をしました" I'm trying to understand why the の option is more appropriate than the に option. Both appear to be correct in English. With に we are taking "the room" as ...
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41 views

Understanding why the sentence sounds strange

I've been told that 昼ご飯を食べた時、散歩する isn't right because you can't have lunch while going for a walk. But in my textbook, there's the following sentence: 日本に行った時、写真をとります. The book explains that taking ...
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70 views

Meaning of それと in this context

I have a question about the meaning of それと in the following sentence. Does it has the meaning "and, also" here, so both 「何かのタンクや配管といった」 and 「めぼしい」 modifies 危険物? Some sort of translation: Driving ...
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32 views

Breakdown of どうなってる

西洋はどうなってる? Is どうなってる itself a phrase meaning 'how is it?' or a combination of several meanings? Such as どう, なる and ている. Thanks!
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67 views

~く form of i-adjectives

I thought I've mastered this but I'm getting confused again. I thought the ~く form of i-adjectives was used when the adjective modifies the noun, e.g. 新しく家を買う 難しく試験した I think it's named ...
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48 views

comparing quantities

I have read this link which explains how to say that something is n-times as big as something else. My sentence doesn't quite fit these patterns. A fish has just been caught (no mention of size). The ...
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59 views

Use of the particle を/に indicating target of an action - animate vs inanimate?

Currently learning Japanese from Rosetta stone, and so far, whenever a verb is acting on something, I've always seen the particle を used - eg: 彼{かれ}は本{ほん}を読{よ}んでいます。 Now the program has thrown ...
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54 views

には in this context

デイブ: カナダも暖冬です。海が全部凍りません。だから、アザラシが逃げます。 恵子: まあ、かわいそうですね。シロクマは。でも、アザラシにはよかったかも! Here is like a conversation between two people about polar bears in Canada. What I am confused about is the use ...
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173 views

Relative clauses targeting different parts

Consider the main premise as follows, A boy borrowed a pen from a girl. 男の子は女の子にペンを借りました。 Now consider the following additional premises, each with a different conclusion: The boy is Suzuki ...
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58 views

Use of 時 with different verb conjugations

Im learning the use of 時 and it's a wee bit confusing. I get the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べた時、お酒を飲む But the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べている時、お酒を飲む eludes me. Are they the ...
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75 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
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58 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
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54 views

A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
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167 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
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62 views

Expressing the concept of “instead”

I'd have liked to have asked this as a comment to the accepted answer in the post linked below but sadly, my reputation does not yet allow that. in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part In the ...
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123 views

Sentences ending in て

While in Japan I came across the Kinokuniya mega bookshop, which I fell in love with. I went to one of the top floors, started browsing the Japanese learning books, and found a couple focused on ...
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82 views

How has japanese writing changed in the last century? [closed]

This is a fairly vague question and I will try and make it more specific, but, if possible, could you list the changes that have occured in japanese writing in particular? (e.g character change, ...
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61 views

Usage of ~を好き outside of embedded clauses

日本語文法の初心者です :D In general, を is not used with 好き because 好き is a na-adjective: 彼は猫が好きです。 — correct 彼は猫を好きです。 — incorrect If this part is "embedded" as a clause, を is also ...
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92 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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61 views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
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62 views

How to parse the following long announcement?

The first 2 sentences are given as follows. I have no problem with these. お客様にお願いいたします。Thank you to our customer. 鈴木伸ちゃんという3歳の男のお子さんが迷子になりました。A 3 years old boy named Suzuki Shin is lost. But the ...
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54 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
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116 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
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1answer
58 views

Oddly structured “-ba” verb

Working on translating a song by hand. I'm getting stuck on this line: 助けてくださいなんて言えればさぁ 助けてくださいなんて looks like "Please help me!" 言えればさぁ seems like "if I ask for it." So, does this sentence then ...
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180 views

「〜たはいいが、……」grammar pattern

I'm playing a video game called 善人シボウデス, and I noticed some grammar I'm not familiar with: ところでこのラジオ、電源ケーブルにつないだはいいが、この後どうすればいいんだろう? This was said by the main character, who generally speaks in ...
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120 views

Correct verb tenses for if-would-type sentences

I've been confused about this ever since I started to learn Japanese: What is the correct verb tense for sentences like "If I had known ... then I would have"? Concrete example: If I had known that ...
4
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3answers
129 views

When referring to herself, is there any pronoun other than お母さん when speaking to her children?

Consider the following conversation quoted from a textbook used in my class. 鈴木 is the mother of 鈴木伸. 鈴木:伸ちゃん、お母さんが試着している間、ここで待っていてね。 鈴木伸:うん。 In my understanding, お母さん is used to refer to ...
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50 views

Is the verb in 受話器から変な音がして止まらない future tense?

受話器から変な音がして止まらない。 Strange noises keep coming from the receiver and won't stop. "Won't" in this case is closer to "desire, choice,willingness, consent, or in negative constructions refusal" ...
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1answer
49 views

Correct verb for the subject

I'm a bit confused with 「V酵素は、・・・高純度のものを持っています」 part in the following passage. Since the subject is V酵素, shouldn't it be 「酵素は、年を経て強力になったヴァンパイアほど高純度のものになる。」, or maybe I'm mistaken something? Fast ...
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1answer
110 views

in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part

Here is the reply I got after saying that I was interested in buying new shoes. 靴買うならTシャツやいま使うもの買っては?! I think I got the overall meaning however I’m a bit confused with “買っては”. I don’t really ...
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123 views

Translating 「こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの?」

Someone I know PM'd me this and I honestly don't know what it means. こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの? Correct me if I'm wrong but I think this is roughly: Konna baka na watashi o doushite ai shite ...
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90 views

Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
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84 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
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170 views

What does it mean to use a する verb without する?

その絵はほとんど完成だ。 I find this sentence quite confusing. 完成 means the act of completion, so I don't understand why だ is used instead of a variation of する. The meaning seems different than a sentence ...
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101 views

What does ば do in this sentence?

What does ば do in this sentence? I am familiar with it as a conditional but it doesn't seem right here. 早朝と言っても人影がまばらにあって、露店の準備をしているホビットもいれば、僕と同じ冒険者のドワーフ達が徒党を組んで何か話し合っている。これからダンジョンへ向かうんだろう。 I ...
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106 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
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128 views

Still confused with tenses

Which is the correct one? テレビが壊れているから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れているから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られていないんです。 When do we have to use either ...
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141 views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
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1answer
75 views

Meaning of なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感

これって、古い文字で書いてあるみたいだけど、読める? うん、古文は得意だから えーと、「世界、闇に覆われし時、天女に導かれたる超魔神現れん」 ――だって うーん、よく分からないけど、なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感 Looking at the above excerpt, I'm not sure whether I'm ...
3
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2answers
87 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
4
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1answer
535 views

Would someone like to explain this sentence for me, please?

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
2
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1answer
92 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
2
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2answers
146 views

Use of というような in this sentence

くまはたいそう感慨深げに「縁」というような種類の言葉を駆使していろいろと述べた。 I understand the use of (noun A)のような(noun B) to say noun B like noun A , and I understand という in the sense of 'that' e.g. 彼が無事だという知らせ, or 'called' as in ...
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2answers
68 views

Can the tense of a subordinate clause be non-relative?

To my understanding, the tense of subordinate clauses is relative: 私は泣いている人に会った。 I met a person, who, at the time, was crying. 私は泣いていた人に会った。 I met a person, who, sometime before our ...