文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
26 views

Question about inflected vs. other forms in forming a clause

A common, very frequent sentence form is A連用形1, B連用形2 ... Z連体形x, 体言 Where 1, 2 to x are inflected forms (用言, e.g. verbs), in 連用形, then finally 連体形 before a 体言. However, I have been coming across ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Can you use Adjective + たって?

I've got a question regarding the use of the structure ~たって which I've just recently stumbled across. From what I know so far, this is used in the form Verb(neg) + たって, for example: ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What does か + と do in this sentence?

ベルの成長速度にアイズへの恋慕がこれまでかと影響した「ステイタス」を見せつけられ、ちょっとも面白くなかったゆう昨夜。 Is the と here acting as a quotative particle? So it's 「これまでか」と影響した? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

ni vs te form to express continuity/reason

What is the difference between the two Structures: 1: VERB ni VERB. ex:sentaku ni dekakemasu. 2:VERB(te form) VERB. ex:nagarete kaeimashita. (The example are from momotarou)
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Why use ん here?

車は駐車場から出てきていったん止まりました. why use ん here? why dont' use ~ 出てきていって止まりました.
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Understanding 生きていて~

私たちはこの時代に生きていて邪悪さがいよいよ増していることを知っています。 I was given this sentence from a friend and I'm having trouble with the extra て in 生きていて。 Could someone explain what grammar is being used here? Why it needed ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

What the grammar/syntax of 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候?

Dictionary translation is "I beg you will favour me with your company―I request the pleasure of your company." 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候 I can only surmise about ご来駕 noun 懇願候 verb (ask), sourou being a polite ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Often go to do something

I've just used a sentence that I think was wrong: グループ員はよくパブで飲みに行く. The concern there is the yoku. Where would the often/hardly/always/whatever actually go in this sort of sentence structure and ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Use of 時{とき} in the following sentences

So, I've been told by a native Japanese that the following sentence sounds weird: LA VITA E'BELLAを見{み}る[時]{とき}、[感動]{かんどう}しました。 In her own words, 'because watching that video is a one time thing ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Does Xから modify Yの here?

From the Wikipedia article for 源頼朝: 源頼朝は、平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の武将、政治家であり、鎌倉幕府の初代征夷大将軍である。 Clearly, 平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の modifies 武将、政治家. However, what does the 平安時代末期から modify? Is 鎌倉時代初期の treated as a ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Sentence Ending て form

妻が死んで、子供が家を出て。 Then my wife died, and my kids left home. Is the sentence ending て a contraction for another expression? If so can someone list the possible expressions for any sentence ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the meaning of と here?

What is the meaning of と in this sentence? このため、地震のときと同じように机の下などに入っていると安全なことがあります。 It seems different from all senses in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. Kind of "in the manner of"?
3
votes
3answers
75 views

Can the possessive の particle be used like this? あの かさ は だれ の ですか

I was reading about possession on the particle の and it stated one of the ways you can show possession was これ は だれ の かんばん ですか and I was just wondering if this would also work あの かさ は だれ の ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Meaning of particle で

I'm a bit confused about で particle in 「微妙な具合で五感を鈍くしている」. Is it used here to separate 「微妙な具合」 from 「五感を鈍くしている」? Or does it show the way the summer atmosphere makes the senses of the speaker dull with ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Why can story writers use くれる when describing a third person?

I just read a famous Japanese legend as follows. 昔、ある所に浦島太郎という若い男がいました。 ある日、太郎は子供達にいじめられている亀を助けてあげました。 亀は「助けてくれて、ありがとうございました」と言って、太郎を海の中のお城へ連れて行ってくれました。 Why can story writers use くれる when ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Is it true that we cannot say the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい?

I heard that we cannot describe the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい, and others? Is it true? For example, the following sentences are considered incorrect. あの人は楽しかったです。 亀は寂しいです。 ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Question about の

I am having an hard time understanding the difference between のですね and ですね and the difference between のですよね and ですよね. For example, what is the difference between 簡単ですね and 簡単なのですね? Or the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I cam across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is よう used for first person or second person imperatives?

The volitional form is often translated as "let's," but that's a first person plural imperative and I am not sure if that's the case for Japanese. In Japanese dictionaries, one of the definitions for ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
0
votes
2answers
50 views

(をする) and (がする). Meanings and Uses

What does (をする) and (がする). Sometime ago I read on site something I dont remember, but I got confused because the use of 勉強がする, but I just knew the existence of 勉強をする. So actually Im pretty confused. ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

が and けど at end of a sentence

I know that when in a sentence-final position が and けど can be used as softeners or to convey hedging, but in some situations understanding them as such doesn't feel right. Although my brain ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

A bunch of questions about ところ

I think the word ところ in my questions have nothing to do with 所{ところ}. Please correct me if I am wrong. Let us consider the following sentences. Case 1 これから食{た}べるところなんですが。。。 今食{た}べているところなんですが。。。 ...
4
votes
2answers
555 views

Three conflicting interpretations of “ことになりそう”

To beef up my listening skills, I've been watching some anime targeted at young-adult or older audiences, and got hung up on this line of dialogue: また一年、こうして通{かよ}い詰{つ}めることになりそう、ね。 While I ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Topic particle after “expression of time”

I am reading chapter 4 from the JLPT N5 book, where I found the following sentence: 昨日勉強しましたか。 After 昨日, why wasn't there a topic particle? Is "昨日は勉強しましたか。" an incorrect sentence?
1
vote
0answers
84 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

How does まで work in ~なまでの/~なまでに?

I ran into the following sentence in a video game called 善人シボウデス: 俺の腕は暴力的なまでの勢いで、後方に向かって手{た}繰{ぐ}り寄{よ}せられた。 I decided to look online, and I found similar examples, some of which used に rather ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Is there a difference between あまり食べ過ぎる and 食べ過ぎる?

あまり and 過ぎる both indicate an excess of something, so saying あまり食べ過ぎる seems redundant and the equivalent of "eat too too much." However, a sentence like this occurs quite often. Is there actually any ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to say “Can I take a picture of / with you?”

If I'd like to take a picture with someone, how do I go about asking them? And also, if I want to take a picture of someone, how should I ask them? Would it be something like 写真を撮ってもいいですか?
5
votes
2answers
114 views

Why isn't 日本料理 written as 日本の料理?

Both 日本 and 料理 are nouns but why aren't they concatenated with の? I think it should be written as 日本の料理 rather than 日本料理.
4
votes
2answers
106 views

たくさんの本を読んで versus 本をたくさん読んで

What is the difference between たくさんの本を読んで and 本をたくさん読んで? Is たくさん an adverb in this case? Another example, 多くの食料が輸入される and 食料が多く輸入される where 多く is an adverb here.
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Use of くれる with 信じる

「...そんなはずがあるか」と信じてくれなかった。 ...Is such a thing to be expected? He didn't believe me. I'm used to くれる being used to express the idea that the verb was done for the benefit of the speaker. I ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

“Too [adj] to [verb]” structure

What is the correct grammatical structure for to say "too [adj] to [verb]"? For example, "this is too sweet to eat" or "It's too bright outside to sleep". Would it be something like ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Why does this question use でしょう?

In my understanding, でしょう is used to represent probability, for example, 明日は雨でしょう。It might be raining tomorrow. あの人は先生じゃないでしょう。That man might not be a teacher. Now, consider the following ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Use of 差し込む to describe the sun

I have this sentence: 建物と建物の間から差し込む太陽が音もなく世界を赤くにじませる夕方、... An evening in which the sun piercing from between buildings silently blurs the world with red. I'm struggling with what the sun is ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What does the に in 見るに全員が全員 do?

一団は種族がてんで統一されていない冒険者で、見るに全員が全員、生半可じゃない実力を漂わせているような....。 I'm not sure how to interpret this phrase. What does the に do in this phrase? Thanks!
2
votes
2answers
83 views

What's the difference between arimasu and desu (when referring to location)?

In Japanese, when describing the location of something you can say either arimasu and desu. E.g. a) Resutoran-wa ik-kai-ni arimasu or b) Resutoran-wa ik-kai desu What's the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Ambiguity in giving suggesting and asking for suggestions?

When giving/asking for advice using a conditional (Such as たら) can there be ambiguity as to if the speaker is giving or asking for advice? For example 1.) アルバイトを探したらいいですか? Could the above ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Katakana that I can't get right

"渡辺さんってサブラの?" - what could this mean? Just can't catch the meaning of "サブラ". Help please.
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Reason for placing a comma between the subject and verb in this simple independent clause?

Y has been in a heated discussion with another person. X has been observing that discussion / argument: Yの目が、なんとか怒りを抑えつけようとしているのを、Xは見てとった。 "X could see the suppressed anger in Y's eyes." How ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Xとした usage and grammar?

I've looked over my books but I can't find the answer. All I know is that とする can be used to express something you assume. Such as 温度は一定とする。 We assume the temperate is constant. Also I read we can use ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Difference usage ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentence is use in は,but some is が I m not clear how to use.?? 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
2
votes
0answers
75 views

~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...