文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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41 views

Is しようしよう here same as しよう?

連絡しようしようと思いながらまた一年がたった。While I was encouraging myself to get in touch, another year passed. (example sentence from 研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版) Is しよう repeated twice for emphasis ("let's do it! let's do it!" ...
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0answers
41 views

Are there more い adjectives or more だ adjectives?

Learning adjectives, I knew there are two major groups of adjectives い and だ. I am wondering, which group has more adjectives?
3
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1answer
75 views

The meaning of 美味しいクッキーで子供たちに大人気

Woman 1 「アスタの作るクッキーは香りが豊かで、焼き始めるとスタリオンの子供たちが屋敷に集まってくるのよね」 アスタ 「簡単に焼けるから、みんなに配る分もすぐに準備出来るからね」 Woman 2 「うむ、領地の子供たちに美味しい物を振る舞うとは……さすが領主の義理息子だけはある」 Woman 1 「感心しているけど、あんたは実の娘でしょうが」 ...
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0answers
44 views

How can I say this sentence in japanese? [on hold]

"If I would have to go far away or die, I would like people to not forget me but remember me."は日本語で何と言いますか? I have no idea how to even start this sentence. Thanks for the help in advance
4
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0answers
54 views

What's the difference between 歩んでいく and 歩んできた?

I'm relatively new at Japanese and I find it really hard to grasp ていく and てくる. What's the difference between: 一緒に歩んでいく 一緒に歩んできた My interpretation of the first one is: To walk to together ...
3
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1answer
60 views

そこには私一人しかいなかった - why not “私は”?

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?
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1answer
73 views

Am I interpreting も correctly in this sentence?

有名な「ファミリア」は人員も豊富で基本的に飽和しているところが多い。 I'm interpreting this part as: Many Familias also have an abundance of members But I'm not sure if the も here is actually inclusive. Thanks! Here's a ...
3
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1answer
74 views

Do I have the right idea with ~てきた here?

「日記を書いていたらまさにお腹がすいてきた」 That's the sentence. I believe it'd be, "I am certain to get hungry when I write in my diary." I'm just not entirely sure I'm right simply because the it is きた instead of くる, ...
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0answers
43 views

Where does げ come from? [duplicate]

Where does ~げ come from? For example in 地震の影響で工場を閉じることになったと説明する社長は悔しげだった。 it is supposed to mean that we get a slight impression that the manager was "regretful" while explaining why the ...
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2answers
137 views

Sentence with a complex subject

I am learning Japanese and I was wondering how to say something like this: The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]. For example, The cat that I can't understand is talking.
3
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1answer
136 views

What function does とは have here? Is に omitted here?

不自由とは無縁の生活を捨てて、神様は不便極まるこの世界にのめり込んでいった。 Is it defining something? Also in the second part, is the に particle before the intransitive verb omitted or does it not require it? ...
1
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1answer
180 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wandering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
2
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1answer
633 views

Is it valid to ask このグラフによると、カイロの人口がいつ増えてきましたか?

In my understanding, 増えてきました means "started to increase". If my understanding is correct, I think I can ask as follows このグラフによると、カイロの人口がいつ増えてきましたか? and the answer must be 1976. What do you ...
5
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0answers
120 views

Why is が used here?

I still have trouble with the は and が particles. ほどなくして神様達はこの下界に住み付いた。多くの神様達が永住することを決めたらしい。 Why does が have to be used here? What difference would it make if it were replaced with は instead?
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1answer
113 views

When to use べき and when to use べし

From my meager understanding of Middle Japanese, I have learned that, in essence, べき is the attributive form and べし is the predicative form (feel free to correct me if I'm wrong), but in Modern ...
2
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1answer
94 views

AはBにある versus BにAがある

What is the difference between the following two sentences? お酒は机の上にあります。 机の上にお酒があります。
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1answer
37 views

Question conserning using とかしたら

A character from a book (カゲロウデイズ -in a daze-) said this: 「ほら、お揃いのカップでみんなでお茶とかしたら楽しそうじゃない?」 I am confused as to the use of the "とかしたら" after "お茶." She is saying that something seems fun with the ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Question about とき

I am working on the みんなの日本語 標準問題集 初級 I Lesson 23. There is a question related to the usage of とき。 パスポートを(なくします ー>________)とき、どうしますか。 けさここへ (来ます ー>_________)とき、駅で新聞を買いました。 The answers are: ...
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1answer
112 views

trying to learn reading Japanese [closed]

I'm learning Japanese and currently I finished the hiragana and katakana charts. A friend of mine suggested me to start reading something simple to build a vocabulary , so I found a children's story ...
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1answer
76 views

What does わけ do in this sentence?

そんなスゴイ御方は、ヒューマンのお店でアルバイトをしてしまっているわけだけど。勿論、お金を稼いで明日を生き抜くためだ。 What meaning does わけ give to that sentence? Is it indicating a reason? Thanks!
2
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1answer
85 views

How to appropriately pair tenses in subordinate and main clauses?

Consider the following combination. Which is the correct one? テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《でした》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《でした》。 Note: The important ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What does でもわかる mean and what does あって+か do?

丸い顔と丸い頬は幼い容貌を形作り、そのせいもあってか、服の上からでもわかるくらい豊かに成熟している胸元にはつい目を引き寄せられてしまう。 What does あって+か do in this sentence? Also what meaning does でもわかる have in this sentence? Is the でも being used as "even"? ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

When to use Vている and when to use the dictionary form?

Say that I am currently eating something, would I say 今食べています, or would I say 今食べます? Similarly, if I want to say that I know English, would I use 英語をしります or would I use 英語を知っています? What's the ...
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0answers
62 views

Various Tenses in Japanese [closed]

When I think of verb tenses, I think of a sort of Latinate set of 6 tenses. I know Japanese only has two grammatical verb tenses (as does English), but I was wondering if someone could tell me the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to say “The girl who likes being photographed is my friend”?

I want to say The girl who likes being photographed is my friend and my attempt is as follows,  写真を撮って貰うことが好きだ女性は私の友達です。 Is my attempt correct?
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Correct way of saying 'I did not see people in the library'

人々をライブラリで見なかった。 Is this the correct way of writing 'I did not see people in the library'? I'm not 100% with the particles but 'wo' seems right attached to people. I use ライブラリ just for the sake of ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
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1answer
114 views

The concept of past perfect in Japanese ~たのでした ~たのです

I saw ~たのでした in a Japanese storybook. I didn't have any idea about it because I only know ~たのです(~たんです) if I want to say something in the past. I am wondering if ~たのでした(~たんでした) is the concept of past ...
1
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1answer
125 views

Very confused with this sentence

「帰ってきました!ただいまー!」声を張り上げて足を踏み入れると、広がるのは地下室という響きとはかけ離れた生活臭のする小部屋だった。 I'm confused as to what と does in this sentence. Is it a quoting particle or conditional? 地下室という響きとは I'm completely lost as ...
3
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2answers
88 views

Difference between 「にかかわらず」 and 「を問わず」

I can't figure out what difference there's between those two grammar forms. They're both used as "regardless of" (like in 年齢を問わず、 年齢にかかわらず), so what's the difference that I'm not seeing here?
4
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2answers
120 views

Why don't we use ~なくて instead of ~ないで?

Background In my understanding that might be wrong, I think the ~ない form of a verb becomes an i-adjective. For example, 納{なっ}豆{とう}を食{た}べない人{ひと}が多{おお}いです。 where 納{なっ}豆{とう}を食{た}べない modifies ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

How should 手は打ってくる be translated?

The full dialogue in the light novel is: 「だが注意したまえ。白峰は聡い男だからネ。何かしらの手は打ってくるだろう」 The characters were discussing about some operation. I'm not sure of why the author would use the particle は here ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the explanation for the archaic attributive particle が becoming a modern subject particle?

While reading though Haruo Shirane’s Classical Japanese: A Grammar, I came across the following passage: が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Why is 先 needed in アルバイト先で?

Based on my attempt below, アルバイト and アルバイト先 have the same meaning of "part-time job", so why is 先 needed in アルバイト先で ? The following searching results are intentionally attached here to prove I have ...
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1answer
67 views

How should かしら be used in the middle of the sentence?

Original sentence in the novel is: 何かしらの手は打ってくるだろう A post in this site shows that it is a particle used more by females, while tangorin also shows it to be used as the meaning of "head", aside ...
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2answers
97 views

Difference between ことから and から

Are there any differences in intonation if used in a sentence like this? 支持率が高いことから/から、多くの国民が新内閣に期待していることがわかる
2
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1answer
62 views

Is my understanding for the phrase, なくてはならなくなる correct?

The original sentence from the light novel: もしもこの作戦が失敗したら、我々は、我々の宿願の為、カルペデイムに戦争を仕掛けなくてはならなくなる。 カルペデイム, Carpe Diem, is a fictional place in the light novel setting. I've found reference for ...
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1answer
44 views

How is しまえば used? In what context and how it should translated to?

Was reading a light novel and this sentence popped up: ここまで動{うご}いてしまえば、フューネラルに気付{きづ}かれるのも時間の問題かもしれません。 フューネラル refers to an organisation within the light novel setting. I'm confused by the ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What does ホッチキスでとめる mean?

I have a difficulty to translate ホッチキスでとめる. ホッチキス means stapler で means with とめる means stop Stop with stapler? What?
2
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1answer
65 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Does this sound like a native speaker? [closed]

does this sentence sound like a native speaker? 明日から、問題が有れば、私に話す前に、まずメールで会話の内容を送信します。お願いします。 Any suggestion are welcome. Thank you so much.
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1answer
80 views

っぺがやる following 連用形

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Confused with an relative clause in active and passive form

I want to say I like eggs that are boiled in 7 minutes. My attempt is as follows but I am not sure which correct. A: 七分煮た卵が好きです。 B: 七分煮られた卵が好きです。 How to make an relative clause in ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Usage of と in 明日は来られないと先生に伝えてください

Is this mean, if you don't come tomorrow, please tell the teacher ? Can we use なら instead of と Is there any imply that when should they tell the teacher, such as if they plan to not come tomorrow ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

針音ノ時計塔 or 時計塔ノ針音?

I am referring to the lyrics of this vocaloid song: Handbeat Clocktower I have the impression that the title (which also comes up in the lyrics) means "the handbeat of the clocktower" (or in other ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Past Unreal Conditional

After my first question was answered so beautifully, I would like to ask some more. :D I wanted to know how to use conditionals for events in the past, like: "If I had saved my money, I would be rich ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What does に do here?

屋内は外見に負けず劣らずの半壊模様。 I feel like the sentence means something like "The inside (of the church) was as equally destroyed as the outside." But I'm not sure what the に does in this sentence. Could ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Meaning of 「逃げることないじゃん!」

My best guess at this point is that this means "you definitely can't escape". The English translation (which I've learned to take with a grain of salt) translates it as "Don't run off!" In context, ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Confusing clause in middle of sentence

In the following sentence: 彦一{ひこいち}さんがのこった荷物を見たときは、皆の握り飯が入っているお弁当など重そうなものしか残っていませんでした。 I don't understand how the part in bold fits into the sentence. Without that part I have When 彦一 saw ...