A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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24 views

Usage of -ないことになる

I have heard and read something that sounds like: xxxはできないことになります It became impossible to do xxx Is this correct and should the preceding verb be in this form only? To express the same ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Problems understanding なの in this sentence

I remember once I have seen 「なの」 was not placed at the end of a sentence (meaning it was not a question) ever since then I wondered what it meant but didn't have any clear examples. Today I saw this ...
3
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2answers
378 views

Trouble parsing sentence with どうしても and a triple negative

I am using an easy-to-read VN to get some grammar experience. The following sentence has been troubling me for about half an hour now: 生徒会に入ったら、どうしてもこっちを着なきゃだめなの? The topic of 着る is 制服 if that ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Can 「〜たら〜た。」structure mean “If I had~then I would have~”?

This is probably a basic question on tense / aspect in conditional sentences but I can't find an explanation and it would be very useful to resolve. I will illustrate my question with an example ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Need Help Understanding ーているよう

I am trying to translate the following small text (taken from a VN): もうこんなことはやめようか―― 心配そうな眼差しは、まるでそう言っているようだった。 So far my attempts have led me to this: It was as though his worrying ...
4
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1answer
182 views

Question about the phrase「挑みかかる手前な顔」

I cannot understand the meaning of 手前 in the following sentence. As far as I know 手前 means "in front of my/your hands" or could be a pronoun. However I haven't seen before the usage like in the ...
4
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0answers
39 views

Use of 「ぬ」 as a sentence ending in literature [duplicate]

I am reading a Meiji era novel and I frequently sentences that have a verb and then end in ぬ for example: 二階なる一室を下りて主人夫婦が足投げだして涼みいし縁先に来たりぬ。 or 教師は筆おきて読みかえしぬ。 Can someone help me with this? ...
2
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1answer
73 views

で at the end of a word

What impact does the 「で」 add if placed like this: 秋の風は静かで vs. 秋の風は静か or 心配しないで vs. 心配しない
4
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1answer
114 views

break down ~いていいと思ってる

平民が、貴族にそんな口[利]{き}いていいと思ってるの. Above is the full sentence from a book I'm reading. I get いいとおもっている part = think its nice (roughly), and already looked up 貴族に, そんな口利き, but the sentence as a whole ...
2
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1answer
91 views

How do I turn this into “will” form?

I am trying to say "You will not feel good if you eat such food" and this has been my attempt so far: そんな食べ物を食べれば、君はいい感じない How can I express "will not" in this case? Also, any corrections in ...
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2answers
105 views

How would you use 裏切り in a sentence?

I can't find much information on this word. I know that it means "backstabbing" or "betrayal", but there are little to no example sentences which use it. For example, would I use it in a sentence like ...
3
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2answers
91 views

What is the difference between だらけ and ばかり

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flfi38e0NKk I'm watching the above video, and they are explaining だらけ, as being synonymous with ばかり. However, as is always the case when I come across words that have ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Grammar: Combine 慣れる and -くなる

I am stuck trying to explain that "I got accustomed". I would like to use the same grammar as in: 寒くなる But with 慣れる Could you point me to the right direction and also share other patterns ...
0
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1answer
130 views

I do not understand the meaning of として in the sentence

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence: 設備機器を固定資産として登録するために必要としているのでしょう.
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3answers
143 views

~ておく / とく for preparation (Conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Ta form + ように + phrase with verb meaning/usage e.g. 拗ねたように頬を膨らませる

少し拗ねたように頬を膨らませる 諦めたように小さく頷いた 思い切ったように口を開いた Can anyone explain these or how you interpret the ta form of the verb in these usages. Thanks.
1
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1answer
125 views

What does [可愛が]りたい mean and how to use it?

桃香を可愛がりたい気持ち、抑えられないよ Touka o kawaii ga ritai kimochi, osae rare nai yo. The example sentence is like that. I'm wondering if this ritai here is in the same use as aritai like in Questions about ...
8
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2answers
193 views

Meaning of 「生きるにしても死ぬにしても」

In the video game Mother 3, there is a group of beings called the Magypsy, who are rumored to be very old. While talking to humans, one of them says the following: 人間なんて生きるにしても死ぬにしても精々たった100年。 ...
0
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1answer
95 views

Is there a difference between the particle お (o) and the particle を (wo) [duplicate]

So I'm just confused. I've read that when writing を is used, but when talking お is used. Is this true or are they entirely different?
3
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2answers
186 views

Meaning of そうして

I can't completely understand the meaning of そうして in the following dialogue. As far as I can guess it is similar to こうして, but what is the point of using そう? ...
0
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1answer
116 views

can I get away with not having a subject in a sentence if the subject is not relevant to the meaning?

I would like to reference a question I have about this thread that I asked a few days ago: 「思っているようです。」or 「思っている。」 for describing another person's opinion That question was clearly answered. This ...
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2answers
189 views

Does 友達 have the plural marker たち “built-in”?

I cannot recall this very clearly so I'm sorry if this is all not correct but someone once told me that the word 友達{ともだち} has the plural marker たち "built-in" and therefore you cannot say 友達たち about ...
0
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1answer
98 views

How is て行く being used in すすんで行く and さいて行く?

I came across すすんで行く and さいて行く in a vocabulary list, and it was immediately obvious that there was probably some sort of grammatical construct involving て行く that was in use here. I don't really know ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Why do we have to use ている form of 思う with third person subject [duplicate]

I've read from many grammar books that when we are talking about a third people thinking about something, we must use 思っている, and it means "think" instead of "be thinking". For example: ...
4
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1answer
87 views

What's the meaning of も and また in 「これほど無駄な本というのもまた珍しい」?

I saw this scathing review of KY式日本語 on Amazon JP. This is the full sentence I'm asking about: 出版する意味を感じられない本は多数世に出ているが、これほど無駄な本というのもまた珍しい Ignoring the もまた part, what I get from this is ...
8
votes
3answers
162 views

How do ことになる and ようになる differ? (When ことになる cannot = “It has been decided that”)

I understand that ことになる has the meaning "It has been decided that" and can be used to point to a ritual or habit of a society like taking off your shoes. However, I don't get what it means when it is ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

ではないか Grammar translation

what does ではないか mean in the sentence below? And can someone please translate it? 耳に馴染みのない方も多いのではないかと思いますが、 (after that he explains the word)....
5
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2answers
181 views

What are the differences amongst 「ならびに」, 「かつ」 and 「および」?

In which situations can I choose one of them to use?
1
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1answer
94 views

What is the meaning of masu-stem + proposition

Example sentence: オオカミのことばに従い、 森に行った。 What is the meaning of this construction? Does it have a special meaning?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What is the difference between ~あろうが and ~あろうと?

I'm writing a report for a class, and at first I wrote:  […]どのような批判があろうが[…] But then I sat back and thought, maybe it should actually be:  […]どのような批判があろうと[…] But now I'm not sure if ...
3
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1answer
129 views

な, の, である and ために

When used with a noun ために could have two meanings : (1) 学生のために、奨学金がある。 There are scholarships for (the sake of) students. (2) 学生のために、学校の規則に従わなければならない。 Since s/he is a student s/he ...
3
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1answer
83 views

How to say “As a <position>, …”

Example : As a friend, I think we should... What do you add to ともだち to add the "As a" prefix? Also, after that part, does the rest of the sentence follow the normal rules of a Japanese sentence? ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

When is it possible to split である in で+ある

It is very difficult to find literature on this topic and the only related question is Splicing である with a topic whose answer is (to my view) a bit elusive and the reference provided by snailboat is ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Use of 自分を and もらう

I have trouble understanding the following sentence: ルーカスさんは、自分をファーストネームで呼んでもらいたいと言うけれども、三年も年上の人なので、どうも「トム」とは呼びにくい。 Is it. Mister Lukas wants to get called by his first name but it's hard to do ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

When should I use で or を particles? [duplicate]

Newcomer here. Trying to learn Japanese on my own for years now. Here's a first question. How can I make sure to learn correctly the difference between using を and で in the context of an action ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Using the stem form of a verb like the て form, as in 燃えゆく or 飲みほして

What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example: 燃えゆく (from HANABI) 飲みほして (from Ambiguous) It's something I hear now and again, ...
10
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3answers
300 views

私は猫が好き and 猫は私が好き

I'm an absolute beginner. I've learned Japanese in my spare time for less than two months. This is my first question here. Even though I think this question is potentially trivial, it's perhaps the ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

What is “koto” used for?

I know "koto" means thing, but I've seen it used like this in my Self-Study Japanese book: Nihon no koto ga yoku wakarimasu ka. and Chiimu no koto o kangaete imasshita Does this mean Japan's thing ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

となる - Grammatical explanation please [duplicate]

can someone please explain となる ? I read it everywhere but still don't know what it exactly means. Here's just an example sentence: この世界が心つなぐ鍵となる
2
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1answer
178 views

What does adding お at the end of a word change?

An example would be: "watashi wa cake o(お) tabetai". What does the お do? I tried on google translate and it seems it gives pertenence to that thing..like it belongs either to you or me..but I still ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

“は + verb” instead of “を + verb”?

I have stumbled upon instances where "は + verb" is used in situations where I thought "を + verb" should be used. For example recently I've seen "その覚悟はしてました" (I was prepared for that) and "楽な道は選ぶな" ...
7
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1answer
139 views

How to list numbers of things

Where do you place the counter in Japanese when you want to specify how many of something there are, especially if you're listing multiple things? I believe the counter usually goes after the ...
2
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1answer
165 views

Meaning of 虚ろに in this particular case

I was doing my daily dose of reading and I came by this particular sentence, which I had a little bit of trouble finding the meaning for. 「このあたりからまた意識が虚ろになってしまいました」 The context is a patient who had ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

Valid interpretations of the (first) て-form in 何かを犠牲にして、その上で、平和は成り立っている。

What are the valid interpretations of the (first) て-form in the following sentence? 何かを犠牲にして、その上で、平和は成り立っている。 I'm having difficulties assigning a definite meaning to this sentence. There seems ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

「〜そうにない」 unfamiliar usage of そう [duplicate]

I'm playing a video game in Japanese, and one of the characters said 僕にもわかりそうにない。 I understand that (verb stem)そう means "it seems" or "it appears", but I've never seen (verb stem)そう used with ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

に - same meaning as として?

Could somebody please give me a hint about the meaning of に in 「反抗的な態度に映ったのか、隊長は舌打ちして前を向く。」. If I'm understanding correctly, に here has the same meaning as として. 内容・状態などを示す。「ーとして」の意。「ほうびにもらう」 Some ...
5
votes
0answers
158 views

In 君が代, what's the function of の?

I've got a question about the two instances of の in 君が代: さざれ石の巌となりて 苔の生すまで First, is さざれ石の巌 to be interpreted as a boulder made of pebbles (analogous to, say, 木製の槍)? Second, is the の in 苔の生すまで ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Grammar との - What is the meaning

so here in this sentence below "との" were used 2 times. What stand's との for? Can someone please explain it to me? ...
6
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2answers
451 views

Is there a special way of asking hypothetical questions?

I'm not really sure there is an equivalent for hypothetical questions in Japanese, but here's hoping there is. In English, hypothetical questions are generally prefaced by "What would you do if..." ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Unnecessary に in “どんなに” in this sentence?

The following sentences are from a reading passage. I'm confused on the third sentence - the previous two are just given for context. 日本ではどこに行っても、「きまりですから」という言葉を耳にする。 これを言われてしまうと、こちらにはもう反論の余地はない。 ...