文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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24 views

Use of 時 with different verb conjugations

Im learning the use of 時 and it's a wee bit confusing. I get the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べた時、お酒を飲む But the difference between 食べる時、お酒を飲む 食べている時、お酒を飲む eludes me. Are they the ...
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50 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
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46 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
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44 views

A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
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1answer
113 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Expressing the concept of “instead”

I'd have liked to have asked this as a comment to the accepted answer in the post linked below but sadly, my reputation does not yet allow that. in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part In the ...
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3answers
106 views

Sentences ending in て

While in Japan I came across the Kinokuniya mega bookshop, which I fell in love with. I went to one of the top floors, started browsing the Japanese learning books, and found a couple focused on ...
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72 views

How has japanese writing changed in the last century? [on hold]

This is a fairly vague question and I will try and make it more specific, but, if possible, could you list the changes that have occured in japanese writing in particular? (e.g character change, ...
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0answers
32 views

Usage of ~を好き outside of embedded clauses [duplicate]

日本語文法の初心者です :D In general, を is not used with 好き because 好き is a na-adjective: 彼は猫が好きです。 — correct 彼は猫を好きです。 — incorrect If this part is "embedded" as a clause, を is also ...
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89 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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54 views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
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1answer
58 views

How to parse the following long announcement?

The first 2 sentences are given as follows. I have no problem with these. お客様にお願いいたします。Thank you to our customer. 鈴木伸ちゃんという3歳の男のお子さんが迷子になりました。A 3 years old boy named Suzuki Shin is lost. But the ...
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1answer
51 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
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114 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
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1answer
57 views

Oddly structured “-ba” verb

Working on translating a song by hand. I'm getting stuck on this line: 助けてくださいなんて言えればさぁ 助けてくださいなんて looks like "Please help me!" 言えればさぁ seems like "if I ask for it." So, does this sentence then ...
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173 views

「〜たはいいが、……」grammar pattern

I'm playing a video game called 善人シボウデス, and I noticed some grammar I'm not familiar with: ところでこのラジオ、電源ケーブルにつないだはいいが、この後どうすればいいんだろう? This was said by the main character, who generally speaks in ...
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2answers
117 views

Correct verb tenses for if-would-type sentences

I've been confused about this ever since I started to learn Japanese: What is the correct verb tense for sentences like "If I had known ... then I would have"? Concrete example: If I had known that ...
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3answers
127 views

When referring to herself, is there any pronoun other than お母さん when speaking to her children?

Consider the following conversation quoted from a textbook used in my class. 鈴木 is the mother of 鈴木伸. 鈴木:伸ちゃん、お母さんが試着している間、ここで待っていてね。 鈴木伸:うん。 In my understanding, お母さん is used to refer to ...
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1answer
50 views

Is the verb in 受話器から変な音がして止まらない future tense?

受話器から変な音がして止まらない。 Strange noises keep coming from the receiver and won't stop. "Won't" in this case is closer to "desire, choice,willingness, consent, or in negative constructions refusal" ...
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49 views

Correct verb for the subject

I'm a bit confused with 「V酵素は、・・・高純度のものを持っています」 part in the following passage. Since the subject is V酵素, shouldn't it be 「酵素は、年を経て強力になったヴァンパイアほど高純度のものになる。」, or maybe I'm mistaken something? Fast ...
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104 views

in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part

Here is the reply I got after saying that I was interested in buying new shoes. 靴買うならTシャツやいま使うもの買っては?! I think I got the overall meaning however I’m a bit confused with “買っては”. I don’t really ...
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121 views

Translating 「こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの?」

Someone I know PM'd me this and I honestly don't know what it means. こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの? Correct me if I'm wrong but I think this is roughly: Konna baka na watashi o doushite ai shite ...
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1answer
86 views

Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
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1answer
84 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
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3answers
162 views

What does it mean to use a する verb without する?

その絵はほとんど完成だ。 I find this sentence quite confusing. 完成 means the act of completion, so I don't understand why だ is used instead of a variation of する. The meaning seems different than a sentence ...
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77 views

What does ば do in this sentence?

What does ば do in this sentence? I am familiar with it as a conditional but it doesn't seem right here. 早朝と言っても人影がまばらにあって、露店の準備をしているホビットもいれば、僕と同じ冒険者のどーワフ達が徒党を組んで何か話し合っている。これからダンジョンへ向かうんだろう。 I ...
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2answers
105 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
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2answers
127 views

Still confused with tenses

Which is the correct one? テレビが壊れているから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れているから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れるから、見られていないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られないんです。 テレビが壊れたから、見られていないんです。 When do we have to use either ...
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2answers
135 views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
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1answer
71 views

Meaning of なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感

これって、古い文字で書いてあるみたいだけど、読める? うん、古文は得意だから えーと、「世界、闇に覆われし時、天女に導かれたる超魔神現れん」 ――だって うーん、よく分からないけど、なんか面白いことが起こりそうな予感 Looking at the above excerpt, I'm not sure whether I'm ...
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2answers
86 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
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1answer
529 views

Would someone like to explain this sentence for me, please?

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
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1answer
90 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
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2answers
145 views

Use of というような in this sentence

くまはたいそう感慨深げに「縁」というような種類の言葉を駆使していろいろと述べた。 I understand the use of (noun A)のような(noun B) to say noun B like noun A , and I understand という in the sense of 'that' e.g. 彼が無事だという知らせ, or 'called' as in ...
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68 views

Can the tense of a subordinate clause be non-relative?

To my understanding, the tense of subordinate clauses is relative: 私は泣いている人に会った。 I met a person, who, at the time, was crying. 私は泣いていた人に会った。 I met a person, who, sometime before our ...
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111 views

ひ meaning face?

This is linked to my other question regarding the correct transtlation of of あのひと (テリィ) - Anohito (Teri). Thank you Choco for replying and providing the infomation, and to EltonJohn for further ...
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1answer
75 views

What distinguishes the different ways to say something must be done? (E.G. しなくてはだめ、しなくてはならない、しなくてはいけない and so on)

I've gathered a bit from the related questions I got, but I'm not quite 100% on what separates だめ,いけない and ならない each other, not to mention the differences between しなくちゃ、しなきゃ、しないと before the three ...
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2answers
132 views

The grammar of 世話になる

One of my dictionaries tells me that 世話になる means 'to receive a favour', but another dictionary gives this as an example 「おばさんの世話になりました」which it translates as "I was looked after by my aunt". I guess ...
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1answer
113 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me except ...
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2answers
115 views

What's the difference between どこ and なん in this exercise?

I have two exercises which I don't exactly understand. I've already known that どちら is more polite form from どこ. This two could ask about place and "what/which one" ."nan" asks about "kind of company", ...
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79 views

What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか?

I heard これらの話は本当のことなのか from this video clip about Gozo Shioda sensei. What is the purpose of なの in これらの話は本当のことなのか? It seems to be redundant because これらの話は本当なのか or これらの話は本当ですか might be ...
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2answers
159 views

Is a lengthy combination of words with hyphens could be exist in Japanese?

I was reading this question on English.SE Is a lengthy combination of words with hyphens like “the worst not-technically-in-a-recession year in American history” a new fashion of writing?. Surely, ...
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2answers
150 views

What is と in this sentence?

部品が取り寄せになりますので、 少々お時間をいただきませんと。(We will have to order the parts, so it will take a little time.) Is と at the end here some abbreviation of かと思います? といけません? just a question marker like か?
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132 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
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0answers
36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
3
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1answer
98 views

The meaning of the で in 勢いで

For example, in utterances such as その場の勢いで This would imply that someone does something due to the influence of their surroundings at the time, and if they were to rationally think it over by ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Difference between “山を登ったり、降りたり…” and “山を登って、降りて…”

What are the differences in meaning between: "山を登ったり、降りたり、よく考えた。" "山を登ってって、降りてって、よく考えた。" "山を登って、降りて、よく考えた。"
2
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1answer
94 views

そうですか versus そうなんですか

When do I have to use そうですか。 and そうなんですか。 ?
2
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1answer
70 views

Help with translation of こともあって

I'm playing through Phantasy Star right now, and there's a scene where mercenaries are hired to gather in some ruins for treasure. One says: 「場所が場所ってこともあって腕利きを集めているのかもな。」 Supposedly, this translates ...
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1answer
56 views

The grammar of verb in ば form followed by いい

Phrases involving verb-ばいい occur frequently and yet I can't find it mentioned in any of my grammar resources. I understand that literally it means "if I do verb, it is good" but that rarely works as a ...